Ministry of Communications (Japan)

Last updated
Ministry of Communications
逓信省
Teishin-shō
Agency overview
FormedDecember 22, 1885 (1885-12-22)
DissolvedApril 1, 1949 (1949-04-01)
Superseding agencies
JurisdictionFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Headquarters Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Parent agency Government of Japan
Communications Ministry (Teishin-sho) offices, Tokyo, pre-1923 Ministry of Communications HQ Tokyo.jpg
Communications Ministry (Teishin-shō) offices, Tokyo, pre-1923

The Ministry of Communications (逓信省, Teishin-shō) was a Cabinet-level ministry in the Empire of Japan. Its modern successors include the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan Post and Nippon Telegraph and Telephone

Contents

History

Meiji period

On December 22, 1885 the Ministry of Communications was established, combining the Bureau of Posts and Post Station Maintenance and Shipping Bureau formerly under the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce with the Telegraph Bureau and Lighthouse Management Bureau formerly under the Ministry of Industry. On August 16, 1891, the ministry was also placed in charge of the nascent Japanese electric power industry. On July 21, 1892, the Railway Bureau was transferred to the Ministry of Communications from the Home Ministry and from November 10, 1893, the ministry was charged with the supervision of all land and water transportation businesses.

However, on December 5, 1908, the Railway Bureau was separated to become an independent bureau reporting directly to the Cabinet.

Showa period

In April 1923, responsibility for civil aviation supervision was transferred to the Ministry of Communications from the Army Ministry. With the creation of the Railway Ministry in May 1928, supervision of all land transportation was removed from the Ministry of Communications. With the establishment in January 1938 of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, all matters pertaining to the postal insurance program were transferred to the new ministry, with the Ministry of Communications retaining control of the post offices and managing the postal system (including the Postal savings system. In December 1941, an external Maritime Affairs Council was established and took over the Lighthouse Bureau.

On November 1, 1943 the Ministry of Communications was merged with Railway Ministry to become the Ministry of Communications and Transport. Electrical production and aircraft manufacturing regulation was transferred to the Ministry of Munitions. Posts, telephone and telegraph, post office bank and insurance came under the Communications Institute, where issues relating the transportation came under the Directorate General of Shipping.

In May 1945, the Communications Institute became the Board of Communications, reporting directly to the Cabinet, and the Ministry of Communications and Transport was renamed the Ministry of Transport.

Post-war dissolution

After the surrender of Japan, the American occupation authorities briefly reestablished the Ministry of Communications on April 1, 1946; however it was in charge of only posts, telecommunications and the security of aerial navigation. The Ministry was formally abolished on April 1, 1949 and its responsibilities divided between the new Ministry of Postal Services and Ministry of Telecommunications.

Ministers of Communications

NameCabinetDate in officecomments
1 Enomoto Takeaki 1st Itō, Kuroda 22 December 1885concurrently Agriculture & Commerce
2 Gotō Shōjirō Kuroda, 1st Yamagata, 1st Matsukata 30 April 1888 
3 Kuroda Kiyotaka 2nd Itō8 August 1892
4 Watanabe Kunitake 2nd Itō17 March 1895concurrently Finance Minister
5 Shirane Senichi 2nd Itō, 2nd Matsukata9 October 1895 
6 Nomura Yasushi 2nd Matsukata26 September 1898 
7 Suematsu Kenchō 3rd Itō12 January 1898 
8 Hayashi Yūzō Ōkuma 30 June 1898 
9 Yoshikawa Akimasa 2nd Yamagata8 November 1898 
10 Hoshi Tōru 4th Itō19 October 1900 
11 Hara Takashi 4th Itō22 December 1900 
12Yoshikawa Akimasa1st Katsura 2 June 1901 
13 Sone Arasuke 1st Katsura17 July 1903concurrently Finance Minister
14 Ōura Kanetake 1st Katsura12 September 1903 
15 Yamagata Isaburō 1st Saionji 7 July 1906 
16Hara Takashi1st Saionji14 January 1908concurrently Home Minister
17 Hotta Masayasu 1st Saionji25 March 1908 
18 Gotō Shinpei 2nd Katsura14 July 1908 
19 Hayashi Tadasu 2nd Katsura30 August 1911concurrently Home Minister
20Gotō Shinpei3rd Katsura21 December 1912 
21 Motoda Hajime 1st Yamamoto 20 February 1913 
22 Taketomi Tokitoshi 2nd Ōkuma 16 April 1914 
23 Minoura Katsundo 2nd Ōkuma10 August 1915 
24 Den Kenjirō Terauchi 9 October 1916 
25 Noda Utarō Hara, Takahashi 29 September 1918 
26 Maeda Toshisada Katō Tomosaburō 12 June 1922 
27 Inukai Tsuyoshi 2nd Yamamoto 2 September 1923concurrently Education Minister
28 Yoshirō Fujimura Kiyoura 7 January 1924 
29Inukai Tsuyoshi Katō Takaaki 11 June 1924 
30 Adachi Kenzō Katō Takaaki, 1st Wakatsuki 30 May 1925 
31 Mochizuki Keisuke Tanaka 20 April 1927 
32 Fusanosuke Kuhara Tanaka 23 May 1928 
33 Matajirō Koizumi Hamaguchi, 2nd Wakatsuki2 July 1929 
34 Chūzō Mitsuji Inukai 13 December 1931 
35 Hiroshi Minami Saitō 26 May 1932 
36 Tokonami Takejirō Okada 8 July 1934 
37 Keisuke Okada Okada9 September 1935concurrently Prime Minister
38Mochizuki KeisukeOkada12 September 1935 
39 Tanomogi Keikichi Hirota 9 March 1936 
40 Tatsunosuke Yamazaki Hayashi 2 February 1937concurrently Agriculture & Forestry Minister
41 Hideo Kodama Hayashi10 February 1937 
42 Ryūtarō Nagai 1st Konoe 4 June 1937 
43 Suehiko Shiono Hiranuma 5 January 1939concurrently Justice Minister
44 Harumichi Tanabe Hiranuma7 April 1939 
45Ryūtarō Nagai Abe 30 August 1939concurrently Railway Minister
46 Masanori Katsu Yonai 16 January 1940 
47 Shōzō Murata 2nd Konoe, 3rd Konoe22 July 1940 
48 Ken Terajima Tōjō 18 October 1941 
49 Yoshiaki Hatta Tōjō8 October 1943concurrently Railway Minister

Related Research Articles

Communications in Japan Overview of telecommunications in Japan

The nation of Japan currently possesses one of the most advanced communication networks in the world. For example, by 2008 the Japanese government's Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry stated that about 75 million people used mobile phones to access the Internet, said total accounting for about 82% of individual Internet users.

China Post, legally the China Post Group Corporation, is the state-owned enterprise operating the official postal service of China, which provides the service in mainland China, excluding its special administrative regions, Hong Kong and Macau, which have their own postal service independent of the mainland's. The Corporation officially shares its office with the sub-ministry-level government agency State Post Bureau which regulates the national postal industry theoretically including the corporation.

Minister for Posts and Telegraphs

The Minister for Posts and Telegraphs was the holder of a position in the Government of Ireland. From 1924 until 1984 – when it was abolished – the minister headed the Department of Posts and Telegraphs.

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications is a cabinet-level ministry in the Government of Japan. Its English name was Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and Telecommunications (MPHPT) prior to 2004. It is housed in the 2nd Building of the Central Common Government Office at 2-1-2 Kasumigaseki in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.

Home Ministry Japanese government ministry (1873–1947)

The Home Ministry was a Cabinet-level ministry established under the Meiji Constitution that managed the internal affairs of Empire of Japan from 1873 to 1947. Its duties included local administration, police, public works and elections, and monitoring people. This Ministry changed its name to Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications after Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers restoration in 1945.

Ministry of Transport of the Peoples Republic of China Peoples Republic of China government ministry overseeing air and land travel

The Ministry of Transportof the People’s Republic of China is an agency responsible for railway, road, air and water transportation regulations in Mainland China. It is a constituent department of the State Council.

Reichspostministerium

The Reichspostministerium (RPM) in Berlin was the Ministry in charge of the Mail and the Telecommunications of the German Weimar Republic from 1919 until 1933 as well as of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.

Ministry of Communications (Pakistan) Pakistani government agency responsible for policy on communications and transportation

The Ministry of Communications, is a Cabinet-level ministry of the Pakistani Government responsible for analysing, formulating and implementing central policy on communications and transportation. It is the one of the oldest ministries, created August 14, 1947. The Ministry of Communications has jurisdiction over telegraph and telephone communications as well as public radio, technical means of radio and television broadcasting and the distribution of periodicals. The Ministry and its political executive, the Communications Minister, are headquartered in the Cabinet Secretariat, Islamabad Capital Venue. The Communications Minister is a public appointee who must be a member of Parliament. As of 17 December 2018, the Communications Minister is Murad Saeed.

Ministry of Transportation and Communications (Taiwan)

The Ministry of Transportation and Communications is a cabinet-level governmental body of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in charge of all policy and regulation of transportation and communications networks and administration of all transportation and communications operations and enterprises in Taiwan.

The Icelandic Ministry of Communications was a cabinet-level ministry responsible for transport by land, sea and air, as well as telecommunications and postal services. Since September 2010, the minister had been Ögmundur Jónasson of the Left-Green Movement. Various organisational changes has taken effect in the Ministry of Transport, Communications and Municipal Affairs. A number of projects have been transferred to the Ministry, which has expanded its staff by 8 employees to a total of 36.

The Ministry of Communications was set up in 1924 as a government ministry of the Kingdom of Italy, dealing with postal, telephone, telegraph and electronic communications, journalistic information and commercial advertising. Since the Berlusconi IV Cabinet of 2008 it has been incorporated into the Ministry of Economic Development.

General Post Office

The General Post Office (GPO) was the state postal system and telecommunications carrier of the United Kingdom until 1969. Before the Acts of Union 1707, it was the postal system of the Kingdom of England, established by Charles II in 1660. Similar General Post Offices were established across the British Empire. In 1969 the GPO was abolished and the assets transferred to The Post Office, changing it from a Department of State to a statutory corporation. In 1980, the telecommunications and postal sides were split prior to British Telecommunications' conversion into a totally separate publicly owned corporation the following year as a result of the British Telecommunications Act 1981. For the more recent history of the postal system in the United Kingdom, see the articles Royal Mail and Post Office Ltd.

Egypt Post Governmental agency responsible for postal service in Egypt

Egypt Post is the governmental agency responsible for postal service in Egypt. Established in 1865, it is one of the oldest governmental institutions in the country.

Ministry of Information and Communications Technology of Iran

The Ministry of Information and Communications Technology, or Ministry of ICT established in 1908, is responsible for postal services, telephones and information technology in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Ministry of Transport, Communications and High Technologies (Azerbaijan)

The Ministry of Transport, Communications and High Technologies is an Azerbaijani governmental agency within the Cabinet of Azerbaijan in charge of regulation of the communications sector and development of information technologies in the country. On the 12 November 2015, the head of the ministry, Ali Abbasov has been dismissed from his post.

Federal Ministry for Climate Action, Environment, Energy, Mobility, Innovation and Technology

In Austrian politics, the Federal Ministry for Climate Action, Environment, Energy, Mobility, Innovation and Technology is the ministry in charge of railways, transport policy, environment and the energy sector.

Nakahashi Tokugorō

Nakahashi Tokugorō was a businessman, politician and cabinet minister in Taishō and early Shōwa period Japan. After serving as president of Osaka Shōsen Shipping Company, he entered politics and later served as a cabinet minister.

Ministry of Communications (India)

Ministry of Communications is a union ministerial agency under the Government of India responsible for telecommunications and postal service. It was carved out of Ministry of Communications and Information Technology on 19 July 2016. It consists of two departments viz. Department of Telecommunications and the Department of Posts.

Ministry of Transport and Communications (Myanmar)

Ministry of Transport and Communications is the government agency of Myanmar. The ministry is currently led by the Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Navy, Tin Aung San. Under the state of emergency immediately after the 2021 coup, he was appointed by the State Administration Council on 3 February 2021. In this regard, the Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw claims that the military regime’s cabinet is illegitimate.

References