Military Cross of Merit (Poland)

Last updated
Military Cross of Merit (Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi)
Navy Cross of Merit (Morski Krzyż Zasługi)
Air Force Cross of Merit (Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi)

POL Wojskowy Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami 1x awers.png POL Morski Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami awers.png POL Lotniczy Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami 2x awers..png

Obverse of the crosses with swords (z Mieczami)
Awarded by the President of Poland
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Eligibility Military
Awarded for To members of the Polish Armed Forces for meritorious service in combat operations against acts of terrorism at home or during military missions overseas (w. swords); for outstanding non-combat meritorious achievement or service (without swords).
Status Currently awarded
Clasps denotes subsequent award
Statistics
Established 14 June 2007
Precedence
Next (higher) Bronze Cross of Merit
Next (lower) Medal for Sacrifice and Courage
Related Order of the Military Cross
Military Cross
POL Wojskowy Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami BAR.svg
Ribbon bar of the Army Cross of Merit w. Swords
POL Morski Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami BAR.svg
Ribbon bar of the Navy Cross of Merit w. Swords
POL Lotniczy Krzyz Zaslugi BAR.svg
Ribbon bar of the Air Force Cross of Merit

The Military Cross of Merit (Polish: Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi), Navy Cross of Merit (Morski Krzyż Zasługi), Air Force Cross of Merit (Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi) are military decorations awarded to members of the Polish Armed Forces. The crosses with swords (z Mieczami) are conferred for meritorious service in combat operations against acts of terrorism at home or during military, peacekeeping or stabilization missions overseas; the crosses without swords are conferred for outstanding non-combat meritorious achievement or service. [1]

The Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland are the national armed forces of the Republic of Poland. The name has been used since the early 19th century, but can also be applied to earlier periods.

Contents

History

The crosses were established by the Law of 14 June 2007, which amended the Act of 16 October 1992, concerning medals and decorations. This law saw the creation of the crosses along with the Military Cross and the Medal for Long Service. The change was implemented on October 9, 2007. In the order of precedence of Polish medals it ranks between the Bronze Cross of Merit and the Medal for Sacrifice and Courage. [2]

The Military Cross(Polish:Krzyż Wojskowy) is a military decoration awarded to soldiers of the Polish Armed Forces, as well as civilians for meritorious actions against terrorism, or in peacekeeping and stabilization missions. It is the non-warlike equivalent of the Cross of Valour.

The Medal for Long Service is a Polish decoration awarded in three classes to members of the Polish Armed Forces and other uniformed services, and to civilians who have honorably completed 30, 20 or 10 years of service to the State.

Cross of Merit (Poland) Polish decoration of merit

The Cross of Merit is a Polish civil state decoration established on June 23, 1923, to recognize services to the state.

Eligibility

The crosses are presented by the President of Poland, on his own initiative or at the request of the Minister of Defence. The president also has the right to revoke the award. The crosses with swords are to be awarded no later than three years after the end of combat operations. Each of the crosses may be awarded twice to any single person, the second award being denoted by a bar on the ribbon and ribbon bar. A particular cross may be awarded to members of the service it represents, however in exceptional cases it can be conferred to members of the other services as well. Civilians and members of non-military uniformed services are not eligible.

President of Poland head of state of Republic of Poland

The President of the Republic of Poland is the head of state of Poland. Their rights and obligations are determined in the Constitution of Poland. The president heads the executive branch. In addition the president has a right to dissolve parliament in certain cases, veto legislation and represents Poland in the international arena.

Ministry of National Defence (Poland) Polish government ministry responsible for military and national defense affairs

Ministry of National Defense is the office of government in Poland under the Minister of National Defense. During the Second Polish Republic and World War II it was called the Ministry of Military Affairs.

Design

The design of the crosses is patterned on that of the Order of the Military Cross. It is a massive Greek cross, in bronze for the Military Cross of Merit, in silver for the two other crosses. The center of the crosses is as follows:

Order of the Military Cross military order of Poland

The Order of the Military Cross is a Polish order established on October 18, 2006. It is awarded for "distinguished service, sacrifice, and courage in actions against terrorism in the country or during foreign deployments of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland in times of peace."

Polish Navy naval warfare branch of Polands military forces

The Polish Navy is a military branch of the Polish Armed Forces responsible for naval operations. The Polish Navy consists of 48 ships and about 12,000 commissioned and enlisted personnel. The traditional ship prefix in the Polish Navy is ORP.

Polish Air Force checkerboard

The Air Force checkerboard is a national marking for the aircraft of the Polish Air Force, equivalent to roundels used in other nations' air forces. It consists of four equal squares, of which the upper left and lower right are white, and the other two – red. These are surrounded by a border of inverted (counterchanged) colors 1/5 the thickness of a single square. In 1993 the colors were reversed.

The reverse looks the same for all three crosses and is inscribed "POLSKA SWEMU OBROŃCY" (Poland to her defender) with two laurel twigs on the sides.

Ribbon bars
1st award2nd award
Military Cross of Merit
POL Wojskowy Krzyz Zaslugi BAR.svg
POL Wojskowy Krzyz Zaslugi 2r BAR.svg
Military Cross of Merit with Swords
POL Wojskowy Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami BAR.svg
POL Wojskowy Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami 2r BAR.svg
Navy Cross of Merit
POL Morski Krzyz Zaslugi BAR.svg
POL Morski Krzyz Zaslugi 2r BAR.svg
Navy Cross of Merit with Swords
POL Morski Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami BAR.svg
POL Morski Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami 2r BAR.svg
Air Force Cross of Merit
POL Lotniczy Krzyz Zaslugi BAR.svg
POL Lotniczy Krzyz Zaslugi 2r BAR.svg
Air Force Cross of Merit with Swords
POL Lotniczy Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami BAR.svg
POL Lotniczy Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami 2r BAR.svg

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References

  1. Megan C. Robertson (11 January 2009). "Poland Army Cross of Merit". Medals of the World. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  2. Sejm of the Republic of Poland (14 June 2007). "Act of 14 June 2007 amending the Law on medals and decorations" (in Polish). Chancellery of the Sejm. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  1. Lukasz Gaszewski (2011). "Army Cross of Merit". Orders and Decorations of Poland. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  2. Megan C. Robertson (11 January 2009). "Poland Army Cross of Merit". Medals of the World. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 

See also