Midwestern University

Last updated
Midwestern University
Midwestern University seal.svg
Former names
American College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery, Chicago College of Osteopathy
MottoEducating Tomorrow's Healthcare Team
Type Private, non-profit
Established1900;119 years ago (1900)
President Kathleen H. Goeppinger, Ph.D.
Academic staff
368 (Downers Grove)
393 (Glendale)
Students2,932 (Downers Grove) [1]
3,295(Glendale)) [2]
Location
CampusSuburban:
Downers Grove,
105 acres (42.5 ha);
Glendale, 156 acres (63.1 ha)
LanguageEnglish
Colors      Dark Blue
     Dark Warm Grey
     Light Slightly Warmer Grey
Website www.midwestern.edu
Midwestern University wordmark.svg

Midwestern University (MWU) is a private graduate medical and professional school with a main campus in Downers Grove, Illinois and an additional campus in Glendale, Arizona. Midwestern University offers degrees in osteopathic medicine, podiatry, dental medicine, optometry, nurse anesthesia, clinical psychology, physician assistant studies, physical therapy, pharmacy, occupational therapy, speech-language pathology, biomedical sciences, and veterinary medicine.

Graduate school school that awards advanced academic degrees (i.e. masters and doctoral degrees) with the general requirement that students must have earned a previous undergraduate (bachelors) degree

A graduate school is a school that awards advanced academic degrees with the general requirement that students must have earned a previous undergraduate (bachelor's) degree with a high grade point average. A distinction is typically made between graduate schools and professional schools, which offer specialized advanced degrees in professional fields such as medicine, nursing, business, engineering, speech-language pathology, or law. The distinction between graduate schools and professional schools is not absolute, as various professional schools offer graduate degrees and vice versa.

Downers Grove, Illinois Village in Illinois, United States

Downers Grove is a village in DuPage County, Illinois, United States. It was founded in 1832 by Pierce Downer, whose surname serves as the eponym for the village. It is a south-western suburb of Chicago in the I-55 Corridor

Glendale, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Glendale is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located about nine miles (14 km) northwest from Downtown Phoenix. According to the 2017 U.S. Census estimates, the population of the city is 246,709.

Contents

Founded in 1900 as the American College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery, the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine is the fourth-oldest medical school currently active in the state of Illinois. In 1995, it opened an additional campus in Glendale, Arizona, becoming the second and largest medical school to teach students in the state of Arizona. The university over the years expanded beyond providing education in medicine and in 1993 it united these programs under the name Midwestern University. It offers degrees in medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, optometry, podiatric medicine, and other health professions.

Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine

Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine (CCOM) is a private, non-profit osteopathic medical school located in Downers Grove, Illinois, part of Midwestern University. CCOM grants the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine D.O. academic degree, and is fully accredited by the American Osteopathic Association's Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation (COCA).

A medical school is a tertiary educational institution, or part of such an institution, that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons. Such medical degrees include the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, Doctor of Medicine (MD), or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO). Many medical schools offer additional degrees, such as a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D), Master's degree (M.Sc), a physician assistant program, or other post-secondary education.

Illinois State of the United States of America

Porn is the best u must confess

The university is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. The medical schools are also accredited by the American Osteopathic Association's Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation.

Higher Learning Commission university accreditation organization in the U.S.A.

The Higher Learning Commission (HLC) is an organization tasked with the regional accreditation responsibilities for post-secondary education institutions in the central United States. The Higher Learning Commission oversees the accreditation of degree-granting colleges and universities in nineteen mostly Midwestern and South-Central states, namely Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, New Mexico, South Dakota, Wisconsin, West Virginia, and Wyoming. The headquarters of the organization is based in Chicago, Illinois.

American Osteopathic Association organization

The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) is the representative member organization for the more than 145,000 osteopathic medical doctors (D.O.s) and osteopathic medical students in the United States. The AOA is headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, and is involved in post-graduate training for osteopathic physicians. Beginning in 2015, it began accrediting post-graduate education as a committee within ACGME, creating a unified accreditation system for all DOs and MDs in the United States. The organization promotes public health, encourages academic scientific research, serves as the primary certifying body for D.O.s overseeing 18 certifying boards, and is the accrediting agency for osteopathic medical schools through its Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation. As of October 2015, the AOA no longer owns the Healthcare Facilities Accreditation Program (HFAP), which accredited hospitals and other health care facilities.

The American Osteopathic Association's (AOA) Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation (COCA) accredits medical schools granting the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) degree in the United States. The US Department of Education lists the Commission as a recognized accreditor.

History

Main entrance to the Downers Grove campus. Midwestern University Downers Grove Campus Entrance.jpg
Main entrance to the Downers Grove campus.
Cardinal Hall on the Downers Grove campus. Midwestern University Downers Grove Campus - Cardinal Hall.jpg
Cardinal Hall on the Downers Grove campus.

The university was founded in 1900 as the American College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery. [3] The school was the fourth medical school in the world to grant the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree, and the first in the state of Illinois. [4]

Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine is a professional doctoral degree for physicians and surgeons offered by medical schools in the United States. A DO graduate may become licensed as an osteopathic physician, having equivalent rights, privileges, and responsibilities as a physician who has earned the Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree. DO physicians are licensed to practice the full scope of medicine and surgery in 65 countries, and in all 50 US states. They constitute 11% of all US physicians. As of 2018, there were more than 145,000 osteopathic medical physicians and osteopathic medical students in the United States.

In 1986, the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine moved from its prior location in Hyde Park, Chicago, Illinois to a new campus in the western suburb of Downers Grove, Illinois. In 1991, the Chicago College of Pharmacy opened. [5] [6] The College of Health Sciences began in 1992. [7] In 1993, the Board of Trustees unanimously approved a single educational mission for the institution, uniting the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine, the Chicago College of Pharmacy, and the Chicago College of Health Sciences into Midwestern University. [8] [9]

In 1996, the university opened a new campus in Glendale, Arizona. The first college at the Glendale campus was the Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine, which began its first courses in 1996. [10] [11] The college joined the University of Arizona College of Medicine as one of only two medical schools in Arizona at the time. Similar to the growth of its Downers Grove campus, the Glendale campus expanded beyond solely training physicians by opening a Glendale-based physician assistant master's degree program in the College of Health Sciences in 1997, and founding the College of Pharmacy-Glendale in 1998, the College of Dental Medicine-Arizona in 2006, the Arizona College of Optometry in 2009, and the College of Veterinary Medicine in 2012.

In 2010, the university received a Conservation and Native Landscaping Awards from the Environmental Protection Agency for restoring 9 acres of wetland and oak-hickory woods. [12] [13]

In 2013, the Downers Grove campus began offering a Doctor of Psychology program, which received accreditation from the American Psychological Association. [14] The following year (in 2014), the College of Veterinary Medicine opened at the Glendale campus, at a cost of $90 million, [15] [16] with a 109,000-square-foot veterinary teaching hospital, a 36,000-square-foot large animal teaching facility, and a 76,000-square-foot classroom building. [17] The school is the only veterinary medical school in the state of Arizona, [18] and was the 29th veterinary medical school in the United States. [19]

Academics and accreditation

CampusCollegeFoundedAccreditation [20]
ChicagoMidwesternU1900The Higher Learning Commission [21]
Dental Medicine2006 American Dental Association [22]
Health Sciences1996 American Physical Therapy Association [23]
ARC-PA [24]
American Occupational Therapy Association [25]
American Psychological Association [26]
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association [27]
Optometry2017 American Optometric Association [28]
Osteopathic Medicine 1900American Osteopathic Association's COCA
Pharmacy1991 Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education [29]
Arizona
Dental Medicine2006 American Dental Association [22]
Health Sciences1996 American Physical Therapy Association [23]
ARC-PA [24]
American Occupational Therapy Association [25]
American Psychological Association [26]
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association [27]
Council on Podiatric Medical Education [30]
Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia [31]
Optometry2017 American Optometric Association [28]
Osteopathic Medicine1996American Osteopathic Association's COCA
Pharmacy1998 Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education [32]
Veterinary medicine2012American Veterinary Medical Association [33]

Through its eleven colleges, Midwestern University offers 17 academic programs at two locations. All programs are graduate-level, and focus on the health professions. The university is regionally accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. [21] Doctoral degree programs include the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine, Doctor of Dental Medicine, Doctor of Nurse Anesthesia Practice, Doctor of Pharmacy, Doctor of Physical Therapy, Doctor of Podiatric Medicine, Doctor of Psychology, Doctor of Optometry, and Doctor of Veterinary Medicine.

Several master's degrees are also offered, including the following: Master of Medical Science in Physician Assistant Studies, Master of Occupational Therapy, Master of Science in Speech-Language Pathology, Master of Biomedical Sciences, Master of Science in Cardiovascular Science, and a Master of Science in Nurse Anesthesia. The university also offers a one-year Master of Arts in Biomedical Sciences as a transitional degree providing prerequisite science courses that assist students in pursuing more advanced healthcare degree programs.

Campuses

Downers Grove, Illinois

Science Hall on the Downers Grove campus. Midwestern University Downers Grove Campus - Science Hall.jpg
Science Hall on the Downers Grove campus.
Redwood Hall on the Downers Grove campus. Midwestern University Downers Grove Campus - Redwood Hall.jpg
Redwood Hall on the Downers Grove campus.
The Commons at the Downers Grove campus. Midwestern University Downers Grove Campus - The Commons.jpg
The Commons at the Downers Grove campus.

The Downers Grove campus is located on a 105-acre (42.5 ha) site in Downers Grove, Illinois, a suburban area 25 miles west of downtown Chicago. [34] The campus includes green space, wooded areas, and a nature trail, in addition to classrooms, laboratories, a library, an auditorium building, and recreational facilities. [35] The Science Hall is a 239,000 square foot building which consists of classrooms, more than 100 offices, and 25 laboratories. [36] The Science Hall opened in 2011, and includes a gross anatomy lab, research labs and a clinical simulation lab for the dental school. [36] Student housing is provided in three different facilities: Redwood Hall I, Redwood Hall II, and the Pines Apartments. The Traditional Residence Halls (consisting of five connected residence halls: Aspen Hall, Birch Hall, Chestnut Hall, Dogwood Hall, and Elm Hall) were demolished in 2015. The Downers Grove campus is home to over 2,500 students and five colleges, offering twelve fields of study.

Glendale, Arizona

The Glendale campus is located on a 156-acre (63.1 ha) [10] site in Glendale, Arizona, a suburban area 15 miles northwest of downtown Phoenix. It contains facilities such as practice labs, lecture halls, classrooms, a comprehensive library, and outpatient clinics. Student housing is provided in the Student Apartment Complex, which consists of studio, one- and two-bedroom apartments. Amenities provided exclusively for residents and guests of student housing include a swimming pool, volleyball court, and sand play area. The Glendale campus is home to over 3,200 students and five colleges, offering fourteen fields of study. Since the campus opened in 1995, the university has invested about $425 million into the Glendale campus. [11]

Patient care

Midwestern University operates several clinics, in Glendale, Arizona and in Downers Grove, Illinois. The Downers Grove Multispecialty Medical Clinic consists of a five-story, 193,000 square foot building, which opened in 2012 at a cost of $112 million. [37] [38] The clinic includes a dental institute, a family practice clinic, speech & language institute, and an optometry clinic. [39]

Four on-campus community clinics have been built on the Glendale campus to provide medical services to the local community while subsequently providing hands-on clinical experience to its students: the Midwestern University Multispecialty Clinic, the Midwestern University Dental Institute, the Midwestern University Eye Institute, and the Midwestern University Companion Animal Clinic. [40] The Companion Animal Clinic is part of the larger Animal Health Institute, which also includes an Equine and Bovine Center and a Diagnostic Pathology Center.

Students

Midwestern University Demographics [20]
Students
American Indian or Alaskan0%
Asian25%
Black or African American2%
Hispanic/Latino4%
Native Hawaiian0%
White63%
Two or more races3%
Unknown1%
Non-resident alien1%

More than 6,000 students were in attendance at Midwestern University for the 2015-16 academic year (both campuses). At the Downers Grove campus, there are 2,392 students in attendance. 58% are female, 42% are male. 63% are white, 25% are Asian, and 4% are Hispanic or Latino. At the Glendale campus, there are 3,295 students in attendance. 51% of students at the Glendale campus are male, while 49% are female. 65% are white, 19% are Asian, and 6% are Hispanic or Latino.

Students at Midwestern University participate in a number of clubs on campus and an active student government association. There are several professional fraternities on campus, including Alpha Omega, Delta Sigma Delta, Kappa Psi, Phi Delta Chi, Psi Chi, Rho Chi, Rho Pi Phi, Sigma Sigma Phi, Phi Lambda Sigma. The behavioral medicine club hosts an improvisation show, which benefits charities. [41] Additional clubs and organizations on campus include: [42]

Alumni

Centennial Hall (left) and Science Hall (right) on the Downers Grove campus. Midwestern University Downers Grove Campus - Centennial Hall.jpg
Centennial Hall (left) and Science Hall (right) on the Downers Grove campus.

There are more than 6,000 graduates from the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine, practicing throughout the United States. [43] Notable alumni include:

See also

Related Research Articles

White coat ceremony

The white coat ceremony (WCC) is a relatively new ritual in some medical, dental, optometry, audiology, chiropractic, dietetic, occupational therapy, physical therapy, podiatric, pharmacy, physician assistant, pathologists' assistant, nursing, naturopathic and veterinary schools that marks the student's transition from the study of preclinical to clinical health sciences. At some schools, where students begin meeting patients early in their education, the white coat ceremony is held before the first year begins. It is an example of a matriculation.

Nova Southeastern University

Nova Southeastern University is a private university with its main campus in Davie, Florida. The university consists of 18 colleges and schools offering over 150 programs of study. The university offers professional degrees in the social sciences, law, business, osteopathic medicine, allopathic medicine, allied health, pharmacy, dentistry, optometry, physical therapy, education, occupational therapy, and nursing. Nova Southeastern enrolled 20,793 students in the 2017-2018 academic year, and has produced 185,000 alumni.

The University of North Texas Health Science Center (UNTHSC) is a graduate-level institution of the University of North Texas System, located on a 33-acre campus in the Cultural District of Fort Worth, Texas. Established in 1970, UNT Health Science Center consists of five colleges with a total enrollment of 2,243 graduate students (2014–15). The institution offers degrees in osteopathic medicine, public health, pharmacy, physical therapy, physician assistant studies, and biomedical sciences.

Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

The Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine (PCOM) is a private medical school college with its main campus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and an additional campus in Suwanee, Georgia. PCOM offers degree programs in osteopathic medicine, pharmacy, physical therapy, psychology, physician assistant studies, and forensic medicine. With 2,418 students (2014–15), PCOM is one of the oldest and largest osteopathic medical schools in the world.

Western University of Health Sciences

Western University of Health Sciences (WesternU) is a private, non-profit graduate school for the health professions, with a main campus located on 22 acres (8.9 ha) in downtown Pomona, California, and an additional medical school campus on 50 acres in Lebanon, Oregon. WesternU offers degrees in osteopathic medicine, dental medicine, optometry, podiatric medicine, nursing, physician assistant studies, physical therapy, pharmacy, biomedical sciences, and veterinary medicine. With an enrollment of 3,833 students (2018–19),WesternU is one of the largest graduate schools for the health professions in California, offering 21 academic programs in nine colleges, and has the broadest array of graduate health sciences colleges in the United States.

United States Air Force Medical Service

The United States Air Force Medical Service (AFMS) consists of the five distinct medical corps of the Air Force and enlisted medical technicians. The AFMS was created in 1949 after the newly independent Air Force’s first Surgeon General, Maj. General Malcolm C. Grow (1887–1960), convinced the United States Army and President Harry S. Truman that the Air Force needed its own medical service.

MCPHS University

Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences is a private university focused on medical programs and located in the Longwood Medical and Academic Area of Boston, Massachusetts. The university provides traditional and accelerated programs of study focused on professional education in pharmacy and the health sciences. Since 2000, MCPHS University has expanded to include two additional campuses, located in Worcester, Massachusetts, and Manchester, New Hampshire.

Touro University California Health professions graduate school

Touro University California is a private non-profit health professions graduate school located on Mare Island in Vallejo, a city in the northern San Francisco Bay Area, in the U.S. state of California. The university was founded in 1997 and was originally established in San Francisco as an independent, Jewish-sponsored institution, but relocated to Vallejo. Today, the university confers degrees in graduate studies of various disciplines including education, osteopathic medicine, pharmacy, physician assistant studies, nursing, and public health. The school's campus consists of 44 acres (18 ha) and 23 buildings of the former Mare Island naval base located east of the San Pablo Bay.

Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine

The Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine (LECOM) is a private graduate school of medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy with a main campus in Erie, Pennsylvania, and branch campuses located in Greensburg, Pennsylvania and Bradenton, Florida. Founded in 1992, LECOM confers degrees in osteopathic medicine (D.O.), pharmacy (PharmD), and dentistry (DMD), as well as master's degrees in Health Services Administration, Biomedical Sciences, and Medical Education. LECOM operates one of the few accelerated three-year pharmacy programs in the country, and is one of 2 pharmacy schools in the country with a distance education program.

A.T. Still University

A.T. Still University of Health Sciences (ATSU) is a non-profit, private, graduate school focusing on health sciences, as well as the world's first osteopathic medical school. Founded in 1892 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, the school is based in Kirksville, Missouri, United States, with a second campus in Arizona. ATSU is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools.

Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine

Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine (RVUCOM) is a private, for-profit osteopathic medical school with campus locations in Parker, Colorado and Ivins, Utah. The school opened in 2006 as the only modern for-profit medical school in the United States but has since been joined by California Northstate University College of Medicine. RVUCOM grants the degree of Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine, and admitted its inaugural class of medical students at the Parker, Colorado campus in August 2008.

Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences

Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences (PNWU) is a private medical school in Yakima, Washington. Founded in 2005, the university's inaugural program was the first new medical school to open in the Pacific Northwest in sixty years. PNWU grants the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree and graduated its first class of physicians in May 2012.

Marshall B. Ketchum University is a private university focused on graduate programs in healthcare and located in Fullerton, California. MBKU expanded from the Southern California College of Optometry which was founded in 1904. The university was officially established as a multidisciplinary university with the addition of School of PA Studies in 2011 and College of Pharmacy in 2013.

The University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine (UNECOM) is a private, non-profit osteopathic medical school, located in Biddeford, Maine. Founded in 1978, the school remains the only medical school in the U.S. state of Maine. The college is part of the University of New England, and grants two degrees: the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree and a Master of Medical Education Leadership. According to U.S. News & World Report, UNECOM graduates the 6th most physicians of any U.S. medical school that go on to practice in a primary care specialty.

Western University College of Podiatric Medicine

The College of Podiatric Medicine (CPM) at Western University of Health Sciences is a podiatric medical school based in Pomona, California. It is one of nine podiatric medical schools in the United States. The school was founded in 2009 with an inaugural class of 38 students.

College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific

The College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific (COMP) is a private, non-profit medical school for osteopathic medicine located in downtown Pomona, in the U.S. state of California. The college opened in 1977 as the only osteopathic medical school west of the Rocky Mountains. COMP was the founding program of Western University of Health Sciences (WesternU), which now has 8 colleges in addition to COMP, each offering professional degrees in various fields of healthcare. COMP has a single 4-year program, conferring the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree. Graduates are eligible to practice medicine in all 50 states and more than 60 countries.

Western University College of Veterinary Medicine

The Western University College of Veterinary Medicine is a non-profit, private, veterinary medical school at Western University of Health Sciences located in Pomona, in the US state of California. The college consists of about 400 veterinary medical students, and confers the degree Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. The college was established in 1998 as the first veterinary school to open in the country in 20 years. The college is fully accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine (AZCOM) is a school of osteopathic medicine in Glendale, Arizona, part of Midwestern University. It grants the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree.

References

  1. "Midwestern University-Downers Grove". College Navigator. U.S. Department of Education, Institute for Education Sciences.
  2. "Midwestern University-Glendale". College Navigator. U.S. Department of Education, Institute for Education Sciences.
  3. 1 2 "Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine of Midwestern University" (PDF). American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine. 2012. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
  4. 1 2
  5. 1 2 "Midwestern University". College Navigator. Institute of Education Sciences National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  6. 1 2 "Statement of Accreditation Status: Midwestern University". Higher Learning Commission.
  7. 1 2 "Search DDS/DMD Programs". American Dental Association. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  8. 1 2 "WestAccredited PT & PTA Programs Directory". Council on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  9. 1 2 "Accredited Programs". Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  10. 1 2 "OT Master's-Level Programs - Accredited". American Occupational Therapy Association.
  11. 1 2 "Search Accredited Programs". American Psychology Association.
  12. 1 2 "CAA Accredited Program Listing" (PDF). American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-09-10. Retrieved 2016-08-13.
  13. 1 2 "Accredited Programs". American Optometric Association. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  14. "Detailed PharmD Accreditation History". Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  15. "List of Podiatric Medical Colleges". Council on Podiatric Medical Education. American Podiatric Medical Association. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  16. "List of Accredited Programs". Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs.
  17. "Detailed PharmD Accreditation History". Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  18. "Accredited Programs" (PDF). American Veterinary Medical Association.
  19. Rhodes, Dawn (July 10, 2014). "Midwestern University expanding Downers Grove campus". Chicago Tribune.
  20. "Downers Grove, IL Campus". Midwestern University. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
  21. 1 2 "Sciences Hall: Media Facts". Midwestern University.
  22. "Midwestern University, Downers Grove, Multispecialty Clinics". DWL Architects.
  23. Blair-Smith, Jill (July 25, 2013). "Midwestern University Welcomes Community to New Medical Campus". Chicago Tribune.
  24. "Eye Institute opens at Midwestern University in Downers Grove". My Suburban Life. Shaw Media Digital. January 22, 2016.
  25. "Midwestern University Clinics". Midwestern University. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
  26. Blairsmith, Jill (April 17, 2014). "Community Invited to Free Improv Night at Midwestern University". Chicago Tribune.
  27. "Student Activities Office". Midwestern University.