|Civil parish||Nossa Senhora da Luz|
Mindelo is a port cityin the northern part of the island of São Vicente in Cape Verde. Mindelo is also the seat of the parish of Nossa Senhora da Luz, and the municipality of São Vicente. The city is home to 93% of the entire island's population. Mindelo is known for its colourful and animated carnival celebrations, with roots in Portuguese traditions later influenced by the Brazilian culture.
A settlement at Mindelo was founded in 1793 by the Portuguese. 34 It was initially named Nossa Senhora da Luz, renamed Leopoldina around 1820 after the Queen consort. In 1838 it was renamed Mindelo after the 1832 Landing at Mindelo, north of Porto. :42–48 It became a coal deposit for ships of the British East India Company in 1838, followed by the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company in 1850. The settlement became a town (vila) in 1858, and had 1,400 inhabitants then. :55 It became a city (cidade) in 1879, and had 3,717 inhabitants then. :61–63 In 1884 a submarine communications cable was laid between Europe, Africa, India and North America, making Mindelo an important communications centre for the British Empire.:
From the beginning of the 20th century the port of Mindelo lost its importance for transatlantic navigation. Causes for this were the shift from coal to oil as fuel for ships, the rise of competing ports like Dakar and the Canary Islands and the lack of investment in port infrastructure. 76–80 Between 1910 and 1940 there were several strikes in Mindelo, and on 7 June 1934 there were riots in the streets of Mindelo, caused by unemployment and poverty. One man was killed, several were injured.:
Between 1940 and 1958 three prolonged periods of severe drought, combined with soil erosion and overgrazing, brought famine in Cape Verde. 86In the whole archipelago, about 45,000 people died and 20,000 people emigrated. Mindelo attracted immigrants, notably from nearby Santo Antão, and continued to grow. :
Mindelo was the cultural capital of the Portuguese-speaking world from November 2002 until November 2003. [ according to whom? ]Mindelo is also considered the cultural capital of Cape Verde.
Mindelo is situated at the Porto Grande Bay, a large natural harbour. The town is surrounded by low mountains: the Monte Cara and the Morro Branco headland to the west, and the Monte Verde to the east. The town is crossed by the river Ribeira de Julião.
The Cesária Évora Airport lies 9 km (6 mi) southwest of Mindelo, near the village São Pedro. Ferries for Santo Antão leave from the port.
The city is divided into the following localities for statistical reasons:
Mindelo city has a desert climate (classified as BWh according to Köppen's and Geiger's systematization), much akin to Santa Cruz de Tenerife or Las Palmas on the Canary Islands with only difference of being somewhat warmer during winter months. The average annual temperature in Mindelo is 23.6 °C (74 °F). It is very dry with only 127 mm (5 in) annual precipitation.
|Climate data for Mindelo (1981–2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||29.2|
|Average high °C (°F)||23.4|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||21.9|
|Average low °C (°F)||19.9|
|Record low °C (°F)||16.5|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||4.8|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||1||1||0||0||0||0||1||4||5||2||2||2||18|
|Average relative humidity (%)||66.1||67.6||67.2||68.2||70.1||72.9||72.7||74.0||74.2||72.8||69.4||67.3||70.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||229.4||237.3||275.9||291.0||306.9||276.0||248.0||226.3||225.0||238.7||225.0||201.5||2,981|
|Mean daily sunshine hours||7.4||8.4||8.9||9.7||9.9||9.2||8.0||7.3||7.5||7.7||7.5||6.5||8.2|
|Source 1: Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia e Geofísica|
|Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes, precipitation days, and sun)|
Its economy consists mainly of business, fishing, shipping, boating and more commonly tourism which developed more recently. Mindelo has several hotels, restaurants and tourist agencies.
The main streets of Mindelo are Avenida Marginal along the waterfront, and the perpendicular Rua Libertadores de África (former Rua Lisboa). Many colonial buildings from the 19th and early 20th century have been preserved in the city centre. Sites of interest include: 118–127:
Mindelo has been twinned with the following cities:
At the 2010 census, Mindelo had 70,468 inhabitants. It is the second largest city in Cape Verde after Praia.
|Population of the city of Mindelo (1980–2010)|
Mindelo has several sports teams that includes the city, Académica, Corinthians and Derby are clubs that includes the entire island.
The main football stadium is Estádio Municipal Adérito Sena. Basketball, volleyball and futsal are played at Polivalente de Amarante in the southwest.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mindelo .|
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Manuel d' Novas was a Cape Verdean poet and composer.
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Salamansa is a village in the northeastern part of the island of Sao Vicente, Cape Verde. It is situated on the north coast, approximately 5 km northeast of the city centre of Mindelo. In 2010 its population was 1,179. Salamansa is a fishing village with a long sandy beach.
Ribeira da Vinha is a village in the central part of the island of Sao Vicente, Cape Verde. It is situated in the plain southwest of the island capital Mindelo, approximately 3 km from the city centre.
Porto Novo is a city in the island of Santo Antão, in Cape Verde. It is the seat of the Porto Novo municipality. At the 2010 census, the town had 9,310 inhabitants, which makes it the most populous settlement of the island.
Ribeira Julião is a village in the central part of the island of Sao Vicente, Cape Verde. In 2010 its population was 611. It is situated in the valley of the stream Ribeira de Julião, south of the island capital Mindelo, 3.5 km from the city centre. An adjacent neighbourhood of Mindelo is named Ribeira de Julião.
Ribeira Bote is a subdivision of the city of Mindelo in the island of São Vicente, Cape Verde. Its population was 3,956 at the 2010 census. It borders the city centre to the northwest and Fonte Cónego to the north. The Hospital Velho and the church Nossa Senhora Auxiliadora are located in Ribeira Bote.
The City center of Mindelo or Morada is the historic center of the Mindelo in the island of São Vicente, Cape Verde. Its population was 1,553 at the 2010 census. It is the place where the island's first settlement was founded in 1793. Many public buildings are situated in the city centre. It lies along the Porto Grande Bay. Adjacent neighbourhoods include Fortinho to the northwest, Alto Miramar to the northeast, Fonte Cônego to the east and Ribeira Bote to the southeast.
Chã de Alecrim is a subdivision of the city of Mindelo in the island of São Vicente, Cape Verde. Its population was 5,126 at the 2010 census. It is situated 1.5 km north of the city centre. Bordering subdivisions include Matiota/Laginha to the southwest and Fonte Meio/Madeiralzinho to the southeast.
Alto Miramar is a subdivision of the city of Mindelo in the island of São Vicente, Cape Verde. Its population was 524 at the 2010 census. It is situated directly northeast of the city centre. The main streets of the neighbourhood are Rua Unidade Africana and Rua da Paz.
Fonte Cónego is a subdivision of the city of Mindelo in the island of São Vicente, Cape Verde. Its population was 236 at the 2010 census. It is situated directly east of the city centre. Adjacent neighborhoods include Alto Miramar to the northwest, Alto Santo António to the north, Alto Solarine/Forca to the northeast and Ribeira Bote to the south.
Liceu Ludgero Lima is a secondary school in Mindelo, Cape Verde. The school is named after Ludgero Lima, a former employee and fighter for Cape Verdean independence, who died in an aviation accident in March 1975. Since 1968 it is housed in a building on Rua Jonas Wanon, in the neighbourhood Chã de Cemitério, southeast of the city centre, designed by the Portuguese architect Eurico Pinto Lopes.