Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade

Last updated

Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade
Irish Government Logo.png
Simon Coveney (September 2017).jpeg
Incumbent
Simon Coveney

since 14 June 2017
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Member of
Reports to Taoiseach
Seat Iveagh House, Dublin, Ireland
Appointer President of Ireland on the nomination of the Taoiseach
Inaugural holder George Noble Plunkett
Formation22 January 1919
Website dfa.ie

The Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade (Irish : An tAire Gnóthaí Eachtracha agus Trádála) is the senior minister at the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in the Government of Ireland.

Irish language Gaelic language spoken in Ireland and by Irish people

Irish is a Goidelic language of the Celtic and Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of habitual but non-traditional speakers across the country. A non-traditional speaker is known as a Gaeilgeoir.

A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers. In some jurisdictions the head of government is also a minister and is designated the ’prime minister’, ‘premier’, ’chief minister’, ’chancellor’ or other title.

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (Ireland) Runs the diplomatic and trade relations of Ireland with other states

The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFA/DFAT) is a department of the Government of Ireland that is responsible for promoting the interests of Ireland in the European Union and the wider world. The head of the Department is the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade who is assisted by two Ministers of State.

Contents

The Minister's office is located at Iveagh House, on St Stephen's Green in Dublin; "Iveagh House" is often used as a metonym for the department as a whole. From 1922 until 1971 the title of the office was "Minister for External Affairs".

Iveagh House

Iveagh House is the headquarters of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Dublin. It is also sometimes used colloquially as a metonym referring to the department itself.

St Stephens Green

St Stephen's Green is a city centre public park in Dublin, Ireland. The current landscape of the park was designed by William Sheppard. It was officially re-opened to the public on Tuesday, 27 July 1880 by Lord Ardilaun. The park is adjacent to one of Dublin's main shopping streets, Grafton Street, and to a shopping centre named for it, while on its surrounding streets are the offices of a number of public bodies as well as a stop on one of Dublin's Luas tram lines. It is often informally called Stephen's Green. At 22 acres (89,000 m2), it is the largest of the parks in Dublin's main Georgian garden squares. Others include nearby Merrion Square and Fitzwilliam Square.

Metonymy figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept

Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.

The current office holder is Simon Coveney, TD. He is assisted by:

Simon Coveney Irish politician

Simon Coveney is an Irish Fine Gael politician who has served as Tánaiste since November 2017, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade and Deputy Leader of Fine Gael since June 2017. He has been a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Cork South-Central constituency since 1998. He previously served as Minister for Housing, Planning, Community and Local Government from 2016 to 2017, Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine from 2011 to 2016 and Minister for Defence from 2014 to 2016. He served as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for the South constituency from 2004 to 2007.

A TD is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas. It is the equivalent of terms such as 'Member of Parliament' (MP) or 'Member of Congress' used in other countries. The official translation of the term is 'Deputy to the Dáil', although a more literal translation is "Assembly Delegate".

Helen McEntee Irish politician

Helen McEntee is an Irish Fine Gael politician who has served as Minister of State for European Affairs since June 2017. She has been a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Meath East constituency since 2013. She previously served as Minister of State for Mental Health and Older People from 2016 to 2017.

The Minister of State at the Department of Foreign Affairs is a junior ministerial post in the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Ireland with special responsibility for European Affairs. The Minister works together with the senior Minister in this department. The Minister of State does not hold cabinet rank.

Ciarán Cannon is an Irish Fine Gael politician who has served as Minister of State for the Diaspora and International Development since June 2017. He has been a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Galway East constituency since 2011. He previously served as Minister of State for Training and Skills from 2011 to 2014. He was a Senator from 2007 to 2011, on being Nominated by the Taoiseach.

Overview

Iveagh House, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Ireland Iveagh House morning.jpg
Iveagh House, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Ireland

The department has the following divisions:

Northern Ireland Part of the United Kingdom lying in the north-east of the island of Ireland, created 1921

Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region. Northern Ireland shares a border to the south and west with the Republic of Ireland. In 2011, its population was 1,810,863, constituting about 30% of the island's total population and about 3% of the UK's population. Established by the Northern Ireland Act 1998 as part of the Good Friday Agreement, the Northern Ireland Assembly holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters, while other areas are reserved for the British government. Northern Ireland co-operates with the Republic of Ireland in several areas, and the Agreement granted the Republic the ability to "put forward views and proposals" with "determined efforts to resolve disagreements between the two governments".

European Union Economic and political union of European states

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi) and an estimated population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. For travel within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002 and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency.

Irish Aid organization

Irish Aid is the Government of Ireland's official international development aid programme. Irish Aid is managed by the Development Co-Operation and Africa Division (DCAD) of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) . The Irish Government allocated €651 million to official development assistance (ODA) in 2017, mainly focused on overseas aid to reduce poverty and hunger, and to improve education, healthcare and governance in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and Latin America. The Irish Aid programme is an integral part of Ireland's foreign policy.

The Minister has responsibility for the relations between Ireland and foreign states. The department defines its role as: "The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade advises the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, the Ministers of State and the Government on all aspects of foreign policy and coordinates Ireland's response to international developments.

It also provides advice and support on all issues relevant to the pursuit of peace, partnership and reconciliation in Northern Ireland, and between North and South of the island, and to deepening Ireland's relationship with Britain." [1]

List of office-holders

  Denotes acting Minister

Minister for Foreign Affairs 1919–1922

No.PortraitNameTerm of officeParty
1. Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland (1915) (14595894288).jpg George Noble Plunkett 22 January 191926 August 1921 Sinn Féin
2. Arthur Griffith (1871-1922).jpg Arthur Griffith [2] (1st time)26 August 19219 January 1922 Sinn Féin
3. George Gavan Duffy.jpg George Gavan Duffy 10 January 192225 July 1922 Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty)
Arthur Griffith (1871-1922).jpg Arthur Griffith (2nd time)26 July 192212 August 1922 Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty)
4. No image.svg Michael Hayes 21 August 19229 September 1922 Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty)

Minister for External Affairs 1922–1971

No.PortraitNameTerm of officeParty
5. Desmond FitzGerald.jpg Desmond FitzGerald 30 August 192223 June 1927 Cumann na nGaedheal
6. Kevin O'Higgins.jpg Kevin O'Higgins 23 June 192710 July 1927 Cumann na nGaedheal
7. William Thomas Cosgrave.jpg W. T. Cosgrave 10 July 192711 October 1927 Cumann na nGaedheal
8. No image.svg Patrick McGilligan 11 October 19279 March 1932 Cumann na nGaedheal
9. Eamon de Valera c 1922-30.jpg Éamon de Valera [3] 9 March 193218 February 1948 Fianna Fáil
10. Sean MacBride 1984.jpg Seán MacBride 18 February 194813 June 1951 Clann na Poblachta
11. No image.svg Frank Aiken (1st time)13 June 19512 June 1954 Fianna Fáil
12. Taoiseach Liam Cosgrave-Patricks Day 1976.jpg Liam Cosgrave 2 June 195420 March 1957 Fine Gael
No image.svg Frank Aiken (2nd time)20 March 19572 July 1969 Fianna Fáil
13. Irish President Patrick Hillery in the Netherlands 1986 (cropped).jpg Patrick Hillery 2 July 19693 March 1971 Fianna Fáil

Minister for Foreign Affairs 1971–2011

No.PortraitNameTerm of officeParty
Irish President Patrick Hillery in the Netherlands 1986 (cropped).jpg Patrick Hillery 3 March 19713 January 1973 Fianna Fáil
14. No image.svg Brian Lenihan (1st time)3 January 197314 March 1973 Fianna Fáil
15. Garret FitzGerald-Oval Office-Patricks Day 1976.jpg Garret FitzGerald 14 March 19735 July 1977 Fine Gael
16. No image.svg Michael O'Kennedy 5 July 197711 December 1979 Fianna Fáil
No image.svg Brian Lenihan (2nd time)12 December 197930 June 1981 Fianna Fáil
17. No image.svg John Kelly [4] 30 June 198121 October 1981 Fine Gael
18. No image.svg James Dooge 21 October 19819 March 1982 Fine Gael
19. No image.svg Gerry Collins (1st time)9 March 198214 December 1982 Fianna Fáil
20. No image.svg Peter Barry 14 December 198210 March 1987 Fine Gael
No image.svg Brian Lenihan (3rd time)10 March 198712 July 1989 Fianna Fáil
No image.svg Gerry Collins (2nd time)12 July 198911 February 1992 Fianna Fáil
21. No image.svg David Andrews (1st time)11 February 199212 January 1993 Fianna Fáil
22. Irish Tanaiste Dick Spring at the White House, 16 Nov 1993.jpg Dick Spring (1st time)12 January 199317 November 1994 Labour Party
23. Albert Reynolds crop.jpg Albert Reynolds 18 November 199415 December 1994 Fianna Fáil
Irish Tanaiste Dick Spring at the White House, 16 Nov 1993.jpg Dick Spring (2nd time)15 December 199426 June 1997 Labour Party
24. No image.svg Ray Burke 26 June 19977 October 1997 Fianna Fáil
No image.svg David Andrews (2nd time)8 October 199727 January 2000 Fianna Fáil
25. Brian Cowen in Philadelphia.jpg Brian Cowen 27 January 200029 September 2004 Fianna Fáil
26. Dermot Ahern.JPG Dermot Ahern 29 September 20047 May 2008 Fianna Fáil
27. Micheal Martin.jpg Micheál Martin 7 May 200819 January 2011 Fianna Fáil
Brian Cowen in Philadelphia.jpg Brian Cowen (2nd time)19 January 20119 March 2011 Fianna Fáil

Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade 2011–present

No.PortraitNameTerm of officeParty
28. Eamon Gilmore Conference 2010 cropped.jpg Eamon Gilmore 9 March 201111 July 2014 Labour Party
29. Charlie Flanagan 2014.jpg Charles Flanagan 11 July 201414 June 2017 Fine Gael
30. Simon Coveney, Minister of Defence (cropped).jpg Simon Coveney 14 June 2017Incumbent Fine Gael

See also

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References

  1. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade: The Role of the Department
  2. On the first occasion he held the foreign affairs portfolio, Arthur Griffith's title was Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
  3. Éamon de Valera, who was head of government (President of the Executive Council until 1937, renamed Taoiseach in 1937) served as his own foreign minister.
  4. John Kelly, who was also Minister for Trade, Commerce and Tourism, was named as acting Minister for Foreign Affairs until Dooge was appointed to Seanad Éireann and later appointed as minister.