|Died||3 September 1950 85) (aged|
|Education||St Patrick's College, Goulburn|
|Occupation||Politician, Western Australian pioneer|
|Spouse(s)||Bessie Ida Muriel Johnstone|
|Children||Kim Durack, David Durack, Reginald Durack, William Durack, Mary Durack, Elizabeth Durack|
|Parent(s)||Patrick Durack & Mary Costello|
Michael Patrick Durack, (22 July 1865 – 3 September 1950) was a pastoralist and Western Australian pioneer, known as "M.P." or to the family as "Miguel". He was the son of Patrick Durack and Mary Costello, both Irish-Australians.
Durack was educated at St Patrick's College, Goulburn along with his brother, John Wallace.
In 1881 he bought 57 square kilometres (14,000 acres) in Queensland and established the Archerfield pastoral run.
In 1882–83, his family went on an expedition to the Kimberley region of Western Australia. On his 21st birthday, he made the first sale of Kimberley cattle to a Halls Creek butcher for £1,200 in raw gold.
In 1894, a new shipping trade was established by Francis Connor and Denis Doherty from Wyndham to Perth. The Durack family became one of the main suppliers in this market, and eventually merged with their shipping agents to form Connor, Doherty & Durack Ltd, which controlled nearly 16,000 square kilometres (6,000 sq mi) of property on the Western Australia-Northern Territory border. His firm was a major influence on the Kimberley pastoral industry for the next fifty years.
He negotiated a shipment of 3,612 cattle to Natal in 1902, which was long hailed a record overseas consignment of live cattle.
In 1917, he entered the Western Australian Legislative Assembly as the Nationalist Party member for the Kimberley. He became discontented with the Mitchell government, and in 1920 joined the Country Party, subsequently retiring from politics in 1924.
In 1921 M.P. Durack assisted the scientific party which had arrived at Wyndham, Western Australia, for determinations of the north Western Australia border between Western Australia and the Northern Territory.
Circa 1939, the Connor, Doherty & Durack tract became the subject of the Kimberley Plan to resettle Jewish refugees from Europe. The proposal was vetoed by the Australian government in 1944.
He died on 3 September 1950 and was buried in Karrakatta Cemetery.
Jerry "Galway" Durack was the youngest son of Michael and Mary and the first to be born in Australia, when the family were still in Queensland. Jerry married Francis Neale, of New South Wales, in 1880.
In 1901, Galway Jerry was killed on his station while most of the family were in Perth.The incident, in which Jerry and Francis's eldest son Patrick was also wounded, and the subsequent chase, capture and trial, made waves across Australia. It was the subject of more than one hundred newspaper articles spread across every corner of the country. Despite this, Francis returned to the station and continued rearing the rest of the family, until it was sold in 1913.
John Peter William Durack founded the Perth Law Firm Dwyer Durack in 1915and was born to Jerry "Galway" Durack and Francis Neale in 1888. After John's birth in Ipswich, Queensland, the family relocated to the Kimberly region of Western Australia in 1889. Francis, described as an intellectual woman, insisted her children received a good education and as a result John and his brother Neal traveled from the Kimberley to Perth to attend the Christian Brothers College until 1907 where he excelled in boxing demonstrations and reciting poetry and Shakespeare, as well as receiving the elocution prize from JS Battye. In cricket, he was an all-rounder.
After being articled to one ML Moss KC, JP Durack was admitted to the bar in August 1913, and took up practice on Howard Street.At this time he started using the name "John Peter", as Peter had been his nickname in college, to distinguish himself from his cousin, the identically initialled John Wallace Durack, who also had his office on Howard Street, which meant a lot of misdirected mail, and constant meet-ups to amend this. The name stuck, and he was known as John Peter, or JP forever more, although it seems he was still referred to John William on the odd formal occasion. In 1917, JP took leave of his practice to enlist as a serviceman during World War 1. He served with the 10th Light Horse Brigade in Egypt, Palestine and Syria and by World War 2, he had the rank of Major in the Army Legal Corps.
JP married Pleasance Rowe in April 1922 and lived at "Strathmore" at 18 Chester Street, Subiaco, which was built in 1904 for Walter David Cookes, founder of the Ezywalkin Boot and Shoe Company.Together they had one son, Peter, in 1928.
A hobby for JP was hunting, serving as President of the Hunt Club of Western Australia and he and Peter kept horses to ride through Kings Park.
In a long and distinguished legal career, JP Durack took on all kinds of cases with all kinds of people. He represented farmers, tradesmen and unionists, workers, lumpers, barstaff, beleaguered husbands and wives, politicians, store owners and recent migrants. He was involved in divorce, licensing, probate, criminal, litigation and commercial cases. He was appointed a Kings Counsel in June 1939, at the age of fifty.He was also President of the Law Society of Western Australia from 1943 to 1945. Some of the most intriguing cases he was involved in come from the 1950s, including one which went to the Privy Council in London.
JP Durack continued practising law at Dwyer Durack until the 1970s, when he was well into his eighties. He died in 1978.
Kununurra is a town in far northern Western Australia located at the eastern extremity of the Kimberley approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) from the border with the Northern Territory. Kununurra was initiated to service the Ord River Irrigation Scheme.
The Kimberley is the northernmost of the nine regions of Western Australia. It is bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean, on the north by the Timor Sea, on the south by the Great Sandy and Tanami deserts in the region of the Pilbara, and on the east by the Northern Territory.
The Ord River is a 651-kilometre long (405 mi) river in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. The river's catchment covers 55,100 square kilometres (21,274 sq mi).
Wyndham is the northernmost town in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, located on the Great Northern Highway, 2,210 kilometres (1,373 mi) northeast of Perth. It was established in 1886 to service a new goldfield at Halls Creek, and it is now a port and service centre for the east Kimberley with a population of 780. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people make up 54% of the population. Wyndham comprises two areas - the original town site at Wyndham Port situated on Cambridge Gulf, and 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) by road to the south, the Three Mile area with the residential and shopping area for the port, also founded in 1886. Wyndham is part of the Shire of Wyndham-East Kimberley.
Elizabeth Durack Clancy CMG, OBE was a Western Australian artist and writer.
The Shire of Wyndham East Kimberley is one of the four local government areas in the Kimberley region of northern Western Australia, covering an area of 117,514 square kilometres (45,372 sq mi) at Western Australia's northeastern corner. The Shire's seat of government was originally in Wyndham but now in the town of Kununurra, which is home to over half of the Shire's permanent population of around 7,000, while a council office is located at Wyndham.
The land border of the State of Western Australia (WA) bisects mainland Australia, nominally along 129th meridian east longitude. The border divides WA from the Northern Territory (NT) and South Australia (SA).
Peter Drew Durack, QC was an Australian politician, representing the Liberal Party. He rose to become Attorney-General of Australia.
Patrick Durack was a pastoral pioneer in Western Australia.
Cambridge Gulf is a gulf on the north coast of the Kimberley region of Western Australia. Many rivers flow into the gulf, including the Ord River, Pentecost River, Durack River, King River and the Forrest River, making the environment an estuarine one.
Francis Connor was an Australian businessman, pastoralist, and politician who served in both houses of the Parliament of Western Australia, as a member of the Legislative Assembly from 1893 to 1905 and as a member of the Legislative Council from 1906 until his death.
Argyle Downs is a pastoral lease and cattle station located about 120 kilometres (75 mi) south east of Kununurra in the Kimberley region near the border of Western Australia and Northern Territory. It is operated by the Consolidated Pastoral Company.
Ivanhoe or Ivanhoe Station is a pastoral lease and cattle station located just north of Kununurra in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. Founded in 1893 by the Durack brothers, station is presently owned by the Consolidated Pastoral Company.
Home Valley or Home Valley Station is a pastoral lease and cattle station in Western Australia.
Today South Australia's land borders are defined to the west by the 129° east longitude with Western Australia, to the north by the 26th parallel south latitude with the Northern Territory and Queensland and to the east by 141° east longitude with Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria; however, this is not where all borders are actually marked on the ground.
Today the Northern Territory's land borders are defined to the west by the 129° east longitude with Western Australia, to the south by the 26th parallel south latitude with South Australia and to the east by 138° east longitude with Queensland; however, this is not where all borders are actually marked on the ground.
Harold Burnham Curlewis was an Australian astronomer. He was Acting Government Astronomer and Meteorologist in Western Australia from 1912 until his appointment as Government Astronomer in 1920. He held that position until 1940 and is credited with keeping the Perth Observatory open in face of government opposition. The asteroid 3898 Curlewis is named in his honour.
Auvergne Station often just referred to as Auvergne is a pastoral lease that operates as a cattle station in the Northern Territory of Australia.
Denis Joseph Doherty was an Australian businessman, pastoralist, and politician who was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1897 to 1903, representing the seat of North Fremantle.
John Peter William Durack, QC (1888–1978), also known as Roaring Jack Durack or Black Jack Durack, was an Australian lawyer. He was part of the Durack dynasty of the Kimberley region of Western Australia.