Military star ranking

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Military star ranking is military terminology, used in mainly English speaking countries, to describe general and flag officers. Within NATO's armed forces, the stars are equal to OF-6–10. [1]

Contents

Star ranking

One-star

A one-star rank is usually the lowest ranking general or flag officer. [2] In many Commonwealth countries, the one-star army rank of Brigadier is considered the highest field officer rank. [3]

Two-star

A two-star rank is usually the second lowest ranking general or flag officer. [4]

Three-star

A three-star rank is usually the third highest general or flag officer. [5]

Four-star

A four-star rank is usually the highest or second highest ranking general or flag officer. [6]

Five-star

A five-star rank is usually the highest ranking general or flag officer. [7] This rank is usually a field marshal, general of the army, admiral of the fleet or marshal of the air force.

Proposed six-star

In the United States Armed Forces, a six-star rank is a proposed rank immediately superior to a five-star rank, possibly to be worn by the General of the Armies or Admiral of the Navy; however, this proposal was never officially recognized by the military or by Congress.

List of countries

Star rankFive-star rankFour-star rankThree-star rankTwo-star rankOne-star rankRef. [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australian Army Australian Army OF-9.svg Australian Army OF-8.svg Australian Army OF-7.svg Australian Army OF-6.svg [8]
[9]
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier
Naval Ensign of Australia.svg  Royal Australian Navy Australia-Navy-OF-9-collected.svg Australia-Navy-OF-8-collected.svg Australia-Navy-OF-7-collected.svg Australia-Navy-OF-6-collected.svg [8]
[9]
Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore
Air Force Ensign of Australia.svg  Royal Australian Air Force Australia RAAF OF-9.svg Australia RAAF OF-8.svg Australia RAAF OF-7.svg Australia RAAF OF-6.svg [8]
[9]
Air chief marshal Air marshal Air vice-marshal Air commodore
Star rankFive-star rankFour-star rankThree-star rankTwo-star rankOne-star rankRef. [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of the Bangladesh Army.svg  Bangladesh Army Bangladesh-army-OF-9.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-8.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-7.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-6.svg [10]
General
জেনারেল
Lieutenant general
লেফটেন্যান্ট জেনারেল
Major general
মেজর জেনারেল
Brigadier general
ব্রিগেডিয়ার জেনারেল
Naval Ensign of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh Navy 14.BNF-ADMF.svg 13.BNF-ADM.svg 12.BNF-VADM.svg 10.BNF-CDRE.svg [10]
[11]
Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore
Air Force Ensign of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh Air Force British RAF OF-9.svg British RAF OF-8.svg British RAF OF-7.svg British RAF OF-6.svg [10]
[12]
Air chief marshal Air marshal Air vice-marshal Air commodore
Star rankFive-star rankFour-star rankThree-star rankTwo-star rankOne-star rankRef. [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of the Pakistani Army.svg  Pakistan Army OF-10 Pakistan Army.svg OF-9 Pakistan Army.svg OF-8 PakistanArmy.svg OF-7 Pakistan Army.svg OF-6 Pakistan Army.svg [13]
Field marshal
فیلڈ مارشل
General
جنرل
Lieutenant general
لیفٹیننٹ جنرل
Major general
میجر جنرل
Brigadier
بریگیڈیئر
Naval Standard of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Navy Pakistan-Navy-OF-9-collected.svg Pakistan-Navy-OF-8-collected.svg Pakistan-Navy-OF-7-collected.svg Pakistan-Navy-OF-6-collected.svg [13]
Admiral
ایڈمرل
Vice admiral
وائس ایڈمرل
Rear admiral
بحریہ کا امیر
Commodore
کموڈور
Air Force Ensign of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Air Force Pak-air-force-OF-9.svg Pak-air-force-OF-8.svg Pak-air-force-OF-7.svg Pak-air-force-OF-6.svg [13]
Air chief marshal Air marshal Air vice marshal Air commodore
Star rankFive-star rankFour-star rankThree-star rankTwo-star rankOne-star rankRef. [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of the Sri Lankan Army.png  Sri Lanka Army Sri Lanka-army-OF-10.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-9.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-8.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-7.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-6.svg [14]
[15]
Field marshal General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier
Naval Ensign of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka Navy 15-Sri Lanka Navy-ADM.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-9.svg 14-Sri Lanka Navy-VADM.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-8.svg 13-Sri Lanka Navy-RADM.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-7.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-6.svg [14]
[15]
Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore
Air Force Ensign of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka Air Force UK-Air-OF9.svg UK-Air-OF8.svg UK-Air-OF7.svg UK-Air-OF6.svg [14]
[15]
Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore
Star rankFive-star rankFour-star rankThree-star rankTwo-star rankOne-star rankRef. [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of the British Army.svg  British Army British Army OF-10.svg British Army OF-9.svg British Army OF-8.svg British Army OF-7.svg British Army OF-6.svg [3]
Field marshal General Lieutenant-general Major-general Brigadier
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg  Royal Navy British Royal Navy OF-10-collected.svg British Royal Navy OF-9-collected.svg British Royal Navy OF-8-collected.svg British Royal Navy OF-7-collected.svg British Royal Navy OF-6-collected.svg [3]
[16]
Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg  Royal Air Force United Kingdom-Air force-OF-10-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-9-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-8-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-7-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-6-collected.svg [3]
[17]
Marshal of the RAF Air chief marshal Air marshal Air vice-marshal Air commodore
Star rankFive-star rankFour-star rankThree-star rankTwo-star rankOne-star rankRef. [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of the United States Army.svg  United States Army US Army O11 (Army greens).svg US Army O10 (Army greens).svg US Army O9 (Army greens).svg US Army O8 (Army greens).svg US Army O7 (Army greens).svg [18]
[19]
General of the Army General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general
Flag of the United States Navy (official).svg  United States Navy US Navy O11 insignia.svg US Navy O10 insignia.svg US Navy O9 insignia.svg US Navy O8 insignia.svg US Navy O7 insignia.svg [18]
[19]
Fleet admiral Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Rear admiral
(lower half)
Flag of the United States Air Force.svg  United States Air Force US Air Force O11 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O10 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O9 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O8 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O7 shoulderboard.svg [18]
[19]
General of the Air Force General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Upper references are the Star ranking. Lower references are the insignia.

Related Research Articles

Commodore is a senior naval rank used in many navies which is equivalent to brigadier or brigadier general and air commodore. It is superior to a navy captain, but below a rear admiral. It is either regarded as the most junior of the flag officers rank or may not hold the jurisdiction of a flag officer at all depending on the officer's appointment. Non-English-speaking nations commonly use the rank of flotilla admiral, counter admiral, or senior captain as an equivalent, although counter admiral may also correspond to rear admiral lower half abbreviated as RDML.

Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, usually equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal. A vice admiral is typically senior to a rear admiral and junior to an admiral.

Rear admiral is a flag officer rank used by English-speaking navies. In most European navies, the equivalent rank is called counter admiral.

Brigadier general or brigade general is a military rank used in many countries. The rank is usually above a colonel, and below a major general or divisional general. When appointed to a field command, a brigadier general is typically in command of a brigade consisting of around 4,000 troops or.

Commander is a common naval officer rank as well as a job title in many armies. Commander is also used as a rank or title in other formal organizations, including several police forces. In several countries this naval rank is termed frigate captain.

A petty officer (PO) is a non-commissioned officer in many navies. Often they may be superior to a seaman, and subordinate to more senior non-commissioned officers, such as chief petty officers.

Squadron leader is a senior officer rank used by some air forces, with origins from the Royal Air Force. The rank is used by air forces of many countries that have historical British influence.

Air commodore is a air officer rank used by some air forces, with origins from the Royal Air Force. The rank is also used by the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence and it is sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in countries which have a non-English air force-specific rank structure.

Ranks and insignia of NATO affiliated nations are combined military ranks and insignia used by the member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Commissioned officers' rank comparison chart of all land forces of NATO member states.

Each officer rank in the navy of a NATO country may be compared with the ranks used by any military service in other NATO countries, under a standardized NATO rank scale. This is useful, for instance, in establishing seniority amongst officers serving alongside each other within multinational command structures.

This table shows the ranks and insignia of NCOs and Seaman in the navies of member countries of NATO. NATO maintains a "standard rank scale" in an attempt to match every member country's military rank to corresponding ranks used by the other members. The rank categories were established in the document STANAG 2116, formally titled NATO Codes for Grades of Military Personnel.

The People's Liberation Army (PLA) has not always used ranks or insignia. In common with the practice of the Red Army at the time of its founding in 1927, neither were used until 1955 when a system of ranks was established. As a result of the Cultural Revolution, ranks were abolished in May 1965. After the Sino-Vietnamese War of 1979, reforms in the PLA began to be made to professionalize the armed forces once more. The 1984 Military Service Law provided for the resumption of rank, but disagreements on what ranks were to be used and who would receive them caused the revival of rank to be delayed until 1988. The following ranks and their respective insignia shown are those used by the People's Liberation Army Ground Force.

The Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI) uses a simplified ranking system for the three branches of Indonesian Army, Indonesian Navy and Indonesian Air Force. Most of the ranks are similar with differences for the rank titles of the high-ranking officers. Exception exists, however, in the ranks of the service members of the Indonesian Marine Corps. While Indonesian Marine Corps is a branch of the Navy, the rank titles of the Marine Corps are the same as those of the Army, but it still uses the Navy's style insignia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Five-star rank</span> Senior military rank used by some nations armed forces

A five-star rank is the highest military rank in many countries. The rank is that of the most senior operational military commanders, and within NATO's standard rank scale it is designated by the code OF-10. Not all armed forces have such a rank, and in those that do the actual insignia of the five-star ranks may not contain five stars. For example: the insignia for the French OF-10 rank maréchal de France contains seven stars; the insignia for the Portuguese marechal contains four gold stars. The stars used on the various Commonwealth of Nations rank insignias are sometimes colloquially referred to as pips, but in fact either are stars of the orders of the Garter, Thistle or Bath or are Eversleigh stars, depending on the wearer's original regiment or corps, and are used in combination with other heraldic items, such as batons, crowns, swords or maple leaves.

A new law approved in July 2008 changed the military ranks of Venezuela, principally with regard to names, functions and commanding regulation of the armed forces. The law was sanctioned by Venezuela's National Assembly.

Rank comparison chart of naval forces of Commonwealth of Nations states.

Rank comparison chart of naval forces of Commonwealth of Nations states.

Commissioned officers' and enlisted rank comparison chart of all marine forces.

References

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  4. "Two-star". lexico.com. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on March 24, 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  5. "Three-star". lexico.com. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on March 1, 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  6. "Four-star". lexico.com. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on September 23, 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  7. "Five-star". lexico.com. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on March 24, 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  8. 1 2 3 "Commissioned Officer Ranks". army.gov.au. Australian Army. Archived from the original on 15 March 2022. Retrieved 13 December 2021.
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  13. 1 2 3 "Inter Service Ranks". paf.gov.pk. Pakistan Air Force Official Website. Archived from the original on 26 August 2022. Retrieved 18 August 2022.
  14. 1 2 3 "Dress Regulation PDF - Part I" (PDF). army.lk. Sri Lanka Army. January 2019. p. 11-1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  15. 1 2 3 "Branches/ Ranks". navy.lk. Sri Lanka Navy. Archived from the original on 19 June 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  16. "Shaping your career". royalnavy.mod.uk. Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 28 September 2021. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
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  19. 1 2 3 "U.S. Military Rank Insignia". defense.gov. Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 13 January 2022. Retrieved 13 January 2022.