Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ukraine)

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Міністерство закордонних справ)
MFA UA Full.svg
Ministerial logo
Agency overview
Preceding agency
JurisdictionFlag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Headquarters1, Mykhailivska Sq, Kiev [1]
Employees2,000+ [2]
Agency executive
Parent agency Cabinet of Ministers
Website Official website
Ministry headquarters (part of a government complex) on territory of former St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery MFA, Kiev-2.jpg
Ministry headquarters (part of a government complex) on territory of former St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery
Ministry main building in historical part of Kiev Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine.JPG
Ministry main building in historical part of Kiev
Alternative logo (Ukrainian version, abbreviation MZS) Logo of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with abbreviation in Ukrainian.svg
Alternative logo (Ukrainian version, abbreviation MZS)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine (Ukrainian : Міністерство закордонних справ України) is the Ukrainian government authority that oversees the foreign relations of Ukraine.

Ukrainian language language member of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic languages

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language. It is the official state language of Ukraine and one of the three official languages in the unrecognized state of Transnistria, the other two being Romanian and Russian. Written Ukrainian uses a variant of the Cyrillic script.

Government of Ukraine The executive of Ukraine, consisting of the prime minister and cabinet ministers.

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, commonly referred to as the Government of Ukraine, is the highest body of state executive power in Ukraine. As Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, it was formed on 18 April 1991 by the Law of Ukrainian SSR No.980-XII. Vitold Fokin was approved the first Prime Minister of Ukraine.

A ministry is a governmental organisation, headed by a minister, that is meant to manage a specific sector of public administration. Governments may have differing numbers and types of ministries, but the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary notes that all states have a Ministry of Interior, a Ministry of Foreign Affairs, a Ministry of Defense, a Ministry of Justice and a Ministry of Finance. A Ministry of Education or similar is also commonly present.

Contents

Historical overlook

Originally the Ministry was established as the General Secretariat of Nationalities as part of the General Secretariat of Ukraine and was headed by the federalist Serhiy Yefremov. Due to the Soviet intervention the office was reformed into a ministry on December 22, 1917. About the same time another government was formed, the Soviet, that proclaimed the Ukrainian government to be counter-revolutionary. The Ukrainian Soviet government also reorganized its office on March 1, 1918. In 1923 the office was liquidated by the government of Soviet Union and reinstated in 1944, twenty years later. The first Soviet representatives were not much of a notice until the appointment of the Bulgarian native Christian Rakovsky in 1919.

General Secretariat of Ukraine

The General Secretariat of Ukraine was the autonomous Ukrainian executive government of the Russian Republic from June 28, 1917 to January 22, 1918. For most of its existence it was headed by Volodymyr Vynnychenko.

Serhiy Yefremov Ukrainian literary journalist, historian, critic, political activist, statesman, and academician

Serhiy Yefremov was a Ukrainian literary journalist, historian, critic, political activist, statesman, and academician. He was a member of the Ukrainian Academy of Science (1919) and Shevchenko Scientific Society in Lviv. Yefremov is his literary pseudonym, his real name is Okhrimenko.

Christian Rakovsky Soviet diplomat

Christian Rakovsky was a Bulgarian socialist revolutionary, a Bolshevik politician and Soviet diplomat; he was also noted as a journalist, physician, and essayist. Rakovsky's political career took him throughout the Balkans and into France and Imperial Russia; for part of his life, he was also a Romanian citizen.

General overview

The ministry is located in Ukraine's capital Kiev in the city's historic uppertown district, located in close proximity to the recently rebuilt St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery. The building of the ministry is also located on the Mykhailiv Square, named for the monastery and next to the park Volodymyrska Hill.

St. Michaels Golden-Domed Monastery Monastery in Kiev, Ukraine

St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery is a functioning monastery in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. The monastery is located on the right bank of the Dnieper River on the edge of a bluff northeast of the Saint Sophia Cathedral. The site is located in the historic administrative Uppertown and overlooks the city's historical commercial and merchant quarter, the Podil neighbourhood.

The nomination of the Foreign Minister is done by the President of Ukraine, unlike most nominations of Cabinet Minister which are done by the Prime Minister of Ukraine. All minister nominations have to be approved by the Ukrainian Parliament. [6] Vadym Prystaiko [4] is the current Minister.

President of Ukraine Ukrainian head of state

The President of Ukraine is the Ukrainian head of state. The president represents the nation in international relations, administers the foreign political activity of the state, conducts negotiations and concludes international treaties. The president is directly elected by the citizens of Ukraine for a five-year term of office, limited to two terms consecutively.

Prime Minister of Ukraine position

The Prime Minister of Ukraine is Ukraine's head of government, presiding over the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, which is the highest body of the executive branch of the Ukrainian government. The position replaced the Soviet post of the Chairman of Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, which was established on March 25, 1946.

Vadym Prystaiko Foreign Minister of Ukraine

Vadym Volodymyrovych Prystaiko is the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine since August 29, 2019. He had been the Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine between 2014 and 2019, the Ukrainian ambassador to Canada between 2012 and 2014 and the head of the Mission of Ukraine to NATO. In May of 2019 President Volodymyr Zelensky appointed Prystaiko the Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration.

Office of National Commission of Ukraine For UNESCO

Ukraine has been a member of UNESCO since May 12, 1954. [7] From December 1962 Ukraine had established its permanent representation in the organization currently served by the Ambassador of Ukraine to France. The National Commission of Ukraine for UNESCO was created as part of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs by the Presidential decree #212/1996 on March 26, 1996. The Chair of the National Commission of Ukraine for UNESCO is Sergiy Kyslytsya. [8]

The permanent representative of Ukraine to UNESCO is the Ambassador to France Kostyantyn Volodymyrovych Tymoshenko. [9]

Ukraine has 14 academic departments cooperating with UNESCO [10] as well as 63 schools associated with the organization. [11]

List of Ministers

Officials before 1924

General Secretary of Nationalities (June 28 - December 22, 1917)
People's Secretary of Nationalities (December 14, 1917 - March 1, 1918)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (December 22, 1917 - May 1920)
People's Secretaries of Foreign Affairs (March 1, 1918 - July 1923)
State Secretaries of Foreign Affairs of Western Ukraine (November 1918 - February 1923)

Officials after World War II

People's Commissars of Foreign Affairs
Ministers of Foreign Affairs
Ministers of Foreign Affairs (post-Soviet)
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry with Ukrainian Foreign Minister Andrii Deshchytsia before the two joined with Russian and European Union officials about Ukraine in Geneva, Switzerland, on April 17, 2014. Secretary Kerry Chats With Ukrainian Foreign Minister Deshchytsia Before Meeting With Russians.jpg
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry with Ukrainian Foreign Minister Andrii Deshchytsia before the two joined with Russian and European Union officials about Ukraine in Geneva, Switzerland, on April 17, 2014.

See also

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References

  1. "Official website of the Ministry. Contact Us (section)". 2017.
  2. "History of the MFA". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2008-11-12. Retrieved 2008-08-10.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. "Official website of the Ministry. Structure". 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 Parliament appoints Klimkin as Ukrainian foreign minister Interfax-Ukraine (19 June 2014)
  5. Rada supports coalition-proposed government lineup Interfax-Ukraine (2 December 2014)
    Rada approves new Cabinet with three foreigners Kyiv Post (2 December 2014)
    (in Ukrainian) Rada voted the new Cabinet Ukrayinska Pravda (2 December 2014)
  6. Rada appoints Poroshenko Ukraine's foreign minister, Kyiv Post (October 9, 2009)
  7. Співпраця України та ЮНЕСКО Archived 2011-07-05 at the Wayback Machine
  8. "Sergiy Kyslytsya - Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine - MFA of Ukraine". mfa.gov.ua. Retrieved 2016-06-25.
  9. Постійне Представництво України при ЮНЕСКО Archived 2011-07-05 at the Wayback Machine
  10. List of departments associated with UNESCO Archived 2012-10-08 at the Wayback Machine
  11. List of schools associated with UNESCO Archived 2012-10-08 at the Wayback Machine
  12. Yanukovych appoints new Cabinet of Ministers, Kyiv Post (24 December 2012)