Mirabeau, Vaucluse

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Mirabeau
Chateau Mirabeau (84).JPG
The castle above the village
Blason ville fr Mirabeau (Vaucluse).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Mirabeau
Mirabeau, Vaucluse
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Mirabeau
Provence-Alpes-Cote d'azur region location map.svg
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Mirabeau
Coordinates: 43°42′18″N5°39′24″E / 43.705°N 5.6567°E / 43.705; 5.6567 Coordinates: 43°42′18″N5°39′24″E / 43.705°N 5.6567°E / 43.705; 5.6567
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Vaucluse
Arrondissement Apt
Canton Pertuis
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Robert Tchobdrenovitch [1]
Area
1
31.66 km2 (12.22 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
1,324
  Density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
84076 /84120
Elevation214–628 m (702–2,060 ft)
(avg. 330 m or 1,080 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Mirabeau (French pronunciation:  [miʁabo] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Mirabèu) is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Contents

It has several buildings from the 13th century in the centre, including the Chapelle Sainte-Madeleine. [3]

Geography

The commune is situated at the exit of the water gap opened by the Durance (a tributary of the Rhone) in the limestone plateau that since the Middle Ages has been called the plateau of Saint-Sépulcre. The water gap of Mirabeau is used as a crossing the Durance, which for most of its length is wide and rapid.

The village is situated between the communes of Pertuis and Manosque at a place where four departments meet:Vaucluse, Bouches-du-Rhône, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Var. It is on Route Départementale 973.

Mirabeau village is in the Luberon Massif and is one of the 77 members of the parc naturel régional du Luberon.

Seismicity

The cantons of Bonnieux, Apt, Vaucluse, Cadenet, Cavaillon, and Pertuis are classified as Zone Ib (weak risk). All the other cantons in the department of Vaucluse are classified as Zone Ia (very weak risk). Seismicity in these zones only exceptionally causes the destruction of buildings. Since April 2018 the castle is closed for public visitors, due to the risk.

Land use

The following table shows how the land area is allocated for different purposes:

Type of land usePercent of total areaArea (hectares)
Urban areas1.91%60.13
Agricultural areas29.15%915.85
Natural areas68.16%2148.83
Total100%3152.62

The natural areas consist principally of the Mediterranean forests covering the Petit Luberon. The agricultural areas are mainly orchards (olive trees, almond trees), lavender fields, vineyards (Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) Côtes du Luberon).

Climate

The commune has a Mediterranean climate. Summers are hot and dry and there are sometimes storms. Winters are mild. Precipitation is infrequent and snow is rare. Protected by the Luberon Massif, the commune is partially sheltered from the mistral wind.

Name

Mirabeau (in Provençal Mirabèu) comes from mirar (to see) and bel (beautiful). In the 12th century, Mirabel or Mirabellum meant an elevated place from where you can see a long way.

History

Prehistory and antiquity

On the Saint-Sépulcre plateau the first traces of human occupation date from the La Tène culture in about 500 BCE. According to specialists, this defensive site, which has not been fully investigated, may hide other archaeological remains.

The Gallo-Roman period is represented by a pottery kiln found at a place called Le Moulin (the mill). It would have provided Gallic amphoras and dolia to the villa near the Ferme de l’Étang where mosaics have been found.

Middle Ages

The first castrum was built at the beginning of the 12th century. It was in existence when a papal bull of Pope Gelasius II in 1199 confirmed Mirabel as a possession of the abbey Saint-André de Villeneuve-lès-Avignon. Fifty years later, a bull of Pope Alexander III renewed the rights of the Benedictines of Mont Andaon over Mirabello, with obligation to serve the priory consecrated to the Beate Mariae Magdalena de Ponte Cantus Pernicis.

In 1189, the Hospitaliers du Pont de Bonpas, in order to control the passage by ferry over the Durance river in the gorge of Mirabeau built a house near the chapel dedicated to La Magdaleine. This chapel of Cante Perdrix, one of the oldest priories in Provence dedicated to La Magdaleine, became the place of worship of a guild of ferrymen on the Durance. Its façade still bears an inscription on the subject of a solar eclipse in the 13th century.

See also

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References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. Base Mérimée : Chapelle Sainte-Madeleine , Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)