Military Cross (Poland)

Last updated
Military Cross
Krzyż Wojskowy
POL Krzyz Wojskowy 2x awers.png
Obverse of the medal with devices to indicate three awards
Awarded forTo members of the Polish Armed Forces or civilians for combat valour against an act of terror in Poland or while on an overseas mission. [1]
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Presented bythe President of Poland
Eligibilitymilitary or civilian
Clasps denotes subsequent awards
StatusCurrently awarded
Established14 June 2007
First awarded11 November 2007
POL Krzyz Wojskowy BAR.svg
Ribbon bar of the medal
Precedence
Next (higher) Cross of Valour
Next (lower) Cross of Merit for Bravery
Related Order of the Military Cross
Military Cross of Merit

The Military Cross(Polish:Krzyż Wojskowy) is a military decoration awarded to soldiers of the Polish Armed Forces, as well as civilians for meritorious actions against terrorism, or in peacekeeping and stabilization missions. It is the non-warlike equivalent of the Cross of Valour. [2]

Contents

History

The Military Cross was established by the Law of 14 June 2007, which amended the Act of 16 October 1992, concerning medals and decorations. This law saw the creation of the Military Cross along with the Military Cross of Merit, Navy Cross of Merit, Air Force Cross of Merit and the Medal for Long Service. The change was implemented on 9 October 2007. According to the previously mentioned law, "The Military Cross has the distinction of being the reward for acts of bravery and courage made during operations against acts of terrorism in the country, or during use of the Polish Armed Forces outside the country in time of peace." In the order of precedence of Polish medals it ranks behind the Cross of Valor and the Cross of Merit for Bravery. [3]

Eligibility

The Military Cross is an award presented by the President of Poland, on his own initiative or at the request of the Minister of Defence or the Minister of Internal Affairs. The president also has the right to revoke the award. The cross is to be awarded no later than three years after the end of combat operations, and may be awarded to any single person up to four times. The Military Cross may be awarded to soldiers, policemen, officers of the Internal Security Agency, Intelligence Agency, Military Intelligence Service, the Military Counterintelligence Service, the Central Anticorruption Bureau, the Border Guard, the Government Protection Bureau, and the State Fire Service.

Military Cross Ribbon Bars
POL Krzyz Wojskowy BAR.svg
1st award
POL Krzyz Wojskowy 2r BAR.svg
2nd award
POL Krzyz Wojskowy 3r BAR.svg
3rd award
POL Krzyz Wojskowy 4r BAR.svg
4th award

See also

Related Research Articles

Military awards and decorations Award, usually a medal of some sort, mark of honor

Military awards and decorations are distinctions given as a mark of honor for military heroism, meritorious or outstanding service or achievement. A decoration is often a medal consisting of a ribbon and a medallion.

To be mentioned in dispatches describes a member of the armed forces whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which their gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy is described.

The following is a list of medals, awards and decorations in use in Poland. Most of them are awarded by the Polish Army, but some of them are civilian decorations that may be worn by the military personnel.

Orders, decorations, and medals of the Philippines Philippine honors system

The orders and decorations conferred upon civilians and military personnel in the Republic of the Philippines are listed by order of precedence. Philippine civilian orders and decorations are conferred by the President of the Philippines in his or her capacity as head of state. In certain instances, the conferment of certain orders and decorations requires the concurrence of the Congress of the Philippines, or of certain advisory bodies.

Nkwe ya Boronse Award

The Nkwe ya Boronse - Bronze Leopard, post-nominal letters NB, is a military decoration for bravery which was instituted in 2003. It is South Africa's third highest military decoration for bravery.

Authorized foreign decorations of the United States military are those military decorations which have been approved for wear by members of the United States armed forces but whose awarding authority is the government of a country other than the United States.

Internal Security Agency (Poland)

The Agencja Bezpieczeństwa Wewnętrznego (ABW), officially the Internal Security Agency (ISA) in English, is Poland's domestic counter-intelligence agency. The ABW is responsible for analyzing, reporting and preventing threats to Poland's internal security, including terrorism, foreign espionage, arms smuggling, drug trafficking, organized crime, corruption and economic coercion. Its powers include arresting individuals, conducting searches and investigations, and combating terrorism with a specialized armed anti-terrorist force.

Queens Gallantry Medal United Kingdom decoration awarded for exemplary acts of bravery

The Queen's Gallantry Medal (QGM) is a United Kingdom decoration awarded for exemplary acts of bravery by civilians, and by members of the Armed Forces "not in the face of the enemy", where the services were not so outstanding as to merit the George Cross or the George Medal, but above the level required for the Queen's Commendation for Bravery.

Virtuti Militari Polands highest military decoration

The War Order of Virtuti Militari is Poland's highest military decoration for heroism and courage in the face of the enemy at war. It was created in 1792 by Polish King Stanislaus II Augustus and is the oldest military decoration in the world still in use.

Portugal has a system of orders, decorations, and medals as a means of honouring individuals for personal bravery, achievement, or service to Portugal.

Awards and decorations of Armenia are military and civil decorations of Armenia which are bestowed by various agencies of the Armenian government for acts of accomplishment benefiting the government and the Armenian nation as a whole.

The honours system in the Republic of Austria is a means of rewarding individuals' personal achievement, or service to Austria by state decorations and medals.

Polish Army Medal Award

The Polish Army Medal was established by Poland on 3 September 1999 to recognize service to the Polish Army by foreign civilians and military personnel. The medal is presented in three grades Gold, Silver, and Bronze by the Polish Minister of National Defence. Most awards are presented to members of allied armed forces, but the medal is also awarded to civilians who contribute to promoting the history and traditions of the Polish Army outside of Poland.

Cross of Merit of the Minister of Defence of the Czech Republic Award

The Cross of Merit of the Minister of Defence of the Czech Republic was established on 16 December 1996. The military decoration is presented in three classes, and was the highest award bestowed by the Minister of Defence until October 2008.

Cross of Naval Merit Spanish military award

The Cross of Naval Merit is a Spanish military award for gallantry or merit in war or peace. Awarded to members of the Spanish Naval Forces, Guardia Civil or civilians.

The Military Cross of Merit, Navy Cross of Merit, Air Force Cross of Merit are military decorations awarded to members of the Polish Armed Forces. The crosses with swords (z Mieczami) are conferred for meritorious service in combat operations against acts of terrorism at home or during military, peacekeeping or stabilization missions overseas; the crosses without swords are conferred for outstanding non-combat meritorious achievement or service.

The Medal for Long Service is a Polish decoration awarded in three classes to members of the Polish Armed Forces and other uniformed services, and to civil servants who have honorably completed 30, 20 or 10 years of service to the State.

The current honours system of the Republic of Malta has its foundation in the 17 October 1975 Ġieh ir-Repubblika Act. This act has been subsequently amended by Acts XXXVII of 1976, XIII of 1983, XIV of 1990, XI of 1991 and XV of 1993; Legal Notice 423 of 2007; and Acts VI of 2008, V and XVII of 2011, and XIX of 2013. This act lays out the structure of the orders and medals of Malta. Subsidiary legislation spells out details missing in the initial act and also established national commemorative medals. The honours system of Malta can be broken down into three general parts, the National Order of Merit, Xirka Ġieħ ir-Repubblika, and Medals of the Republic.

Medal for Participation in the Battle of Berlin Polish award

The Medal for Participation in the Battle of Berlin was a Polish commemorative medal awarded by the Polish People's Republic to commemorate Polish military personnel who took part in the Battle of Berlin.

References

  1. Megan C. Robertson (11 January 2009). "Poland Military Cross". Medals of the World. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
  2. Lukasz Gaszewski (2011). "Military Cross". Orders and Decorations of Poland. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
  3. Sejm of the Republic of Poland (14 June 2007). "Act of 14 June 2007 amending the Law on medals and decorations" (in Polish). Chancellery of the Sejm. Retrieved 11 November 2012.