Miguel Couto was a Brazilian educationist, politician and a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He was born Miguel de Oliveira Couto in the city of Rio de Janeiro, on May 1, 1864. He was the son of Francisco de Oliveira Couto and Maria Rosa do Espírito Santo. He was trained in medicine, and went on to teach the subject, gaining a reputation as one of the most noted clinicians in contemporary Brazil.
Couto was multilingual and profoundly knowledgeable in the Portuguese language. For many years, he was a vocal opponent of Japanese immigration to Brazil. He was a loud proponent of national education. Even before the October 1930 Revolution, he had given a speech at the Brazilian Education Association on July 2, 1927, in which he presented a project on education, which was widely distributed in all normal schools and professional institutes of the then Federal Capital. He recommended the creation of a Ministry of Education in this document, with "two departments: that of education and that of hygiene". Subsequently, in November 1930, a decree by the Head of the Provisional Government of the Republic created a Ministry of Education and Public Health.
He was elected federal deputy in the Constituent Assembly that would draft the Constitution of July 16, 1933. He chaired the National Academy of Medicine for 21 consecutive years. He was the third occupant of Chair 40 of the Brazilian Academy, to which he was elected on December 9, 1916. He succeeded Afonso Arinos in this chair and received into the Academy by Mário de Alencar on June 2, 1919.
He died in Rio on June 6, 1934.
The politics of Brazil take place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. The political and administrative organization of Brazil comprises the federal government, the 26 states and a federal district, and the municipalities.
Olavo Brás Martins dos Guimarães Bilac, often known as Olavo Bilac, was a Brazilian Parnassian poet, journalist and translator. Alongside Alberto de Oliveira and Raimundo Correia, he was a member of the "Parnassian Triad". He was elected the "Prince of Brazilian Poets" in 1907 by the magazine Fon-Fon. He wrote the lyrics of the Brazilian Flag Anthem.
Macaé is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro, 180 km northeast of the state capital.
The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro or University of Brazil is a public university in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. UFRJ is the largest federal university in the country and is one of the Brazilian centers of excellence in teaching and research. In terms of scientific, artistic and cultural productions it is recognized nationally and internationally due to the great teachers, researchers, reviews and assessments made by international agencies. In 2017 QS World University Rankings ranked UFRJ as the best Brazilian federal university, as well as the third best university in the country occupying the seventh position among institutions of Latin America. In 2016 and 2017 the Ranking Universitário Folha (RUF) ranked UFRJ as the best university in Brazil and the best Federal University in the country. The Center for World University Rankings (CWUR) published in 2017 UFRJ as the second best university in the world in Zoology field.
Miguel Osório de Almeida was a noted Brazilian physician and scientist, brother of another scientist, Álvaro Osório de Almeida, both considered the fathers of modern physiology in Brazil.
Carlos Chagas Filho was a Brazilian physician, biologist and scientist active in the field of neuroscience. He was internationally renowned for his investigations on the neural mechanisms underlying the phenomenon of electrogenesis by the electroplaques of electric fishes. He was also an important scientific leader, being one of the founders of the Biophysics Institute of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and was also a president for 16 years of the Vatican's Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and president of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (1965–1967).
The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Faculty of Law, also known as the National Faculty of Law, is a law school located in downtown Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria was the eldest daughter of Prince Franz of Bavaria, third son of Ludwig III of Bavaria.
The National Observatory is an institution localized in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Founded by Pedro I on October 15, 1827, it is one of the oldest scientific institutions in the country. Its initial purpose was to guide the geographic studies of Brazil and teaching navigation.
José Vieira Couto de Magalhães was a Brazilian politician, military, writer and folklorist.
Francisco José de Oliveira Viana (June 20, 1883 – March 28, 1951) was a Brazilian professor, jurist, historian, sociologist, and an imortal of the Academia Brasileira de Letras.
Fábio Salustino Mesquita de Faria is a Brazilian politician, current Minister of Communications of Jair Bolsonaro government. Member of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), Faria is Federal Deputy representing the state of Rio Grande do Norte. He is son of Robinson Faria, former Governor of Rio Grande do Norte, and married to TV presenter Patricia Abravanel.
Cícero Augusto Ribeiro Sandroni is a Brazilian journalist. He was born in the city of São Paulo, on February 26, 1935, the son of Ranieri Sandroni and Alzira Ribeiro Sandroni. He did his primary studies and part of junior high school in São Paulo. After his family moved to Rio de Janeiro in 1946, he completed his secondary studies there. He studied at the Faculty of Journalism at the Pontifical Catholic University and EBAP - Brazilian School of Public Administration, at the Getúlio Vargas Foundation, where he was a fellow.
Evaristo de Morais Filho was a Brazilian lawyer and former member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He was born in Rio de Janeiro on July 5, 1914, the son of Antônio Evaristo de Morais and Flávia Dias de Morais, and died on July 22, 2016, in Rio de Janeiro, at the age of 102. He was married to Hileda Flores de Moraes, with whom he had a couple of children.
Josué de Sousa Montello was a Brazilian writer and diplomat and a former president of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He was born in São Luís do Maranhão on August 21, 1917. He was the son of Antônio Bernardo Montello and Mância de Sousa Montello. He began his studies in São Luís do Maranhão, publishing his first literary works in A Mocidade, a journal at his school, the Liceu Maranhense.
Affonso Arinos de Mello Franco (1930-2020) is a Brazilian diplomat and journalist. He was born in Belo Horizonte on November 11, 1930. His parents were Affonso Arinos de Mello Franco and Anna Guilhermina Pereira de Mello Franco.
Rosiska Darcy de Oliveira is a Brazilian journalist and feminist writer. She was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1944, she graduated in Law from the Pontifical Catholic University. In the 1960s, she began her professional career as a journalist at Revista Senhor, Jornal do Brasil, Revista Visão and O Globo.
Múcio Carneiro Leão was a Brazilian journalist, poet, short story writer, critic, novelist, essayist and speaker. He was born in Recife on February 17, 1898, and died in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, on August 12, 1969.
Evanildo Cavalcante Bechara is a Brazilian scholar. He was born in Recife on February 26, 1928. He was orphaned at an early age, and moved to Rio de Janeiro in order to complete his education, staying at the home of a great uncle.
João Neves da Fontoura was a Brazilian lawyer, diplomat and politician. He was born in Cachoeira on November 16, 1887, and died in Rio de Janeiro on March 31, 1963.