|President of Brazil|
31 August 2016 –31 December 2018
Acting: 12 May 2016 – 31 August 2016
|Preceded by||Dilma Rousseff|
|Succeeded by||Jair Bolsonaro|
|Vice President of Brazil|
1 January 2011 –31 August 2016
|Succeeded by||Hamilton Mourão|
|President of the Chamber of Deputies|
2 February 2009 –17 December 2010
|Preceded by||Arlindo Chinaglia|
|Succeeded by||Marco Maia|
5 February 1997 –14 February 2001
|Preceded by||Luís Eduardo Magalhaes|
|Succeeded by||Aécio Neves|
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
6 April 1994 –30 December 2010
16 March 1987 –1 February 1991
|Secretary of Public Security of São Paulo|
6 January 1993 –27 November 1993
|Governor||Luís Antônio Fleury Filho|
|Preceded by||Paulo de Tarso Mendonça|
|Succeeded by||Odyr Porto|
8 October 1992 –31 December 1992
|Governor||Luís Antônio Fleury Filho|
|Preceded by||Pedro Franco de Campos|
|Succeeded by||Paulo de Tarso Mendonça|
31 January 1984 –14 February 1986
|Preceded by||Miguel Reale Júnior|
|Succeeded by||Eduardo Muylaert|
|Prosecutor General of São Paulo|
6 April 1991 –8 October 1992
|Governor||Luís Antônio Fleury Filho|
|Preceded by||Sérgio João França|
|Succeeded by||Dirceu JoséVieira Chrysostomo|
16 March 1983 –31 January 1984
|Preceded by||Laércio Francisco dos Santos|
|Succeeded by||Norma Jorge Kyriakos|
Michel Miguel Elias Temer Lulia
23 September 1940
|Political party||MDB (since 1981)|
Maria Célia de Toledo
(m. 1969;div. 1987)
|Domestic partner(s)||Neusa Popinigis (sep.)|
Érika Ferraz (sep.)
|Alma mater|| University of São Paulo |
Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo
Michel Miguel Elias Temer Lulia (Brazilian Portuguese: [miˈʃɛw miˈɡɛw eˈli.ɐs ˈtemeɾluˈli.ɐ] ;born 23 September 1940) is a Brazilian politician,lawyer and writer who served as the 37th president of Brazil from 31 August 2016 to 31 December 2018. He took office after the impeachment and removal from office of his predecessor Dilma Rousseff. He had been the 24th vice president of Brazil since 2011 and acting president since 12 May 2016,when Rousseff's powers and duties were suspended pending an impeachment trial. 
The Senate's 61–20 vote on 31 August 2016 to remove Rousseff from office meant that Temer succeeded her and served out the remainder of her second term. In his first speech in office,Temer called for a government of "national salvation" and asked for the trust of the Brazilian people.  He also signaled his intention to overhaul the pension system and labor laws,and to curb public spending. 
A 2017 poll showed that Temer's administration had 7% popular approval,with 76% of respondents in favor of Temer's resignation.  Despite widespread protests,Temer refused to step down.  Temer did not stand for President in the 2018 Brazilian general election and was succeeded by Jair Bolsonaro.
Born in Tietê,São Paulo,Temer is the son of Nakhoul "Miguel" Elias Temer Lulia and March Barbar Lulia,Maronite Catholic Lebanese immigrants who came to Brazil in 1925.   His parents,along with three older siblings,immigrated to Brazil from Btaaboura,a small village in northern Lebanon,to escape famine and instability due to World War I. In Brazil,his parents had five more children,and Temer is the youngest. Temer is not fluent in Arabic,but is able to discern the topic of a conversation in that language.   
As a child,Temer dreamed of becoming a pianist. However,there were no piano teachers in his city.  As a teenager,he wanted to be a writer.  After failing chemistry and physics classes in his first year of high school,he gave up the "curso científico",which prioritized hard sciences and math. In 1957,he moved to São Paulo to finish high school in the "curso clássico",composed mainly of subjects in the humanities and languages.
In 1959,like his four older brothers he joined the Law School of the University of São Paulo,graduating in 1963.  In his freshman year,he became involved with politics by becoming a treasurer of the school's students' union. In 1962,Temer ran for the presidency of the union,but was defeated by 82 votes. 
Temer stayed neutral before the 1964 coup d'état.  With the beginning of military rule,he moved away from politics. In 1974,he completed a doctorate in public law at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC-SP).
Temer has often confirmed his affiliation as a Roman Catholic. 
In 1968,Temer began teaching constitutional law at PUC-SP,where he also taught civil law and was director of the postgraduate department and of the Brazilian Institute Of Constitutional Law as well as a member of the Ibero-American Institute of Constitutional Law.
Temer published four major works in constitutional law. His most famous book is Elements of Constitutional Law,published in 1982,which sold over 240,000 copies.  The book focuses on the organization of the Brazilian state,especially on the separation of powers.
His 2006 book Democracy and Citizenship highlighted the relevance of law and included some of his speeches as a federal deputy. In his works,he showed himself to be a supporter of parliamentarism and a political recall system,while opposing economic interventionism and tax increases. 
However,he considered himself a writer only in 2013,when he published Anonymous Intimacy,a book of poems. It consists of 120 poems,many of which were written on napkins during his plane trips between São Paulo and Brasílla.  Temer said writing poems helped him recover from the "barren arena of legislative politics". 
Beginning in 1987 Temer served six consecutive terms in the Chamber of Deputies,  and on three separate occasions served two-year terms as president of the Chamber (1997–1998,1999–2000 and 2009–2010).  Temer was also a member of the 1988 constituent assembly,which promulgated the current Constitution of Brazil.  He became President of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB),the largest party in Brazil. 
Temer was the second Vice President of Lebanese origin,after JoséMaria Alkmin. His family originates from the town of Btaaboura in Koura District,near Tripoli in northern Lebanon.  
In 2016,he was accused of having a lobbyist bribe others between 1997 and 2001 in ethanol deals through state-run oil company Petrobras. He was also under investigation for accepting more than $1.5 million in funds from construction company Camargo Correa,which works with Petrobras. Spreadsheets from the construction company listed Temer's name 21 times. The numbers next to his name added up to $345,000,which authorities alleged were bribes and which Temer said were legal campaign contributions.   The claim was dismissed by the courts,and Temer denied any wrongdoing.  Temer has also been accused of electoral fraud;in 2016,he allegedly solicited $2.9m in illegal campaign donations in 2014. Part of investigation is into whether bribe money helped fund the 2014 campaign that saw Dilma Rousseff re-elected president with Temer as her running mate;Temer also denies this. 
In 2017 Brazil's federal police said that investigators have found evidence the president received bribes to help businesses. A released video made by investigators shows Rodrigo Rocha Loures,former Temer aide,carrying a suitcase filled with about $150,000 in cash allegedly being sent from JBS S.A. to the president. 
In 2018,Brazilian Supreme Court Justice ordered Temer be included in an ongoing investigation into $3.07 million in illicit funds his Brazilian Democratic Party allegedly received from construction firm Odebrecht. 
According to official government cables published by WikiLeaks,Temer provided information to the U.S. Embassy in Brazil in 2006. Temer is described as gaining the loyalty of lower class Brazilians by strengthening social programs and opposing Lula da Silva. The report has the status "sensitive but unclassified" with Temer stating that Lula da Silva "might finally begin to heed his friends on the left" and would "be led away from the orthodox macro-economic policies that have dominated his first term". 
In 2015 and 2016,Temer was involved in controversy as Dilma Rousseff's impeachment process unfolded. In December 2015,Temer sent a letter to the president complaining about his distance from government decisions. The letter began with the Latin proverb "Verba Volant,Scripta Manent" (spoken words fly,written words remain). Temer described the communication as a "personal" unburdening about various complaints against the president. He said Rousseff had made him look like a "decorative" vice president,not an active one,despite having been invited to support her government several times in the dialogue with Congress,a role he only accepted in 2015.
The letter was commented on and mocked in Brazilian social media,with images depicting the vice president as a Christmas decoration,making fun of his use of Latin,and photos purporting to show the president laughing as she read the missive,among many other things. The president's office had no immediate comment on the images,  but Rousseff condemned him as a traitor to her administration. 
In April 2016,an audio file of Temer was leaked to the media. In it,Temer speaks as if the impeachment process had already ended and he was the new president.  "I don't want to generate false expectations," Temer said on the recordings,which were first published by Folha de S.Paulo on 23 May. "Let's not think that a possible change in government will solve everything in three or four months."
The leak came just hours before a special lower house committee was scheduled to vote whether to back the request to impeach the president,generating complaints and accusations of treachery and lack of support from a vice president conspiring against the elected president. Temer alleged it was sent incorrectly to a WhatsApp group of his party's representatives in Congress.
As investigations following Operation Car Wash grew,allegations against members of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB) began to arise. In December 2015,impeachment proceedings toward Temer were filed,though his fellow party member,President of the Chamber of Deputies Eduardo Cunha,blocked the movement and instead allowed impeachment proceedings against President Rousseff. 
After a Supreme Court judge,Justice Mello,ruled Cunha's actions wrong,he suggested that Temer should face impeachment proceedings.  Another attempt to impeach Temer  began with the decision on 6 April 2016,by the president of the Chamber of Deputies,Eduardo Cunha,to form a commission for termination analysis of liability for crime offered by attorney Mariel M. Marra. Four other requests for impeachment were presented to Cunha. 
Cunha,who was third in line for the presidency behind Temer,faced scrutiny for alleged money laundering uncovered in Operation Car Wash.  On 5 May 2016,Cunha was suspended as speaker of the lower house by Brazil's Supreme Court due to allegations that he attempted to intimidate members of Congress,and obstructed investigations into his alleged receipt of bribes.  
On 17 May 2016,Justice Marco Aurélio Mello allowed the impeachment request to enter the agenda of the Supreme Federal Court plenary session. 
In the early hours of 12 May 2016,the Federal Senate voted to accept Rousseff's impeachment. Per the Brazilian Constitution,Rousseff's powers were suspended and Temer became acting president. Temer was to serve as acting president for up to 180 days while the Senate decided whether to convict Rousseff and remove her from office,which would make Temer president for the remainder of her term,or to acquit her of crimes of responsibility charges and restore her presidential powers. Temer was awaiting a decision from the Supreme Federal Court to start an impeachment process against him.
On his first day as acting president,Vice President Temer appointed a new cabinet,reducing the number of ministries from 32 to 23.  Women's rights and Afro-Brazilian rights activists criticized the fact that all of the appointed ministers were white men,for the first time since 1979.  
On 2 June 2016,Temer received an eight-year ban from running for office after being convicted of violating election laws. This effectively ended any chance of Temer running for a full term as president in the 2018 election.  It can be argued that he was already ineligible to run in 2018 in any event. Under the Constitution,the vice president becomes acting president whenever the president travels abroad. Due to the manner in which the Constitution's provisions on term limits are worded,whenever a vice president serves as acting president for any reason,it counts toward the limit of two consecutive terms.[ citation needed ]
As acting president,he opened the Summer Olympics held in Rio de Janeiro on 5 August 2016 at the MaracanãStadium.
On 31 August 2016,the Senate voted to convict Rousseff,thereby removing her from office and making Temer President of Brazil. He would serve out the balance of Rousseff's second term,which finished on 31 December 2018.  The vice-president position then became vacant,with the President of the Chamber of Deputies (at the time Rodrigo Maia) acting as the first constitutional substitute during his term.  On 7 September 2016,he opened the Summer Paralympics at the Maracanãamid massive booing from the spectators.
In October 2016,the Constitution of Brazil was amended by deputies  to cap public spending,effectively frozen for twenty years,adjusted for inflation only. This measure was the subject of both praise and criticism among the Brazilian middle-class. 
In November 2016,Marcelo Calero,Temer's former Minister of Culture,resigned,stating that Temer had pressured him to help an ally,government secretary Geddel Vieira Lima,who had invested in a development that was being delayed by a heritage preservation measure by allowing construction to go ahead in spite of said measure. Vieira Lima resigned on 25 November 2016,and opposition leaders stated that they would seek President Temer's impeachment over this incident.  Temer denied the corruption allegations but admitted talking to Calero about the project. 
In December 2016,Marcelo Odebrecht confirmed paying bribes to President Temer. 
In March 2017,Temer decided to move to the vice presidential residence again. He had recent problems with the Brazilian Historical Heritage Institute due to the architectural changes he made to the Presidential Palace.   In an interview to the Brazilian news magazine Veja he mentioned he could not sleep in the "ample rooms" and questioned the possibility of ghosts.      
On 28 April 2017,trade unions called for a general strike against the pension and labor reforms proposed in his government,  which saw shutdowns of various public services in state capitals and major cities.  The government announces the abolition of "popular pharmacies" for the summer of 2017. Created in 2004 under the presidency of Lula,they allowed the most disadvantaged to obtain low-cost medicines. 
On 16 February 2018,Temer signed a law aimed at tackling the organised crime element in Rio de Janeiro,transferring full control of security to the military. The military will reportedly remain in control of security until 1 January 2019.  The next day,Temer suggested establishing a Ministry of Public Security in the near future. 
According to data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics,extreme poverty increased by 11 per cent in 2017,while inequalities also increased again (the Gini index rose from 0.555 to 0.567). The reduction in the number of Bolsa Família beneficiaries decided by the government is the main cause,according to the study. 
On 17 May 2017,secretly taped recordings leaked by O Globo ,a leading national newspaper,reveal the President discussing hush money pay-offs with Joesley Batista,the businessman who runs the country's biggest meat-packing firm JBS,     prompting talk of trying again to impeach him.   On Wednesday 24 May 2017,while thousands of angry demonstrators marched towards Congress demanding Temer's resignation and immediate direct presidential elections,Temer sought to suppress a revolt within his own party.  
Overwhelmed by protests,Temer deployed federal troops to the capital.   Many photographs and testimonials taken during the protest show police violence,and officers shooting at demonstrators during the manifestation.  President Temer's refusal to resign made him increasingly unpopular and provoked not only a political stalemate but also uncertainty,plunging the country into crisis and amplifying the worst recession in its history.   
On 9 June 2017,the Brazilian Superior Electoral Court voted 4–3 to acquit Temer and Rousseff of alleged illegal campaign funding in the 2014 election,thus allowing him to stay in office.   Former Odebrecht Vice President Marcio Faria da Silva said in testimony given as part of a plea bargain that Temer asked him at a meeting to arrange a $40 million payment to Temer's party,the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB). Faria said he met with Temer at his law office,and that speaker of the lower house Eduardo Cunha and Congressman Henrique Eduardo Alves were also present. The payment represented a 5% commission on a contract Odebrecht was seeking with the state-run oil company Petrobras,Faria said. Supreme Court Justice Luiz Edson Fachin made this and other testimony public,and ordered an investigation of more than 100 politicians implicated in bribes and kickbacks at state-run companies,particularly Petrobras. 
On 26 June 2017,Temer was charged by Prosecutor-General Rodrigo Janot with accepting bribes and Janot delivered the charges to the Supreme Federal Court.  The lower house was required to vote on the charges,which medfrom allegations that he took $5 million in return for clearing up JBS tax problems and facilitating a loan. At the time,Temer still had the support of speaker of the lower house Rodrigo Maia,who possessed the power to accept or shelve a petition for impeachment.
The Federal Police (PF),who were forced by funding restrictions to disband before all investigations into the matter were complete,had recommended that Temer also be charged with obstruction of justice.    Torquato Jardim,who was Temer's third Justice Minister in 2017,had unsuccessfully attempted to change the leadership of the PF,and to implement a series of legislative initiatives focused on amnesty and changes to the code of criminal procedure. 
In June 2017 Temer's approval rating stood at 7%,the lowest for any President of Brazil in more than thirty years.  In a survey conducted by the IBOPE institute,between 24 and 26 July 81% of Brazilians favored the indictment of the President.  On 2 August,lawmakers in the lower house in Congress voted not to refer the case against the scandal-plagued President to the supreme court,which had the power to try him. Observers stated that the move to shield Temer further undermined the credibility of Brazil's political and electoral system.   
On 21 March 2019,Temer was arrested during the investigation into Operation Car Wash.  On March 25,a habeas corpus was issued on behalf of Temer by desembargador Antonio Ivan Athié. 
On 22 August 2017,Temer issued a decree to dissolve the "Reserva Nacional do Cobre e Associados" (Renca) Amazonian reserve in Brazil's northern states of Pará and Amapá,measuring 4 million hectares to allow mining by private companies and the conversion of forest into crops for agro-business companies.  After widespread criticism,the decree was revoked on 26 September. 
|China||2–5 September 2016||Hangzhou,Shanghai||Working Visit |
|United States||18–21 September 2016||New York City||Working Visit|
|Argentina||3 October 2016||Buenos Aires||State Visit|
|Paraguay||3 October 2016||Asunción||State Visit|
|India||15–17 October 2016||Goa||Working Visit|
|Japan||18–19 October||Tokyo||State Visit|
|Portugal||10 January 2017||Lisbon||State Visit|
|Russia||20–22 June 2017||Moscow||State Visit |
|Norway||22–23 June 2017||Oslo||State Visit|
|Germany||7–8 July 2017||Berlin||Working Visit|
|Argentina||21 July 2017||Ciudad de Mendoza||Working Visit|
|China||31 August–4 September 2017||Beijing,Xiamen||Working Visit|
|United States||18–21 September 2017||New York City||Working Visit|
|Switzerland||January 19–26||Davos||Working Visit|
|Chile||11 March 2018||Valparaíso||Working Visit|
|Peru||13–14 April 2018||Lima||Working Visit|
|Paraguay||18 June 2018||Asunción||Working Visit|
|Cape Verde||17–18 July 2018||Sal||Working Visit|
|Mexico||23–24 July 2018||Puerto Vallarta||Working Visit |
|South Africa||25–27 July 2018||Johannesburg||Working Visit |
|United States||25 September–1 October 2018||New York City||Working Visit|
|Chile||21 November 2018||Santiago||Working Visit |
In an Ibope survey in September 2016,after approximately a month of President Temer's administration,39% of Brazilians rated his administration "bad or terrible",while 14% considered it "great or good". 2,002 people were heard between 20 and 25 September,and the margin of error was two percentage points. 
A poll by Datafolha in June 2018 showed 82% of Brazilians rating his administration "bad or very bad",the most of any president since the Brazilian transition to democracy. 
Raised by Maronite parents,Temer considers himself a Roman Catholic. 
Temer and his first wife Maria Célia Toledo had three daughters:Luciana (1969),Maristela (1972),and Clarissa (1974). Temer is also father to Eduardo (born in 1999 in London) with journalist Érica Ferraz.  
In 2002,Temer met Marcela Tedeschi (born 1983),who was attending the annual political convention of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB) with her uncle Geraldo,a Paulínia municipal employee.  They married on 26 July 2003,in a small ceremony.  In 2009,Marcela graduated with a law degree from Fadisp,a private school in São Paulo. In an interview,Marcela said she never took the licensing exam because of the birth of the couple's son Michel,also known by his nickname "Michelzinho".  
Below is a selected list of awards Temer has received: 
|Grand Cross of the Order of the Southern Cross||2016 - automatic upon taking presidential office|
|Grand Cross of the Order of Rio Branco||2016 - automatic upon taking presidential office|
|Grand Cross of the Order of Military Merit||2016 - automatic upon taking presidential office|
|Grand Cross of the Order of Naval Merit||2016 - automatic upon taking presidential office|
|Grand Cross of the Order of Aeronautical Merit||2016 - automatic upon taking presidential office|
|Grand Cross of the Order of Military Judicial Merit||2016 - automatic upon taking presidential office|
|Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit||2016 - automatic upon taking presidential office|
|Argentina||Grand Cross of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín||2017|
|Denmark||Grand Cross of Dannebrog||1999|
|France||Knight of the Legion of Honor||1998|
|Paraguay||Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit||2017|
|Portugal||Grand Cross of the Order of Christ||1997|
|Portugal||Grand Officier of the Order of Prince Henry||1987|
The Brazilian Democratic Movement is a Brazilian political party. It is considered a "big tent party" and it is one of the parties with the greatest representation throughout the national territory,with the most numbers of senators,mayors and city councillors,always having formed a large part of the National Congress since 1988,and also has the largest number of affiliates,with 2,131,547 members as of 2022.
Dilma Vana Rousseff is a Brazilian economist and politician who served as the 36th president of Brazil,holding the position from 2011 until her impeachment and removal from office on 31 August 2016. She is the first woman to have held the Brazilian presidency and had previously served as chief of staff to former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva from 2005 to 2010.
Datafolha is Grupo Folha's polling institute,founded in 1983 as the research department of Empresa Folha da ManhãS. A.,and later on became a separate company able to serve external clients,from 1990. In 1995,it became a separate business unit within Grupo Folha,a group of companies to which newspaper Folha de S.Paulo belongs.
General elections were held in Brazil on 5 October 2014 to elect the president,the National Congress,and state governorships. As no candidate in the presidential election received more than 50% of the vote in the first round on 5 October 2014,a second-round runoff was held on 26 October 2014.
Corruption in Brazil exists on all levels of society from the top echelons of political power to the smallest municipalities. Operation Car Wash showed central government members using the prerogatives of their public office for rent-seeking activities,ranging from political support to siphoning funds from state-owned corporation for personal gain. Specifically,mensalão typically referred to the practice of transferring taxpayer funds as monthly allowances to members of congress from other political parties in consideration for their support and votes in congress. Politicians used the state-owned and state-run oil company Petrobras to raise hundreds of millions of reais for political campaigns and personal enrichment.
Operation Car Wash was a criminal investigation by the Federal Police of Brazil's Curitiba branch. It began in March 2014 and was initially headed by investigative judge Sérgio Moro,and in 2019 by Judge Luiz Antônio Bonat. It has resulted in more than a thousand warrants of various types. According to the Operation Car Wash task force,investigations implicate administrative members of the state-owned oil company Petrobras,politicians from Brazil's largest parties,presidents of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate,state governors,and businessmen from large Brazilian companies. The Federal Police consider it the largest corruption investigation in the country's history. The taskforce was officially disbanded on 1 February 2021.
In 2015 and 2016,a series of protests in Brazil denounced corruption and the government of President Dilma Rousseff,triggered by revelations that numerous politicians allegedly accepted bribes connected to contracts at state-owned energy company Petrobras between 2003 and 2010 and connected to the Workers' Party,while Rousseff chaired the company's board of directors. The first protests on 15 March 2015 numbered between one and nearly three million protesters against the scandal and the country's poor economic situation. In response,the government introduced anti-corruption legislation. A second day of major protesting occurred 12 April,with turnout,according to GloboNews,ranging from 696,000 to 1,500,000. On 16 August,protests took place in 200 cities in all 26 states of Brazil. Following allegations that Rousseff's predecessor,Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva,participated in money laundering and a prosecutor ordered his arrest,record numbers of Brazilians protested against the Rousseff government on 13 March 2016,with nearly 7 million citizens demonstrating.
Eduardo Cosentino da Cunha,is a Brazilian politician and radio host,born in Rio de Janeiro. He was President of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil from February 2015 until May 5,2016,when he was removed from the position by the Supreme Court. BBC News labeled him the "nemesis" of Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff. He was indicted in the scandal known as Operation Car Wash involving the state-owned oil company Petrobras and other corporations. Cunha was suspended as speaker of the Chamber of Deputies by the Supreme Court on the request of the Prosecutor-General due to allegations that he had attempted to intimidate members of Congress and obstructed investigations into his alleged bribe-taking. Cunha resigned from his position later,on July 7,2016,after a disciplinary process in Congress that had lasted nine months,making it the longest in Brazilian Congressional history. A series of legal manoeuvres had stalled the process and kept Cunha in charge of the Chamber of Deputies. While the Chamber's Commission of Ethics was divided on the issue until June,the Chamber of Deputies plenary,on September 12,2016,voted 450–10 in favour of stripping Cunha of his position as federal deputy for breaching parliamentary decorum by lying about secret offshore bank accounts.
Events in the year 2016 in Brazil:
General elections were held in Brazil on 7 October 2018 to elect the president,National Congress and state governors. As no candidate in the presidential election received more than 50% of the vote in the first round,a runoff round was held on 28 October.
The impeachment of Dilma Rousseff,the 36th president of Brazil,began on 2 December 2015 with a petition for her impeachment being accepted by Eduardo Cunha,then president of the Chamber of Deputies,and continued into late 2016. Dilma Rousseff,then more than 12 months into her second four-year term,was charged with criminal administrative misconduct and disregard for the federal budget in violation of article 85,items V and VI,of the Constitution of Brazil and the Fiscal Responsibility Law,article 36. The petition also accused Rousseff of criminal responsibility for failing to act on the scandal at the Brazilian national petroleum company,Petrobras,on account of allegations uncovered by the Operation Car Wash investigation,and for failing to distance herself from the suspects in that investigation.
The impeachment proposal against Michel Temer,the former President of Brazil and former vice-president,consisted of an open procedural matter with a goal to preventing the continuation of the mandate of Michel Temer as vice president/acting president of the Republic of Brazil. Temer served as Acting President during the Impeachment process against Dilma Rousseff. The process began with the performance of judicial decision on April 6,2016,the President of the Chamber of Deputies,Eduardo Cunha,to form commission for termination analysis of liability for crime offered by Mariel M. Marra. Four other requests for impeachment were presented to Cunha.
Events in the year 2017 in Brazil.
Bruno Cavalcanti de Araújo is a Brazilian lawyer and politician,filiated to the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB). Was discharged from his third term as federal deputy for the state of Pernambuco to assume the Ministry of Cities,appointed by the then acting president Michel Temer.
Hélio Pereira Bicudo was a Brazilian jurist and politician.
Vicente Paulo da Silva more commonly known as Vicentinho is a Brazilian politician as well as a syndicalist and trade union president. Although born in Rio Grande do Norte,he has spent his political career representing São Paulo,having served as federal deputy representative since 2003.
Luiz Felipe Baleia Tenuto Rossi,commonly known as Baleia Rossi,is a Brazilian politician and entrepreneur,incumbent Federal Deputy from São Paulo and National President of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB).
Since the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff as President of Brazil became a subject of debated and taking a lot of space in the media,the main polling institutes of the country made many opinion polls about it.
In Brazilian politics,the centrão refers to a group of political parties that do not have a specific or consistent ideological orientation and aim at ensuring proximity to the executive branch in order to guarantee advantages and allow them to distribute privileges through clientelistic networks. Despite its name,the centrão is not a centrist political group,generally composed of parliamentarians from the "lower clergy" and big tent parties,who act according to their own interests,linked to cronyism and logrolling.
The Michel Temer presidential inauguration was held on 31 August 2016. He was definitely sworn in as president after 3 months as acting president. His inauguration occurred after Dilma Rousseff impeachment process.