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Minṭaqah (Arabic : منطقة [ˈmintˤaqah] ; plural مناطقmanāṭiq [maˈnaːtˤiq] ) is a first-level administrative division in Saudi Arabia and Chad and for a second-level administrative division in several other Arab countries. It is often translated as region or district , but the literal meaning is "region" or "area".
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Syria is located in Western Asia, north of the Arabian Peninsula, at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Lebanon and Israel to the west and southwest, Iraq to the east, and Jordan to the south. It consists of mountain ranges in the west and a steep area inland. In the east is the Syrian Desert and in the south is the Jabal al-Druze Range. The former is bisected by the Euphrates valley. A dam built in 1973 on the Euphrates created a reservoir named Lake Assad, the largest lake in Syria. The highest point in Syria is Mount Hermon on the Lebanese border. Between the humid Mediterranean coast and the arid desert regions lies a semiarid steep zone extending across three-quarters of the country, which receives hot, dry winds blowing across the desert. Syria is extensively depleted, with 28 percent of the land arable, 4 percent dedicated to permanent crops, 46 percent utilized as meadows and pastures, and only 3 percent forest and woodland.
The Northern Borders Region is the least populated region of Saudi Arabia. It is located in the north of the country, bordering Iraq and Jordan. It has an area of 111,797 km² and a population of 320,524 at the 2010 census. The region is sub-divided into three governorates: 'Ar'ar, Rafha and Turayf. Its capital is 'Ar'ar.
The Medina Region is a minṭaqah (region) of Saudi Arabia, located on the country's western side, along the Red Sea coast. It has an area of 151,990 km2 (58,680 sq mi) and a population of 2,132,679 subdivided into seven Muḥafaẓat (Governorates):
The Eastern Province is the easternmost of the 13 provinces of Saudi Arabia. It is the largest province of Saudi Arabia by area and the third most populous with a population of 4,900,325 as of 2017, after the Riyadh Province and the Makkah Province. Of these, 3,140,362 were Saudi citizens and 1,759,963 were foreign nationals The province accounts for 15.05% of the entire population of Saudi Arabia and is named for its geographical location relative to the rest of the kingdom.
The Makkah al-Mukarrammah Province, often shortened to Makkah Province and also known as the Makkah Region, is one of the 13 provinces of Saudi Arabia. It is the third largest province by area at 153,128 km2 (59,123 sq mi) and the most populous one with a population of 8,557,766 as of 2017, of which 4,041,189 were foreign nationals and 4,516,577 were Saudis. It is located in the historic Hejaz region, and has an extended coastline on the Red Sea. Its capital is Makkah, the holiest city in Islam, and its largest city is Jeddah, which is also Saudi Arabia's main port city. The province accounts for 26.29% of the population of Saudi Arabia and is named after the holy city of Makkah.
Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 administrative regions. Each region is divided into governorates and the region capital, which has the status of municipality (amanah) headed by mayors (amin). There are 118 entities combined. The governorates are further subdivided into subgovernorates.
Syria is a unitary state, but for administrative purposes, it is divided into fourteen governorates, also called provinces or counties in English. The governorates are divided into sixty districts, which are further divided into subdistricts. The nawāḥī contain villages, which are the smallest administrative units.
Oman is divided into eleven governorates (muhafazah), and has been since 28 October 2011. Each of the 11 governorates are divided into wilayat (provinces).
A muḥāfaẓah is a first-level administrative division of many Arab countries, and a second-level administrative division in Saudi Arabia. The term is usually translated to "governorate", and occasionally to "province". It comes from the Arabic root ح ف ظ ḥ-f-ẓ, which means to "keep" and "guard". The head of a muḥāfaẓah is the muḥāfiẓ.
A governorate is an administrative division of a country. It is headed by a governor. As English-speaking nations tend to call regions administered by governors either states or provinces, the term governorate is often used in translation from non-English-speaking administrations.
Mafraq is one of the governorates of Jordan, located to the north-east of Amman, capital of Jordan. It has a population of 287,300 making up 4.5% of Jordan's population. Its capital is Mafraq, which is known for its military bases.
A kaza is an administrative division historically used in the Ottoman Empire and currently used in several of its successor states. The term is from Ottoman Turkish and means "jurisdiction"; it is often translated "district", "sub-district", or "juridical district".
Aqaba is one of the governorates of Jordan, located south of Amman, capital of Jordan. Its capital is Aqaba. It is the fourth largest governorate in Jordan by area and is ranked 10th by population.
A nāḥiyah, or nahia, is a regional or local type of administrative division that usually consists of a number of villages or sometimes smaller towns. In Tajikistan, it is a second-level division while in Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, Xinjiang, and the former Ottoman Empire, where it was also called a bucak, it is a third-level or lower division. It can constitute a division of a qadaa, mintaqah or other such district-type of division and is sometimes translated as "subdistrict".
Al Qunfudhah, also known as Kunfuda, is Saudi city in the Tihamah region on the coast of the Red Sea. Its population is the fourth largest in Makkah Province, the area of the governate is estimated at 5,195 km², which occupies about 3.65% of the area of the region and is ranked ninth among the governorates of the region in terms of area. It is also one of the large sea ports of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on the Red Sea. Al Qunfudhah was founded in 1311 A.C-709 Hijri according to the ancient sources.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iraq:
The Riyadh Region is a region (mintaqah) of Saudi Arabia, also called Al-Wosta, located in the center of the country. It has an area of 404,240 km² and a population of 8,216,284 (2017), making it the second-largest province in terms of both area and population. Its capital is the city of Riyadh, which is also the national capital. More than 75% of the population of the province resides within Riyadh. According to the 2004 census, 1,728,840 of the province's population is non-Saudi, with 1,444,500 of those living within the provincial capital, Riyadh.
Saudi Arabia has many levels of administrative subdivisions: