|Minister of Petroleum and Energy of Norway |
Olje- og energiministeren
|Ministry of Petroleum and Energy|
|Member of||Council of State|
|Appointer|| Monarch |
with approval of Parliament
|Term length||No fixed length|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Norway|
|Precursor||Minister of Trade and Industry|
|Formation||11 January 1978|
|First holder||Bjartmar Alv Gjerde|
|Deputy||State secretaries at the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy|
The Minister of Petroleum and Energy (Norwegian : Olje- og energiministeren) is a councilor of state and chief of the Norway's Ministry of Petroleum and Energy. Since 16 October 2013 the position has been held by Tord Lien of the Progress Party. The ministry is responsible for the government's energy policy, including management of Norway's energy resources, including the valuable deposits of petroleum and hydroelectricity. Major subordinate agencies and companies include the Water Resources and Energy Directorate, the Petroleum Directorate, Petoro, Gassnova, Gassco, Enova, Statnett and a partial ownership of Statoil. The position was created on 11 January 1978 as a response to the increased importance of oil on the Norwegian continental shelf. The position was merged with the Minister of Trade and Industry between 1992 and 1996.
Norwegian is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is the official language. Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional varieties; some Norwegian and Swedish dialects, in particular, are very close. These Scandinavian languages, together with Faroese and Icelandic as well as some extinct languages, constitute the North Germanic languages. Faroese and Icelandic are not mutually intelligible with Norwegian in their spoken form because continental Scandinavian has diverged from them. While the two Germanic languages with the greatest numbers of speakers, English and German, have close similarities with Norwegian, neither is mutually intelligible with it. Norwegian is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era.
The Council of State, is a formal body composed of the most senior government ministers chosen by the Prime Minister, and functions as the collective decision-making organ constituting the executive branch of the Kingdom. The council simultaneously plays the role of privy council as well as government Cabinet.
Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northwestern Europe whose territory comprises of the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula; the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are also part of the Kingdom of Norway. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land.
The position has been held by seventeen people from five parties. No person has held the position for at least three years, resulting in one of the most volatile positions in the cabinet. Kåre Kristiansen holds the longest tenure, as one of six to have held the position for more than two years. The position has been a favorite of the Centre Party, who has claimed it in all coalition governments they have participated in except Willoch II. The position has overall been held longer by the Centre Party than the Labour Party.
Kåre Gudbrand Kristiansen was a Norwegian politician active in the Christian People's Party. Noted as a conservative within his own party, he was known to take controversial positions at odds with the prevailing consensus.
The Centre Party is an agrarian centrist political party in Norway. Founded in 1920 as a Nordic agrarian party, the Centre Party's policy is not based on any of the major ideologies of the 19th and 20th century, but has a focus on maintaining decentralised economic development and political decision-making.
A coalition government in a parliamentary system is a form of government in which multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that "coalition". The usual reason for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament. A coalition government might also be created in a time of national difficulty or crisis to give a government the high degree of perceived political legitimacy or collective identity it desires while also playing a role in diminishing internal political strife. In such times, parties have formed all-party coalitions. If a coalition collapses, a confidence vote is held or a motion of no confidence is taken.
The following lists the minister, their party, date of assuming and leaving office, their tenure in years and days, and the cabinet they served in.
Christian Democratic Party
The Conservative Party is a liberal-conservative political party in Norway. It is the major party of the Norwegian centre-right, and the leading party in the governing Solberg cabinet. The current party leader is the Prime Minister of Norway Erna Solberg.
The Labour Party, formerly the Norwegian Labour Party, is a social-democratic political party in Norway. It was the senior partner of the governing Red-Green Coalition from 2005–13, and its leader, Jens Stoltenberg, served as Prime Minister of Norway during that time. The party is currently led by Jonas Gahr Støre.
The Progress Party is a right-wing libertarian political party in Norway. The party values are focused on civil liberties, individualism, and limited government. It is the country's third largest political party and a part of the centre-right government coalition. Its leader, Siv Jensen, currently serves as Norway's Minister of Finance.
|Photo||Name||Party||Took office||Left office||Tenure||Cabinet||Ref|
|Bjartmar Gjerde||Labour||11 January 1978||3 October 1980||2 years, 266 days||Nordli|
|–||Arvid Johanson||Labour||3 October 1980||14 October 1981||1 years, 012 days|| Nordli |
|–||Vidkunn Hveding||Conservative||14 October 1981||8 June 1983||1 year, 248 days||Willoch I|
|Kåre Kristiansen||Christian Democratic||8 June 1983||9 May 1986||2 years, 336 days||Willoch II|
|–||Arne Øien||Labour||9 May 1986||16 October 1989||3 years, 161 days||Brundtland II|
|–||Eivind Reiten||Centre||16 October 1989||3 November 1990||1 year, 19 days||Syse|
|–||Finn Kristensen||Labour||3 November 1990||31 December 1992||2 years, 59 days||Brundtland III|
|–||Ranveig Frøiland||Labour||1 January 1997||17 October 1997||0 years, 290 days||Jagland|
|Marit Arnstad||Centre||17 October 1997||21 March 2000||2 year, 156 days||Bondevik I|
|–||Olav Akselsen||Labour||21 March 2000||19 October 2001||1 year, 213 days||Stoltenberg I|
|–||Einar Steensnæs||Christian Democratic||19 October 2001||18 June 2004||2 years, 243 days||Bondevik II|
|–||Thorhild Widvey||Conservative||18 June 2004||17 October 2005||1 years, 122 days||Bondevik II|
|Odd Roger Enoksen||Centre||17 October 2005||21 September 2007||1 years, 340 days||Stoltenberg II|
|Åslaug Haga||Centre||21 September 2007||20 June 2008||0 years, 273 days||Stoltenberg II|
|Terje Riis-Johansen||Centre||20 June 2008||4 March 2011||2 years, 258 days||Stoltenberg II|
|Ola Borten Moe||Centre||4 March 2011||16 October 2013||2 years, 227 days||Stoltenberg II|
|Tord Lien||Progress||16 October 2013||present||5 years, 345 days||Solberg|
Kjell Magne Bondevik is a Norwegian Lutheran minister and politician. He served as Prime Minister of Norway from 1997 to 2000, and from 2001 to 2005, making him Norway's longest serving non-Labour Party Prime Minister since World War II. Currently, he is President of the Oslo Centre for Peace and Human Rights.
Thorbjørn Jagland is a Norwegian politician from the Labour Party. He served as the Secretary General of the Council of Europe from 2009 to 2019. He served as Prime Minister of Norway from 1996 to 1997, as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2000 to 2001 and as President of the Storting from 2005 to 2009.
The Prime Minister of Norway is the head of government of Norway and the most powerful person in Norwegian politics. The Prime Minister and Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the monarch, to the Storting, to their political party, and ultimately the electorate. In practice, since it is nearly impossible for a government to stay in office against the will of the Storting, the prime minister is primarily answerable to the Storting. They are almost always the leader of the majority party in the Storting, or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition.
Parliamentary elections were held in Norway on 14 and 15 September 1997. Prior to the election Prime Minister Thorbjørn Jagland of the Labour Party had issued the 36.9 ultimatum declaring that the government would step down unless it gained 36.9% of the vote, the percentage gained by the Labour Party in 1993 under Gro Harlem Brundtland. Whilst Labour won a plurality of seats, they were unable to reach Jagland's 36.9% threshold, gaining 35% of the vote.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs is a councilor of state and chief of the Norway's Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Since 20 October 2017, the position has been held by Ine Marie Eriksen Søreide of the Conservative Party.
Marit Arnstad is a Norwegian lawyer and politician for the Centre Party. She was the Norwegian Minister of Transport from 2012 to 2013.
Odd Roger Enoksen is a Norwegian politician representing the Norwegian Centre Party.
Harriet Andreassen was a Norwegian labour activist and politician for the Labour Party. Born in Vikna, she was secretary of the union Norsk Arbeidsmandsforbund from 1967 to 1977, and of the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) from 1977 to 1985. On 3 October 1980, upon the resignation of Inger Louise Valle, she was appointed Minister of Local Government Affairs in the government of Odvar Nordli (1976–1981), and remained in this position throughout the short-lived first government of Gro Harlem Brundtland in 1981.
The Minister of Climate and the Environment is a Councilor of State and Chief of Norway's Ministry of the Environment. At the State Council the 17 January 2018, Ola Evestuen was appointed as Minister of Climate and Environment. The post was previously held since 16 December 2015 by Vidar Helgesen of the Conservative Party. The ministry is responsible for environmental issues, including influencing environmental impacts on other ministries. Subordinate agencies include the Directorate for Cultural Heritage, the Polar Institute, the Environment Agency and the Mapping Authority.
The Minister of Transport and Communications is a Councillor of State and Chief of the Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications. Since 16 October 2013, the position has been held by Ketil Solvik-Olsen of the Progress Party. The ministry is responsible for policy and public operations within postal services, telecommunications, civil aviation, public roads, rail transport and public transport, including ferry services that are part of national roads and coastal transport infrastructure. The ministry has seven agencies and four limited companies, including the airport operator Avinor, the Norwegian National Rail Administration, the Norwegian State Railways, the Norwegian Public Roads Administration and Norway Post. There are also inspectorates and authorities related to accident investigation, civil aviation, post and telecommunications, and railways.
The Minister of Trade and Shipping was a councilor of state and chief of the Norway's Ministry of Trade and Shipping. The position was created on 6 December 1947 when the position of Minister of Trade and Industry was split into a portfolio for trade and shipping, and a Minister of Industry. As a prelude, a separate Minister of Shipping had been created between 1942 and 1945 to lead the Ministry of Shipping. The Minister of Trade and Industry had its own ministry until 1988, when the responsibility was taken over by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The position was abolished in 1997, when the portfolio was taken over by the Minister of Trade and Industry.
The Minister of Children and Family Affairs is a Councilor of State and Chief of Norway's Ministry of Children and Family Affairs. Since 22 January 2019 the position has been held by Kjell Ingolf Ropstad of the Christian Democrats. The ministry is responsible for policy and public operations related to children, youth and families as well as consumer rights. Major agencies subordinate to the ministry include the Consumer Council and the Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs.
The Minister of Culture and Church Affairs is a councilor of state and chief of the Norway's Ministry of Culture and Church Affairs. Since 16 October 2013 the position has been held by Thorhild Widvey of the Conservative Party. The ministry is responsible for the government's policy related to culture, church affairs, religion, media, sports and gambling. Subordinate agencies include the Gaming and Foundation Authority, the National Archival Services, the National Library, the Arts Council and the Media Authority. The portfolio includes issues related the Church of Norway.
The Minister of Local Government and Modernisation is a Councillor of State and Chief of the Norwegian Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development. Since 16 October 2013 the position has been held by Jan Tore Sanner of the Conservative Party. The ministry is responsible for local administration, including municipalities and county municipalities, rural and regional policy, information technology, elections and government administration, including management of state real estate and government employment. Major subordinate agencies include the Government Administration Services, Statsbygg, the Competition Authority, the National Office of Building Technology and Administration, the State Housing Bank and the Data Protection Authority.
Inkognitogata 18 is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Norway. It is located in Oslo, the capital of Norway. The residence was completed in 2008 and is a complex of new and old buildings. It includes the original buildings on Parkveien 45, Inkognitogata 18, Riddervolds gate 2, which have been connected with new structures, and the gardens of Parkveien 45 to 47.
The Minister of Health and Care Services is a councilor of state and chief of the Norway's Ministry of Health and Care Services. Since 16 October 2013 the position has been held by Bent Høie of the Conservative Party. The ministry is responsible for healthcare and care services, with the state's healthcare activities being carried out by four regional health authorities. Major institutions subordinate to the ministry include the Directorate for Health, the Board of Health Supervision, the Institute of Public Health, the Medicines Agency, the Radiation Protection Authority, the Labour and Welfare Service and the Food Safety Authority.
The Minister of Agriculture and Food is a councilor of state and chief of the Norway's Ministry of Agriculture and Food. Since 16 October 2013, the position has been held by Sylvi Listhaug of the Progress Party. The ministry is responsible for issues related to agriculture, forestry and food. Major subordinate agencies include the Norwegian Agriculture Authority, the Norwegian Food Safety Authority and Statskog. The position was created on 31 March 1900, along with the ministry, and Ole Anton Qvam was the inaugural officeholder. Fifty people from eight parties have held the office. During the German occupation of Norway from 1940 to 1945, the office was both held by a German puppet government and an elected government in London.
The Minister of International Development was a councillor of state and the chief of the international development portfolio of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway. The ministry was responsible for the foreign service, the country's international interests and foreign policy. Most of the ministry's portfolio is subordinate to the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The prime operating agency for international development is the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation. The position has been held by ten people representing five parties.
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