| United States Senator |
January 3, 1999
Servingwith Jim Risch
|Preceded by||Dirk Kempthorne|
|Chair of the Senate Banking Committee|
January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Richard Shelby|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from Idaho's 2nd district
January 3, 1993 –January 3, 1999
|Preceded by||Richard H. Stallings|
|Succeeded by||Mike Simpson|
|37th President pro tempore of the Idaho Senate|
|Preceded by||Jim Risch|
|Succeeded by||Jerry Twiggs|
|Member of the Idaho Senate |
from the 32nd district
December 1, 1984 –December 1, 1992
|Succeeded by||Mel Richardson|
Michael Dean Crapo
May 20, 1951
Idaho Falls, Idaho, U.S.
|Education|| Brigham Young University (BA)|
Harvard University (JD)
Michael Dean Crapo ( // KRAY-poh; born May 20, 1951) is an American politician serving as the senior United States senator from Idaho, a seat he was first elected to in 1998. A Republican, he previously served as the U.S. Representative for Idaho's 2nd congressional district from 1993 to 1999.
Born in Idaho Falls, Crapo is a graduate of Brigham Young University and Harvard Law School. He practiced law in his home city throughout the 1980s, while also maintaining an active role in local Republican politics. His brother Terry Crapo was majority leader in the Idaho House of Representatives from 1968 to 1972 and an influential political figure until his death from leukemia in 1982. After his brother's death, Crapo successfully ran for the Idaho Senate in 1984. Crapo served as Senate President pro tempore from 1988 to 1992.
Crapo was elected to an open seat in Congress in 1992, representing Idaho's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives. After three terms in the House, he ran for the open seat in the U.S. Senate in 1998 when Dirk Kempthorne vacated it to run for Idaho Governor. Crapo was elected with 70% of the vote, and became the first Mormon to represent Idaho in the United States Senate.In the 2004 election, he won 99% of the vote against his only opponent, write-in Democratic candidate Scott McClure. He was reelected again in 2010 with 71% of the vote, and again in 2016 with 66% of the vote.
Crapo was born in Idaho Falls, Idaho, the son of Melba (née Olsen) and George Lavelle Crapo. His brother Terry was 12 years older.He is the first cousin, four times removed of Henry Howland Crapo, who served as Governor of Michigan from 1865 to 1869, second cousin, three times removed of William W. Crapo, Henry's son, who served as a congressman from Massachusetts, and third cousin, twice removed of William Crapo Durant, Henry's grandson, who founded General Motors. Their common ancestor is Private Peter Crapo (1743-1822), who served in the American Revolutionary War. He graduated from Idaho Falls High School in 1969. He earned a B.A. in political science from Brigham Young University in 1973 and a J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1977.
After graduating from law school, Crapo served for one year as a law clerk to Judge James M. Carter at the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. He then returned to Idaho to practice as a lawyer, joining his brother's law firm of Holden Kidwell Hahn & Crapo in Idaho Falls. In the 1980s, he became active in the Republican Party's campaigns for seats in the state legislature. His brother Terry Crapo served in Idaho House of Representatives for four years as majority leader (1968 to 1972) and was considered a rising star in Idaho politics.Following his brother Terry's death from leukemia in 1982, Mike ran for an open seat in the Idaho Senate. He was elected to the State Senate in 1984, where he served until 1992. In 1988, Senate President pro tempore Jim Risch unexpectedly lost reelection to the Idaho Senate, and Crapo was elected by his colleagues to the president's position. He served as senate president pro tempore from 1988 to 1992.
On January 27, 1989 he served as acting governor of Idaho for 12 hours. Governor Cecil D. Andrus was out of the state testifying before Congress, and then-Lieutenant Governor Butch Otter was out of the state on business for his employer Simplot. Due to laws of succession, the president pro tempore is next in line. Andrus, a Democrat, left Crapo a note saying, "Don't do anything I wouldn't do. ... P.S. The chair is comfortable, isn't it?"
Crapo was elected to Congress in 1992, representing Idaho's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives. He was elected to the House for a total of three terms from 1993 until 1999. He ran and won election to the U.S. Senate in 1998.
Crapo was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1998, gaining the seat of Republican Dirk Kempthorne, who stepped down to run successfully for governor. In his Senate bid, as in his House campaigns, Crapo's campaign made signs that had a macron placed over the "a" in his name (Crāpo) to indicate its correct pronunciation ("Cray-poe").
He was re-elected in 2004 with 99.2% of the vote, with the other .8% going to a write-in candidate, Democrat Scott McClure.
In November 2010, Crapo was re-elected to a third term with 71% of the vote, defeating Democratic Party challenger P. Tom Sullivan and Constitution Party candidate Randy Bergquist.
In November 2016, Crapo was re-elected to a fourth term with 66% of the vote, defeating Democratic Party challenger Jerry Sturgill and Constitution Party candidate Ray Writz. In October 2016, after the Donald Trump and Billy Bush recording came to light, Crapo said he would not be voting for the Republican presidential nominee.He later reversed this decision and supported candidate Trump.
On February 12, 1999, Crapo was one of 50 senators to vote to convict and remove Bill Clinton from office.
In the 111th Congress, Crapo served on the following Senate committees: Banking, Housing and Urban Development; Budget; Environment and Public Works; Indian Affairs; and Finance. He co-chairs the Senate Nuclear Caucus, the Canada-U.S. Inter-parliamentary Group (IPG); the COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Caucus, which he founded; and the Congressional Sportsmen's Caucus.
Crapo became the state's senior senator when the 111th United States Congress convened on January 3, 2009, succeeding Larry Craig, who decided not to seek re-election. At the convening of the 112th United States Congress, Crapo is ranked 39th in seniority in the Senate.
He opposed President Barack Obama's health reform legislation, voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009,and again voted against the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.
In April 2013, Crapo was one of forty-six senators to vote against the passing of a bill which would have expanded background checks for all gun buyers. He voted with 40 Republicans and 5 Democrats to stop the passage of the bill. The New York Times had predicted a 0% chance of Crapo voting for the bill.
The New York Times noted that Crapo became "something of a hero among advocates of bipartisanship" for his involvement in the "Gang of Six".
In 2017, Crapo was one of 22 senators to sign a letterto President Donald Trump urging the President to have the United States withdraw from the Paris Agreement.
His view on senatorial responsibilities for Supreme Court nominees has evolved. Regarding President George Bush's 2006 nomination of Samuel Alito, Crapo said in a press release, "All of the President's nominees deserve up-and-down votes and not efforts to obstruct judicial nominees for political purposes. Judges are not politicians, and hopefully, Judge Alito's nomination will put an end to the politics which have crept into the nomination process."But, in contrast in 2016, his press release regarding President Obama's nomination of Merrick Garland to replace the late Antonin Scalia said,
The Constitution gives the President the right to make nominations to the Supreme Court, with the advice and consent of the Senate. As part of its role in this process, the Senate may, at its discretion, withhold consent. The next Supreme Court justice will make decisions that affect every American and shape our nation's legal landscape for decades. Therefore, the current Supreme Court vacancy should be filled by an individual nominated by the next President of the United States.
Later in September 2020, with less than two months to the next presidential election, Crapo voiced support for an immediate Senate vote on President Trump's nominee to fill the Supreme Court vacancy caused by the death of justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, once a "well-qualified candidate" was put forth.
Crapo was participating in the certification of the 2021 United States Electoral College count when the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol happened. In response, Crapo called for "perpetrators" to be "prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law."Additionally, he opposed the removal Trump from office, stating that the "country is too divided" and that invoking the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution "would only make matters worse."
Crapo is pro-life. In 1998, he supported a bill that made it illegal for minors to cross state lines to get abortions in order to avoid parental consent laws.In 2009, he voted to restrict UN funding for population control policies.
In 2012, Crapo stated that he disagreed that more gun control regulations would curb violence in the United States. He also stated that he supported efforts to improve mental health access rather than more gun laws.
As of 2013, Crapo had an "A+" rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA) for his positive voting record on causes supported by the NRA. That same year, Crapo joined 12 other Senators stating he would filibuster any attempts by Democrats to introduce additional gun control regulations in the wake of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting.Additionally, Crapo supported legislation to make open carry legal in National Parks.
In January 2017, the NRA praised Crapo for introducing the Hearing Protection Act, which would make access to gun silencers easier.
In response to the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Crapo called for "solidarity" and praised first responders. Additionally, he stated "May we unite in the fight against evil with an ever-vigilant drive toward peace."The Hearing Protection Act bill was tabled in wake of the shooting.
Crapo married Susan Diane Hasleton in June 1974, and the couple had five children together. He is a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Crapo was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 1999 and underwent a radical prostatectomy in January 2000. He had a full recovery and was declared cancer-free at that time. He had a recurrence in 2005 of prostate cancer, and he underwent a series of radiation treatments. He has become active in advocating early detection tests for cancer and other treatable diseases. Crapo has also pushed to create a federal Office of Men's Health.
Crapo is an Eagle Scout, awarded in 1966. He received the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award (DESA) in 2000.
Crapo was arrested on December 23, 2012, for DUI after running a red light in Alexandria, Virginia, at around 12:45 am EST. He failed field sobriety tests, registering a blood alcohol content of 0.11 percent.Hours after his arrest, Crapo issued a public apology for his behavior. Various Idaho media outlets were critical of Crapo's arrest, particularly in light of the temperance beliefs of his religion.
On January 4, 2013, Crapo pleaded guilty to a drunk driving charge and received the standard punishment for a first-time offender in Virginia: $250 fine and court costs, one-year suspension of his driver's license, and court-ordered alcohol education and awareness classes. He successfully completed all. Following his court appearance, Crapo held a news conference outside the Alexandria courthouse, again apologizing and providing a more complete explanation regarding his actions as well as his intention to regain the trust of Idahoans.
|Natural Law||George J. Mansfeld||7,833||2.07%|
|Republican||Mike Crapo (Incumbent)||118,286||100.00%|
|Republican||Mike Crapo (Incumbent)||499,796||99.18%||+29.64%|
|Democratic||Scott F. McClure (write-in)||4,136||0.82%|
|Republican||Mike Crapo (Incumbent)||127,332||79.3%|
|Republican||Claude "Skip" Davis||33,150||20.7%|
|Republican||Michael Crapo (Incumbent)||319,953||71.19%||-27.99%|
|Republican||Mike Crapo (incumbent)||449,017||66.13%||-5.06%|
|Constitution||Ray J. Writz||41,677||6.14%||+2.26%|
William Thad Cochran was an American attorney and politician who served as a United States Senator for Mississippi from 1978 to 2018. A Republican, he served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1973 to 1978.
Charles Patrick Roberts is an American politician of the Republican Party who served as United States Senator of Kansas from 1997 to 2021. Prior to this, Roberts served 8 terms in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1981 to 1997.
Gerald Wesley Moran is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Kansas since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, he served as Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee for the 113th U.S. Congress, during which he led successful Republican efforts in 2014 election, producing the first Republican Senate majority since 2006. Previously, he served as a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Kansas's 1st congressional district.
Michael Keith Simpson is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Idaho's 2nd congressional district since 1999. A member of the Republican Party, he was first elected in the 1998 elections, succeeding Mike Crapo. Simpson previously served as an Idaho State Representative (1984–1998) and was Speaker of the Idaho House of Representatives from 1992 to 1998.
Roger Frederick Wicker is an American attorney and politician who is the senior United States Senator from Mississippi, in office since 2007. A member of the Republican Party, Wicker previously served as a member of the United States House of Representatives and the Mississippi State Senate.
Roy Dean Blunt is an American politician who is the senior United States senator for Missouri, serving since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as a member of the United States House of Representatives and as Missouri Secretary of State.
Richard Mauze Burr is an American politician who is the senior United States Senator from North Carolina, serving since 2005. A member of the Republican Party, Burr was previously a member of the United States House of Representatives.
James Elroy Risch is an American lawyer and politician who has served as the junior United States Senator from Idaho since 2009. A member of the Republican Party, he served as lieutenant governor of Idaho from 2003 to 2006 and from 2007 to 2009, and as governor of Idaho from 2006 to 2007.
Leonard John Lance is an American politician and attorney who served as the U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 7th congressional district, from 2009 to 2019. He is a member of the Republican Party who previously served in the New Jersey Senate and the New Jersey General Assembly.
Christopher Andrew Coons is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Delaware since 2010. A member of the Democratic Party, Coons served as the county executive of New Castle County from 2005 to 2010. He was the 1983 Truman Scholar from Delaware, and the first recipient of the award to serve in the United States Senate.
Jefferson H. Van Drew is an American politician and dentist serving as the U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 2nd congressional district since 2019. He is a member of the Republican Party after leaving the Democratic Party in 2020 to oppose their support for the impeachment of President Donald Trump. Prior to being elected to Congress, he was the New Jersey State Senator from the 1st Legislative District from 2008 to 2018, and represented the same district in the New Jersey General Assembly from 2002 to 2008.
John Neely Kennedy is an American lawyer and politician who is serving as the junior United States Senator from Louisiana since 2017. A Democrat turned Republican, he previously served as the Louisiana State Treasurer from 2000 to 2017.
Dean Arthur Heller is an American businessman and politician who served as a United States Senator from Nevada from 2011 to 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as the 15th Secretary of State of Nevada from 1995 to 2007 and U.S. Representative for Nevada's 2nd congressional district from 2007 to 2011. He was appointed to the U.S. Senate by Governor Brian Sandoval and elected to a full term in the 2012 election. Heller ran for a second term in 2018, but was defeated by Democrat Jacky Rosen. He was the only Republican U.S. Senator to lose re-election in the 2018 midterm elections.
William Morgan Cassidy is an American physician and politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Louisiana, a seat he was elected to in 2014. A member of the Republican Party, he served in the Louisiana State Senate from 2006 to 2009 and in the U.S. House of Representatives from 2009 to 2015.
Steven David Daines is an American politician and former corporate executive serving as the junior United States Senator for Montana since 2015. A Republican, he served as the U.S. Representative for Montana's at-large congressional district from 2013 to 2015. In 2014, Daines won Montana's open Class II U.S. Senate seat. He was reelected in 2020, defeating Democratic nominee Governor of Montana Steve Bullock. Prior to entering political office, Daines worked for Procter & Gamble and RightNow Technologies.
Michael Dean Bishop is an American attorney and politician who was the U.S. Representative for Michigan's 8th congressional district from 2015 to 2019. He is a member of the Republican Party. He previously served in the Michigan House of Representatives from 1999 to 2003, and the Michigan State Senate from 2003 to 2010 where he served as majority leader.
Russell Mark Fulcher is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Idaho's 1st congressional district since 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served in the Idaho Senate where he represented Legislative District 21 from 2005 to 2012 and Legislative District 22 from 2012 until 2014.
James Paul Lankford is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Oklahoma since 2015. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as the U.S. Representative for Oklahoma's 5th congressional district from 2011 to 2015.
Todd Christopher Young is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Indiana since 2017. From 2011 to 2017 he was the U.S. Representative for Indiana's 9th congressional district. Young is a member of the Republican Party. He was elected to the United States Senate in the November 8, 2016, general election, succeeding retiring Republican Dan Coats.
David Charles Nye is the Chief United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Idaho. He was a judge of the Sixth District of Idaho for ten years, preceded by twenty years of private practice in Idaho.
Media related to Mike Crapo at Wikimedia Commons
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Idaho's 2nd congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for U.S. senator from Idaho |
1998, 2004, 2010, 2016
| Senate Republican Chief Deputy Whip |
| U.S. senator (Class 3) from Idaho |
Served alongside: Larry Craig, Jim Risch
| Ranking Member of the Senate Banking Committee |
| Chair of the Senate Banking Committee |
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States senators by seniority |
|103rd||Senate: L. Craig • D. Kempthorne||House: L. LaRocco • M. Crapo|
|104th||Senate: L. Craig • D. Kempthorne||House: M. Crapo • H. Chenoweth|
|105th||Senate: L. Craig • D. Kempthorne||House: M. Crapo • H. Chenoweth|
|106th||Senate: L. Craig • M. Crapo||House: H. Chenoweth • M. Simpson|
|107th||Senate: L. Craig • M. Crapo||House: M. Simpson • C. L. Otter|
|108th||Senate: L. Craig • M. Crapo||House: M. Simpson • C. L. Otter|
|109th||Senate: L. Craig • M. Crapo||House: M. Simpson • C. L. Otter|
|110th||Senate: L. Craig • M. Crapo||House: M. Simpson • B. Sali|
|111th||Senate: M. Crapo • J. Risch||House: M. Simpson • W. Minnick|
|112th||Senate: M. Crapo • J. Risch||House: M. Simpson • R. Labrador|
|113th||Senate: M. Crapo • J. Risch||House: M. Simpson • R. Labrador|
|115th||Senate: M. Crapo • J. Risch||House: M. Simpson • R. Labrador|
|115th||Senate: M. Crapo • J. Risch||House: M. Simpson • R. Labrador|
|116th||Senate: M. Crapo • J. Risch||House: M. Simpson • R. Fulcher|
|117th||Senate: M. Crapo • J. Risch||House: M. Simpson • R. Fulcher|