Minister of Petroleum and Energy

Last updated
Minister of Petroleum and Energy of Norway
Olje- og energiministeren
Statsikon.svg
Tord Lien 8320.jpg
Incumbent
Tord Lien

since 16 October 2013
Ministry of Petroleum and Energy
Member of Council of State
Seat Oslo
Nominator Prime Minister
Appointer Monarch
with approval of Parliament
Term length No fixed length
Constituting instrument Constitution of Norway
Precursor Minister of Trade and Industry
Formation11 January 1978
First holder Bjartmar Alv Gjerde
DeputyState secretaries at the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy
Website Official website

The Minister of Petroleum and Energy (Norwegian : Olje- og energiministeren) is a councilor of state and chief of the Norway's Ministry of Petroleum and Energy. Since 16 October 2013 the position has been held by Tord Lien of the Progress Party. [1] The ministry is responsible for the government's energy policy, including management of Norway's energy resources, including the valuable deposits of petroleum and hydroelectricity. Major subordinate agencies and companies include the Water Resources and Energy Directorate, the Petroleum Directorate, Petoro, Gassnova, Gassco, Enova, Statnett and a partial ownership of Statoil. The position was created on 11 January 1978 as a response to the increased importance of oil on the Norwegian continental shelf. The position was merged with the Minister of Trade and Industry between 1992 and 1996.

Norwegian language North Germanic language spoken in Norway

Norwegian is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is the official language. Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional varieties; some Norwegian and Swedish dialects, in particular, are very close. These Scandinavian languages, together with Faroese and Icelandic as well as some extinct languages, constitute the North Germanic languages. Faroese and Icelandic are not mutually intelligible with Norwegian in their spoken form because continental Scandinavian has diverged from them. While the two Germanic languages with the greatest numbers of speakers, English and German, have close similarities with Norwegian, neither is mutually intelligible with it. Norwegian is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era.

The Council of State, is a formal body composed of the most senior government ministers chosen by the Prime Minister, and functions as the collective decision-making organ constituting the executive branch of the Kingdom. The council simultaneously plays the role of privy council as well as government Cabinet.

Norway Country in Northern Europe

Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northwestern Europe whose territory comprises of the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula; the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are also part of the Kingdom of Norway. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land.

Contents

The position has been held by seventeen people from five parties. No person has held the position for at least three years, resulting in one of the most volatile positions in the cabinet. Kåre Kristiansen holds the longest tenure, as one of six to have held the position for more than two years. The position has been a favorite of the Centre Party, who has claimed it in all coalition governments they have participated in except Willoch II. The position has overall been held longer by the Centre Party than the Labour Party.

Kåre Kristiansen Norwegian politician

Kåre Gudbrand Kristiansen was a Norwegian politician active in the Christian People's Party. Noted as a conservative within his own party, he was known to take controversial positions at odds with the prevailing consensus.

Centre Party (Norway) centrist and agrarian political party in Norway

The Centre Party is an agrarian centrist political party in Norway. Founded in 1920 as a Nordic agrarian party, the Centre Party's policy is not based on any of the major ideologies of the 19th and 20th century, but has a focus on maintaining decentralised economic development and political decision-making.

A coalition government in a parliamentary system is a form of government in which multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that "coalition". The usual reason for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament. A coalition government might also be created in a time of national difficulty or crisis to give a government the high degree of perceived political legitimacy or collective identity it desires while also playing a role in diminishing internal political strife. In such times, parties have formed all-party coalitions. If a coalition collapses, a confidence vote is held or a motion of no confidence is taken.

Key

The following lists the minister, their party, date of assuming and leaving office, their tenure in years and days, and the cabinet they served in.

   Centre Party
   Christian Democratic Party
   Conservative Party
   Labour Party
   Progress Party

Conservative Party (Norway) Norwegian political party

The Conservative Party is a liberal-conservative political party in Norway. It is the major party of the Norwegian centre-right, and the leading party in the governing Solberg cabinet. The current party leader is the Prime Minister of Norway Erna Solberg.

Labour Party (Norway) Norwegian political party

The Labour Party, formerly the Norwegian Labour Party, is a social-democratic political party in Norway. It was the senior partner of the governing Red-Green Coalition from 2005–13, and its leader, Jens Stoltenberg, served as Prime Minister of Norway during that time. The party is currently led by Jonas Gahr Støre.

The Progress Party is a right-wing libertarian political party in Norway. The party values are focused on civil liberties, individualism, and limited government. It is the country's third largest political party and a part of the centre-right government coalition. Its leader, Siv Jensen, currently serves as Norway's Minister of Finance.

Ministers

PhotoNamePartyTook officeLeft officeTenureCabinetRef
70289 Bjartmar Gjerde.jpg Bjartmar Gjerde Labour 11 January 19783 October 19802 years, 266 days Nordli [2]
Arvid Johanson Labour 3 October 198014 October 19811 years, 012 days Nordli
Brundtland I
[2] [3] [3]
Vidkunn Hveding Conservative 14 October 19818 June 19831 year, 248 days Willoch I [4]
Kaare Kristiansen politiker KrF.JPG Kåre Kristiansen Christian Democratic 8 June 19839 May 19862 years, 336 days Willoch II [4]
Arne Øien Labour 9 May 198616 October 19893 years, 161 days Brundtland II [5]
Eivind Reiten Centre 16 October 19893 November 19901 year, 19 days Syse [6]
Finn Kristensen Labour 3 November 199031 December 19922 years, 59 days Brundtland III [7]
Ranveig Frøiland Labour 1 January 199717 October 19970 years, 290 days Jagland [8]
Marit Arnstad.jpg Marit Arnstad Centre 17 October 199721 March 20002 year, 156 days Bondevik I [9]
Olav Akselsen Labour 21 March 200019 October 20011 year, 213 days Stoltenberg I [10]
Einar Steensnæs Christian Democratic 19 October 200118 June 20042 years, 243 days Bondevik II [11]
Thorhild Widvey Conservative 18 June 200417 October 20051 years, 122 days Bondevik II [11]
Odd Roger Enoksen.jpg Odd Roger Enoksen Centre 17 October 200521 September 20071 years, 340 days Stoltenberg II [12]
Aslaug Haga Sp Kommunal- og regionalminister 20051017.jpg Åslaug Haga Centre 21 September 200720 June 20080 years, 273 days Stoltenberg II [12]
Terje Riis-Johansen Senterpartiet Landbruks- og matminister20051017.jpg Terje Riis-Johansen Centre 20 June 20084 March 20112 years, 258 days Stoltenberg II [12]
Ole Borten Moe.jpg Ola Borten Moe Centre 4 March 201116 October 20132 years, 227 days Stoltenberg II [12]
Tord Lien 8293.jpg Tord Lien Progress 16 October 2013present5 years, 345 days Solberg [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 "Erna Solberg's Government". Government.no. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  2. 1 2 "Odvar Nordli's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  3. 1 2 "Gro Harlem Brundtland's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  4. 1 2 "Odvar Nordli's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  5. "Gro Harlem Brundtland's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  6. "Jan Syse's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  7. "Gro Harlem Brundtland's Third Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  8. "Thorbjørn Jagland's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  9. "Kjell Magne Bondevik's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  10. "Jens Stoltenberg's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  11. 1 2 "Kjell Magne Bondevik's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  12. 1 2 3 4 "Jens Stoltenberg's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.