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Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Iraq is a cabinet ministry of Iraq, responsible for conducting foreign relations of the country.
The Council of Ministers is the executive branch of the government of Iraq.
Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, and largest city, is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Kurds, Assyrians, Turkmen, Shabakis, Yazidis, Armenians, Mandeans, Circassians and Kawliya. Around 95% of the country's 37 million citizens are Muslims, with Christianity, Yarsan, Yezidism and Mandeanism also present. The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.
Since 1980, the foreign relations of Iraq were influenced by a number of controversial decisions by the Saddam Hussein administration. Hussein had good relations with the Soviet Union and a number of western countries such as France and Germany, who provided him with advanced weapons systems. He also developed a tenuous relation with the United States, who supported him during the Iran–Iraq War. However, the Invasion of Kuwait that triggered the Gulf War brutally changed Iraq's relations with the Arab World and the West. Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Syria and others were among the countries that supported Kuwait in the UN coalition. After the Hussein administration was toppled by the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the governments that succeeded it have now tried to establish relations with various nations.
The following is a list of foreign ministers of Iraq since 1924:
A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.
Nuri Pasha al-Said was an Iraqi politician during the British Mandate of Iraq and the Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq. He held various key cabinet positions and served fourteen terms as Prime Minister of Iraq.
Tawfiq al-Suwaidi was an Iraqi politician who served as 5th Prime Minister of Iraq on three occasions stretching from 1929 to 1950.
Ali Jawdat al-Ayoubi was 11th Prime Minister of Iraq 1934–1935, 1949–1950, 1957.
Abdul Jabbar Jomard was Iraqi Foreign Minister from 1958 to 1959.
Hashem Jawad was Iraqi Foreign Minister from 1959 to 1963..
Salih Mahdi Ammash (1924–1985) was a historian, writer, author, poet and Iraqi Regional Branch politician and Iraqi army officer who sat on the Regional Command from 1963 to 1971.
Rashid Muhammad-Said al-Rifai,, was an Iraqi academic, Ba'athist, ambassador and minister of several establishments in Iraq.
Shathel Taqa,, an Iraqi poet, diplomat and politician. He is one of the pioneer founders of the School of Modern Arabic Poetry, which emerged in Iraq in the late 1940s and early 1950s.
Sa'dun Hammadi was briefly Prime Minister of Iraq under President Saddam Hussein from March until September 1991. He succeeded Hussein, who had previously been prime minister in addition to being president, but was forced out due to his reformist views.
Hoshyar Mahmud Mohammed Zebari, also simply known as Hoshyar Zebari is an Iraqi politician who formerly served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq in 2014 and also as the Finance Minister until 2016. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2003 until 2014.
Hussain Ibrahim Saleh al-Shahristani is an Iraqi politician who served in different cabinet posts. He is Former Iraq's Minister of Higher Education.
Ibrahim al-Eshaiker al-Jaafari is an Iraqi politician who was Prime Minister of Iraq in the Iraqi Transitional Government from 2005 to 2006, following the January 2005 election. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2014–2018.
Abdul-Wahab Mirjan served as prime minister of Iraq at the time of that country's short-lived union with Jordan, which was formalized on February 14, 1958. A relative newcomer to the Iraqi government, Mirjan first joined the cabinet in 1947. He resigned, less than a month after the federation was declared, in favor of Nuri as-Said. He survived the republican coup later that year and died in 1964. He was known, along with his father Abdul-Razzak Mirjan, as being compassionate to his country; Abdul-Razzak Mirjan and his cousin Abdul-Abbas Mirjan donated a number of valuable assets, such as Mirjan Hospital in Hilla province (Babylon) and a large number of houses for the poor people of Iraq.
Abdullah or Abdallah is the primary transliteration of the Arabic given name, Arabic: عبد الله, built from the Arabic words Abd and Allah. The first letter a in Al-Ilah in its native pronunciation is often unstressed and commonly transliterated by u, a stressed a is often used as well, although any vowel can also be used. It is one of many Arabic theophoric names, meaning servant of God. Gods Follower is also a meaning of this name. The feminine counterpart of this name is Amatullah.
'Abd al-Ilah of Hejaz,, was a first cousin and brother-in-law of King Ghazi of Iraq. 'Abd al-Ilah served as regent for King Faisal II from 4 April 1939 to 23 May 1953, when Faisal came of age. He also held the title of Crown Prince of Iraq from 1943.
Abd al-Aziz, frequently also transliterated Abdul Aziz, is a male Arabic Muslim given name and in modern usage, surname. It is built from the Arabic words Abd, al- and Aziz. The name is commonly abbreviated as "Aziz". The name means "servant of the Almighty", Al-Azīz being one of the names of God in the Qur'an, which give rise to the Muslim theophoric names.
Hakim or Al-Hakim are a masculine given name.
Hafiz or Hafez is an Arabic name.
Faisal II was the last King of Iraq. He reigned from 4 April 1939 until July 1958, when he was executed during the 14 July Revolution together with numerous members of his family. This regicide marked the end of the thirty-seven-year-old Hashemite monarchy in Iraq, which then became a republic.
The United Popular Front was an Iraqi political party. The party was founded in April 1951. The party's first President was the former Prime Minister Taha al-Hashimi, who was later succeeded in this position by Mohammed Ridha Al-Shabibi, who had been Vice President of the party under Hashimi. Other prominent members included Muzahim al-Pachachi, Nasrat al-Farisi, and Abdul al-Razzaq al-Dhahir.
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a cabinet minister in charge of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Jordan, responsible for conducting foreign relations of the country.
‘Alī Pāshā ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Muḥammad was a sharif of the Awn clan who served as Emir and Grand Sharif of Mecca from 1905 until he was deposed in the Young Turk Revolution of 1908.
Parliamentary elections were held in Iraq on 20 October 1930. For every twenty thousand male citizens, one Member of Parliament was elected to the Chamber of Deputies (Majlis an-Nuwwab), the dominant chamber of Parliament over the Senate. It was the third election since the establishment of the parliament.
The Senate of Iraq was the unelected upper house of the bicameral parliament established by the Kingdom of Iraq's 1925 constitution. There were around twenty Senators, appointed for eight years by the King of Iraq. The Senate remained in existence until the 1958 revolution.
The Constitutional Union Party is an Iraqi political party that was founded by Nuri Al-Said in 1949. The party included politicians from different ethnicities and religions, it was based in Baghdad with its headquarter located at Al-Rasheed street. The party held it first conference in 23 December 1949, the conference elected members for the party's Higher Commission, and Al-Said as a Chairman.
Parliamentary elections were held in Iraq on 29 April 1939.