Hopkins in the 1930s
Ellen Miriam Hopkins
October 18, 1902
Savannah, Georgia, U.S.
|Died||October 9, 1972 69) (aged|
New York City, U.S.
Ellen Miriam Hopkins (October 18, 1902 – October 9, 1972) was an American actress known for her versatility.She first signed with Paramount Pictures in 1930.
Her best known roles included a pickpocket in Ernst Lubitsch's romantic comedy Trouble in Paradise , bar singer Ivy in Rouben Mamoulian's Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and the titular character in the controversial drama The Story of Temple Drake . She received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress for the 1935 film Becky Sharp and a Golden Globe nomination for The Heiress . She also co-starred with Joel McCrea in five films.
Her long-running feud with actress Bette Davis was publicized for effect. Hopkins later became a pioneer of TV drama. She was considered a distinguished hostess in Hollywood, and moved in intellectual and creative circles.
Hopkins was born in Savannah, Georgia to Homer Hopkins and Ellen Cutlerand raised in Bainbridge, near the Alabama border. She had an older sister, Ruby (1900–1990). Her maternal great-grandfather, the fourth mayor of Bainbridge, had helped establish St. John's Episcopal Church in the city. Hopkins sang in the choir as a girl.
In 1909, she briefly lived in Mexico with her family. After her parents separated, Hopkins moved as a teen with her mother to Syracuse, New York to be near her paternal uncle, Thomas Cramer Hopkins, head of the geology department at Syracuse University.
Hopkins attended Goddard Seminary in Barre, Vermont (it later became Goddard College, relocated to Plainfield, Vermont) and Syracuse University in New York. [ citation needed ]After becoming estranged from her father, when she applied for a passport in 1922 to undertake a theatrical tour of South America, she listed his address as "unknown".
At age 20, Hopkins became a chorus girl in New York City; she also acted regularly on the stage throughout the 1920s, including in the 1926 stage adaptation of Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy . In 1930 she starred on Broadway in the play Ritzy by Sidney Toler. She starred on Broadway in the lead of Jezebel, a 1933 play by Owen Davis. When it was adapted as a 1938 film of the same name, Hopkins was bitterly disappointed that Bette Davis was chosen for the role she had played on stage. This began a feud between them publicized by the studios.
The same year, Hopkins signed with Paramount Pictures and made her official film debut in Fast and Loose . Her first great success was in the 1931 horror drama film Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde , where she portrayed Ivy Pearson, a prostitute who becomes entangled with Jekyll and Hyde. She received rave reviews, including one from Mordaunt Hall of the New York Times, saying she portrayed Ivy "splendidly".
Her career ascended swiftly thereafter. In 1932 she made her breakthrough in Ernst Lubitsch's Trouble in Paradise , where she proved her charm and wit as a beautiful and jealous pickpocket. During the pre-code Hollywood of the early 1930s, she appeared in The Smiling Lieutenant , The Story of Temple Drake , and Design for Living , all of which were box-office successes and critically acclaimed.Design for Living ranked as one of the top ten highest-grossing films of 1933.
Hopkins' films were considered sexually risqué at the time; created in the years before Hollywood developed a code of behavior, they featured issues later prohibited. For instance, The Story of Temple Drake depicted a rape scene and Design for Living featured a ménage à trois with Fredric March and Gary Cooper. Her successes continued during the remainder of the decade with the romantic comedy The Richest Girl in the World (1934); the historical drama Becky Sharp (1935), for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress; Barbary Coast (1935); These Three (1936) (the first of four films with director William Wyler); and The Old Maid (1939).[ citation needed ]
Hopkins was one of the first actresses approached to play the role of Ellie Andrews in It Happened One Night (1934). She rejected the part, and Claudette Colbert was cast instead.Hopkins auditioned for the role of Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind , and was the only candidate to be a native Georgian; but the part went to British actress Vivien Leigh. Both Colbert and Leigh won Oscars for their performances.
Hopkins had well-publicized fights with her arch-enemy Bette Davis. Hopkins and Davis co-starred in two films, The Old Maid (1939) and Old Acquaintance (1943). In this period of time, she believed that Davis was having an affair with her husband, Anatole Litvak. [ citation needed ]Davis resented her jealousy and said that she had enjoyed shaking Hopkins in a scene in Old Acquaintance, after Hopkins's character makes unfounded allegations against Davis's. Press photos featured the two divas in a boxing ring, gloves up, with director Vincent Sherman between them like a referee. In later interviews, Davis described Hopkins as a "terribly good actress", but also "terribly jealous".
After Old Acquaintance, Hopkins did not work in films again until The Heiress (1949), where she played the lead character's aunt. In Mitchell Leisen's 1951 comedy The Mating Season , she gave a comic performance as the mother of Gene Tierney's character. She also acted in The Children's Hour (1961), a remake of her film These Three (1936). In the remake, she played the aunt to Shirley MacLaine, who took Hopkins' original role.[ citation needed ]
Hopkins was a television pioneer. She performed in teleplays from the late 1940s through the late 1960s, in such programs as The Chevrolet Tele-Theatre (1949), Pulitzer Prize Playhouse (1951), Lux Video Theatre (1951–1955), and in episodes of The Investigators (1961) and The Outer Limits (1964), and even in an episode of The Flying Nun ("Bertrille and the Silent Flicks") in 1969.
She has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame: one for film at 1709 Vine Street and one for television at 1716 Vine Street.
Hopkins married four times. Her first marriage was to actor Brandon Peters, second to aviator and screenwriter Austin Parker, third to the director Anatole Litvak, and fourth to war correspondent Raymond B. Brock. In 1932, she adopted a son, Michael T. Hopkins (March 29, 1932 – October 5, 2010), who had a career in the U.S. Air Force. [ better source needed ]
She was known for hosting elegant parties. John O'Hara, a frequent guest, noted that
most of her guests were chosen from the world of the intellect ... Miriam knew them all, had read their work, had listened to their music, had bought their paintings. They were not there because a secretary had given her a list of highbrows.
She was a staunch Democrat who strongly supported the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Hopkins died in New York City from a heart attack nine days before her 70th birthday. She is buried in Oak City Cemetery in Bainbridge, Georgia.
|1930||Fast and Loose||Marion Lenox||Hopkins's film debut|
|1931||The Smiling Lieutenant||Princess Anna||The first of three films Hopkins made with Lubitsch|
|1931||24 Hours||Rosie Duggan|
|1931||Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde||Ivy Pearson|
|1932||Two Kinds of Women||Emma Krull|
|1932||Dancers in the Dark||Gloria Bishop|
|1932||The World and the Flesh||Maria Yaskaya|
|1932||Trouble in Paradise||Lily||Second film directed by Lubitsch and starring Hopkins|
|1933||The Story of Temple Drake||Temple Drake||Based on Faulkner's scandalous novel Sanctuary|
|1933||The Stranger's Return||Louise Starr|
|1933||Design for Living||Gilda Farrell||Third and final film Hopkins and Lubitsch made together|
|1934||All of Me||Lydia Darrow|
|1934||She Loves Me Not||Curly Flagg|
|1934||The Richest Girl in the World||Dorothy Hunter||First of five films Hopkins and McCrea made together|
|1935||Becky Sharp||Becky Sharp||Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress |
The first feature film made in the three strip Technicolor process
|1935||Barbary Coast||Mary 'Swan' Rutledge||Second film starring Hopkins and McCrea|
|1935||Splendor||Phyllis Manning Lorrimore||Third film starring Hopkins and McCrea|
|1936||These Three||Martha Dobie||The film was adapted from the 1934 play The Children's Hour by Lillian Hellman.|
Fourth film starring Hopkins and McCrea
|1936||Men Are Not Gods||Ann Williams|
|1937||The Woman I Love||Madame Helene Maury||Hopkins married director Anatole Litvak shortly after this film was made.|
It is the only film Hopkins made with Paul Muni
|1937||Woman Chases Man||Virginia Travis||Final film Hopkins and McCrea made together|
|1937||Wise Girl||Susan 'Susie' Fletcher|
|1939||The Old Maid||Delia Lovell Ralston||The first of two films Hopkins made with Bette Davis|
|1940||Virginia City||Julia Hayne||Hopkins co-starred with Errol Flynn|
|1940||Lady with Red Hair||Mrs. Leslie Carter|
|1942||A Gentleman After Dark||Flo Melton|
|1943||Old Acquaintance||Millie Drake||Second of two films Hopkins made with Bette Davis.|
|1949||The Heiress||Lavinia Penniman||Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture|
|1951||The Mating Season||Fran Carleton|
|1952||The Outcasts of Poker Flat||Mrs. Shipton / 'The Duchess'|
|1961||The Children's Hour||Lily Mortar||Hopkins had starred in the original film adaptation of the play The Children's Hour entitled These Three in the role of Martha Dobie. In this film Shirley MacLaine played Martha and Miriam Hopkins played her Aunt Lily.|
|1964||Fanny Hill||Mrs. Maude Brown|
|1966||The Chase||Mrs. Reeves||Hopkins played the mother of Robert Redford's character|
|1970||Savage Intruder||Katharine Parker||Hopkins's last film (final film role)|
The Smiling Lieutenant is a 1931 American pre-Code musical comedy film directed by Ernst Lubitsch, starring Maurice Chevalier, Claudette Colbert and Miriam Hopkins, and released by Paramount Pictures.
Ruth Elizabeth "Bette" Davis was an American actress. With a career spanning 60 years and 100 acting credits, she is regarded as one of the greatest actresses in film history. She was noted for playing unsympathetic, sardonic characters, and was famous for her performances in a range of film genres, from contemporary crime melodramas to historical films, suspense horror, and occasional comedies, although her greater successes were in romantic dramas. A recipient of two Academy Awards, she was the first thespian to accrue ten nominations.
Rose Hobart was an American actress and Screen Actors Guild official.
Trouble in Paradise is a 1932 American pre-Code romantic comedy film directed by Ernst Lubitsch, starring Miriam Hopkins, Kay Francis, and Herbert Marshall and featuring Charles Ruggles and Edward Everett Horton. Based on the 1931 play The Honest Finder by Hungarian playwright László Aladár, the lead characters are a gentleman thief and a lady pickpocket who join forces to con a beautiful woman who is the owner of a perfume company.
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is a 1931 American pre-Code horror film, directed by Rouben Mamoulian and starring Fredric March, who plays a possessed doctor who tests his new formula that can unleash people's inner demons. The film is an adaptation of The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, the 1886 Robert Louis Stevenson tale of a man who takes a potion which turns him from a mild-mannered man of science into a homicidal maniac.
The following is an overview of 1932 in film, including significant events, a list of films released and notable births and deaths.
The following is an overview of 1931 in film, including significant events, a list of films released and notable births and deaths.
Jezebel is a 1938 American romantic drama film released by Warner Bros. and directed by William Wyler. It stars Bette Davis and Henry Fonda, supported by George Brent, Margaret Lindsay, Donald Crisp, Richard Cromwell, and Fay Bainter. The film was adapted by Clements Ripley, Abem Finkel, John Huston, and Robert Buckner, from the 1933 play by Owen Davis Sr. Tallulah Bankhead was originally slated for the stage role, but fell severely ill during rehearsals and was replaced by Miriam Hopkins.
The Great Lie is a 1941 American drama film directed by Edmund Goulding, and starring Bette Davis, George Brent and Mary Astor. The screenplay by Lenore J. Coffee is based on the novel January Heights by Polan Banks.
Mikhail Anatole LitwakOBE, better known as Anatole Litvak, was a Ukrainian-born Lithuanian-American filmmaker who wrote, directed, and produced films in various countries and languages. He began his theatrical training at age 13 in Petrograd, Russia.
Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte is a 1964 American psychological horror film directed and produced by Robert Aldrich. It stars Bette Davis, Olivia de Havilland, Joseph Cotten, Agnes Moorehead and Mary Astor in her final film role. It follows a middle-aged Southern woman (Davis), suspected in the unsolved murder of her lover from decades before, who is plagued by bizarre occurrences after summoning her cousin to help challenge the local government's impending demolition of her home. The screenplay was adapted by Henry Farrell and Lukas Heller, from Farrell's unpublished short story "What Ever Happened to Cousin Charlotte?"
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is a 1941 horror film starring Spencer Tracy, Ingrid Bergman, and Lana Turner. The production also features Donald Crisp, Ian Hunter, Barton MacLane, C. Aubrey Smith, and Sara Allgood. Its storyline is based on the 1886 gothic novella Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde written by Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson. There have been many filmed adaptations of the novella. This movie was a remake of the Oscar-winning 1931 version, starring Fredric March.
Karl Struss, A.S.C. was an American photographer and a cinematographer of the 1900s through the 1950s. He was also one of the earliest pioneers of 3-D films. While he mostly worked on films, such as F.W. Murnau's Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans and Charlie Chaplin's The Great Dictator and Limelight, he was also one of the cinematographers for the television series Broken Arrow and photographed 19 episodes of My Friend Flicka.
The Old Maid is a 1939 American drama film directed by Edmund Goulding. The screenplay by Casey Robinson is based on the 1935 Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by Zoë Akins, which was adapted from the 1924 Edith Wharton novella The Old Maid: the Fifties.
Old Acquaintance is a 1943 American drama film made by Warner Bros. It was directed by Vincent Sherman and produced by Henry Blanke with Jack L. Warner as executive producer from a screenplay by John Van Druten, Lenore Coffee and Edmund Goulding based on Van Druten's 1940 play of the same title.
Jekyll and Hyde...Together Again is a 1982 comedy based on the 1886 novella Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson and stars Mark Blankfield, Bess Armstrong, Tim Thomerson, Krista Errickson, Cassandra Peterson and Michael McGuire.
The Sisters is a 1938 American drama film produced and directed by Anatole Litvak and starring Errol Flynn and Bette Davis. The screenplay by Milton Krims is based on the 1937 novel of the same title by Myron Brinig.
The Story of Temple Drake is a 1933 American pre-Code rape and revenge film directed by Stephen Roberts and starring Miriam Hopkins and Jack La Rue. It tells the story of Temple Drake, a reckless woman in the American South who falls into the hands of a brutal gangster and rapist. It was adapted from the highly controversial 1931 novel Sanctuary by William Faulkner. Though some of the more salacious elements of the source novel were not included, the film was still considered so indecent that it helped give rise to the strict enforcement of the Hays Code.
The Woman I Love is a 1937 American film about a romantic triangle involving two World War I fighter pilots and the wife of one of them. It stars Paul Muni, Miriam Hopkins, and Louis Hayward. Anatole Litvak's Hollywood directorial debut was a remake of his French film L'Equipage, which was, in turn, based on Joseph Kessel's novel of the same name.
Design for Living is a 1933 American pre-Code comedy film produced and directed by Ernst Lubitsch and starring Fredric March, Gary Cooper, and Miriam Hopkins. Based on the premise of the 1932 play Design for Living by Noël Coward, with a screenplay by Ben Hecht, the film is about a woman who cannot decide between two men who love her, and the trio agree to try living together in a platonic friendly relationship.
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