Miami-Dade County, Florida

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Miami-Dade County, Florida
Downtown Miami Panorama from the Rusty Pelican photo D Ramey Logan.jpg
Lifeguards stand South Beach 1.jpg
032117 Palm Court photo by Ra-Haus-006(1).jpg
Miami - Wynwood Arts District - Wynwood Walls 12.jpg
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Venetian Pool 14.jpg
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American Airlines Arena, Miami, FL, jjron 29.03.2012.jpg
Anhinga Trail boardwalk.JPG
Images, from top down, left to right: Downtown Miami skyline; Lifeguard station on South Beach; Miami Design District's Palm Court; Wynwood Walls in Wynwood Art District; Ocean Drive in Miami Beach; Venetian Pool; Biscayne National Park; American Airlines Arena; Anhinga Trail boardwalk in Everglades National Park
Flag of Miami-Dade County, Florida.png
Flag
Seal of Miami-Dade County, Florida.png
Seal
Logo Miami-Dade County.svg
Nickname(s): 
"Dade County", "Dade", "Metro-Dade", "Greater Miami"
Map of Florida highlighting Miami-Dade County.svg
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Miami-Dade County, Florida
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 25°36′38″N80°29′50″W / 25.61058°N 80.497099°W / 25.61058; -80.497099 Coordinates: 25°36′38″N80°29′50″W / 25.61058°N 80.497099°W / 25.61058; -80.497099 [1]
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of Florida.svg  Florida
Region South Florida
Metro area Miami
FoundedJanuary 18, 1836
Named for Francis L. Dade
County seat Flag of Miami, Florida.svg Miami
Largest cityMiami
Incorporated municipalities34
Government
  TypeTwo-tier federation
  Body Miami-Dade Board of County Commissioners
   Miami-Dade Board of County Commissioners [2]
   Mayor Carlos A. Giménez
Area
  Total2,431.178 sq mi (6,296.72 km2)
  Land1,898.753 sq mi (4,917.75 km2)
  Water532.425 sq mi (1,378.97 km2)
Highest elevation
[3]
34-40 ft (22 m)
Lowest elevation
[4]
0 ft (0 m)
Population
  Total2,498,018
  Estimate 
(2018) [5]
2,761,581
  Density1,000/sq mi (400/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern Daylight Time)
Zip code
33002, 33010-33018, 33030-33035, 33039, 33054, 33056, 33090, 33092, 33101-33102, 33106, 33109, 33111-33112, 33114, 33116, 33119, 33122, 33124-33147, 33149-33158, 33160-33170, 33172-33199, 33206, 33222, 33231, 33233-33234, 33238-33239, 33242-33243, 33245, 33247, 33255-33257, 33261, 33265-33266, 33269, 33280, 33283, 33296, 33299
Area codes 305/786,
FIPS code12086
GNIS feature ID 295755
GDP $146 billion [6]
Primary Airport Miami International Airport
MIA (Major/International)
Secondary Airport Miami Executive Airport-
TMB (Regional)-
Miami-Opa Locka Executive Airport-
OPF (Regional)-
Miami Homestead General Aviation Airport-
X51 (Regional)
Interstates I-75.svg I-95.svg I-195.svg I-395.svg
U.S. Routes US 1.svg US 27.svg US 41.svg US 441.svg
State Routes Florida's Turnpike shield.svg Florida A1A.svg Florida 9.svg Florida 90.svg Florida 94.svg Toll Florida 112.svg Florida 817.svg Florida 823.svg Florida 825.svg Florida 826.svg Toll Florida 836.svg Florida 852.svg Florida 856.svg Florida 860.svg Toll Florida 874.svg Toll Florida 878.svg Florida 909.svg Florida 913.svg Florida 915.svg Florida 916.svg Florida 924.svg Florida 932.svg Florida 934.svg Florida 944.svg Florida 948.svg Florida 953.svg Florida 959.svg Florida 968.svg Florida 973.svg Florida 986.svg Florida 992.svg Florida 994.svg Florida 997.svg Florida 9336.svg
Rapid Transit Metrorail
Commuter Rail Amtrak, Virgin Trains USA, Tri-Rail
Website www.miamidade.gov

Miami-Dade County is a county in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Florida. According to a 2018 census report, [7] the county had a population of 2,761,581, [8] making it the most populous county in Florida and the seventh-most populous county in the United States. [9] It is also Florida's third largest county in terms of land area, with 1,946 square miles (5,040 km2). The county seat is Miami, the principal city in South Florida. [10]

Contents

Miami-Dade County is one of the three counties in South Florida that make up the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,198,782 people in 2018. [11]

The county is home to 34 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas. [12] The northern, central and eastern portions of the county are heavily urbanized with many high-rise buildings along the coastline, including South Florida's central business district, Downtown Miami. Southern Miami-Dade County includes the Redland and Homestead areas, which make up the agricultural economy of the region. Agricultural Redland makes up roughly one third of Miami-Dade County's inhabited land area, and is sparsely populated, a stark contrast to the densely populated, urban northern portion of the county.

The county also includes portions of two national parks. To the west it extends into the Everglades National Park and is populated only by a Miccosukee tribal village. East of the mainland, in Biscayne Bay, is Biscayne National Park and the Biscayne Bay Aquatic Preserves. [13] [14]

History

Native people

The earliest evidence of Native American settlement in the Miami region came from about 12,000 years ago. [15] The first inhabitants settled on the banks of the Miami River, with the main villages on the northern banks.

The inhabitants at the time of first European contact were the Tequesta people, who controlled much of southeastern Florida, including what is now Miami-Dade County, Broward County, and the southern part of Palm Beach County. The Tequesta Indians fished, hunted, and gathered the fruit and roots of plants for food, but did not practice agriculture. They buried the small bones of the deceased with the rest of the body, and put the larger bones in a box for the village people to see. The Tequesta are credited with making the Miami Circle. [16]

European explorers and settlers

Juan Ponce de León was the first European to visit the area in 1513 by sailing into Biscayne Bay. His journal records he reached Chequescha, a variant of Tequesta, which was Miami's first recorded name. [17] It is unknown whether he came ashore or made contact with the natives.Pedro Menéndez de Avilés and his men made the first recorded landing when they visited the Tequesta settlement in 1566 while looking for Avilés' missing son, shipwrecked a year earlier. [18] Spanish soldiers led by Father Francisco Villarreal built a Jesuit mission at the mouth of the Miami River a year later but it was short-lived. After the Spaniards left, the Tequesta Indians were left to fend themselves from European-introduced diseases like smallpox. By 1711, the Tequesta sent a couple of local chiefs to Havana, Cuba, to ask if they could migrate there. The Cubans sent two ships to help them, but Spanish illnesses struck and most of the Tequesta died. [19]

The first permanent European settlers arrived in the early 19th century. People came from the Bahamas to South Florida and the Keys to hunt for treasure from the ships that ran aground on the treacherous Great Florida Reef. Some accepted Spanish land offers along the Miami River. At about the same time, the Seminole Indians arrived, along with a group of runaway slaves. The area was affected by the Second Seminole War, during which Major William S. Harney led several raids against the Indians. Most non-Indian residents were soldiers stationed at Fort Dallas. It was the most devastating Indian war in American history, causing almost a total loss of population in Miami.

After the Second Seminole War ended in 1842, William English re-established a plantation started by his uncle on the Miami River. He charted the "Village of Miami" on the south bank of the Miami River and sold several plots of land. In 1844, Miami became the county seat, and six years later a census reported there were ninety-six residents in the area. [20] The Third Seminole War was not as destructive as the second, but it slowed the settlement of southeast Florida. At the end of the war, a few of the soldiers stayed.

Establishment

Julia Tuttle (1849-1898), the founder of Miami Julia DeForest Tuttle.jpg
Julia Tuttle (1849–1898), the founder of Miami

Dade County was created on January 18, 1836, under the Territorial Act of the United States. The county was named after Major Francis L. Dade, a soldier killed in 1835 in the Second Seminole War, at what has since been named the Dade Battlefield. [21] At the time of its creation, Dade County included the land that now contains Palm Beach and Broward counties, together with the Florida Keys from Bahia Honda Key north and the land of present-day Miami-Dade County. The county seat was originally at Indian Key in the Florida Keys; then in 1844, the County seat was moved to Miami. The Florida Keys from Key Largo to Bahia Honda were returned to Monroe County in 1866. In 1888 the county seat was moved to Juno, near present-day Juno Beach, Florida, returning to Miami in 1899. In 1909, Palm Beach County was formed from the northern portion of what was Dade County, and then in 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create what is now Broward County. There have been no significant boundary changes to the county since 1915. [22] [23] [24]

Hurricanes

The third-costliest natural disaster to occur in the United States was Hurricane Andrew, which hit Miami in the early morning of Monday, August 24, 1992. It struck the southern part of the county from due east, south of Miami and very near Homestead, Kendall, and Cutler Ridge (now the Town of Cutler Bay). Damages numbered over US$25 billion in the county alone, and recovery has taken years in these areas where the destruction was greatest. This was the costliest natural disaster in US history until Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf region in 2005.

Name change

On November 13, 1997, voters changed the name of the county from Dade to Miami-Dade to acknowledge the international name recognition of Miami. [25] Voters were acting pursuant to home rule powers granted to Dade County, including the ability to change the name of the county without the consent of the Florida Legislature. [26] The change in name also addressed a source of public dissatisfaction with the name "Dade" which was chosen to honor Francis L. Dade, who had been killed in the Dade Massacre in the 1830s. The massacre did not occur in South Florida, but in the west central part of the state, in present-day Sumter County, near Bushnell. There is also a Dade City, which is closer to the site of the massacre.

Geography

Miami River in Downtown Miami Miami Riverwalk.jpg
Miami River in Downtown Miami
Miami, Florida [27]
Climate chart (explanation)
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According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 2,431 square miles (6,300 km2), of which 1,898 square miles (4,920 km2) is land and 533 square miles (1,380 km2) (21.9%) is water. [28] It is the third-largest county in Florida by land area and second-largest by total area. Most of the water is in the Biscayne Bay, with another significant portion in the adjacent Atlantic Ocean.

Miami-Dade County is only about 6 feet (1.8 m) above sea level. It is rather new geologically and is at the eastern edge of the Florida Platform, a carbonate plateau created millions of years ago. Eastern Dade is composed of Oolite limestone while western Dade is composed mostly of Bryozoa. [29] Miami-Dade is among the last areas of Florida to be created and populated with fauna and flora, mostly in the Pleistocene.

The bay is divided from the Atlantic Ocean by the many barrier isles along the coast, one of which is where well-known Miami Beach is located, home to South Beach and the Art Deco district. The Florida Keys, which are also barrier islands are only accessible through Miami-Dade County, but which are otherwise part of neighboring Monroe County. Miami is seventy miles from West Palm Beach, and thirty miles from Fort Lauderdale.

Communities

Miami-Dade County includes 34 incorporated areas, 38 census-designated places, and 16 unincorporated regions.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 446
1850 159−64.3%
1860 83−47.8%
1870 852.4%
1880 257202.4%
1890 861235.0%
1900 4,955475.5%
1910 11,933140.8%
1920 42,753258.3%
1930 142,955234.4%
1940 267,73987.3%
1950 495,08484.9%
1960 935,04788.9%
1970 1,267,79235.6%
1980 1,625,78128.2%
1990 1,937,09419.1%
2000 2,253,36216.3%
2010 2,496,43510.8%
Est. 20182,761,581 [30] 10.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [31]
1790–1960 [32] 1900–1990 [33]
1990–2000 [34] 2010–2015 [8]

2010 U.S. Census

Since late 2001, Downtown Miami has seen a large construction boom in skyscrapers, retail and has experienced gentrification
. Downtown Miami from north 20080408.jpg
Since late 2001, Downtown Miami has seen a large construction boom in skyscrapers, retail and has experienced gentrification .
Miami's Brickell neighborhood, is amongst the fastest-growing areas of Miami-Dade County Brickell north entrance.jpg
Miami's Brickell neighborhood, is amongst the fastest-growing areas of Miami-Dade County

U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Ethnic/Race Demographics: [35] [36]

In 2010, the largest ancestry groups were: [35]

In 2010, Cubans made up the largest population of immigrants (with more than half of the population) with Colombians coming in second, Haitians in third, followed by Nicaraguans in fourth place, then Dominicans, Venezuelans, Peruvians, Jamaicans, Mexicans, and Argentinians among the highest group of immigrants. [39]

There were 867,352 households out of which 30.61% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 18.79% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.49% were non-families. 23.55% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.38% (2.52% male and 5.86% female) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.33. [36] [40]

The age distribution is 21.9% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males. [40]

The median income for a household in the county was $43,605, and the median income for a family was $50,065. Males had a median income of $35,096 versus $29,980 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,957. About 13.8% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 22.1% of those aged 65 or over. [41]

In 2010, 51.1% of the county's population was foreign born, with 48.7% being naturalized American citizens. Of foreign-born residents, 93.0% were born in Latin America, 3.2% were born in Europe, 2.7% born in Asia, 0.5% born in Africa, 0.5% in North America, and 0.1% were born in Oceania. [35]

PopulationMiami-Dade
2018 Estimate2,761,581
2010 Census2,496,435
2000 Census2,253,362
1990 Census1,937,094

[42] [43]

2000 U.S. Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,253,362 people, 776,774 households, and 548,402 families in the county, with an average population density of 1,158 inhabitants per square mile (447/km2). There were 852,278 housing units with an average density of 438 per square mile (169/km2). The county's racial makeup was 69.7% White (49% White Hispanic, 20.7% Non-Hispanic White), [44] 20.3% African American and Black (with a large part of Caribbean descent), 0.20% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.60% from other races, and 3.80% from two or more races. 57.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In relation to ancestry (excluding the various Hispanic and Latino ancestries), 5% were Haitian, 5% American, 2% Italian, 2% Jamaican, 2% German, 2% Irish, and 2% English ancestry. [45]

There were 776,774 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.35.

The age distribution is 24.8% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

The county's median household income was $35,966, and the median family income was $40,260. Males had a median income of $30,120 versus $24,686 for females. The county's per capita income was $18,497. About 14.5% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.9% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.

Languages

As of 2010, 28.07% of the population spoke only English at home, while 63.77% of the population spoke Spanish, 4.22% spoke French Creole (mainly Haitian Creole), 0.64% French, and 0.55% Portuguese. [46] About 52% of the county residents were born outside the United States, while 71.93% of the population spoke a language other than English at home. [46]

Religious statistics

In 2010 statistics, the largest religious group in Miami-Dade County was the Archdiocese of Miami with 544,449 Catholics in 65 parishes, followed by 96,749 non-denominational adherents with 197 congregations, 80,123 SBC Baptists with 313 congregations, 47,921 NBC Baptists with 44 congregations, 27,901 Seventh-day Adventists in 62 congregations, 25,244 AoG Pentecostals with 45 congregations, an estimated 23,064 Muslims with 15 congregations, 14,628 LDS Mormons with 18 congregations, 12,569 TEC Episcopalians with 30 congregations, and 11,880 UMC Methodists with 32 congregations. Altogether, 39.8% of the population was claimed as members by religious congregations, although members of historically African-American denominations were underrepresented due to incomplete information. [47] In 2014, Miami-Dade County had 731 religious organizations, the 14th most out of all US counties. [48]

Law, government, and politics

Miami-Dade County has operated under a unique metropolitan system of government, a "two-tier federation", since 1957. This was made possible when Florida voters approved a constitutional amendment in 1956 that allowed the people of Dade County (as it was known) to enact a home rule charter. Prior to this year, home rule did not exist in Florida, and all counties were limited to the same set of powers by the Florida Constitution and state law.

Unlike a consolidated city-county, where the city and county governments merge into a single entity, these two entities are separate. Instead there are two "tiers", or levels, of government: city and county. There are 34 municipalities in the county, the City of Miami being the largest.

Cities are the "lower tier" of local government, providing police and fire protection, zoning and code enforcement, and other typical city services within their jurisdiction. These services are paid for by city taxes. The County is the "upper tier", and it provides services of a metropolitan nature, such as emergency management, airport and seaport operations, public housing and health care services, transportation, environmental services, solid waste disposal etc. These are funded by county taxes, which are assessed on all incorporated and unincorporated areas.

Of the county's 2.6 million total residents (as of 2013), approximately 52% live in unincorporated areas, the majority of which are heavily suburbanized. These residents are part of the Unincorporated Municipal Services Area (UMSA). For these residents, the County fills the role of both lower- and upper-tier government, the County Commission acting as their lower-tier municipal representative body. Residents within UMSA pay a UMSA tax, equivalent to a city tax, which is used to provide County residents with equivalent city services (police, fire, zoning, water and sewer, etc.). Residents of incorporated areas do not pay UMSA tax.

Structure of county government

Dade County Courthouse, completed in 1926 Dadecountycourthouse.jpg
Dade County Courthouse, completed in 1926

The Mayor of Miami-Dade County is elected countywide to serve a four-year term and is considered a "strong mayor." The mayor is not a member of the County Commission, appoints all 25 directors who oversee the operations of the County Departments and has veto power over the Commission. A mayoral appointment and veto can only be overridden by a two-thirds majority of the County Commission. The post is occupied by Carlos A. Giménez.

The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative body, consisting of 13 members elected from single-member districts. Members are elected to serve four-year terms, and elections of members are staggered. The Board chooses a Chairperson, who presides over the Commission, as well as appoints the members of its legislative committees. The Board has a wide array of powers to enact legislation, create departments, and regulate businesses operating within the County. It also has the power to override the Mayor's veto with a two-thirds vote.

Florida's Constitution provides for six elected officials to oversee executive and administrative functions for each county (called "Constitutional Officers"): Sheriff, Property Appraiser, Supervisor of Elections, Tax Collector, Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller. However, the Constitution allows voters in home-rule counties (including Miami-Dade) to abolish the offices and reorganize them as subordinate County departments; Miami-Dade voters chose this option for Sheriff, Supervisor of Elections, Controller and Tax Collector. The office of Clerk of the Circuit Court, and the judicial offices of State Attorney, and Public Defender, are still branches of State government and are, therefore, independently elected and not part of County government. [ citation needed ]

Miami-Dade is the only county in Florida that does not have an elected sheriff or a "Sheriff's Office". [ citation needed ] Instead, the county's law enforcement agency is known as the Miami-Dade Police Department, and its leader is known as the Metropolitan Sheriff and Director of the Miami-Dade Police Department. (Nonetheless, Miami-Dade Police badges bear the inscription, "Deputy Sheriff, Sheriff's Office, Dade County, Fla.".)

Politics

Overview

Miami-Dade County has voted for the Democratic Party candidate in most of the presidential elections in the past four decades, and has gone Democratic in every election since 1992. However, it did vote twice for Ronald Reagan (1980, 1984) and once for George H. W. Bush (1988). From 1904 to 1972 it supported the Democratic candidate in all but four elections. In 2008 and 2012 approximately 59.69% of the electorate voted for Democrat Barack Obama. In 2016, Democrat Hillary Clinton won 63.22% of the vote.

Presidential elections results
Miami-Dade County vote
by party in presidential elections
[49]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 33.83% 333,99963.22%624,1462.94% 29,046
2012 37.87% 332,98161.58%541,4400.54% 4,758
2008 41.70% 360,55157.81%499,8310.49% 4,254
2004 46.61% 361,09552.89%409,7320.50% 3,899
2000 46.29% 289,57452.57%328,8671.14% 7,111
1996 37.87% 209,74057.34%317,5554.79% 26,487
1992 43.19% 235,31346.73%254,60910.08% 54,921
1988 55.26%270,93744.26% 216,9700.48% 2,358
1984 59.17%324,41440.83% 223,8630.01% 35
1980 50.65%265,88840.17% 210,8689.17% 48,149
1976 40.45% 211,14858.06%303,0471.48% 7,747
1972 58.87%256,52940.78% 177,6930.35% 1,541
1968 37.02% 135,22248.37%176,68914.62% 53,391
1964 35.99% 117,48064.01%208,941
1960 42.35% 134,50657.65%183,114
1956 55.37%130,93844.63% 105,559
1952 56.77%122,17443.23% 93,022
1948 37.04% 41,30153.52%59,6819.44% 10,530
1944 33.56% 30,35766.44%60,100
1940 32.70% 25,22467.30%51,921
1936 26.88% 10,29573.12%28,007
1932 34.16% 9,24465.84%17,820
1928 60.15%15,86038.44% 10,1361.41% 372
1924 26.01% 2,75332.83%3,47441.16% 4,356 [50]
1920 38.09% 3,07753.08%4,2888.83% 713
1916 21.94% 62957.69%1,65420.37% 584
1912 5.56% 9965.71%1,17128.73% 512
1908 17.34% 27560.59%96122.07% 350
1904 24.08% 30769.57%8876.35% 81

Voter registration

Population and registered voters as of 7/2/2019 [51]
Total population [5] 2,761,581
  Registered voters [52] 1,441,18752.18%
    Democratic600,25841.65%
    Republican378,19626.24%
    Democratic–Republican spread+222,062+22.69%
    Independence7,2140.50%
    Libertarian1,8170.12%
    Green6330.04%
    Reform1520.06%
    Constitution900.00%
    Other1350.00%
    No party preference452,69231.41%

Economy

Headquarters of Burger King Burgerkingheadquarters.jpg
Headquarters of Burger King
Headquarters of Norwegian Cruise Line Norwegian Cruise Line headquarters.jpg
Headquarters of Norwegian Cruise Line

Brightstar Corporation, [53] Burger King, [54] Intradeco Holdings, [55] Latin Flavors, [56] Norwegian Cruise Line, [57] and Ryder have their headquarters in unincorporated areas in the county. [58] Centurion Air Cargo, Florida West International Airways, IBC Airways, and World Atlantic Airlines have their headquarters on the grounds of Miami International Airport in an unincorporated area in the county. [59] [60] [61] [62] [63]

Hewlett Packard's main Latin America offices are on the ninth floor of the Waterford Building in unincorporated Miami-Dade County. [64]

Other companies with offices in an unincorporated area not in any CDP:

Several defunct airlines, including Airlift International, Arrow Air, National Airlines, and Rich International Airways, were headquartered on or near the airport property. [70] [71] [72] [73]

After Frank Borman became president of Eastern Airlines in 1975, he moved Eastern's headquarters from Rockefeller Center in Midtown Manhattan, New York City to an unincorporated area in Miami-Dade County [74] [75] Around 1991 the Miami-Dade County lost a few corporations, including Eastern Airlines, which folded in 1991. [76]

At one time the cruise line ResidenSea had its headquarters in an unincorporated area in the county. [77]

Top private employers

According to Miami's Beacon Council, the top private employers in 2014 in Miami-Dade were: [78]

#Employer# of employees
1University of Miami12,818
2 Baptist Health South Florida 11,353
3American Airlines11,031
4Carnival Cruise Lines3,500
5Miami Children's Hospital3,500
6Mount Sinai Medical Center3,321
7Florida Power and Light Co.3,011
8Royal Caribbean International2,989
9Wells Fargo2,050
10Bank of America2,000

Top government employers

According to Miami's Beacon Council, the top government employers in 2014 in the county were: [78]

#Employer# of employees
1Miami-Dade County Public Schools33,477
2 Miami-Dade County 25,502
3 Federal Government 19,200
4 Florida State Government 17,100
5 Jackson Health System 9,800

Public services

Fire Rescue

The Miami-Dade County Fire Rescue Department is the agency that provides fire protection and emergency medical services for Miami-Dade County, Florida. The department serves 29 municipalities and all unincorporated areas of Miami-Dade County from 60 fire stations. [79] The Department also provides fire protection services for Miami International Airport, Miami Executive Airport and Opa-locka Airport. [80]

The communities served are Aventura, Bal Harbour, Bay Harbor Islands, Biscayne Park, Cutler Bay, Doral, El Portal, Florida City, Golden Beach, Hialeah Gardens, Homestead, Indian Creek, Medley, Miami Gardens, Miami Lakes, Miami Shores, Miami Springs, North Bay Village, North Miami, North Miami Beach, Opa-locka, Palmetto Bay, Pinecrest, South Miami, Surfside, Sweetwater, Sunny Isles Beach, Virginia Gardens, and West Miami. [81]

Miami-Dade Fire Rescue is also the home to Urban Search and Rescue Florida Task Force 1 as well as EMS operations consisting of 57 Advanced Life Support units staffed by 760 state-certified paramedics and 640 state-certified emergency medical technicians.

Police Department

A Miami-Dade police car Miami - Dade police car 01.jpg
A Miami-Dade police car

The Miami-Dade Police Department is a full-service metropolitan police department serving Miami-Dade County's unincorporated areas, although it has lenient mutual aid agreements with other municipalities, most often the City of Miami Police Department. With 4,700 employees, it is Florida's largest police department. The Department is often referred to by its former name, the Metro-Dade Police or simply Metro.

The Miami-Dade Police Department operates out of nine districts throughout the county and has two special bureaus. The director of the department is Juan Perez, who succeeded J.D. Patterson, Jr. [82] The Department's headquarters are in Doral, Florida.

Water and Sewer Department

Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department (MDWASD) is one of the largest public utilities in the United States, employing approximately 2,700 employees as of 2007. It provides service to over 2.4 million customers, operating with an annual budget of almost $400 million. Approximately 330 million gallons of water are drawn everyday from the Biscayne Aquifer for consumer use. MDWASD has over 7,100 miles (11,400 km) of water lines, a service area of 396 square miles (1,026 km2) and 14 pump stations. MDWASD has over 3,600 miles (5,800 km) of sewage pipes, a service area of 341 square miles (883 km2) and 954 pump stations. [83]

Corrections department

Miami-Dade County Corrections and Rehabilitation Department is the correction agency.

Aviation department

The Miami-Dade Aviation Department(MDAD) operates Miami International Airport, Miami Executive Airport, Opa-locka Executive Airport, Homestead General Aviation Airport, and Dade-Collier Training and Transition Airport. [84]

County representation

The Florida Department of Juvenile Justice operates the Miami-Dade Regional Juvenile Detention Center in an unincorporated area in the county. [85]

Public Libraries

Further information: Miami-Dade Public Library System

Exterior view of Shenandoah Branch Library Shenandoah Public Library.jpg
Exterior view of Shenandoah Branch Library

The Miami-Dade Public Library System serves a population of 2,496,435. It has 50 branches and 2 bookmobiles. Their mission is to provide extraordinary services, spaces and experiences that promote literacy and learning, personal growth and limitless opportunities. The Miami-Dade Public Library provides services for the Miami-Dade County except for the cities of Bal Harbour, Hialeah, Miami Shores, North Miami, North Miami Beach and Surfside. The Miami-Dade County Board of County Commissioners governs the Miami-Dade Public Library System.

Education

Florida International University FIU OE.JPG
Florida International University
University of Miami University of Miami Otto G. Richter Library.jpg
University of Miami

In Florida, each county is also a school district. Miami-Dade County Public Schools, is operated by an independently elected School Board. A professional Superintendent of Schools appointed by the School Board manages the district's day-to-day operations. As of 2014, the Miami-Dade County Public School District is the fourth-largest public school district in the nation with almost 360,000 students. [86]

The Miami-Dade Public Library is one of the country's largest public library systems. It has 50 branch locations and others under construction. [87]

Colleges and universities

Miami-Dade County is home to many private and public universities and colleges.

Sites of interest

Museums

Perez Art Museum in Downtown Miami Perez Art Museum Miami.jpg
Perez Art Museum in Downtown Miami
Frost Art Museum at Florida International University Frost Art Museum.jpg
Frost Art Museum at Florida International University

Culture and wildlife

Villa Vizcaya, a popular tourist attraction Villa Vizcaya.jpg
Villa Vizcaya, a popular tourist attraction
Miami Seaquarium Miamiseaquariumlolita.jpg
Miami Seaquarium

Other areas and attractions

South Beach Miamimetroarea.jpg
South Beach

Parks

Sports venues

Hard Rock Stadium, home of the Miami Dolphins of the NFL and plays host to the Miami Hurricanes Hard Rock Stadium.jpg
Hard Rock Stadium, home of the Miami Dolphins of the NFL and plays host to the Miami Hurricanes
Marlins Park, home of the Miami Marlins Marlins First Pitch at Marlins Park, April 4, 2012 (cropped).jpg
Marlins Park, home of the Miami Marlins

Miami-Dade County holds the majority of sports arenas, stadiums and complexes in South Florida. Some of these sports facilities are:

Former venues include:

Planned:

Transportation

Airports

Miami International Airport Miami International Airport aerial 2007.jpg
Miami International Airport

Miami International Airport, in an unincorporated area in the county, is the Miami area's primary international airport. One of the busiest international airports in the world, it serves over 35 million passengers a year. Identifiable locally, as well as several worldwide authorities, as MIA or KMIA, the airport is a major hub and the single largest international gateway for American Airlines, the world's largest passenger air carrier. Miami International is the United States’ third largest international port of entry for foreign air passengers (behind New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport and Los Angeles International Airport), and is the seventh largest such gateway in the world. The airport's extensive international route network includes non-stop flights to over seventy international cities in North and South America, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East.

Public transit

Government Center, one of the main metro stations in Miami Government Center rush hour.png
Government Center, one of the main metro stations in Miami

Public transit in Miami-Dade County is operated by Miami-Dade Transportation and Public Works, [88] and is the largest public transit in Florida. Miami-Dade Transportation and Public Works operates a heavy rail metro system Metrorail, an elevated people mover in Downtown Miami, Metromover and the bus system, Metrobus. [89]

Tri-Rail also services the county.

Major expressways

Julia Tuttle Causeway connects Miami and Miami Beach I-195 Miami eastbound.jpg
Julia Tuttle Causeway connects Miami and Miami Beach
Flagler Street in Downtown Miami Flagler Street.jpg
Flagler Street in Downtown Miami
Downtown Distributor The Downtown Distributor.jpg
Downtown Distributor

Miami-Dade County has 10 major expressways and 1 minor expressway in Downtown Miami.

County roads

This is a list of Miami-Dade county roads. Miami-Dade County has fewer county roads than any other county in Florida, despite its large population. None are signed.

#Road Name(s)Direction and TerminiNotes
CR 854 jct.svg CR 854 Ives Dairy Road SR 817 US 1 former SR 854 (east of US 441) [90]
CR 913 jct.svg CR 913 Crandon Boulevard, Rickenbacker Causeway extension of SR 913
CR 948 jct.svg CR 948 Lindgren Roadextension of SR 825
CR 959 jct.svg CR 959 Southwest 57th Avenueextension of SR 959
CR 973 jct.svg CR 973 Galloway Roadextension of SR 973
CR 992 jct.svg CR 992 Coral Reef Driveextension of SR 992
CR 9823 jct.svg CR 9823 Northwest 67th Avenue
Northwest 68th Avenue
N/S SR 826 Palm Springs North Broward County line Palm Springs North

Sources:

Street grid

A street grid stretches from downtown Miami throughout the county. This grid was adopted by the City of Miami following World War I after the United States Post Office threatened to cease mail deliveries in the city because the original system of named streets, with names often changing every few blocks and multiple streets in the city sharing the same name, was too confusing for the mail carriers. [91] The new grid was later extended throughout the county as the population grew west, south, and north of city limits.

The grid is laid out with Miami Avenue as the meridian going north–south and Flagler Street the baseline going east-west. The grid is primarily numerical so that, for example, all street addresses north of Flagler and west of Miami Avenue have NW in their address (e.g. NW 27th Avenue). Because its point of origin is in downtown Miami which is close to the coast, the NW and SW quadrants are much larger than the SE and NE quadrants. Many roads, especially major ones, are also named, although, with a few notable exceptions, the number is in more common usage among locals.

Although this grid is easy to understand once one is oriented to it, it is not universal in the entire county. Hialeah uses its own grid system which is entirely different in its orientation. Coral Gables and Miami Lakes use named streets almost exclusively, and various smaller municipalities such as Florida City and Homestead use their own grid system along with the Miami-Dade grid system adding to the confusion. In the beach cities and parks of Miami Beach, Surfside, Bal Harbour, Sunny Isles, and Golden Beach, the streets are coordinated with the main grid; however, their avenues are named.

Communities

Notable people

Sister cities

Miami-Dade County has 23 sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

See also

Related Research Articles

Miami City in Florida, United States

Miami, officially the City of Miami, is the seat of Miami-Dade County, and the cultural, economic and financial center of South Florida in the United States. The city covers an area of about 56 square miles (150 km2) between the Everglades to the west and Biscayne Bay to the east. Miami is the sixth most densely populated major city in the United States with an estimated 2018 population of 470,914. The Miami metropolitan area is home to 6.1 million people, the second-most populous in the southeastern United States and the seventh-largest in the nation. The city has the third tallest skyline in the U.S. with over 300 high-rises, 55 of which exceed 490 ft (149 m).

Broward County, Florida County in Florida ----

Broward County is a county in southeastern Florida, US. According to a 2018 census report, the county had a population of 1,951,260, making it the second-most populous county in the state of Florida and the 17th-most populous county in the United States. The county seat is Fort Lauderdale.

Fort Lauderdale, Florida City in Florida, United States

Fort Lauderdale is a city in the U.S. state of Florida, 28 miles (45 km) north of Miami. It is the county seat of Broward County. As of the 2018 census, the city has an estimated population of 182,595. Fort Lauderdale is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,198,782 people in 2018.

Biscayne Park, Florida Village in Florida

Biscayne Park is a village in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. Biscayne Park was developed in the 1920s by Arthur Griffing. Biscayne Park was originally a neighborhood of the City of Miami when it was annexed into the City of Miami in 1925. With the arrival of the Great Depression, the City of Miami gave up its jurisdiction and Biscayne Park was incorporated as its own town in 1931. In 1933, the town decided to become a village, and changed its name to the Village of Biscayne Park.

Cutler Bay, Florida Town in Florida

Cutler Bay is an incorporated town in Miami-Dade County, Florida established in 2005, with a population of approximately 44,867 as of 2018.</ref>

Florida City, Florida City in Florida

Florida City is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States and is the southernmost municipality in the South Florida metropolitan area. Florida City is primarily a Miami suburb and a major agricultural area.

Homestead, Florida City in Florida

Homestead is a city within Miami-Dade County in the U.S. state of Florida, between Biscayne National Park to the east and Everglades National Park to the west. Homestead is primarily a Miami suburb and a major agricultural area. It is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,012,331 people at the 2015 census.

Islandia, Florida Unincorporated Community in Florida, United States

Islandia is an unincorporated community and former city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. It is located in the upper Florida Keys on the islands of Elliott Key and other nearby keys, such as Totten Key. It was the only municipality in the Florida Keys not located in neighboring Monroe County. The population was 18 at the 2010 Census. Most residents of the city were National Park Service employees.

Miami Beach, Florida City in Florida, United States

Miami Beach is a coastal resort city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. It was incorporated on March 26, 1915. The municipality is located on natural and man-made barrier islands between the Atlantic Ocean and Biscayne Bay, the latter of which separates the Beach from the mainland city of Miami. The neighborhood of South Beach, comprising the southernmost 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) of Miami Beach, along with downtown Miami and the Port of Miami, collectively form the commercial center of South Florida. Miami Beach's estimated population is 92,307 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Miami Beach is the 26th largest city in Florida based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau. It has been one of America's pre-eminent beach resorts since the early 20th century.

Miami Springs, Florida City in Florida

Miami Springs is a city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The city was founded by Glenn Hammond Curtiss, "The Father of Naval Aviation", and James Bright, during the famous "land boom" of the 1920s and was originally named Country Club Estates. It, along with other cities in Miami-Dade County such as Coral Gables, Florida, and Opa-locka, Florida, formed some of the first planned communities in the state. Like its counterparts, the city had an intended theme which in its case, was to reflect a particular architecture and ambiance.

North Miami, Florida City in Florida

North Miami is a suburban city located in northeast Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States, about 10 miles (16 km) north of Miami. The city lies on Biscayne Bay and hosts the Biscayne Bay Campus of Florida International University, and the North Miami campus of Johnson & Wales University. Originally the town of "Arch Creek", the area was incorporated as the "Town of Miami Shores", which was renamed the "Town of North Miami" in 1931. It was reincorporated as a city in 1953.

Miami International Airport Airport in Miami FL

Miami International Airport, also known as MIA and historically as Wilcox Field, is the primary airport serving the Miami area, Florida, United States, with over 1,000 daily flights to 167 domestic and international destinations, and one of three airports serving this area. The airport is in an unincorporated area in Miami-Dade County, 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Downtown Miami, in metropolitan Miami, adjacent to the cities of Miami and Miami Springs, and the village of Virginia Gardens. Nearby are the cities of Hialeah and Doral, and the Census-designated place of Fontainebleau.

Miami metropolitan area Metropolitan area in Florida, United States

The Miami metropolitan area, also known as the Greater Miami Area or South Florida, is the 72nd largest metropolitan area in the world and the seventh-largest metropolitan area in the United States. Located in southern Florida with 6,198,782 inhabitants as of 2018, the Miami metropolitan area is the most populous in Florida and second largest in the southeastern United States. It extends about 120 miles (190 km) from north to south.

Dr. Michael M. Krop High School Public magnet school in Miami, Florida, US

Dr. Michael M. Krop Senior High School is a secondary school located at 1410 County Line Road in Ives Estates, an unincorporated area of north Miami-Dade County, Florida, US. However, it serves the city of Aventura, northern fringes of North Miami Beach, and the unincorporated areas around the school such as Ives Estates/California Club and Ojus. The school is located on the Miami-Dade side of the Miami-Dade-Broward County line, and is the northernmost high school in the district. Dr. Adam Kosnitzky, an experienced and innovative education professional currently serves as principal.

Oleta River State Park

The Oleta River State Park is a 1,043-acre (422 ha) Florida State Park on Biscayne Bay in the municipal suburb of North Miami in metropolitan Miami, Florida. Adjoining the Biscayne Bay Campus of Florida International University, the park contains one of the largest concentrations of Casuarina trees, an invasive species in the state park system.

State Road 826 is a bypass route around the greater Miami area, traveling approximately 30 miles (48 km) in a northeasterly arc from U.S. Route 1 in Pinecrest to its terminus at State Road A1A in Sunny Isles Beach. Between its southern terminus and the Golden Glades Interchange, State Road 826 is known as the Palmetto Expressway, a heavily traveled freeway with portions of the road carrying in excess of 250,000 vehicles a day. Unlike many of the other non-interstate expressways in Miami-Dade County, the Palmetto Expressway is untolled. East of the interchange, State Road 826 is a surface road connecting North Miami and North Miami Beach to Sunny Isles Beach over the Intracoastal Waterway.

History of Miami City in Florida, United States.

Thousands of years before Europeans arrived, a large portion of south east Florida, including the area where Miami, Florida exists today, was inhabited by Tequestas. The Tequesta Native American tribe, at the time of first European contact, occupied an area along the southeastern Atlantic coast of Florida. They had infrequent contact with Europeans and had largely migrated by the middle of the 18th century. Miami is named after the Mayaimi, a Native American tribe that lived around Lake Okeechobee until the 17th or 18th century.

Greater Downtown Miami Neighborhood of Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States

Downtown Miami is an urban city center, based around the Central Business District of Miami, Florida, United States. In addition to the central business district, the area also consists of the Brickell Financial District, Historic District, Government Center, Arts & Entertainment District and Park West. The neighborhood is divided by the Miami River and is bordered by Midtown to the north, Biscayne Bay to the east, Civic Center and Overtown to the west, and Coconut Grove to the south.

HistoryMiami history museum located in Miami, Florida, USA

HistoryMiami Museum, formerly known as the Historical Museum of Southern Florida, is a museum located in Downtown Miami, Florida, United States. HistoryMiami Museum is the largest history museum in the State of Florida. HistoryMiami houses four permanent galleries and up to three traveling exhibits, Archives and Research Center, the South Florida Folklife Center, the Education Center, and City Tours program. Each February, HistoryMiami also hosts the annual Miami International Map Fair, the largest map fair in the Western Hemisphere.

Transportation in South Florida

The Greater Miami area, composed of the three counties of Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach, also known collectively as South Florida, is home to a wide variety of public and private transportation systems. These include heavy rail mass transit (Metrorail), commuter rail (Tri-Rail), automated guideway transit (Metromover), highways, two major airports and seaports, as well as three county-wide bus networks, which cover the entire urbanized area of South Florida. Census and ridership data show that Miami has the highest public transportation usage of any city in Florida, as about 17% of Miamians use public transportation on a regular basis, compared to about 4% of commuters in the South Florida metropolitan area. The majority of public transportation in Miami is operated by Miami-Dade Transit (MDT), which is currently the largest transit system in Florida and was the 14th largest transit system in the United States in 2011.

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