Military junta

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A military junta ( /ˈhʊntə, ˈʌn-/ ) is a government led by a committee of military leaders. The term junta comes from Spanish and Portuguese and means committee, specifically a board of directors. Sometimes it becomes a military dictatorship, though the terms are not synonymous.

A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

Military Organization primarily tasked with preparing for and conducting war

A military is a heavily-armed, highly-organised force primarily intended for warfare, also known collectively as armed forces. It is typically officially authorized and maintained by a sovereign state, with its members identifiable by their distinct military uniform. It may consist of one or more military branches such as an Army, Navy, Air Force and in certain countries, Marines and Coast Guard. The main task of the military is usually defined as defence of the state and its interests against external armed threats. Beyond warfare, the military may be employed in additional sanctioned and non-sanctioned functions within the state, including internal security threats, population control, the promotion of a political agenda, emergency services and reconstruction, protecting corporate economic interests, social ceremonies and national honor guards.

Junta is a Spanish and Portuguese term for a civil deliberative or administrative council. In English, it predominantly refers to the government of an authoritarian state run by high ranking officers of a military. Military juntas can refer to either a government in which a coalition of military officers rules in conjunction or to a military dictatorship in which a leader's government and administration is staffed primarily by military officers. Juntas, like military dictatorships, are often the result of military coups. "Junta" literally means "union" and often refers to the army, navy and air force commanders taking over the power of the president, prime minister, king or other non-military leader.

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Well-known military juntas

The Provisional Government Junta of Brazil was a body governing Brazil between the ouster of President Washington Luís and the oath of Getúlio Vargas. The Junta of 1930 is also referred to as the First Junta.

Supreme Council for National Reconstruction military junta in South Korea (1961–1963)

The Supreme Council for National Reconstruction was the ruling military junta of South Korea from May 1961 to December 1963.

Greek military junta of 1967–1974 authoritarian rightist military regime in Greece

The Greek military junta of 1967–1974, commonly known as the Regime of the Colonels, or in Greece simply The Junta, The Dictatorship and The Seven Years, was a series of far-right military juntas that ruled Greece following the 1967 Greek coup d'état led by a group of colonels on 21 April 1967. The dictatorship ended on 24 July 1974 under the pressure of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. The fall of the junta was followed by the Metapolitefsi, and the establishment of the current Third Hellenic Republic.

Failed military juntas

Countries currently with juntas

Related Research Articles

A military dictatorship is a dictatorship wherein the military exerts complete or substantial control over political authority, and a dictator is often a high ranked military officer.

References

  1. Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Fiji holds historic election after years of military rule - DW - 17.09.2014". DW.COM.