|Dowager Countess of Paris|
|Consort of the Head of the House of Orléans|
|Tenure||19 June 1999 – 21 January 2019|
|Predecessor||Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza|
|Successor||Philomena de Tornos Steinhart|
|Born||Micaëla Ana María Cousiño y Quiñones de León|
30 April 1938
Vichy, Allier, France
Henri d'Orléans, Count of Paris
|House||Orléans (by marriage)|
|Father||Luis Maximiliano Cousiño y Sébire|
|Mother||Antonia Quiñones de Léon y Bañuelos, 4th Marquesa of San Carlos|
Micaëla d'Orléans (née Micaëla Ana María Cousiño y Quiñones de León; 30 April 1938, Vichy, France) was the second wife of Henri, Count of Paris, Orléanist pretender to the throne of France and head of the House of Orléans from 1999 until his death in 2019.
Micaëla Ana María Cousiño y Quiñones de León was born the daughter of Luis Maximiliano Cousiño y Sébire, heir to one of the largest family fortunes of Chile, dating from the 18th century. Her mother was Antonia Quiñones de Léon y Bañuelos, 4th Marquesa of San Carlos and Grandee of Spain.
The family name Cousiño derives from "Couto de Liomil", a title given as a reward by King Afonso I of Portugal.[ citation needed ] This name derived as "Coutinho" in Portugal and "Cousiño" in Galicia.
Micaëla Cousiño started her career on the radio in France. Later, she worked for a press agency - a large advertising group both in Madrid and in Paris. From 1978 to May 1981, she became responsible for the communication of the minister and the senior directors at the cabinet of then government minister Raymond Barre.. She also worked as an employee of the Cancer Research Association for a year in 1982. Since the accession of her late husband as head of the Royal House of Orléans, she became involved with the family's activities and has participated in many events together with other members of the de jure royal family.
Micaëla Cousiño has been married twice. Firstly she married Jean-Robert Bœuf in 1961, with whom she had a child, Alexis Bœuf. Secondly, in 1984, she married Henri d'Orléans, Count of Paris having had no offspring from this marriage.
Henri d'Orléans, then Count of Clermont, and Micaëla married civilly in 1984. This marriage was without the consent of Henri's father, then head of the House of Orléans, who initially declared Henri disinherited,substituting the non-dynastic title Comte de Mortain for his son's Clermont countship (the latter once held in appanage by a son of Louis IX of France, who became ancestor of the Bourbon-Orléans line). Henri refused to acknowledge this title, but this act created a lasting division within the Orléans family.
Tensions lessened after several years, and on 7 March 1991 the Count of Paris reinstated Henri as heir apparent and Count of Clermont, simultaneously giving Micaëla the title "Princesse de Joinville".
|Ancestors of Micaela, Countess of Paris|
Count of Paris was a title for the local magnate of the district around Paris in Carolingian times. After Hugh Capet was elected King of France in 987, the title merged into the crown and fell into disuse. However, it was later revived by the Orléanist pretenders to the French throne in an attempt to evoke the legacy of Capet and his dynasty.
The Most Serene House of Bourbon-Condé named after Condé-en-Brie, now in the Aisne département, is a French princely house and a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon. The name of the house was derived from the title of Prince of Condé that was originally assumed around 1557 by the French Protestant leader, Louis de Bourbon (1530–1569), uncle of King Henry IV of France, and borne by his male-line descendants.
Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France, was the Orléanist pretender to the defunct French throne as Henry VII.
Duke of Orléans was a title reserved for French royalty, first created in 1344 by Philip VI in favor of his son Philip of Valois. Known as princes of the blood, the title of Duke of Orléans was given, when available, to the King of France's eldest brother. Thus, until 1830, they formed a collateral line of the French royal family, with an eventual right to succeed to the throne should more senior princes of the blood die out. In this way, the title of Duke of Orléans may be considered analogous to the Duke of York, which is traditionally granted to the reigning English monarch's second son.
Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza, Countess of Paris, was a French historical author and consort of the Orléanist pretender, Henri, Count of Paris.
Henri of Orléans, Count of Paris, was the Orléanist claimant to the throne of France as Henry VI from 1940 until his death.
Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark, is the author of several historical books and biographies of Greek and other European figures, in addition to working as a contributing writer to Architectural Digest. He is a grandson of King George I of the Hellenes and a descendant of King Louis Philippe of France.
Prince Charles-Philippe Marie Louis of Orléans, Duke of Anjou is a Prince and member of the House of Orléans.
The 4th House of Orléans, sometimes called the House of Bourbon-Orléans to distinguish it, is the fourth holder of a surname previously used by several branches of the Royal House of France, all descended in the legitimate male line from the dynasty's founder, Hugh Capet. The house was founded by Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, younger son of Louis XIII and younger brother of Louis XIV, the "Sun King".
Prince François of Orléans, Count of Clermont was the eldest son of Orleanist pretender to the French throne, Prince Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France and his former wife Duchess Marie Therese of Württemberg.
DomPedro de Alcântara of Orléans-Braganza, Prince of Grão Pará was the first-born son of Dona Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil and Prince Gaston of Orléans, Count of Eu, and as such, was born second-in-line to the imperial throne of Brazil, during the reign of his grandfather, Emperor Dom Pedro II, until the empire's abolition. He went into exile in Europe with his mother when his grandfather was deposed in 1889, and grew up largely in France, at a family apartment in Boulogne-sur-Seine, and at his father's castle, the Château d'Eu in Normandy.
The Orléanist claimant to the throne of France is Prince Jean, Duke of Vendôme. He is the uncontested heir to the Orléanist position of "King of the French" held by Louis-Philippe, and is also King Charles X's heir as "King of France" if the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht was valid. According to the Family Compact of 1909, only the descendants of the then pretender's father are considered to be dynasts of the House of France. The founders of the cadet branches of Orleans-Braganza and Orléans-Galliera, by becoming foreigners, are considered under house law to have renounced their rights to the throne. If the current line were to become extinct, the Orleans-Braganza have, however, reserved their right to renew their claims.
Jean Carl Pierre Marie d’Orléans, who uses the title Jean, Count of Paris, is the current head of the House of Orléans. The senior male descendant by primogeniture in the male-line of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French, he is, according to the Orléanists, the legitimate claimant to the throne of France as Jean IV. Of France's three monarchist movements, Orléanism, Legitimism and Bonapartism, most royalists are Orléanists. Prince Jean is the second son of Prince Henri, Count of Paris (1933–2019), the late head of the House of Orléans and his former wife Duchess Marie-Thérèse of Württemberg.
Prince Michel of Orléans, fils de France, Count of Évreux is a member of the House of Orléans which reigned over France between 1830 and 1848, a cadet branch of the royal House of Bourbon. He is a younger son of Henri, Count of Paris, the Orleanist claimant to the French throne from 1940 to 1999, and of the author, Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza.
Princess Isabelle Françoise Hélène Marie d'Orléans was a member of the House of Orléans and, by marriage, a member of the ducal Harcourt family and of the princely House of Murat.
The term House of France refers to the branch of the Capetian dynasty which provided the Kings of France following the election of Hugh Capet. The House of France consists of a number of branches and their sub-branches. Some of its branches have acceded to the Crown, while others remained cadets.
Princess Philomena, Countess of Paris,, is an aristocrat of Hispanic-Austrian descent. She is the wife of Jean, Count of Paris, Orléanist claimant to the throne of France and head of the House of Orléans.
Princess Claude of Orléans is a French princess of the House of Orléans. She is the former wife of Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta, a disputed head of the House of Savoy.
Countess Elisabeth Dobrzensky of Dobrzenicz was a Bohemian noblewoman whose marriage to the son of the former heiress to the throne of Brazil prompted renunciation of his claim to the abolished monarchy's throne.
Princess Marie of Liechtenstein is the eldest daughter of Prince Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France and his former wife Duchess Marie Thérèse of Württemberg. She is the wife of Prince Gundakar of Liechtenstein, a great-grandson of Prince Alfred of Liechtenstein.