Clockwise from top: The view of Mianyang City from Fule Park, Yuewang Mansion at night, Night scene along Fujiang River in Mianyang City, Ziyun Pavilion in Xishan Park of Mianyang
Location of Mianyang in Sichuan
|Coordinates(Mianyang municipal government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Fucheng District|
|• CPC Party Chief||Peng yuxing|
|• Mayor||Liu Chao|
|• Prefecture-level city||20,267.46 km2 (7,825.31 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,571.7 km2 (606.8 sq mi)|
|• Metro||2,755.4 km2 (1,063.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||473 m (1,552 ft)|
|Highest elevation||5,588 m (18,333 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||307 m (1,007 ft)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,613,871|
|• Density||230/km2 (590/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-SC-07|
|License Plate Prefix||川B|
|Literal meaning||"South of Mian Mountain"|
Mianyang (simplified Chinese :绵阳; traditional Chinese :綿陽; pinyin :Miányáng; Wade–Giles :Mien2-yang2) is the second largest prefecture-level city of Sichuan province in Southwest China. Located in north-central Sichuan, its population was 5.45 million in 2015 covering an area of 20,281 square kilometres (7,831 sq mi) consisting of Jiangyou, a county-level city, six counties and two urban districts. Its built-up (or metro) area was home to 1,722,133 inhabitants including the city proper of Mianyang (two urban districts) and An County largely being conurbated as urbanisation sprawls. In 2006, Mianyang was ranked as China's third "most suitable city for living" by China Daily , after coastal cities Dalian and Xiamen., but it has since dropped out of the top 10.
Mianyang, called Fuxian (Fu County) in ancient times, had advanced in agriculture during the Qin (221−206 BCE) and Han (206 BCE−220 CE) dynasties. It has a history of over 2,200 years since the Emperor Gaozu of Han established the first county in this area in 201 BCE. Due to its advantageous location, it had always been a town of great military importance and formed a natural defence for Chengdu.
Mianyang is home to the CAEP and Science City, an immense Military Research Complex which was the site of the development of China's first nuclear bomb.
The city proper itself was only lightly damaged by the earthquake of 12 May 2008. However, Beichuan County, which is in the prefecture, is among the most severely hit of all disaster regions following the earthquake, including the Beichuan High School campus where more than 1,000 students lost their lives after two main buildings collapsed.Around 80% of the county's buildings are said to have collapsed, including its main government building. The casualty toll for the quake in Mianyang Prefecture as of 7 June 2008 was 21,963 people killed, 167,742 injured, and 8,744 people missing.
Mianyang is at the northwestern end of the Sichuan Basin, on the upper to middle reaches of the Fu River. Its administrative area ranges in latitude from 30° 42' to 33° 03' N and in longitude from 103° 45' to 105° 43' E. Bordering prefectures are Guangyuan to the northeast, Nanchong to the east, Suining to the south, Deyang to the southwest, Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture to the west. It also borders Gansu for a small section in the north.
Mianyang has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) and is largely mild and humid, with four distinct seasons. Winter is short, mild, and foggy, though precipitation is low. January averages 5.3 °C (41.5 °F), and while frost may occur, snow is rare. Summers are long, hot and humid, with highs often exceeding 30 °C (86 °F). The daily average in July, the warmest month, is 25.7 °C (78.3 °F). Rainfall is light in winter and can be heavy in summer, and more than 70% of the annual total occurs from May to September. The annual frost-free period across most of the prefecture lasts from 252 to 300 days, and there are only 1,100 hours of sunshine annually, which is not even 30% of the possible total.
|Climate data for Mianyang (1971−2000)|
|Record high °C (°F)||19.0|
|Average high °C (°F)||9.6|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||5.3|
|Average low °C (°F)||2.0|
|Record low °C (°F)||−5.3|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||8.5|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||5.6||7.0||9.5||11.2||13.4||14.3||15.4||13.1||14.9||12.7||6.6||4.0||127.7|
|Source: Weather China|
The city has highway and railway connections to several major cities and is on the road from Xi'an to the provincial capital of Chengdu as well as the Baocheng Railway running from Baoji in Shaanxi province to Chengdu.
Mianyang Nanjiao Airport, which is the second largest airport in Sichuan province, has direct flights to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xi'an, Shenzhen, Kunming, Hangzhou, and so on.
G5 Beijing–Kunming Expressway and G93 Chengyu Ring Expressway.
Mianyang is one of China's major centres for the electronics industry. It has many well-known research institutions, such as the China Academy of Engineering Physics and China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center. Many large-scale enterprises, such as Changhong Electronics Group Corporation, Sichuan DND Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Jiuzhou Electronics Group, Shuangma Cement Group, and Changcheng Special Steel Company also have their home in Mianyang.
Mianyang is an important national defence, scientific research and production base, consisting of 18 institutes including the China Academy of Engineering Physics and the China Aerodynamics Research Institute. Moreover, it houses 50 large- and medium-size enterprises and six science colleges.
The provincial government will hand over greater administrative powers of economic management at the provincial-level authority to propel the development of Mianyang. The new economy management authority will pay close attention to the construction of the scientific city. The provincial committee party and government are presently drafting the "Opinions on Propelling China Scientific City Construction" report which is expected to come out soon.
There are six universities and colleges in the city, and it is well known as a science and technology centre.
The best known of these is Southwest University of Science and Technology, with a campus of 4000 mu (about 260 hectares (640 acres)). There is a wide-band multimedia campus network, which is connected to the Internet. The student dorm has access to telephone, Internet and TV. There are over 900,000 copies of books and over 10,000 electronic books in the library. The studying and living facilities are all on the campus.
It is the hometown of the famous poet Li Bai, and boasts many historical relics of the Three Kingdoms period.
Chinese food blogger and internet celebrity Li Ziqi is from Mianyang and shoots most of her video content in the surrounding countryside.
Several minorities live in Mianyang, such as the Tibetan and Qiang people.
|1||Fucheng District||涪城区||Fúchéng Qū||866,727||597,7||1,450|
|2||Youxian District||游仙区||Yóuxiān Qū||488,604||973||502|
|6||Anzhou District||安州区||Ānzhōu Qū||366,802||1,189||308|
|3||Jiangyou City||江油市||Jiāngyóu Shì||762,142||2,720||280|
|4||Santai County||三台县||Sāntái Xiàn||1,042,064||2,661||392|
|5||Yanting County||盐亭县||Yántíng Xiàn||417,221||1,645||253|
|7||Zitong County||梓潼县||Zǐtóng Xiàn||302,246||1,438||210|
|8||Pingwu County||平武县||Píngwǔ Xiàn||170,959||5,974||29|
|9||Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County||北川羌族|
Sichuan is a landlocked province in Southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south. Sichuan's capital city is Chengdu. The population of Sichuan stands at 81 million.
Ya'an is a prefecture-level city in the western part of Sichuan province, China, located just below the Tibetan Plateau. The city is home to Sichuan Agricultural University, the only 211 Project university and the largest regional comprehensive university in Ya'an.
Leshan, formerly known as Jiading or Jiazhou, is a prefecture-level city located at the confluence of the Dadu and Min rivers in Sichuan Province, China. Leshan is located on the southwestern fringe of the Sichuan Basin in southern Sichuan, about 120 km (75 mi) from Chengdu. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,235,759, of whom 662,814 lived in the built-up area made of Shizhong district, as Wutongqiao and Jinkouhe districts are not conurbated yet.
Pengzhou, formerly Peng County or Pengxian, is a county-level city of Sichuan Province, Southwest China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu. There is an expressway that connects Pengzhou to Chengdu. It is bordered by the prefecture-level divisions of Deyang to the northeast and the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture to the north.
Wenchuan County is a county in Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.
Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County is a county under the jurisdiction of Mianyang City in northern Sichuan province, China. It is located in an ethnically diverse mountainous region of Sichuan. Its Chinese name literally means "North" (bei) "River" (chuan). Its new county seat is located at Yongchang after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.
Tangjiashan Lake is a landslide dam-created lake on the Jian River, which was formed by the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. Its name comes from the nearby mountain Tangjiashan. On May 24, 2008 the water level rose by 2 metres in a single day, reaching a depth of 23 metres (75 ft), just 29 metres (95 ft) below the barrier level. On June 9 2008, more than 250,000 people had been evacuated from Mianyang in anticipation of the Tangjiashan Lake dam bursting.
The 2008 Sichuan earthquake, also known as the Great Sichuan earthquake or Wenchuan earthquake, occurred at 14:28:01 China Standard Time on May 12, 2008. Measuring at 8.0 Ms, the earthquake's epicenter was located 80 kilometres (50 mi) west-northwest of Chengdu, the provincial capital, with a focal depth of 19 km (12 mi). The earthquake ruptured the fault for over 240 km (150 mi), with surface displacements of several meters. The earthquake was also felt in nearby countries and as far away as both Beijing and Shanghai—1,500 and 1,700 km away, respectively—where office buildings swayed with the tremor. Strong aftershocks, some exceeding 6 Ms, continued to hit the area up to several months after the main shock, causing further casualties and damage. The earthquake also caused the largest number of geohazards ever recorded, including about 200,000 landslides and more than 800 quake lakes distributed over an area of 110,000 km2 (42,000 sq mi).
After the May 12, 2008 earthquake in the Chinese province of Sichuan, there were a series of allegations of corruption against officials involved in the construction of schools in regions affected by the quake. It gained momentum in May and June 2008, and the allegations culminated in protests from grieving parents of children who died in the earthquake as a result of the collapse of various schools in the quake zone.
The 2008 Panzhihua earthquake struck southern Sichuan province, China on August 30 at 16:30:50.5 China Standard Time with a surface wave magnitude of 6.1. It is also cited as the Renhe-Huili earthquake, especially in SCEA reports and early CEA reports. It was not an aftershock of the Sichuan earthquake that occurred several months prior. With more than 400 aftershocks, it caused over 40 deaths, the collapse of 10,000 homes and damage to other infrastructure in the area. The maximum intensity was VIII liedu.
The Chengdu–Dujiangyan intercity railway is a dual-track, electrified, passenger-dedicated, higher-speed rail line in Sichuan Province, connecting the provincial capital, Chengdu with the satellite city of Dujiangyan. The line is 65 kilometres (40 mi) in length with 15 stations. China Railways CRH1 train set on the line reach a maximum speed of 220 kilometres per hour (140 mph) and make the full-trip in 30 minutes, before 2018. The line was built in 18 months and entered into operation on May 12, 2010. The railway is built to withstand an 8.0-magnitude earthquake. The Chengdu–Dujiangyan intercity railway has two branch lines: Pengzhou Branch line is 21.2 kilometres (13.2 mi) in length with 6 stations, and Lidui Branch line is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) in length with 3 stations. In 2019, China Railways CRH6A-A (Tianfu) train sets on the line started to operate up to 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph).
Chongqing Road Engineering Group is one of the largest individually owned construction groups in the western China region. The company's headquarters is in Yubei District of Chongqing, a provincial-level municipality of the People's Republic of China.
Sichuan Changhong Electric Co., Ltd. commonly known as Changhong is a Chinese consumer electronics company based in Mianyang, Sichuan, and founded in October 1958 in the same location. It is the second-largest manufacturer of televisions in China. In 2004, 90 percent of the television sets exported from China to the United States were made by Changhong.
The Lushan earthquake or Ya'an earthquake occurred at 08:02 Beijing Time on April 20, 2013. The epicenter was located in Lushan County, Ya'an, Sichuan, about 116 km (72 mi) from Chengdu along the Longmenshan Fault in the same province heavily impacted by the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. The magnitude of the earthquake was placed at Ms 7.0 by China Earthquake Data Center, Ms 7.0 by Russian Academy of Sciences, Mw 7.0 by Geoscience Australia, Mw 6.6 by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), Mw 6.6 by the European Alert System (EMSC) and Mj 6.9 by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA). 1,815 aftershocks have been recorded as of 00:00 (UTC+8h) April 22.
Chengdu–Mianyang–Leshan intercity railway is a higher-speed intercity railway in Sichuan Province that connects Mianyang, Chengdu, Deyang, Meishan, Emei and Leshan. The line is 314 km (195 mi) in length and can accommodate trains traveling at the speed of 200 km/h (124 mph). Construction began in 2008 and was completed on June 29, 2014. Revenue service began on December 20, 2014.
Tan Li is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in Sichuan and Hainan provinces. Tan served in prominent municipal posts in Sichuan, first as Communist Party Secretary of Guang'an, then Party Secretary of Mianyang. He was subsequently transferred to take charge of party propaganda in Hainan Province, then became Vice Governor of Hainan beginning in 2010.
The 2014 Kangding earthquake struck Kangding County, Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, China, with a moment magnitude of 5.9 on 22 November. The earthquake killed five and injured 54 people.
The COVID-19 pandemic reached the province of Sichuan, People's Republic of China on 20 January 2020, with its first case confirmed on the next day.
The Church of Our Lady of Lourdes (traditional Chinese: 露德聖母堂; simplified Chinese: 露德圣母堂; pinyin: Lùdé shèngmǔ táng; Wade–Giles: Lu4-tê2 shêng4-mu3 tʽang2; lit. 'Our Lady of Lourdes Church'; also known as Our Lady—Chapel of Lourdes) is a Roman Catholic church situated on Yuquan Road, at the foot of the Xishan (West Mountain) Park in Fucheng District, Mianyang. Maria Yimei Zhang, a resident nun, is in charge of the church's daily affairs.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mianyang .|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mianyang .|