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|Formed||15 August 1947|
|Jurisdiction||Republic of India|
|Headquarters||Ministry of Home Affairs|
North Block, Cabinet Secretariat, Raisina Hill, New Delhi
|Annual budget||₹ 167,250 crore (US$22 billion) (2020-21 est.)|
|Deputy Ministers responsible|
The Ministry of Home Affairs (IAST: Gṛha Maṃtrālaya), or simply the Home Ministry, is a ministry of the Government of India. As an interior ministry of India, it is mainly responsible for the maintenance of internal security and domestic policy. The Home Ministry is headed by Union Minister of Home Affairs Amit Shah.
The Home Ministry is also the cadre controlling authority for the Indian Police Service (IPS), DANIPS and DANICS. Police-I Division of the ministry is the cadre controlling authority in respect of the Indian Police Service; whereas, the UT Division is the administrative division for DANIPS.
The Home Secretary is generally a senior Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer. MHA headquarters in addition to post of Home Secretary has, on account of up-gradations since 2008, four more officers with the equivalent rank of secretary/special secretary, including one officer from the Indian Police Service.
The current Home Secretary is Ajay Kumar Bhalla.
|Ajay Kumar Bhalla, IAS||Home Secretary|
|Rina Mitra, IPS||Special Secretary (Internal Security)|
|Major RP Patra||Joint Home Secretary (Administrative)|
|Rajesh Patra||Official Signatory for Joint Home Secretary (Administrative)|
|Bipin Bihari Mallick, IAS||Additional Secretary (Disaster Management)|
|B.R. Sharma, IAS||Additional Secretary (Border Management)|
|Ravindra Panwa, IAS||Additional Secretary and Financial Adviser|
|Jaideep Govind, IAS||Additional Secretary (Left Wing Extremism)|
|Praveen Kumar Srivastava, IAS||Additional Secretary (Union Territories)|
|V.K. Choubey, ICAS||Principal Chief Controller of Accounts|
|Satpal Chouhan, IES||Senior Economic Adviser|
Chiefs of CAPFs, NIA and IB report directly to the Home Minister. DGs of CAPFs may also report to Special Secretary (Internal Security) and Special Secretary/Additional Secretary (Border Management).
|Arvind Kumar, IPS||Director of the Intelligence Bureau|
|Mr. Kuldeep Singh, IPS||Director General, Central Reserve Police Force|
|Mr. Pankaj Kumar Singh, IPS||Director General, Border Security Force|
|Mr. Sheel Vardhan Singh, IPS||Director General, Central Industrial Security Force|
|Mr. Kumar Rajesh Chandra, IPS||Director General, Sashastra Seema Bal|
|Mr.Sanjay Arora IPS||Director General, Indo-Tibetan Border Police|
|Mr. M.A. Ganapathy, IPS||Director General, National Security Guard|
|Mr.Kuldiep Singh, IPS||Director General, National Investigation Agency|
|1.||Andhra Pradesh||Mekathoti Sucharitha||YSRCP|
|2.||Arunachal Pradesh||Bamang Felix||BJP|
|3.||Assam||Himanta Biswa Sarma||BJP|
|6.||Delhi||Satyendra Kumar Jain||AAP|
|10.||Himachal Pradesh||Jai Ram Thakur||BJP|
|14.||Madhya Pradesh||Dr. Narottam Mishra||BJP|
|16.||Manipur||N. Biren Singh||BJP|
|22.||Punjab||Sukhjinder Singh Randhawa||INC|
|24.||Sikkim||Prem Singh Tamang||SKM|
|25.||Tamil Nadu||M. K. Stalin||DMK|
|26.||Telangana||Mohd Mahamood Ali||TRS|
|27.||Tripura||Biplab Kumar Deb||BJP|
|28.||Uttar Pradesh||Yogi Adityanath||BJP|
|29.||West Bengal||Mamata Banerjee||AITC|
The Ministry of Home Affairs extends manpower and financial support, guidance and expertise to the State Governments for the maintenance of security, peace and harmony without trampling upon the constitutional rights of the States.
The Ministry of Home Affairs has the following constituent Departments:
Department of Border Management, dealing with management of borders, including coastal borders.
Department of Internal Security, dealing with police, law and order and rehabilitation.
Department of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh Affairs, dealing with the constitutional provisions in respect of the Union Territories Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh and all other matters relating to the UTs excluding those with which the Ministry of External Affairs is concerned.
Dealing with the notification of assumption of office by the President and Vice-president, notification of appointment of the Prime Minister and other Ministers, etc.
Dealing with the implementation of the provisions of the Constitution relating to official languages and the provisions of the Official Languages Act, 1963. Department of Official Language was set up in June 1975 as an independent Department of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Dealing with centre-state relations, inter-state relations, union territories and freedom fighters' pension.
These are organisational divisions of the ministry itself, without the splitting into specialised departments.
Handling all administrative and vigilance matters, allocation of work among various Divisions of the ministry and monitoring of compliance of furnishing information under the Right to Information Act, 2005, matters relating to the Order of Precedence, Padma Awards, Gallantry Awards, Jeevan Raksha Padak Awards, National Flag, National Anthem, State Emblem of India and Secretariat Security Organisation.
Matters relating to coordination by administrative, diplomatic, security, intelligence, legal, regulatory and economic agencies of the country for the management of international borders, the creation of infrastructure like roads/fencing and floodlighting of borders, border areas development programme pilot project on Multi-purpose National Identity Card and Coastal Security.
The division deals with Centre-State relations, including working of the constitutional provisions governing such relations, appointment of governors, creation of new states, nominations to Rajya Sabha/Lok Sabha, Inter-State boundary disputes, over-seeing the crime situation in States, imposition of President's Rule and work relating to Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS) etc.
Intra-Ministry coordination work, parliamentary matters, public grievances (PGs), publication of annual report of the ministry, record retention schedule, annual action plan of the ministry, custody of classified and unclassified records of the ministry, internal work study, furnishing of various reports of scheduled castes/scheduled tribes and persons with disabilities, etc..
Responsible for the response, relief and preparedness for natural calamities and man-made disasters (except drought and epidemics). The division is also responsible for legislation, policy, capacity building, prevention, mitigation and long-term rehabilitation.
The division is responsible for formulating, operating and controlling the budget of the ministry under the Integrated Finance Scheme.
The division deals with all matters relating to visa, immigration, citizenship, overseas citizenship of India, acceptance of foreign contribution and hospitality.
The division frames and implements the Freedom Fighters' Pension Scheme and the schemes for rehabilitation of migrants from former West Pakistan/East Pakistan and provision of relief to Sri Lankan and Tibetan refugees. It also handles work relating to Enemy Properties and residual work relating to Evacuee Properties.
The division deals with matters relating to the Protection of Human Rights Act and also matters relating to national integration and communal harmony.
Internal security and law and order, including anti-national and subversive activities of various groups/extremist organisations, policy and operational issues on terrorism, security clearances, monitoring of ISI activities and Home Secretary-level talks with Pakistan on terrorism and drug trafficking as a part of the composite dialogue process.
Recently launched cyber coordination centre (CYCORD) https://cycord.gov.in meant for providing assistance to LEAs in all the matter of cyber-crime, cyber-espionage and cyber-terrorism works under this division.
Division deals with arms and explosive; letters of request for mutual legal assistance in criminal matters; National Security Act, 1980 and representations thereunder; administration of Narcotics Control Bureau; providing central assistance to victims of terrorist, communal and naxal violence; matters relating to breach of privilege of MPs, etc.
Legislative aspects of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) and also the Commission of Inquiry Act. It also handles matters relating to state legislations, which require the assent of the President under the Constitution, political pension to erstwhile rulers before independence, mercy petitions under Article 72 of the Constitution.
Countering of left-wing Naxalite-Maoist extremism in India.
The division deals with the internal security and law and order situation in the northeastern states, including matters relating to insurgency and talks with various extremist groups operating in that region.
Division functions as the cadre controlling authority in respect of Indian Police Service (IPS) and also deals with the award of Presidents' police Medals for Meritorious/ Distinguished service and Gallantry, etc.
This Division deals with the policy, personnel, operational (including deployment) and financial matters relating to all the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs). It also deals with the matters relating to welfare of the serving and retired CAPF personnel and the deployments in UN peacekeeping missions.
The division handles all items of work relating to modernisation of State Police Forces, provisioning/procurement of various items for modernisation of Central Police Forces, police reforms and police mission.
The division deals with matters relating to policy formulation in respect of internal security issues, international co-operation on counter-terrorism, international covenants, bilateral assistance treaties and related items of work.
The division deals with all legislative and constitutional matters relating to Union territories, including National Capital Territory of Delhi. It also functions as the cadre controlling authority of the Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram-Union Territories (AGMUT) cadre of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), the Indian Forest Service (IFS/IFoS), and the Indian Police Service (IPS) as also Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service (DANICS)/Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service (DANIPS). Besides, it is responsible for overseeing the crime and law and order situation in UTs.
===Central Armed Police Forces
Regional/Field Offices (Central Government)
An interior ministry is a government ministry responsible for internal affairs, particularly public security, emergency management, civil registration and identification, supervision of regional and local governments, conduct of elections, public administration and immigration matters. Such a ministry is often headed by a minister of the interior, a minister of internal affairs or a minister of home affairs.
The Border Security Force (BSF) is India's border guarding organisation on its border with Pakistan and Bangladesh. It is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces of India, and was raised in the wake of the 1965 War on 1 December 1965, "for ensuring the security of the borders of India and for matters connected there with".
The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) is India's largest Central Armed Police Force. It functions under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) of the Government of India. The CRPF's primary role lies in assisting the State/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and counter insurgency. It came into existence as the Crown Representative's Police on 27 July 1939. After Indian Independence, it became the Central Reserve Police Force on enactment of the CRPF Act on 28 December 1949.
The Indian Police Service (IPS), is a civil service under the All India Services. It replaced the Indian Imperial Police in 1948, a year after India became independent from the British Raj.
The Intelligence Bureau (IB) is India's domestic internal security and counter-intelligence agency under Ministry of Home Affairs. It was founded in 1887 as Central Special Branch and is reputed to be the oldest such organization in the world. Until 1968 it handled both domestic and foreign intelligence after which Research and Analysis Wing was formed specifically for foreign intelligence following that IB was primarily assigned the role of domestic intelligence and internal security. Arvind Kumar, the current director of the IB, took over from Rajiv Jain on 26 June 2019.
Indian law is enforced by a number of agencies. Like many federal nations, the constitution of India delegates the maintenance of law and order primarily to the states and territories.
The National Security Guard (NSG) is an elite counter-terrorism unit under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was founded on 16 October 1984 under the National Security Guard Act, 1986, following Operation Blue Star, the Golden Temple attack and the assassination of Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, "for combating terrorist activities and protect states against internal disturbances."
The Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) is one of the Central Armed Police Forces in India. CISF is a unique organisation in the paramilitary forces of India, which works to provide security cover to over 300 industrial units, government infrastructure projects and facilities and establishments located all over India. Industrial sectors like atomic power plants, space installations, mines, oil fields and refineries, major ports, heavy engineering, steel plants, barrages, fertiliser units, airports and hydroelectric/thermal power plants owned and controlled by Central Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs), and currency note presses
The All India Services (AIS) comprises three civil services: the Indian Administrative Service, the Indian Police Service and the Indian Forest Service. A unique feature of the All India Services is that the members of these services are recruited by the centre, but their services are placed under various State cadres, and they have the liability to serve both under the State and under the centre. Due to the federal polity of the country, this is considered one of the tools that makes union government stronger than state governments. Officers of these three services comply to the All India Services Rules relating to pay, conduct, leave, various allowances etc.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD) is charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the Indian armed forces. The President of India is the ceremonial commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the country. The Ministry of Defence provides policy framework and resources to the armed forces to discharge their responsibility in the context of the defence of the country. The Indian Armed Forces and Indian Coast Guard under the Ministry of Defence are primarily responsible for ensuring the territorial integrity of India.
The Ministry of Home Affairs, sometimes referred to as the Home Team, is a ministry of the Government of Singapore responsible for national security, public safety, civil defence, border control and immigration.
Gazetted officers include all the Indian Police Service officers which are Class I officers of the cadre and all State Police Services officers of and above the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police. All are arranged in a hierarchical order.
Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) is a border guarding force of India deployed along its border with Nepal and Bhutan. It is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) refers to uniform nomenclature of five Central Armed Police Forces of the India under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Their role is to defend the national interest mainly against the internal threats. They are the Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).
The acronym DANIPS stands for "Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Police Service". It is a federal civil service in India, administering National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union territories of India. It was earlier called the Union Territories Police Service. It is a civil service of the Government of India. Officers of the service are recruited directly through the Civil Services Examination and are responsible for the law & order and policing functions of the National Capital, Delhi and the Union Territories. They form a feeder cadre of the Indian Police Service.
The Ministry of Home Affairs is a ministry of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. An interior ministry, it is mainly responsible for the maintenance of internal security and domestic policy. It contains two divisions 1. Public Security Division, 2. Security Service Division It has been modelled to function as an ideal and efficient ministry of the government.
Director General (DG) is the head of the Indian National Security Guard (NSG), the federal contingency deployment force that was created to deal with terrorism in India. The DG is selected by the Home Minister (MHA). In the first thirty-one years since its creation in 1984, the NSG has had twenty-eight DGs, with an average tenure of one year and few months. All the selected DGs have been officers from the Indian Police Service (IPS).
Provincial Police Service, often abbreviated to as PPS, is the Group A state civil service for policing of Uttar Pradesh Police. It is also the feeder service for Indian Police Service in the state.
In India, the police forces of the states and union territories are responsible for law enforcement in the states and union territories.
The Central Police Canteen, officially known as the Kendriya Police Kalyan Bhandar, is a retail chain in India serving the active and retired personnel of the Central Armed Police Forces, the Central Police Organisations, and different state police forces and their families. Established on 26 September 2006 by an order of the Ministry of Home Affairs, the CPC works as an independent department under the Ministry. There are 119 master canteens and over 1,778 subsidiary canteens in the CPC system. Headed by an additional director general-rank officer, who is appointed by the Home Ministry on a rotation basis from the six CAPFs, the CPC is headquartered at Rama Krishna Puram, New Delhi. The routine affairs related to it are handled by its Chief Executive Officer, who is a deputy inspector general-rank officer.
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