Minister of Health (Canada)

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Minister of Health
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Ginette Petitpas-Taylor.jpg
Incumbent
Ginette Petitpas Taylor

since August 28, 2017
Department of Health
Style The Honourable
Appointer Governor General of Canada
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Inaugural holder David Dingwall
FormationJuly 12, 1996
Salary$255,300 (2017) [1]
Website www.hc-sc.gc.ca
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The Minister of Health (French : Ministre de la Santé) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for overseeing health-focused government agencies including Health Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada, as well as enforcing the Canada Health Act (the law governing Canada's universal health care system). The current Minister of Health is Ginette Petitpas Taylor, MP for Moncton—Riverview—Dieppe.

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

Minister of the Crown is a formal constitutional term used in Commonwealth realms to describe a minister to the reigning sovereign or their viceroy. The term indicates that the minister serves at His/Her Majesty's pleasure, and advises the sovereign or viceroy on how to exercise the Crown prerogatives relative to the minister's department or ministry.

The Cabinet of Canada is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada. Chaired by the prime minister, the Cabinet is a committee of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and the senior echelon of the Ministry, the membership of the Cabinet and ministry often being co-terminal; as of November 2015 there are no members of the latter who are not also members of the former.

Contents

The Minister of Health is responsible for maintaining and improving the health of Canadians. This is supported by the Health Portfolio which comprises:

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is a regulatory agency that is dedicated to the safeguarding of food, animals, and plants, which enhance the health and well-being of Canada's people, environment and economy. The agency was created in April 1997 by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act, for the purpose of combining and integrating the related inspection services of three separate federal government departments: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, and Health Canada. The establishment of the CFIA consolidated the delivery of all federal food safety, animal health, and plant health regulatory programs. The agency is governed by the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food.

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Health Canada is the department of the government of Canada that is responsible for national public health. The current Minister of Health is Ginette Petitpas Taylor, a Liberal Member of Parliament appointed to the position by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Originally created in 1919 in the wake of the Spanish flu crisis as the Department of Health, "Health Canada" was formed in 1993 when the former Department of Health and Welfare Canada split into two separate departments: Health Canada and Human Resources and Labour Canada.

The Health Portfolio consists of approximately 12,500 full-time equivalent employees and an annual budget of over $3.8 billion. [2]

History

Prior to 1944, the responsibilities of the current Health portfolio were part of the now-defunct post of Minister of Pensions and National Health. From 1944 to 1997, the post was known as the Minister of National Health and Welfare.

Minister of Pensions and National Health was an office in the Cabinet of Canada from 1928 to 1944. Prior to 1928, certain responsibilities of the Pensions and National Health portfolio were carried out by the now-defunct post of Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment.

Health and Welfare Canada is a former Canadian federal department established in 1944 and split into two separate departments, Health Canada and Human Resources and Labour Canada, in June 1993 by Prime Minister Kim Campbell. Within a few months a new government was elected and Human Resources and Labour Canada became known as Human Resources Development Canada.

Jane Philpott was the first medical doctor to hold the post. [3]

Ministers

Key:

   Liberal Party of Canada
   Conservative Party of Canada
No.PortraitNameTerm of officePolitical partyMinistry
1 No image.svg David Dingwall July 12, 1996June 10, 1997 Liberal 26 (Chrétien)
2 Allan-rock-wLKc.jpg Allan Rock June 11, 1997January 14, 2002Liberal
3 FEMA - 14172 Anne McLellan cropped.jpg Anne McLellan January 15, 2002December 11, 2003Liberal
4 PierrePettigrew.JPG Pierre Pettigrew December 12, 2003July 19, 2004Liberal 27 (Martin)
5 Ujjal Dosanjh in New Delhi - 2014 (cropped).jpg Ujjal Dosanjh July 20, 2004February 5, 2006Liberal
6 Tony Clement 2012 B.jpg Tony Clement February 6, 2006October 29, 2008 Conservative 28 (Harper)
7 Minister Leona Aglukkaq.jpg Leona Aglukkaq October 30, 2008July 15, 2013Conservative
8 RonaAmbrose EdmontonLRTOpening 25April2009 (cropped).jpg Rona Ambrose July 15, 2013November 4, 2015Conservative
9 Jane Philpott (cropped).jpg Jane Philpott November 4, 2015August 28, 2017 Liberal 29 (J. Trudeau)
10 Ginette Petitpas-Taylor.jpg Ginette Petitpas Taylor August 28, 2017Incumbent Liberal

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References

  1. "Indemnities, Salaries and Allowances". Parliament of Canada.
  2. "Health Portfolio". Government of Canada. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  3. "Jane Philpott, first MD to be named health minister, on mission to help poor". National Post. Retrieved 5 November 2015.