Mike Moore (New Zealand politician)

Last updated


Mike Moore

Mike Moore.jpg
Moore, c.2007
34th Prime Minister of New Zealand
In office
4 September 1990 2 November 1990
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor-General Paul Reeves
Deputy Helen Clark
Preceded by Geoffrey Palmer
Succeeded by Jim Bolger
3rd Director-General of the World Trade Organization
In office
1 September 1999 1 September 2002
Preceded by Renato Ruggiero
Succeeded by Supachai Panitchpakdi
26th Leader of the Opposition
In office
2 November 1990 1 December 1993
Preceded by Jim Bolger
Succeeded by Helen Clark
11th Leader of the Labour Party
In office
4 September 1990 1 December 1993
Deputy Helen Clark
Preceded by Geoffrey Palmer
Succeeded by Helen Clark
10th Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
9 February 1990 2 November 1990
Prime Minister Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Preceded by Russell Marshall
Succeeded by Don McKinnon
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Papanui
In office
25 November 1978 14 July 1984
Preceded by Bert Walker
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Christchurch North
In office
14 July 1984 12 October 1996
Preceded byNew constituency
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Waimakariri
In office
12 October 1996 31 August 1999
Preceded byNew constituency
Succeeded by Clayton Cosgrove
Personal details
Born (1949-01-28) 28 January 1949 (age 69)
Whakatane, New Zealand
Political party Labour
Spouse(s)
Yvonne Dereany(m. 1975)
ProfessionUnion organiser
Website Mike Moore

Michael Kenneth Moore ONZ AO PC [1] (born 28 January 1949), commonly known as Mike Moore, is a former New Zealand politician and union organiser. In the Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand he served in several portfolios including Minister of Foreign Affairs, and became the Prime Minister for 59 days before the October 1990 general election. [2] Following Labour's defeat in that election, Moore served as Leader of the Opposition until the 1993 election, after which Helen Clark successfully challenged him for the Labour Party leadership.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

The Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand governed New Zealand from 26 July 1984 to 2 November 1990. It was the first Labour government to win a second consecutive term since the First Labour Government of 1935 to 1949. The policy agenda of the Fourth Labour Government differed significantly from that of previous Labour governments: it enacted major social reforms and economic reforms.

Minister of Foreign Affairs (New Zealand) Minister of Foreign Affairs for New Zealand

The Minister of Foreign Affairs is a senior member of the Government of New Zealand heading the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and responsible for relations with foreign countries.

Contents

Following his retirement from New Zealand politics, Moore was the Director-General of the World Trade Organization from 1999 to 2002. He has also held the post of New Zealand Ambassador to the United States from 2010 to 2015.

World Trade Organization organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that is concerned with the regulation of international trade between nations. The WTO officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakesh Agreement, signed by 124 nations on 15 April 1994, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. It is the largest international economic organization in the world.

Early life

Moore was born in Whakatane, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand in 1949. He was raised in Moerewa and educated at the Bay of Islands College and Dilworth School. After leaving school at 14 he first worked as a labourer and then a printer. [3] He became an active trade unionist and at the age of 17 was elected to the Auckland Trades Council. He became the first youth representative on the Labour Party executive and was Vice-president of the International Union of Socialist Youth for two consecutive terms. [4] [5] [6] He married Yvonne Dereany in 1975.

Whakatane Town in Bay of Plenty, New Zealand

Whakatane is a town in the eastern Bay of Plenty Region in the North Island of New Zealand, 90 km east of Tauranga and 89 km north-east of Rotorua, at the mouth of the Whakatane River. Whakatane District is the encompassing territorial authority, which covers an area to the south and west of the town, excluding the enclave of Kawerau.

Bay of Plenty Region in North Island, New Zealand

The Bay of Plenty is a large bight in the northern coast of New Zealand's North Island. It stretches from the Coromandel Peninsula in the west to Cape Runaway in the east, a wide stretch of some 259 km of open coastline. The Bay of Plenty Region is situated around this body of water, also incorporating several large islands in the bay. The bay was named by James Cook after he noticed the abundant food supplies at several Māori villages there, in stark contrast to the earlier observations he had made in Poverty Bay.

Moerewa Place in Northland Region, New Zealand

Moerewa is a small town in the Northland Region of the North Island of New Zealand. It is unusual for its high proportion of Māori - over 80% of the population. It is located close to the Bay of Islands five kilometres to the west of Kawakawa.

Member of Parliament

New Zealand Parliament
YearsTermElectorateListParty
1972 1975 37th Eden Labour
1978 1981 39th Papanui Labour
1981 1984 40th Papanui Labour
1984 1987 41st Christchurch North Labour
1987 1990 42nd Christchurch North Labour
1990 1993 43rd Christchurch North Labour
1993 1996 44th Christchurch North Labour
1996 1999 45th Waimakariri none Labour

Moore began his parliamentary career when elected as the MP for Eden in 1972, but was defeated for Eden (and Labour was unexpectedly defeated) in the 1975 election. [7] After the election, the Moores visited Warren Freer, and were insistent that he resign from Mt Albert so that Moore could take his place. Freer (who retired in 1981) said he had no intention of resigning, and anyway there was no guarantee that he would be selected to replace Freer. [8]

Eden (New Zealand electorate) Former New Zealand electorate

Eden, a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, lay in the general area of the suburb of Mount Eden in the city of Auckland.

1975 New Zealand general election

The 1975 New Zealand general election was held on 29 November to elect MPs to the 38th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It was the first general election in New Zealand where 18- to 20-year-olds and all permanent residents of New Zealand were eligible to vote, although only citizens were able to be elected.

Warren Freer New Zealand politician

Warren Wilfred Freer was a New Zealand politician and member of the Labour Party. He represented the Mount Albert electorate from 1947 to 1981.

In 1978 Moore moved to Christchurch and was elected MP for the north Christchurch electorate, then known as Papanui. He held the electorate until 1999: as Papanui until 1984, as Christchurch North until 1996, and as Waimakariri thereafter. [7]

Papanui is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. The electorate was in the northern suburbs of the city of Christchurch, and existed from 1969 to 1984.

Christchurch North is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. The electorate comprised the northern half of what is now considered the Christchurch Central City.

Waimakariri (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Waimakariri is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, formed for the 1996 election and returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The MP for Waimakariri is Matthew Doocey of the National Party. He has held this position since the 2014 election and takes over from Kate Wilkinson, who defeated Clayton Cosgrove (Labour) in the 2011 election.

As a government minister he has held numerous portfolios, becoming best known in his role as Overseas Trade Minister (since 1984 [9] ) with involvement in the GATT negotiations. In 1987 he also became Minister of External Relations and in 1988 Deputy Minister of Finance. In 1990 he became leader of the Labour Party and consequently Prime Minister for a few months, convincing the Labour caucus that, while he could not win the election for Labour, he would help save more seats than staying with the incumbent, Geoffrey Palmer. The Labour government was not returned to power in the next general election. The circumstances of Moore's installment as Prime Minister would later be compared to the return of Kevin Rudd as Prime Minister of Australia. [10] However, in the 1990 New Zealand general election, National won a landslide, and Labour lost almost 13%, suffering its worst-ever electoral defeat since it first won power in the 1935 election.

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) is a legal agreement between many countries, whose overall purpose was to promote international trade by reducing or eliminating trade barriers such as tariffs or quotas. According to its preamble, its purpose was the "substantial reduction of tariffs and other trade barriers and the elimination of preferences, on a reciprocal and mutually advantageous basis."

Geoffrey Palmer (politician) Prime Minister of New Zealand, politician, academic

Sir Geoffrey Winston Russell Palmer is a New Zealand lawyer, legal academic, and past politician, who was a member of Parliament from 1979 to 1990. He served as the 33rd Prime Minister of New Zealand for a little over a year, from August 1989 until September 1990, leading the Fourth Labour Government. As Minister of Justice from 1984 to 1989, Palmer was responsible for considerable reforms of the country's legal and constitutional framework, such as the creation of the Constitution Act 1986, New Zealand Bill of Rights, Imperial Laws Application Act, and the State Sector Act. He served as president of the New Zealand Law Commission, from 2005 to 2010.

He led the Official Opposition until 1993 and was spokesman on Foreign Affairs and Trade until 1999. He was dumped as Labour leader after the 1993 election despite leading the party to a close loss in that election after only one term in opposition after a disastrous defeat. [11] In reality, Labour didn't pick up votes, and indeed lost a 0.46% voter share, but National's 12.77% loss went to the new minor parties.

As a result of his dumping as Labour leader, he strongly considered forming a break-away party, the New Zealand Democratic Coalition, for the 1996 MMP election but then decided against it. He won his seat in the 1996 election, obtaining more than twice as many votes as the next-highest candidate, National's Jim Gerard. [12]

In 1998, he ran for the post of Director-General of the World Trade Organisation and was elected to this position on 22 July 1999. He took up the post on 1 September 1999; close enough to the 1999 election to not trigger a by-election. [5] [13] The deal with his rival and successor Supachai Panitchpakdi meant that he served only half of the usual six-year term in the post.

Political positions held

Moore in 1992 while Leader of the Opposition Mike Moore, 1992.jpg
Moore in 1992 while Leader of the Opposition
  • Opposition Spokesman for Foreign Affairs, 1993–1999
  • Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, 1990–1993
  • Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1990
  • Minister of Overseas Trade and Marketing, 1984–90
  • Minister of Tourism, Sport and Recreation, 1984–87
  • Chairman, Cabinet Committee, Economic Development and Employment, 1984–90
  • Minister for the America's Cup, 1988–90
  • Minister of External Relations and Trade, 1988–90
  • Deputy Minister of Finance, 1988–90
  • Member of Parliament for Waimakariri (formerly Papanui and Christchurch North), 1978–1999
  • Member of Parliament for Eden, 1972–1975. [6]

World Trade Organization

Mike Moore was the Director-General of the World Trade Organization from 1999 to 2002. His term coincided with momentous changes in the global economy and multilateral trading system. He attempted to restore confidence in the system following the setback of the 1999 WTO ministerial conference held in Seattle. Ministers at the 2001 ministerial conference in Doha, Qatar regarded him as the driving force behind the decision to launch a new round of multilateral trade negotiations—the ill-fated Doha Development Round. That 2001 meeting also saw the successful accession to the WTO of China and Chinese Taipei, which along with Estonia, Jordan, Georgia, Albania, Oman, Croatia, Lithuania and Moldova joined during Mr Moore's term, bringing the majority of the world's population within the rules-based trading system. He gave particular attention to helping poor countries participate effectively in the multilateral trading system. [13]

Later life

Moore became New Zealand Ambassador to the United States in 2010. [14]

He had a heart valve operation in 2014 and was admitted to hospital in Washington DC in April 2015 after a mild stroke. [15] In November 2015, he announced that he would leave his post on 16 December and return to New Zealand due to his deteriorating health. [16]

Moore was a supporter of the Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly. [17]

International services and appointments

Author

Moore with Vladimir Putin in 2001. Vladimir Putin 30 March 2001-1.jpg
Moore with Vladimir Putin in 2001.

Moore is an author of a number of books, on subjects ranging from politics to the Pacific. His most recent book on globalisation, 'A World Without Walls', has also been published in Chinese and Turkish. He has a regular newspaper column that appears in five countries. [5] [19]

Publications

Honours and awards

See also

Notes

  1. "Privy Counsellors". privycouncil.independent.gov.uk. Privy Council. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  2. "The Trader - Mike Moore". Radio New Zealand. 2017-04-12. Retrieved 2018-04-18.
  3. "The Trader - Mike Moore". Radio New Zealand. 2017-04-12. Retrieved 2018-04-18.
  4. Traue, J. E., 'Who's Who in New Zealand' A.H. & A.W. Reed 1978 ISBN   0-589-01113-8
  5. 1 2 3 Prime Minister of New Zealand – Past Prime Ministers: Mike Moore. Primeminister.govt.nz. Retrieved on 6 July 2011.
  6. 1 2 International Union of Socialist Youth (Veterans). Iusy.org. Retrieved on 6 July 2011.
  7. 1 2 Wilson 1985, p. 221.
  8. Freer 2004, p. 226.
  9. Wilson 1985, p. 97.
  10. Editorial: Ousting about 'saving the furniture', Dominion Post , 28 June 2013
  11. Quin, Phil (2 April 2011). "Phil Quin: The anatomy of a failed Labour coup". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  12. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Waimakariri" (PDF). Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  13. 1 2 3 La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia: 4th Annual Global Finance Conference Archived 28 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine .. Gfc2007.org. Retrieved 6 July 2011
  14. Beehive Website Archived 24 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine .. Beehive.govt.nz (20 February 2010). Retrieved on 6 July 2011.
  15. "Former PM Moore in US hospital after stroke". The New Zealand Herald. 23 April 2015.
  16. "Mike Moore heading back to NZ". Stuff. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  17. "Supporters". Campaign for a UN Parliamentary Assembly. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
  18. 1 2 Mike Moore Official website. Mike-moore.info. Retrieved on 6 July 2011.
  19. La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia: Media Release Archived 25 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine .
  20. "The New Year Honours 2000". New Zealand Gazette (3): 93. 19 January 2000. Notice Number 2000-vr424.
  21. "Honorary Appointments and Awards within the Order of Australia". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 2 December 2011. Archived from the original on 26 November 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012.

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References

Government offices
Preceded by
Geoffrey Palmer
Prime Minister of New Zealand
1990
Succeeded by
Jim Bolger
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim Bolger
Leader of the Opposition
1990–1993
Succeeded by
Helen Clark
Preceded by
Russell Marshall
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1990
Succeeded by
Don McKinnon
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
John Rae
Member of Parliament for Eden
1972–1975
Succeeded by
Aussie Malcolm
Preceded by
Bert Walker
Member of Parliament for Papanui
1978–1984
Constituency abolished
Vacant
Constituency recreated after abolition in 1946
Title last held by
Sidney Holland
Member of Parliament for Christchurch North
1984–1996
New constituency Member of Parliament for Waimakariri
1996–1999
Succeeded by
Clayton Cosgrove
Party political offices
Preceded by
Geoffrey Palmer
Leader of the Labour Party
1990–1993
Succeeded by
Helen Clark
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Renato Ruggiero
Director-General of the World Trade Organization
1999–2002
Succeeded by
Supachai Panitchpakdi
Preceded by
Roy Ferguson
Ambassador to the United States
2010–2015
Succeeded by
Carl Worker