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|Osaka Metro Midōsuji Line|
|Owner|| Osaka Metro (2018–present) |
Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau (1933–2018)
|Rolling stock||10 series, 21 series, 30000 series|
|Daily ridership||1,295,420 (daily 2015)|
|Opened||May 20, 1933|
|Line length||24.5 km (15.2 mi)|
|Track length||24.5 km (15.2 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||750 V DC, third rail|
|Operating speed||70 km/h (43 mph)|
Midōsuji Line route map
The Osaka Metro Midōsuji Line (御堂筋線, Midōsuji-sen) is a rapid transit line in Osaka, Japan, operated by Osaka Metro. Constructed under Midōsuji, a major north-south street, it is the oldest line in the Osaka subway system and the second oldest in Japan, following the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line. Its official name is Rapid Electric Tramway Line No. 1 (高速電気軌道第1号線), while the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau refers to it as Osaka City Rapid Railway Line No. 1 (大阪市高速鉄道第1号線), and in MLIT publications it is referred to as Line No. 1 (Midōsuji Line) (1号線（御堂筋線）). On line maps, stations on the Midōsuji Line are indicated with the letter "M".
North of Nakatsu it runs above ground in the median of Shin-midōsuji, an elevated freeway.
The section between Senri-Chūō and Esaka is owned and operated by Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway (北大阪急行電鉄, Kita Osaka Dentetsu), but is seamless to the passengers except with respect to fare calculations.
In June 2018, the Midosuji line is the most congested railway line in the Kansai region of Japan,at its peak running at 151% capacity between Umeda and Yodoyabashi stations.
|↑ Through-service to/from Senri-Chūō via the Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway ↑|
|Esaka||江坂||0.0||Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway (through service)||Suita|
|西中島南方||3.6||Hankyu Kyoto Main Line (HK-61: Minamikata)|
| Yodoyabashi |
(Osaka City Hall)
| Hommachi |
|Daikokuchō||大国町||11.7||Yotsubashi Line (Y16)||Naniwa-ku, Osaka|
| Dōbutsuen-mae |
|Nagai||長居||18.3||JR West Hanwa Line (JR-R24)||Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka|
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The Midōsuji Line was the first subway line in Osaka and the first government-operated subway line in Japan. Its construction was partly an effort to give work to the many unemployed people in Osaka during the early 1930s. The initial tunnel from Umeda to Shinsaibashi, dug entirely by hand, opened in 1933 after being initially plagued by cave-ins and water leakage caused by the poor composition of the earth below northern Osaka and the equally poor engineering skills of the work crew. The first cars were hauled onto the line by manpower and pack animals from the National Railway tracks near Umeda.[ citation needed ]
Although the line only operated with single cars at first, its stations were designed from the outset to handle trains of up to eight cars. The line was gradually extended over the next few decades, completing its current length in 1987, making it the second-longest subway line in Osaka after the Tanimachi Line (excluding the Kita-Osaka Kyūkō Railway extension of the Midōsuji Line).
Women-only cars were introduced on the line from November 11, 2002. There is one such designated car in each train (Car No. 6), the use of which is restricted all day on weekdays.
Hankyu Corporation is a Japanese private railway operator that provides commuter and interurban service to the northern Kansai region and is one of major businesses operated by Hankyu Hanshin Holdings Inc., in turn part of the Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group. The railway's main terminal is at Umeda Station in Osaka. The signature color of Hankyu cars is maroon.
Umeda Station is a railway station in Kita-ku in the northern commercial center of Osaka, Japan. It is the busiest station in western Japan, serving 2,343,727 passengers daily in 2005.
The Osaka Loop Line is a railway loop line in Japan operated by the West Japan Railway Company. It encircles central Osaka.
Osaka Station is a major railway station in the Umeda district of Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company. It forms the city's main rail terminal in the north.
The Hankyu Kyoto Main Line is a railway line in Japan operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Osaka-umeda Station in Osaka and Kyoto-kawaramachi Station in Kyoto.
Suita is a city located in northern Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of October 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 378,322 and a population density of 9,880 persons per km². The total area is 36.11 km².
The Osaka Metro is a major rapid transit system in the Osaka Metropolitan Area of Japan. It is operated by Osaka Metro Co., Ltd.. It serves the city of Osaka and the adjacent municipalities of Higashiosaka, Kadoma, Moriguchi, Sakai, Suita, and Yao. Osaka Metro forms an integral part of the extensive mass transit system of Greater Osaka, having 123 out of the 1,108 rail stations (2007) in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto region. In 2010, the greater Osaka region had 13 million rail passengers daily of which the Osaka Municipal Subway accounted for 2.29 million.
Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway is a railway operator in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Its sole line, officially named the Namboku Line, operates as an extension of the Midōsuji Line of the Osaka Metro.
The Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line is a Japanese railway line operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Umeda Station in downtown Osaka with Takarazuka Station in Takarazuka, Hyogo.
Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese railway operator in Osaka, Kyoto, and Shiga Prefectures. It is known as "Keihan" (京阪), "Keihan Dentetsu" (京阪電鉄) or "Keihan Densha" (京阪電車).
The Keihan Main Line is a railway line in Japan operated by Keihan Electric Railway. The line runs between Sanjō Station in Kyoto and Yodoyabashi Station in Osaka. There are through services to the Keihan Ōtō Line and the Keihan Nakanoshima Line. Trains from Kyoto to Osaka are treated as "down" trains, and from Osaka to Kyoto as "up" trains.
The Hanshin Main Line is a railway line operated by the private railway company Hanshin Electric Railway in Japan. It connects the two cities of Osaka and Kobe, between Umeda and Kobe-Sannomiya stations respectively.
Esaka Station is a railway station in Suita, Osaka, Japan, on the Osaka Metro Midosuji Line and the Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway Namboku Line. The station is numbered "M11"; it is the northernmost station in the Osaka subway system.
The Osaka Municipal Subway/Osaka Metro 30000 series (大阪市交通局・大阪メトロ30000系) is a rapid transit electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by Osaka Municipal Subway in Japan since 2009.
The Kita-Osaka Kyuko 8000 series (北大阪急行電鉄8000形) is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway on the Kitakyu Namboku Line in north Osaka since 1986, with through service to the Osaka Municipal Subway Midōsuji Line.
The Osaka Metro Yotsubashi Line is an underground rapid transit line in Osaka, Japan, operated by Osaka Metro. The line connects Umeda, Hommachi, Yotsubashi, Namba, Daikokuchō and Suminoe, and runs parallel to the Midōsuji Line from Daikokuchō to Nishi-Umeda. Its official name is Rapid Electric Tramway Line No. 3 (高速電気軌道第3号線), while the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau refers to it as Osaka City Rapid Railway Line No. 3 (大阪市高速鉄道第3号線), and in MLIT publications, it is written as Line No. 3 . Station numbers are indicated by the letter Y.
The Osaka Metro Tanimachi Line is a rapid transit line of Osaka Metro, running from Dainichi Station in Moriguchi to Yaominami Station in Yao through Osaka. Its official name is Rapid Electric Tramway Line No. 2 (高速電気軌道第2号線), while the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau refers to it as Osaka City Rapid Railway Line No. 2 (大阪市高速鉄道第2号線), and in MLIT publications, it is written as Line No. 2 . On line maps, stations on the Tanimachi Line are indicated with the letter T.
The Osaka Municipal Subway New 20 series (大阪市交通局新20系) is a rapid transit electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by Osaka Municipal Subway in Japan since 1990.
The Osaka Municipal Subway/Osaka Metro 66 series (大阪市交通局・大阪メトロ66系) is a rapid transit electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by Osaka Municipal Subway in Japan since 1990.
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