Minister of Foreign Affairs (Estonia)

Last updated
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Estonia
Estonian: Eesti Vabariigi Välisminister
Coat of arms of Estonia.svg
Sven Mikser 2017-05-25 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Sven Mikser

since 12 September 2016
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Formation 24 February 1918
First holder Jaan Poska
Website vm.ee
Coat of arms of Estonia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Estonia

The Minister of Foreign Affairs (Estonian : välisminister) is the senior minister at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Estonian : Eesti Vabariigi Välisministeerium) in the Estonian Government. The Minister is one of the most important members of the Estonian government, with responsibility for the relations between Estonia and foreign states.

Estonian language Finno-Ugric language spoken in Estonia

The Estonian language is the official language of Estonia, spoken natively by about 1.1 million people: 922,000 people in Estonia and 160,000 outside Estonia. It is a Southern Finnic language and is the second most spoken language among all the Finnic languages.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Estonia) Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia is a Cabinet-level governmental agency in Estonia in charge of conducting and designing Estonian Foreign policy.

Contents

The Foreign Minister is chosen by the Prime Minister as a part of the government. The current Foreign Minister is Sven Mikser, who took the position on 23 November 2016. [1]

Prime Minister of Estonia Head of government of the Republic of Estonia

The Prime Minister of Estonia is the head of government of the Republic of Estonia. The prime minister is nominated by the President after appropriate consultations with the parliamentary factions and confirmed by the Parliament. In case of disagreement, the Parliament can reject the President's nomination and choose their own candidate. In practice, since the Prime Minister must maintain the confidence of Parliament in order to remain in office, he is usually the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition. The current Prime Minister is Jüri Ratas of the Centre Party.

Sven Mikser Estonian politician

Sven Mikser is an Estonian politician.

Office holders

# Name Took Office Left Office Party
1 Jaan Poska 24 February 191820 September 1919 Estonian People's Party
2 Ants Piip 9 October 191918 November 1919 Estonian Labour Party
3 Ado Birk 18 November 191928 July 1920 Estonian People's Party
4 Kaarel Robert Pusta 28 July 192030 July 1920
5 Ado Birk (2nd term)30 July 192026 October 1920 Estonian People's Party
6 Otto Strandman 26 October 192014 January 1921 Estonian Labour Party
7Ants Piip (2nd term)25 January 192120 October 1922 Estonian Labour Party
8 Aleksander Hellat 28 November 19222 August 1923
9 Friedrich Akel 2 August 192326 March 1924 Christian People's Party
10Otto Strandman (2nd term)26 March 192414 May 1924 Estonian Labour Party
11Kaarel Robert Pusta (2nd term)6 June 19245 October 1925
12 Ado Birk (3rd term)23 October 192515 December 1925 Estonian People's Party
13Ants Piip (3rd term)15 December 192523 July 1926 Estonian Labour Party
14Friedrich Akel (2nd term)23 July 192611 November 1927 Christian People's Party
15Aleksander Hellat (2nd term)11 November 19279 December 1927
16 Hans Rebane 9 December 19274 December 1928 Farmers' Assemblies
17 Jaan Lattik 4 December 192812 February 1931 Christian People's Party
18 Jaan Tõnisson 12 February 193119 July 1932 Estonian People's Party
19 Mihkel Pung 19 July 19321 November 1932 National Centre Party
20 August Rei 1 November 193218 May 1933 Estonian Socialist Workers' Party
21Ants Piip (4th term)18 May 193321 October 1933 National Centre Party
22 Julius Seljamaa 21 October 19332 June 1936
23Friedrich Akel (3rd term)2 June 19369 May 1938
24 Karl Selter 9 May 193812 October 1939
25Ants Piip (5th term)12 October 193921 June 1940
26 August Rei 18 September 194425 September 1944
Aleksander Warma (in exile)19531963
August Koern (in exile)19641982
Elmar Lipping (in exile)19821990
Olev Olesk (in exile)19901992
27 Lennart Meri 11 April 199024 March 1992 Popular Front of Estonia
28 Jaan Manitski 6 April 199221 October 1992(none)
29 Trivimi Velliste 21 October 19927 January 1994 Pro Patria Union
30 Jüri Luik 8 January 199417 April 1995 Pro Patria Union
31 Riivo Sinijärv 17 April 19956 November 1995 Estonian Coalition Party
32 Siim Kallas 6 November 199522 November 1996 Estonian Reform Party
33 Toomas Hendrik Ilves 2 December 199614 October 1998 Social Democratic Party
34 Raul Mälk 14 October 199825 March 1999(none)
35 Toomas Hendrik Ilves (2nd term)25 March 199928 January 2002 Social Democratic Party
36 Kristiina Ojuland 28 January 200210 February 2005 Estonian Reform Party
37 Rein Lang 21 February 200513 April 2005 Estonian Reform Party
38 Urmas Paet 13 April 200517 November 2014 Estonian Reform Party
39 Keit Pentus-Rosimannus 17 November 201416 July 2015 Estonian Reform Party
40 Marina Kaljurand 16 July 201512 September 2016 Independent
41 Jürgen Ligi 12 September 201623 November 2016 Estonian Reform Party
42 Sven Mikser 23 November 2016Incumbent Social Democratic Party
Source [2]

See also

Contact information

Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Islandi väljak 1, 15049 Tallinn
e-mail: vminfo@vm.ee
tel:(+372) 6 377 000
FAX:(+372) 6 377 099

Related Research Articles

Foreign relations of Chile

Since its return to democracy in 1990, Chile has been an active participant in the regional and international arena. Chile assumed a two-year non-permanent position on the UN Security Council in January 2003 and was re-elected to the council in October 2013. It is also an active member of the UN family of agencies, serving as a member of the Commission on Human Rights and participating in UN peacekeeping activities. Chile hosted the second Summit of the Americas in 1998, was the chair of the Rio Group in 2001, hosted the Defense Ministerial of the Americas in 2002, and the APEC summit and related meetings in 2004. In 2005 it hosted the Community of Democracies ministerial conference. An associate member of Mercosur and a full member of APEC. The OECD agreed to invite Chile to be among four countries to open discussions in becoming an official member. Chile has been an important actor on international economic issues and hemispheric free trade. The Chilean Government has diplomatic relations with most countries.

Foreign relations of Denmark

The foreign policy of Denmark is based on its identity as a sovereign state in Europe, the Arctic and the North Atlantic. As such its primary foreign policy focus is on its relations with other nations as a sovereign state compromising the three constituent countries: Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Denmark has long had good relations with other nations. It has been involved in coordinating Western assistance to the Baltic states. The country is a strong supporter of international peacekeeping. Danish forces were heavily engaged in the former Yugoslavia in the UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR), with IFOR, and now SFOR. Denmark also strongly supported American operations in Afghanistan and has contributed both monetarily and materially to the ISAF. These initiatives are a part of the "active foreign policy" of Denmark. Instead of the traditional adaptative foreign policy of The unity of the Realm, Kingdom of Denmark is today pursuing an active foreign policy, where human rights, democracy and other crucial values is to be defended actively. In recent years, Greenland and the Faroe Islands have been guaranteed a say in foreign policy issues, such as fishing, whaling and geopolitical concerns.

Politics in Estonia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Estonia is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in the Estonian parliament. Executive power is exercised by the government, which is led by the prime minister. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Estonia is a member of United Nations, the European Union, and NATO.

The Republic of Estonia gained its independence from the Russian Empire on 24 February 1918 and established diplomatic relations with many countries via membership of the League of Nations. The forcible incorporation of Estonia into the Soviet Union in 1940 was not generally recognised by the international community and the Estonian diplomatic service continued to operate in some countries. Following the restoration of independence from the Soviet Union, Russia was one of the first nations to re-recognize Estonia's independence. Estonia's immediate priority after regaining its independence was the withdrawal of Russian forces from Estonian territory. In August 1994, this was completed. However, relations with Moscow have remained strained primarily because Russia decided not to ratify the border treaty it had signed with Estonia in 1999.

Foreign relations of Lesotho

Lesotho's geographic location makes it extremely vulnerable to political and economic developments in South Africa. Its capital is the small city of Maseru. It is a member of many regional economic organizations including the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Southern African Customs Union (SACU). Lesotho also is active in the United Nations, the Organisation of African Unity, now the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, and many other international organizations. In addition to the Republic of Korea, the United States, South Africa, Ireland, People's Republic of China, Libya, and the European Union all currently retain resident diplomatic missions in Lesotho. Foreign relations of Lesotho are administered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Relations.

Foreign relations of North Macedonia

The foreign relations of North Macedonia since its independence in 1991 have been characterized by the country's efforts to gain membership in international organizations such as NATO and the European Union and to gain international recognition under its constitutional name, overshadowed by a long-standing, dead-locked dispute with neighboring Greece. Greek objections to the country's name have led to it being admitted to the United Nations and several other international fora only under the provisional designation Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

The Estonian Institute is a non-governmental and non-profit organisation based in Tallinn aiming to promote Estonian culture abroad. The institute was founded in 1988/1989 as a shadow foreign office for the Estonian independence movement by Lennart Meri, later first foreign minister and first president of Estonia after their Soviet occupation. Current director of the institute is Katrin Maiste.

Aleksander Warma Estonian politician

Aleksander Warma VR I/3 was an Estonian navy officer, diplomat and painter.

Marina Kaljurand Estonian politician and badminton player

Marina Kaljurand is an Estonian politician who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in Taavi Rõivas' second cabinet as an independent. Earlier, she served as the Ambassador of Estonia to the United States, Russia, Mexico, Canada, Kazakhstan, and Israel.

Ministry of Defence (Estonia) Estonian government ministry responsible for military and national defense matters

The Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Estonia and its head, the Minister of Defence, are responsible for organizing national defence.The mission of the Ministry of Defence is to deter attacks against Estonia and ensure that the country is capable of defending itself against external threats. Estonian national defence is based on initial self-defence capability as well as membership in NATO.

Estonia–Greece relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Estonia and the Hellenic Republic

Estonian-Greek relations are the relations between the Republic of Estonia and the Hellenic Republic. Greece recognised Estonia on May 19, 1922. Greece never recognised the Soviet annexation of Estonia. Both countries re-established diplomatic relations on October 2, 1991. In April 1997, Estonia has established an embassy in Athens. The Greek embassy in Tallinn opened in January 2005. Estonia has also 3 honorary consulates in Patras, Piraeus and Thessaloniki. Both countries are full members of NATO and the European Union.

Denmark–Estonia relations Diplomatic relations between the Kingdom of Denmark and the Republic of Estonia

Denmark–Estonia relations are foreign relations between Denmark and Estonia. Denmark has an embassy in Tallinn, Estonia has an embassy in Hellerup. Both countries are members of EU, NATO and the Council of the Baltic Sea States.

Australia–Estonia relations

Australia–Estonia relations are foreign relations between Australia and Estonia. Australia first recognised Estonia on 22 September 1921. Australia was among the first countries to re-recognise Estonia's independence on 27 August 1991. Both countries re-established diplomatic relations on 21 November 1991.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Uganda) Runs the diplomatic relations of the Republic of Uganda with other countries

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) is a cabinet-level government ministry responsible for the implementation and management of Uganda's foreign policy and international activity.

Denmark–Latvia relations Diplomatic relations between the Kingdom of Denmark and the Republic of Latvia

Denmark–Latvia relations refers to the bilateral relationship between Denmark and Latvia. Denmark has an embassy in Riga. Latvia has an embassy in Copenhagen. Both countries are members of the European Union and NATO.

The Estonian Foreign Intelligence Service is the foreign intelligence service of the Republic of Estonia. The Foreign Intelligence Service coordinates with all Estonian intelligence functions, collects intelligence concerning foreign interests and activities, and transmits information to the President, Prime Minister, the General Staff of the Estonian Defence Forces, the Interior Minister, the Foreign Minister, and the Minister of Defence. As of March 2016 the Director General of the Foreign Intelligence Service is Mikk Marran.

Nordic identity in Estonia

Nordic identity in Estonia refers to opinions that Estonia is one of the Nordic countries or that it should/will be considered as such in the future. The current mainstream view outside of Estonia does not include it among them. Categorizing Estonia as a Nordic country is common in Estonia.

References