Midōsuji Line

Last updated
Osaka Metro Midōsuji Line
1M.png
Da Ban Shi Ying Di Xia Tie Xin 20Xi Wei Geng Xin Che .jpg
A Midōsuji Line 21 series train in April 2015
Overview
Owner Osaka Metro (2018–present)
Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau (1933–2018)
Line number1
Locale Osaka
TerminiEsaka
Nakamozu
Stations20
Service
Type Rapid transit
System Osaka Metro
Depot(s)Nagai, Nakamozu
Rolling stock10 series, 21 series, 30000 series
Daily ridership1,295,420 (daily 2015) [1]
History
OpenedMay 20, 1933
Technical
Line length24.5 km (15.2 mi)
Track length24.5 km (15.2 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Electrification 750 V DC, third rail
Operating speed70 km/h (43 mph)
Route map
New Midosuji Line.png

The Osaka Metro Midōsuji Line (御堂筋線, Midōsuji-sen) is a rapid transit line in Osaka, Japan, operated by Osaka Metro. Constructed under Midōsuji, a major north-south street, it is the oldest line in the Osaka subway system and the second oldest in Japan, following the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line. Its official name is Rapid Electric Tramway Line No. 1 (高速電気軌道第1号線), while the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau refers to it as Osaka City Rapid Railway Line No. 1 (大阪市高速鉄道第1号線), and in MLIT publications it is referred to as Line No. 1 (Midōsuji Line) (1号線(御堂筋線)). On line maps, stations on the Midōsuji Line are indicated with the letter "M".

North of Nakatsu it runs above ground in the median of Shin-midōsuji, an elevated freeway.

The section between Senri-Chūō and Esaka is owned and operated by Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway (北大阪急行電鉄, Kita Osaka Dentetsu), but is seamless to the passengers except with respect to fare calculations.

In June 2018, the Midosuji line is the most congested railway line in the Kansai region of Japan, [2] at its peak running at 151% capacity between Umeda and Yodoyabashi stations.

Line data

Stations

No.StationJapaneseDistanceTransfersLocation
Through-service to/from Senri-Chūō via the Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway
 M11  Esaka 江坂0.0 Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway (through service) Suita
 M12  Higashi-Mikuni 東三国2.0  Yodogawa-ku, Osaka
 M13  Shin-Ōsaka 新大阪2.9
 M14  Nishinakajima-
Minamigata
西中島南方3.6 Number prefix Hankyu Kyoto line.png Hankyu Kyoto Main Line (HK-61: Minamikata)
 M15  Nakatsu 中津5.4  Kita-ku, Osaka
 M16  Umeda 梅田6.4
 M17  Yodoyabashi
(Osaka City Hall)
淀屋橋
(市役所前)
7.7 Chūō-ku, Osaka
 M18  Hommachi
(Semba-nishi)
本町
(船場西)
8.6
 M19  Shinsaibashi 心斎橋9.6
 M20  Namba 難波・なんば10.5
 M21  Daikokuchō 大国町11.7 Osaka Metro Yotsubashi line symbol.svg Yotsubashi Line (Y16) Naniwa-ku, Osaka
 M22  Dōbutsuen-mae
(Shinsekai)
動物園前
(新世界)
12.9
Nishinari-ku, Osaka
 M23  Tennōji 天王寺13.9 Abeno-ku, Osaka
 M24  Shōwachō 昭和町15.7 
 M25  Nishitanabe 西田辺17.0 
 M26  Nagai 長居18.3 JRW kinki-R.svg JR West Hanwa Line (JR-R24) Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka
 M27  Abiko あびこ19.5 
 M28  Kitahanada 北花田21.4  Kita-ku, Sakai
 M29  Shinkanaoka 新金岡23.0 
 M30  Nakamozu なかもず24.5

Rolling stock

Former

History

The Midōsuji Line was the first subway line in Osaka and the first government-operated subway line in Japan. Its construction was partly an effort to give work to the many unemployed people in Osaka during the early 1930s. The initial tunnel from Umeda to Shinsaibashi, dug entirely by hand, opened in 1933 after being initially plagued by cave-ins and water leakage caused by the poor composition of the earth below northern Osaka and the equally poor engineering skills of the work crew. The first cars were hauled onto the line by manpower and pack animals from the National Railway tracks near Umeda.[ citation needed ]

Although the line only operated with single cars at first, its stations were designed from the outset to handle trains of up to eight cars. The line was gradually extended over the next few decades, completing its current length in 1987, making it the second-longest subway line in Osaka after the Tanimachi Line (excluding the Kita-Osaka Kyūkō Railway extension of the Midōsuji Line).

Women-only passenger cars

Women-only cars were introduced on the line from November 11, 2002. There is one such designated car in each train (Car No. 6), the use of which is restricted all day on weekdays.

Women-only car
←NakamozuEsaka/Senri-Chūō→
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References

  1. "平成27年 大都市交通センサス 近畿圏報告書" (PDF). P:84. 国土交通省. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-09-29. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
  2. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-09-29. Retrieved 2021-01-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. "公営地下鉄在籍車数ビッグ3 大阪市交通局 (One of the big three public subway operators: Osaka Municipal Subway)". Japan Railfan Magazine . Vol. 49 no. 576. April 2009. pp. 88–99.