|Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade|
|Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade|
|Seat||Iveagh House, Dublin, Ireland|
|Appointer||President of Ireland on the nomination of the Taoiseach|
|Inaugural holder||George Noble Plunkett|
|Formation||22 January 1919|
The Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade (Irish : An tAire Gnóthaí Eachtracha agus Trádála) is the senior minister at the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in the Government of Ireland.
Irish is a Goidelic language of the Celtic and Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of habitual but non-traditional speakers across the country. A non-traditional speaker is known as a Gaeilgeoir.
A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers. In some jurisdictions the head of government is also a minister and is designated the ’prime minister’, ‘premier’, ’chief minister’, ’chancellor’ or other title.
The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFA/DFAT) is a department of the Government of Ireland that is responsible for promoting the interests of Ireland in the European Union and the wider world. The head of the Department is the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade who is assisted by two Ministers of State.
The Minister's office is located at Iveagh House, on St Stephen's Green in Dublin; "Iveagh House" is often used as a metonym for the department as a whole. From 1922 until 1971 the title of the office was "Minister for External Affairs".
Iveagh House is the headquarters of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Dublin. It is also sometimes used colloquially as a metonym referring to the department itself.
St Stephen's Green is a city centre public park in Dublin, Ireland. The current landscape of the park was designed by William Sheppard. It was officially re-opened to the public on Tuesday, 27 July 1880 by Lord Ardilaun. The park is adjacent to one of Dublin's main shopping streets, Grafton Street, and to a shopping centre named for it, while on its surrounding streets are the offices of a number of public bodies as well as a stop on one of Dublin's Luas tram lines. It is often informally called Stephen's Green. At 22 acres (89,000 m2), it is the largest of the parks in Dublin's main Georgian garden squares. Others include nearby Merrion Square and Fitzwilliam Square.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
The current office holder is Simon Coveney, TD. He is assisted by:
Simon Coveney is an Irish Fine Gael politician who has served as Tánaiste since November 2017, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade and Deputy Leader of Fine Gael since June 2017. He has been a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Cork South-Central constituency since 1998. He previously served as Minister for Housing, Planning, Community and Local Government from 2016 to 2017, Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine from 2011 to 2016 and Minister for Defence from 2014 to 2016. He served as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for the South constituency from 2004 to 2007.
A TD is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas. It is the equivalent of terms such as 'Member of Parliament' (MP) or 'Member of Congress' used in other countries. The official translation of the term is 'Deputy to the Dáil', although a more literal translation is "Assembly Delegate".
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The Minister of State at the Department of Foreign Affairs is a junior ministerial post in the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Ireland with special responsibility for European Affairs. The Minister works together with the senior Minister in this department. The Minister of State does not hold cabinet rank.
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The department has the following divisions:
Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region. Northern Ireland shares a border to the south and west with the Republic of Ireland. In 2011, its population was 1,810,863, constituting about 30% of the island's total population and about 3% of the UK's population. Established by the Northern Ireland Act 1998 as part of the Good Friday Agreement, the Northern Ireland Assembly holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters, while other areas are reserved for the British government. Northern Ireland co-operates with the Republic of Ireland in several areas, and the Agreement granted the Republic the ability to "put forward views and proposals" with "determined efforts to resolve disagreements between the two governments".
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi) and an estimated population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. For travel within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002 and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency.
Irish Aid is the Government of Ireland's official international development aid programme. Irish Aid is managed by the Development Co-Operation and Africa Division (DCAD) of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) . The Irish Government allocated €651 million to official development assistance (ODA) in 2017, mainly focused on overseas aid to reduce poverty and hunger, and to improve education, healthcare and governance in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and Latin America. The Irish Aid programme is an integral part of Ireland's foreign policy.
The Minister has responsibility for the relations between Ireland and foreign states. The department defines its role as: "The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade advises the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, the Ministers of State and the Government on all aspects of foreign policy and coordinates Ireland's response to international developments.
It also provides advice and support on all issues relevant to the pursuit of peace, partnership and reconciliation in Northern Ireland, and between North and South of the island, and to deepening Ireland's relationship with Britain."
Minister for Foreign Affairs 1919–1922
|No.||Portrait||Name||Term of office||Party|
|1.||George Noble Plunkett||22 January 1919||26 August 1921||Sinn Féin|
|2.||Arthur Griffith (1st time)||26 August 1921||9 January 1922||Sinn Féin|
|3.||George Gavan Duffy||10 January 1922||25 July 1922||Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty)|
|Arthur Griffith (2nd time)||26 July 1922||12 August 1922||Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty)|
|4.||Michael Hayes||21 August 1922||9 September 1922||Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty)|
Minister for External Affairs 1922–1971
|No.||Portrait||Name||Term of office||Party|
|5.||Desmond FitzGerald||30 August 1922||23 June 1927||Cumann na nGaedheal|
|6.||Kevin O'Higgins||23 June 1927||10 July 1927||Cumann na nGaedheal|
|7.||W. T. Cosgrave||10 July 1927||11 October 1927||Cumann na nGaedheal|
|8.||Patrick McGilligan||11 October 1927||9 March 1932||Cumann na nGaedheal|
|9.||Éamon de Valera||9 March 1932||18 February 1948||Fianna Fáil|
|10.||Seán MacBride||18 February 1948||13 June 1951||Clann na Poblachta|
|11.||Frank Aiken (1st time)||13 June 1951||2 June 1954||Fianna Fáil|
|12.||Liam Cosgrave||2 June 1954||20 March 1957||Fine Gael|
|Frank Aiken (2nd time)||20 March 1957||2 July 1969||Fianna Fáil|
|13.||Patrick Hillery||2 July 1969||3 March 1971||Fianna Fáil|
Minister for Foreign Affairs 1971–2011
|No.||Portrait||Name||Term of office||Party|
|Patrick Hillery||3 March 1971||3 January 1973||Fianna Fáil|
|14.||Brian Lenihan (1st time)||3 January 1973||14 March 1973||Fianna Fáil|
|15.||Garret FitzGerald||14 March 1973||5 July 1977||Fine Gael|
|16.||Michael O'Kennedy||5 July 1977||11 December 1979||Fianna Fáil|
|Brian Lenihan (2nd time)||12 December 1979||30 June 1981||Fianna Fáil|
|17.||John Kelly||30 June 1981||21 October 1981||Fine Gael|
|18.||James Dooge||21 October 1981||9 March 1982||Fine Gael|
|19.||Gerry Collins (1st time)||9 March 1982||14 December 1982||Fianna Fáil|
|20.||Peter Barry||14 December 1982||10 March 1987||Fine Gael|
|Brian Lenihan (3rd time)||10 March 1987||12 July 1989||Fianna Fáil|
|Gerry Collins (2nd time)||12 July 1989||11 February 1992||Fianna Fáil|
|21.||David Andrews (1st time)||11 February 1992||12 January 1993||Fianna Fáil|
|22.||Dick Spring (1st time)||12 January 1993||17 November 1994||Labour Party|
|23.||Albert Reynolds||18 November 1994||15 December 1994||Fianna Fáil|
|Dick Spring (2nd time)||15 December 1994||26 June 1997||Labour Party|
|24.||Ray Burke||26 June 1997||7 October 1997||Fianna Fáil|
|David Andrews (2nd time)||8 October 1997||27 January 2000||Fianna Fáil|
|25.||Brian Cowen||27 January 2000||29 September 2004||Fianna Fáil|
|26.||Dermot Ahern||29 September 2004||7 May 2008||Fianna Fáil|
|27.||Micheál Martin||7 May 2008||19 January 2011||Fianna Fáil|
|Brian Cowen (2nd time)||19 January 2011||9 March 2011||Fianna Fáil|
Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade 2011–present
|No.||Portrait||Name||Term of office||Party|
|28.||Eamon Gilmore||9 March 2011||11 July 2014||Labour Party|
|29.||Charles Flanagan||11 July 2014||14 June 2017||Fine Gael|
|30.||Simon Coveney||14 June 2017||Incumbent||Fine Gael|
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