Mieczysław Żywczyński (13 January 1901 in Warsaw – 21 February 1978 in Lublin) was a Polish historian and priest. He was a professor of Catholic University of Lublin. He was a researcher of the Church's history and general history.
Lublin is the ninth-largest city in Poland and the second-largest city of historical Lesser Poland. It is the capital and the center of Lublin Voivodeship with a population of 339,784. Lublin is the largest Polish city east of the Vistula River and is about 170 km (106 mi) to the southeast of Warsaw by road.
Gwardia Ludowa or GL was a communist underground armed organization created by the communist Polish Workers' Party in German occupied Poland, with sponsorship from the Soviet Union. Formed in early 1942, within a short time Gwardia Ludowa became the largest clandestine fighting force on Polish soil which refused to join the structures of the Polish Underground State loyal to the London-based government-in-exile. In the January 1 of 1944 GL was incorporated into the communist Armia Ludowa.
Kurów is a village in south-eastern Poland, located in the historic province of Lesser Poland, between Puławy and Lublin, on the Kurówka River. It is capital of a separate gmina (municipality) called Gmina Kurów, within Lublin Voivodeship. The village has 2,725 inhabitants.
Jan Onufry Zagłoba is a fictional character in the Trilogy by Henryk Sienkiewicz. Together with other characters of The Trilogy, Zagłoba engages in various adventures, fighting for the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and seeking adventures and glory. Zagłoba is seen as one of Sienkiewicz most popular and significant characters. While he has often been compared to Shakespearean character of Falstaff, he also goes through extensive character development, becoming a jovial and cunning hero.
Brigadier General Mieczysław Makary Smorawiński (1893–1940), was a Polish military commander and officer of the Polish Army. He was one of the Polish generals identified by forensic scientists of the Katyn Commission as the victim of the Soviet Katyn massacre of 1940.
Mieczysław Romanowski (1833–1863) was a Polish Romantic poet.
Mieczysław Zygmunt Jagielski was a Polish politician and economist. During the times of the People's Republic of Poland he was the last leading politician from the former eastern regions of pre-Second World War Poland.
Subdivisions of the Duchy of Warsaw were based on departments that were headed by prefects. The subsidivions were based on the French model following the erection of the Duchy of Warsaw by Napoleon. The departments were in turn subdivided into traditional Polish powiats (counties). Initially six departments were created out of the province of South Prussia in the Kingdom of Prussia. After the 1809 Polish–Austrian War, and the Treaty of Schönbrunn, their number increased to ten. Each department was named after its capital city.
Mieczysław Czechowicz was a Polish actor. A graduate of Warsaw's State Theatrical Academy, Czechowicz played in numerous films, plays and cabarets. He worked for the National Theatre as well as other Warsaw theatres. In 1987 he was awarded the Polonia Restituta. As a movie actor, he played in such productions, as Janosik, Czterej Pancerni i Pies, Lalka, The Tin Drum, and comedies by Stanisław Bareja. Czechowicz's voice is known by almost all kids in Poland, as he voiced the friendly teddy bear in a popular cartoon Miś Uszatek.
The 9th Mieczysław Połukard Criterium of Polish Speedway League Aces was the 1990 version of the Mieczysław Połukard Criterium of Polish Speedway Leagues Aces. It took place on March 25 in the Polonia Stadium in Bydgoszcz, Poland.
The 14th Mieczysław Połukard Criterium of Polish Speedway League Aces was the 1995 version of the Mieczysław Połukard Criterium of Polish Speedway Leagues Aces. It took place on March 26 in the Polonia Stadium in Bydgoszcz, Poland.
The 25th Mieczysław Połukard Criterium of Polish Speedway League Aces was the 2006 version of the Mieczysław Połukard Criterium of Polish Speedway Leagues Aces. It took place on April 2 in the Polonia Stadium in Bydgoszcz, Poland.
Wierzchowinypronounced [vjɛʂxɔˈvinɨ] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Siennica Różana, within Krasnystaw County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.
The 1980 Lublin strikes were the series of workers' strikes in the area of the eastern city of Lublin, demanding better salaries and lower prices of food products. They began on July 8, 1980, at the State Aviation Works in Świdnik, a town located on the outskirts of Lublin. By mid-July, 1980, some 50,000 local workers from more than 150 enterprises went on strike. These strikes marked the beginning of important socio-political changes in Poland, such as the creation of Solidarity and democratization of the country, heralding a wave of protests later referred to as the August 1980 strikes.
The Lublin Ghetto was a World War II ghetto created by Nazi Germany in the city of Lublin on the territory of General Government in occupied Poland. The ghetto inmates were mostly Polish Jews, although a number of Roma were also brought in. Set up in March 1941, the Lublin Ghetto was one of the first Nazi-era ghettos slated for liquidation during the most deadly phase of the Holocaust in occupied Poland. Between mid-March and mid-April 1942 over 30,000 Jews were delivered to their deaths in cattle trucks at the Bełżec extermination camp and additional 4,000 at Majdanek.
The Union of Lublin was signed on 1 July 1569 in Lublin, Poland, and created a single state, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest countries in Europe at the time. It replaced the personal union of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with a real union and an elective monarchy, since Sigismund II Augustus, the last of the Jagiellons, remained childless after three marriages. In addition, the autonomy of Royal Prussia was largely abandoned. The Duchy of Livonia, tied to Lithuania in real union since the Union of Grodno (1566), became a Polish–Lithuanian condominium.
Kurjer Lubelski is an historical newspaper that was published discontinuously — in five distinct phases — between 1865 and 1937 in the city of Lublin. The publication has considerable historical significance because of its association with many personages of Polish literature, and for other reasons, including the publication in its pages of a considerable amount of literary material in addition to daily news. The newspaper was responsible for bringing about a national awakening during the period of Partitions, not only in the Lublin Lands but in the whole country. The (freethinking) journal Myśl Niepodległa, edited by the poet Andrzej Niemojewski, wrote in 1910 of the Kurjer Lubelski that despite the vagaries of fate that its publication was subject to over the years it had arisen from "a certain cultural milieu to which it has consistently borne spiritual witness".
Mala Berezovytsia is a village in Zbarazh Raion, Ternopil Oblast, western Ukraine. It has a current population of 230 people.
The Sugar Palace is a historic building at 25 Mokotowska Street in Warsaw, Poland. It now houses the Adam Mickiewicz Institute.
Mieczysław Jan Gębarowicz (1893–1984) was a Polish art historian, soldier, dissident, museum director and custodian of cultural heritage.
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