Ministry of Culture (France)

Last updated

Minister of Culture
Ministre de la Culture
Roselyne Bachelot - Narquin.jpg
Incumbent
Roselyne Bachelot

since 6 July 2020
Member of Council of Ministers
Reports to President of the Republic
and to Parliament
Residence Palais-Royal
Seat Paris, France
Appointer President of the Republic
Term length No fixed term
Remains in office while commanding the confidence of the National Assembly and the President of the Republic
Constituting instrument Constitution of 4 October 1958
Formation8 January 1959
First holder André Malraux
Salary€9,940 per month
Website www.culture.gouv.fr

The Ministry of Culture (French : Ministère de la Culture) is the ministry of the Government of France in charge of national museums and the monuments historiques . Its goal is to maintain the French identity through the promotion and protection of the arts (visual, plastic, theatrical, musical, dance, architectural, literary, televisual and cinematographic) on national soil and abroad. Its budget is mainly dedicated to the management of the Archives Nationales (six national sites and hundred decentralised storage facilities) and the regional Maisons de la culture (culture centres).

Contents

Its main office is in the Palais-Royal in the 1st arrondissement of Paris on the Rue de Valois. [1] [2] It is headed by the Minister of Culture, a cabinet member. The current officeholder has been Roselyne Bachelot since July 6, 2020.

History

The Palais-Royal in Paris houses the ministry's head office as well as the Constitutional Council Palais Royal @ Paris (34375405432).jpg
The Palais-Royal in Paris houses the ministry's head office as well as the Constitutional Council

Deriving from the Italian and Burgundian courts of the Renaissance, the notion that the state had a key role to play in the sponsoring of artistic production and that the arts were linked to national prestige was found in France from at least the 16th century on. During the pre-revolutionary period, these ideas are apparent in such things as the creation of the Académie française, the Académie de peinture et de sculpture and other state-sponsored institutions of artistic production, and through the cultural policies of Louis XIV's minister Jean-Baptiste Colbert.

The modern post of Minister of Culture was created by Charles de Gaulle in 1959 and the first officeholders was the writer André Malraux. Malraux was responsible for realising the goals of the droit à la culture ("right to culture"), an idea which had been incorporated in the Constitution of France and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), by democratising access to culture, while also achieving the Gaullist aim of elevating the "grandeur" ("greatness") of post-war France. To this end, he created numerous regional cultural centres throughout France and actively sponsored the arts. Malraux's artistic tastes included the modern arts and the avant-garde, but on the whole he remained conservative.

One of France's six National Archives sites operated by the Ministry of Culture, in Pierrefitte-sur-Seine Archives nationales Pierrefitte 1.jpg
One of France's six National Archives sites operated by the Ministry of Culture, in Pierrefitte-sur-Seine

Under President François Mitterrand the Minister of Culture was Jack Lang who showed himself to be far more open to popular cultural production, including jazz, rock and roll, rap music, graffiti, cartoons, comic books, fashion and food. His famous phrase "économie et culture, même combat" ("economy and culture: it's the same fight") is representative of his commitment to cultural democracy and to active national sponsorship and participation in cultural production. In addition to the creation of the Fête de la Musique and overseeing the French Revolution bicentennial (1989), he was in charge of the massive architectural program of the François Mitterrand years (the so-called Grands travaux or "Great Works") that gave permission for the building of the Bibliothèque nationale, the new Louvre, the Arab World Institute, the Musée d'Orsay, the Opéra-Bastille, the "Grande Arche" of La Défense (the Parisian business quarter), the new seat of the French Ministry for the Economy and Finance, the Jean-Marie Tjibaou Cultural Centre, and the Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie and Cité de la Musique, both in the Parc de la Villette.

The Ministry of Jacques Toubon was notable for a number of laws (the "Toubon Laws") enacted for the preservation of the French language, both in advertisements (all ads must include a French translation of foreign words) and on the radio (35% of songs on French radio stations must be in French), ostensibly in reaction to the presence of English.

Ministers of Culture

The following people were appointed as Minister of Culture of France:

Names of the Ministry of Culture

Since the French constitution does not identify specific ministers (merely speaking of "the minister in charge of" this or that), each government may label each ministry as they wish, or even have a broader ministry in charge of several governmental sectors. Hence, the ministry has gone through a number of different names:

Organisation

Central administration

The Ministry of Culture is made up of a variety of internal divisions, including:

The Ministry has access to one inter-ministerial division:

The Ministry also runs three "delegations" (administrative boards):

Finally, the Ministry shares in the management of the National Centre of Cinema (Centre national de la cinématographie), a public institution. [3]

The Alliance française is run by the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs. [4]

Other services

On the national level, the Ministry also runs:

Cultural activities

The Ministry of Culture is responsible for, or a major sponsor of, a number of annual cultural activities, including the Fête de la Musique , the Maison de la culture de Grenoble, the Festival d'Avignon , the Public Establishment of the Palace, Museum and National Estate of Versailles, the Joconde (online database of objects in French museums), the Base Mérimée (database of listed heritage monuments), and the Maître d'art program.

Further reading

Related Research Articles

Cruas Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Cruas is a commune near the river Rhône in the Ardèche department in southern France.

Châteauroux Prefecture and commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Châteauroux is the capital city of the French department of Indre, central France and the second-largest town in the province of Berry, after Bourges. Its residents are called Castelroussins.

Jumièges Commune in Normandy, France

Jumièges or ‘’’Baëmintenash/ Bohemontenash’’’ is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in north-western France.

<i>Monument historique</i>

Monument historique is a designation given to some national heritage sites in France. It may also refer to the state procedure in France by which National Heritage protection is extended to a building, a specific part of a building, a collection of buildings, garden, bridge, or other structure, because of their importance to France's architectural and historical cultural heritage. Both public and privately owned structures may be listed in this way, as well as movable objects. As of 2012 there were 44,236 monuments listed.

Ars-en-Ré Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Ars-en-Ré is a commune on the Île de Ré in the western French department of Charente-Maritime, in Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Chamigny Commune in Île-de-France, France

Chamigny is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

Vendres Commune in Occitanie, France

Vendres is a commune in the Hérault department in the Occitanie region in southern France.

Bengy-sur-Craon Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Bengy-sur-Craon is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.

Sargé-sur-Braye Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Sargé-sur-Braye is a commune in the Loir-et-Cher department in central France.

Gamaches Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Gamaches is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

Louvres Commune in Île-de-France, France

Louvres is a commune in the Val-d'Oise department in Île-de-France in northern France.

Hôtel Terminus

The Hôtel Mercure Lyon Centre Château Perrache, originally Hôtel Terminus, then Pullman Perrache, then Château Perrache, is a hotel of the AccorHotels group built in 1906. It is located on cours de Verdun in the 2nd arrondissement of Lyon. The hotel was used as the headquarters for the gestapo in Lyon during the Second World War. It is the eponym of the Marcel Ophüls film Hôtel Terminus: The Life and Times of Klaus Barbie about the gestapo in Lyon.

Hôtel de Sully

The Hôtel de Sully is a Louis XIII style hôtel particulier, or private mansion, located at 62 rue Saint-Antoine in the Marais, IV arrondissement, Paris. Built at the beginning of the 17th century, it is nowadays the seat of the Centre des monuments nationaux, the French national organization responsible for national heritage sites. It has been listed since 1862 as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

Charles Desvergnes French sculptor

Charles Desvergnes (1860–1928) was a French sculptor.

Direction régionale des affaires culturelles

The Direction régionale des Affaires culturelles is a service of the French Minister of Culture in each region of France. Created by André Malraux, minister of Culture, on February 23, 1963, they are in charge of historical buildings, museums, cinema, theatre, art.

Philippe Poirrier, born in 1963, is a French historian, specialist in French contemporary cultural history.

Loïc Vadelorge, born 26 November 1964, graduate from École Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines, is a French historian, teacher of contemporary history at the Paris 13 University, after having been Senior Lecturer at the Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines University from 1998 to 2009 and at the University of Rouen from 1992 to 1994.

Ferdinand Dutert French architect

Charles Louis Ferdinand Dutert was a French architect.

Place de la République, Strasbourg

Place de la République is one of the main squares of the city of Strasbourg, France. It is surrounded on three sides by five buildings only, of which none is residential: the Palais du Rhin, the National and University Library, the Théâtre national de Strasbourg, the Préfecture of Grand Est and Bas-Rhin, and the tax center Hôtel des impôts. All of these buildings are classified as monuments historiques. The fourth side of the square is devoid of buildings.

References

  1. "Accueil". Ministère de la Culture (in French). Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2016. Nous contacter: 3, rue de Valois, 75001 Paris
  2. Base Mérimée : Domaine national du Palais-Royal (ancien Palais Cardinal), comprenant Conseil d'Etat, Conseil Constitutionnel, Ministère de la Culture, théâtre de la Comédie Française , Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  3. Go to their link here.
  4. Ministry of Culture
  5. "Missions". Centre national de la danse. Retrieved 18 November 2018.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Ministère de la Culture (France) at Wikimedia Commons