|Federal Minister of Intra-German Relations |
Bundesminister für innerdeutsche Beziehungen
Coat of arms of Germany.
|Member of||the Cabinet|
|Reports to||the Chancellor|
|Formation||20 September 1949|
|First holder||Jakob Kaiser|
|Final holder||Dorothee Wilms|
|Abolished|| 9 November 1989 (effectively)|
18 January 1991 (formally)
|Succession||Federal Minister of the Interior|
The Federal Minister of Intra-German Relations (German : Bundesminister für innerdeutsche Beziehungen) was a federal cabinet minister of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). The office was created under the title of Federal Minister of All-German Affairs (Bundesminister für gesamtdeutsche Fragen) in 1949, being also in charge of the German lands east of the Oder–Neisse line which had been put under Polish or Soviet administration. In 1951, the first Minister of All-German Affairs Jakob Kaiser openly raised claim to even greater territories including Austria, parts of Switzerland, the Saar area and Alsace-Lorraine.
The ministry was renamed in 1969 because "All-German" might have evoked irredentist associations. The change of the name was supported by both left- and right-wing politicians.[ citation needed ]
The ministry was abolished in 1991 when a new government was established after the federal election of December 1990, some months after German reunification, having supported the transition.
Since West Germany maintained an exclusive mandate for all of Germany, and the legal pretense that the authorities of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) or Soviet occupation zone (SBZ) should not be recognized, it could not handle relations with East Germany through the Federal Foreign Office, since this would acknowledge that the GDR was a separate country. Hence, a separate ministry for relations within Germany had to be created. Since this ministry had very limited competence and virtually no political power, it soon became a post used by chancellors to block rivals without publicly offending them. One of the main tasks of the ministry was the publication of information material about the situation in the East, to keep the idea of German unity alive and to inform the public about actions of the East German government.
When German reunification became a possibility after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the opening of the inner German border on 9 November 1989, the ministry was completely disempowered by Chancellor Helmut Kohl; all intra-German affairs were now handled by the Ministry of the Interior under Wolfgang Schäuble. Formally, the ministry continued to exist until 1991 in order to facilitate transition.
Political Party: CDU FDP SPD
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|Federal Minister of All-German Affairs|
|1|| Jakob Kaiser |
|20 September 1949||29 October 1957||8 years, 39 days||CDU||Adenauer I–II|
|2|| Ernst Lemmer |
|29 October 1957||13 December 1962||5 years, 45 days||CDU||Adenauer III–IV|
|3|| Rainer Barzel |
|14 December 1962||11 October 1963||301 days||CDU||Adenauer V|
|4|| Erich Mende |
|17 October 1963||28 October 1966||3 years, 11 days||FDP||Erhard I–II|
|5|| Johann Baptist Gradl |
|28 October 1966||30 November 1966||33 days||CDU||Erhard II|
|6|| Herbert Wehner |
|1 December 1966||21 October 1969||2 years, 324 days||SPD||Kiesinger|
|Federal Minister of Intra-German Relations|
|7|| Egon Franke |
|22 October 1969||1 October 1982||12 years, 344 days||SPD|| Brandt I–II |
|8|| Rainer Barzel |
|4 October 1982||29 March 1983||176 days||CDU||Kohl I|
|9|| Heinrich Windelen |
|30 March 1983||11 March 1987||3 years, 346 days||CDU||Kohl II|
|10|| Dorothee Wilms |
|12 March 1987||18 January 1991||3 years, 312 days||CDU||Kohl III|
Hans-Dietrich Genscher was a German statesman and a member of the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP), who served as the Federal Minister of the Interior from 1969 to 1974, and as the Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs and Vice Chancellor of Germany from 1974 to 1992, making him the longest-serving occupant of either post and the only person, holding one of these posts under two different Chancellors of the Federal Republic of Germany. In 1991 he was chairman of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
BRD ; is an unofficial abbreviation for the Federal Republic of Germany, informally known in English as West Germany until 1990, and just Germany since reunification. It has occasionally been used in the Federal Republic itself since its foundation; it was commonly used between 1968 and 1990 by the ruling party of the German Democratic Republic, resulting in a temporary strong deprecation of its use in West Germany. The East German regime had previously used the term "German Federal Republic" to refer to its western counterpart.
The All-German People's Party was a minor political party in West Germany active between 1952 and 1957. It was a Christian, pacifist, centre-left party that opposed the re-armament of West Germany because it believed that the remilitarisation and NATO integration would make German reunification impossible, deepen the division of Europe and pose a danger to peace.
Eckhard Jesse is a German political scientist. He held the chair for "political systems and political institutions" at the Technical University of Chemnitz from 1993 to 2014. Jesse is one of the best known German political scholars in the field of extremism and terrorism studies. He has also specialized in the study of German political parties and the German political system.
The Art Prize of the German Democratic Republic was an East German state award bestowed on individuals for contributions in various fields of art.
Dieter Mahncke is a scholar of foreign policy and security studies, and Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Professor Emeritus of European Foreign Policy and Security Studies at the College of Europe. He is the author of books and articles on European security, arms control, German foreign policy, Berlin, US-European relations and South Africa.
Werner E. Ablaß is a German politician who was a Christian oppositionist in East Germany (GDR). Together with minister Rainer Eppelmann, Secretary of State in the Ministerium für Abrüstung und Verteidigung (MfAuV), Ablaß played a major role in the closure of the National People's Army (NVA) during the German reunification.
Heinrich Windelen was a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union. He served as a Member of the Bundestag from 1957 to 1990, and as Federal Minister for Displaced Persons, Refugees and War Victims in the Cabinet Kiesinger in 1969 and as Federal Minister of Intra-German Relations in the Cabinet Kohl II from 1983 to 1987.
Helmut Müller-Enbergs is a German political scientist who has written extensively on the Stasi and related aspects of the German Democratic Republic's history.
Ilko-Sascha Kowalczuk is a German historian and author. His work is focused on the German Democratic Republic and its Ministry for State Security.
Thomas Ammer is a German historian who as a young man studied to become a physician.
Johannes Stroux was a German classicist, scholar of Roman law and organizer of scientific projects and organizations. In 1945 he became rector of the Berlin University and president of the Berlin Academy of Science.
Häftlingsfreikauf is the term used in Germany for an informal, and for many years, secret, series of transactions between the German Democratic Republic and the German Federal Republic between 1962 and 1989. Over this period nearly 34,000 East German political prisoners were "freigekauft" (ransomed). West Germany paid East Germany, generally in cash or goods, an average of approximately 40,000 Deutsche Marks per person. Political prisoners whose freedom had been purchased could choose to be expelled directly from their place of detention to West Germany, and frequently were given no notice or opportunity to communicate with their families, nor to say goodbye to fellow prisoners, before being transferred to the West.
Ludwig A. Rehlinger is a German Jurist who became a politician and government minister. He came to wider prominence in connection with the trading of East German political prisoners.
Hans Mottek was one of the most important economic historians of the DDR.
Marlies Deneke is a German politician.
Gerhart Hass was a German historian. His approach reflected the Marxist prism through which East Germany's historical establishment viewed their subject. He worked at the History Institute, part of the Berlin based (East) German Academy of Sciences and Humanities, where from 1974 he was a professor. His work concentrated on the History of Fascism in Europe and the Second World War.
The proclamation of the German Empire, also known as the Deutsche Reichsgründung, took place in January 1871 after the joint victory of the German states in the Franco-Prussian War. As a result of the November Treaties of 1870, the southern German states of Baden, Hesse-Darmstadt, with their territories south of the Main line, Württemberg and Bavaria, joined the Prussian-dominated "German Confederation" on 1 January 1871. On the same day, the new Constitution of the German Confederation came into force, thereby significantly extending the federal German lands to the newly created German Empire. The Day of the founding of the German Empire, January 18, became a day of celebration, marking when the Prussian King William I was proclaimed German Emperor in Versailles.
Hans Joachim Meyer is a German politician (CDU). He served in the de Maizière cabinet as the last East German Minister for Education and the Arts. After reunification he became Secretary of State for Sciences and the Arts in the regional government of Saxony. In addition, he served between 1997 and 2009 as President of the Central Committee of German Catholics .
Philine Fischer, néeFranke, married name Sannemüller was a German opera and concert singer (soprano).