|Minister of National Defence of Canada|
|The Defence Portfolio|
|Appointer||Governor General of Canada on behalf of the Queen of Canada|
|Term length||At Her Majesty's pleasure|
|Inaugural holder||George Perry Graham|
|Formation||1 January 1923|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Minister of National Defence (French : Ministre de la Défense nationale) is a Minister of the Crown and is the politician within the Cabinet of Canada responsible for the management and direction of all matters relating to the national defence of Canada. The Department of National Defence is headed by the Deputy Minister of National Defence, the department's senior civil servant, while the Canadian Armed Forces are headed by the Chief of the Defence Staff, Canada's senior serving military officer. Both are responsible to the Minister. The Queen of Canada (represented by the Governor General of Canada) is the Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces and has final authority on all orders and laws for the "defence of the realm" (see Queen-in-Council). The minister is responsible, through the tenets of responsible government, to Parliament for "the management and direction of the Canadian Forces". Any orders and instructions for the Canadian Armed Forces are issued by or through the Chief of the Defence Staff. The Department of National Defence exists to aid the minister in carrying out his responsibilities, and acts as the civilian support system for the Canadian Forces.
French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the Germanic Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.
Minister of the Crown is a formal constitutional term used in Commonwealth realms to describe a minister to the reigning sovereign or their viceroy. The term indicates that the minister serves at His/Her Majesty's pleasure, and advises the sovereign or viceroy on how to exercise the Crown prerogatives relative to the minister's department or ministry.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. In democratic countries, politicians seek elective positions within a government through elections or, at times, temporary appointment to replace politicians who have died, resigned or have been otherwise removed from office. In non-democratic countries, they employ other means of reaching power through appointment, bribery, revolutions and war. Some politicians are experienced in the art or science of government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.
The current Minister of National Defence is Harjit Sajjan.
Harjit Singh Sajjan is a Canadian Liberal politician, the current Minister of National Defence, acting Minister of Veterans Affairs, and a Member of Parliament representing the riding of Vancouver South. He is Canada's first Sikh Minister of Defence. Sajjan was first elected during the 2015 federal election, defeating Conservative incumbent MP Wai Young, and was sworn as defence minister into the Cabinet, headed by Justin Trudeau, on November 4, 2015. Before politics, Sajjan was a detective investigating gangs for the Vancouver Police Department and at the same time a Lieutenant Colonel in the Canadian Armed Forces decorated for his service in Afghanistan. Sajjan was also the first Sikh-Canadian to command a Canadian Army reserve regiment.
Historically, the position was pre-dated by the Minister of Militia and Defence. During World War II, the Minister of National Defence was assisted by two subordinate ministers, the Minister of National Defence for Air and Minister of National Defence for Naval Services. The portfolio was merged into a single ministry following the end of the war.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
Minister of National Defence for Air (Canada) was the minister responsible for the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II. post created by the 1940 War Measures Act. The act specifically amended the National Defence Act of 1923.
Minister of National Defence for Naval Services (Canada) was the minister responsible for the Royal Canadian Navy during World War II. The post was merged into the current post of the Minister of National Defence (Canada)
The Defence portfolio for the Minister of National Defence includes:
The Canadian Armed Forces, or Canadian Forces (CF), are the unified armed forces of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces."
The Canadian Cadet Organizations, marketed under the name of Cadets Canada, are a youth program known as the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets, Royal Canadian Army Cadets, and Royal Canadian Air Cadets. The program is sponsored by the Canadian Armed Forces and funded through the Department of National Defence (DND), with support from civilian groups, namely the Navy League, the Army Cadet League and the Air Cadet League, as well as local community sponsors that include service organizations and parents of cadets.
The Canadian Forces Housing Agency is a Special Operating Agency, established in October 1995, to operate and maintain 15,000 military family housing units across Canada for military members and their families located on wings and bases. Funds are distributed amongst Housing Management Offices on a pro-rata basis by portfolio size and condition in relation to others nationally, and on average occupancy rates at each site. The organization is headed by a Chief Executive Officer.
The Minister of National Defence is also the designated Lead Minister for Search and Rescue (LMSAR) within the federal government.
|No.||Portrait||Name||Term of office||Political party||Ministry|
|1||George Perry Graham||January 1, 1923||April 27, 1923||Liberal||12 (King)|
|2||Edward Mortimer Macdonald||April 28, 1923|
(Acting until Aug.17)
|June 28, 1926||Liberal|
|3||Hugh Guthrie||June 29, 1926|
(Acting until Jul.13)
|September 25, 1926||Conservative (historical)||13 (Meighen)|
|–||VACANT||September 25, 1926||September 30, 1926||—||14 (King)|
|–|| James Robb |
|October 1, 1926||October 7, 1926||Liberal|
|4|| James Ralston |
|October 8, 1926||August 7, 1930||Liberal|
|5||Donald Matheson Sutherland||August 7, 1930||November 16, 1934||Conservative (historical)||15 (Bennett)|
|6||Grote Stirling||November 17, 1934||October 23, 1935||Conservative (historical)|
|7||Ian Alistair Mackenzie||October 24, 1935||September 18, 1939||Liberal||16 (King)|
|8||Norman McLeod Rogers||September 19, 1939||June 10, 1940||Liberal|
|–|| Charles Power |
|June 11, 1940||July 4, 1940||Liberal|
|(4)|| James Ralston |
|July 5, 1940||November 1, 1944||Liberal|
|9||Andrew McNaughton||November 2, 1944||August 20, 1945||Military|
|10||Douglas Abbott||August 21, 1945||December 9, 1946||Liberal|
|11||Brooke Claxton||December 10, 1946||November 15, 1948||Liberal|
|November 15, 1948||June 30, 1954||17 (St. Laurent)|
|12||Ralph Campney||July 1, 1954||June 20, 1957||Liberal|
|13||George Pearkes||June 21, 1957||October 10, 1960||Progressive Conservative||18 (Diefenbaker)|
|14||Douglas Harkness||October 11, 1960||February 3, 1963||Progressive Conservative|
|–||VACANT||February 4, 1963||February 11, 1963||—|
|15||Gordon Churchill||February 12, 1963||April 21, 1963||Progressive Conservative|
|16||Paul Hellyer||April 22, 1963||September 18, 1967||Liberal||19 (Pearson)|
|17||Léo Cadieux||September 18, 1967||April 19, 1968||Liberal|
|April 20, 1968||September 16, 1970||20 (P. E. Trudeau)|
|–|| Charles Drury |
(1st time; Acting)
|September 17, 1970||September 23, 1970||Liberal|
|18||Donald Macdonald||September 24, 1970||January 27, 1972||Liberal|
|19||Edgar Benson||January 28, 1972||August 31, 1972||Liberal|
|–|| Jean-Eudes Dubé |
|September 1, 1972||September 6, 1972||Liberal|
|–|| Charles Drury |
(2nd time; Acting)
|September 7, 1972||November 26, 1972||Liberal|
|20||James Richardson||November 27, 1972||October 12, 1976||Liberal|
|21||Barney Danson||October 13, 1976|
(Acting until Nov.3)
|June 3, 1979||Liberal|
|22||Allan McKinnon||June 4, 1979||March 2, 1980||Progressive Conservative||21 (Clark)|
|23||Gilles Lamontagne||March 3, 1980||August 11, 1983||Liberal||22 (P. E. Trudeau)|
|24||Jean–Jacques Blais||August 12, 1983||June 29, 1984||Liberal|
|June 30, 1984||September 16, 1984||23 (Turner)|
|25||Robert Coates||September 17, 1984||February 11, 1985||Progressive Conservative||24 (Mulroney)|
|26||Erik Nielsen||February 12, 1985|
(Acting until Feb.26)
|June 29, 1986||Progressive Conservative|
|27||Perrin Beatty||June 30, 1986||January 29, 1989||Progressive Conservative|
|28||Bill McKnight||January 30, 1989||April 20, 1991||Progressive Conservative|
|29||Marcel Masse||April 21, 1991||January 3, 1993||Progressive Conservative|
|30||Kim Campbell||January 4, 1993||June 24, 1993||Progressive Conservative|
|31||Tom Siddon||June 25, 1993||November 3, 1993||Progressive Conservative||25 (Campbell)|
|32||David Collenette||November 4, 1993||October 4, 1996||Liberal||26 (Chrétien)|
|33||Doug Young||October 5, 1996||June 10, 1997||Liberal|
|34||Art Eggleton||June 11, 1997||June 25, 2002||Liberal|
|35||John McCallum||June 26, 2002||December 11, 2003||Liberal|
|36||David Pratt||December 12, 2003||July 19, 2004||Liberal||27 (Martin)|
|37||Bill Graham||July 20, 2004||February 5, 2006||Liberal|
|38||Gordon O'Connor||February 6, 2006||August 14, 2007||Conservative||28 (Harper)|
|39||Peter MacKay||August 14, 2007||July 15, 2013||Conservative|
|40||Rob Nicholson||July 15, 2013||February 9, 2015||Conservative|
|41||Jason Kenney||February 9, 2015||November 4, 2015||Conservative|
|42||Harjit Sajjan||November 4, 2015||Incumbent||Liberal||29 (J. Trudeau)|
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