Mirninsky District

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Mirninsky District

Мирнинский улус
Other transcription(s)
  YakutМирнэй улууһа
MirnyYakutia 02.jpg
View of the town of Mirny, the administrative center of the district
Flag of Mirninsky rayon (Yakutia).png
Flag
Coat of Arms of Mirninskiy rayon (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Mirninsky District
Location of Mirninsky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 62°32′N113°57′E / 62.533°N 113.950°E / 62.533; 113.950 Coordinates: 62°32′N113°57′E / 62.533°N 113.950°E / 62.533; 113.950
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [1]
EstablishedJanuary 12, 1965 [2]
Administrative center Mirny [2]
Area
[2]
  Total165,800 km2 (64,000 sq mi)
Population
  Total38,802
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
72,171 (+86%)
  Density0.23/km2 (0.61/sq mi)
   Urban
92.9%
   Rural
7.1%
Administrative structure
   Administrative divisions 2 Towns, 4 Settlements, 3 Rural okrugs
   Inhabited localities [2] 2 Cities/towns, 4 Urban-type settlements [5] , 8 Rural localities
Municipal structure
   Municipally incorporated asMirninsky Municipal District [6]
   Municipal divisions [7] 6 Urban settlements, 3 Rural settlements
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [8] )
OKTMO ID98631000
Website http://www.алмазный-край.рф

Mirninsky District (Russian : Ми́рнинский район; Yakut : Мирнэй улууһа, Mirney uluuha) is an administrative [1] and municipal [6] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the west of the republic and borders Olenyoksky District in the north and northeast, Nyurbinsky and Suntarsky Districts in the east, Lensky District in the south, and Irkutsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west. The area of the district is 165,800 square kilometers (64,000 sq mi). [2] Its administrative center is the town of Mirny. [2] As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district (excluding its administrative center) was 38,802. [3]

Contents

Geography

The Vilyuy is the main river in the district.

Climate

Average January temperature ranges from −32 °C (−26 °F) in the south to −40 °C (−40 °F) in the north. July's average temperature ranges from +14 °C (57 °F) to +16 °C (61 °F). The average annual precipitation is about 250–300 millimeters (9.8–11.8 in). [9]

History

The Vilyuy River basin was believed to contain mineral deposits at least as early as the 19th century, with Richard Maack reporting after an expedition to the area that the area was rich in iron, salt deposits, and precious stones.[ citation needed ] He described a nest of blue clay in the area between the Vilyuy and Malaya Bituobiya Rivers, but as kimberlites had not yet been discovered there was no official attention.[ citation needed ]

Around the beginning on the 20th century, a number of scientists and geologists noted similarities between parts of the Central Siberian Plateau and areas in South Africa, where exploitation of primary diamond deposits had already begun.[ citation needed ] In 1937, the Soviet government began to greatly increase effort to produce diamonds on its own territory, due in part to some other diamond-producing nations being unwilling to sell to the USSR.[ citation needed ] Expeditions were organized in the basins of the Yenisei River and in the Ural Mountains.[ citation needed ] The Ural expedition proved the more successful, finding small, but commercially viable deposits.[ citation needed ]

An additional government decree signed by Stalin in 1946 announced further exploration for diamonds, with expeditions mounted from Irkutsk into the region of the Yenisei River.[ citation needed ] The first officially recorded discovery of diamonds in Yakutia (the present-day Sakha Republic) was made in 1949 on an expedition along the Vilyuy.[ citation needed ] Initially, discoveries centered on placer deposits, which did not uncover the enormous primary deposits in the form of kimberlite pipes.[ citation needed ]

The first kimberlite deposit, Zarnitsa mine, was discovered on August 21, 1954.[ citation needed ] Further exploration in 1955 found over fifteen primary deposits, including the largest pipes at Udachny and Mirny.[ citation needed ] Over two hundred kimberlite pipes have since been identified in the Sakha Republic.[ citation needed ]

Mirninsky District was established on January 12, 1965, [2] after large-scale diamond mining was started in the area and associated industries began to grow.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mirninsky District is one of the thirty-four in the republic. [1] It is divided into two towns (administrative divisions with the administrative centers in the towns (inhabited localities) of Mirny and Udachny), four settlements (administrative divisions with the administrative centers in the urban-type settlements (inhabited localities) of Aykhal, Almazny, Chernyshevsky, and Svetly), and three rural okrugs (naslegs), all of which comprise eight rural localities. [2] As a municipal division, the district is incorporated as Mirninsky Municipal District. [6] Within the municipal district, the two towns and the four settlements are incorporated into six urban settlements, and the three rural okrugs are incorporated into three rural settlements. [7] The town of Mirny serves as the administrative center of both the administrative [2] and municipal [6] district.

Inhabited localities

Administrative [2] /municipal [7] composition
Towns/Urban settlementsPopulation [3] Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Mirny
(Мирный)
37,188
  • Town of Mirny (administrative center of the district)
Udachny
(Удачный)
12,613
Settlements/Urban settlementsPopulation [3] Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Aykhal
(Айхал)
13,803
Almazny
(Алмазный)
1,614
Chernyshevsky
(Чернышевский)
5,025
Svetly
(Светлый)
3,137
  • Urban-type settlement of Svetly
Rural okrugs/Rural settlementsPopulation [3] Rural localities in jurisdiction
Botuobuyinsky
(Ботуобуйинский)
480
Sadynsky
(Садынский национальный эвенкийский)
318
Chuoninsky
(Чуонинский)
1,812

*Administrative centers are shown in bold

Economy

The economy of the district is mostly based on mining. Natural resources include diamonds, oil, gas, and brown coal. Diamond mining is mostly carried out by ALROSA company and its subsidiaries.

Transportation

Mirninsky District is connected with Yakutsk by the means of the Vilyuy Highway.

Demographics

Population of Mirninsky District
2010 Census 38,802 [3]
2002 Census 46,032 [10]
1989 Census 51,824 [11]
1979 Census 29,394 [12]

As of the 1989 Census, the ethnic composition was as follows:[ citation needed ]

See also

Related Research Articles

Mirny, Sakha Republic town and the administrative center of Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia

Mirny is a town and the administrative center of Mirninsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Irelyakh River, 820 kilometers (510 mi) west of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 37,188.

Udachny human settlement in Mirninsky District, Sakha Republic, Russia

Udachny is a town in Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Markha River, 508 kilometers (316 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 12,613.

Nyurba human settlement in Nyurbinsky District, Sakha Republic, Russia

Nyurba is a town and the administrative center of Nyurbinsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Vilyuy River, a right-hand tributary of the Lena, 846 kilometers (526 mi) northwest of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 10,157.

Aldansky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Aldansky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia.

Lensk human settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Lensk is a town and the administrative center of Lensky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 24,966.

Anabarsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Anabarsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the republic and borders with Bulunsky District in the east, Olenyoksky District in the south, and with Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west. The area of the district is 55,600 square kilometers (21,500 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Saskylakh. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 3,501, with the population of Saskylakh accounting for 66.2% of that number.

Gorny District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Gorny District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the center of the republic and borders Vilyuysky and Kobyaysky Districts in the north, Namsky District and the territory of the city of republic significance of Yakutsk in the east, Khangalassky District in the south, Olyokminsky District in the southwest, and Verkhnevilyuysky District in the west. The area of the district is 45,600 square kilometers (17,600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Berdigestyakh. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 11,706, with the population of Berdigestyakh accounting for 55.2% of that number.

Kobyaysky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Kobyaysky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the center of the republic on the Vilyuy River, 334 kilometers (208 mi) by road north of the republic's capital of Yakutsk. The area of the district is 107,800 square kilometers (41,600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban-type settlement of Sangar. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 13,680, with the population of Sangar accounting for 32.0% of that number.

Nyurbinsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Nyurbinsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the central western part of the republic and borders with Olenyoksky District in the north, Verkhnevilyuysky District in the east, Suntarsky District in the south and southwest, and with Mirninsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 52,400 square kilometers (20,200 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Nyurba. Population : 15,101 (2010 Census); 15,549 ; 28,672 (1989 Census).

Olenyoksky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the west of the republic and borders with Anabarsky District in the north, Bulunsky and Zhigansky Districts in the east, Vilyuysky, Verkhnevilyuysky, and Nyurbinsky Districts in the southeast, Mirninsky District in the south and southwest, and with Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west and northwest. The area of the district is 318,000 square kilometers (123,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Olenyok. Population: 4,127 (2010 Census); 4,091 ; 3,993 (1989 Census). The population of Olenyok accounts for 55.1% of the district's total population.

Suntarsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Suntarsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the western central part of the republic and borders with Nyurbinsky District in the north and northeast, Verkhnevilyuysky District in the east, Olyokminsky District in the southeast, Lensky District in the southwest, and with Mirninsky District in the west. The area of the district is 57,800 square kilometers (22,300 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Suntar. Population: 25,140 (2010 Census); 25,485 ; 26,035 (1989 Census). The population of Suntar accounts for 39.9% of the district's total population.

Verkhnevilyuysky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Verkhnevilyuysky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the western central part of the republic and borders with Vilyuysky District in the east, Gorny District in the southeast, Olyokminsky District in the south, Suntarsky and Nyurbinsky Districts in the west, and with Olenyoksky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 42,000 square kilometers (16,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Verkhnevilyuysk. Population: 21,661 (2010 Census); 21,383 ; 20,626 (1989 Census). The population of Verkhnevilyuysk accounts for 29.8% of the district's total population.

Chernyshevsky, Sakha Republic Urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia

Chernyshevsky is an urban locality in Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 92 kilometers (57 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district, on the southern edge of the Central Siberian Plateau on the Vilyuy River, a tributary of the Lena. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 5,025.

Aykhal human settlement in Mirninsky District, Sakha Republic, Russia

Aykhal is an urban locality in Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 469 kilometers (291 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district, in the basin of the Vilyuy River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 13,727.

Almazny, Sakha Republic human settlement in Mirninsky District, Sakha Republic, Russia

Almazny is an urban locality in Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 20 kilometers (12 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district, on the border of the Lena and Vilyuy Plateaus, on the Irelyakh River, at its confluence with the Ochchuguy-Botuobuya, a tributary of the Vilyuy. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 1,527.

Svetly, Sakha Republic human settlement in Mirninsky District, Sakha Republic, Russia

Svetly is an urban locality in Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 75 kilometers (47 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district, on the southern edge of the Vilyuy Plateau, not far from the right bank of the Vilyuy River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 3,137.

Polyarny, Sakha Republic human settlement in Mirninsky District, Sakha Republic, Russia

Polyarny is a rural locality, one of two settlements, in addition to Udachny, the administrative centre of the Town, in the Town of Udachny of Mirninsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located 536 kilometers (333 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district and 9 kilometers (5.6 mi) from Udachny. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 0; down from 429 recorded during the 2002 Census.

Morkoka village in Mirninsky District, Russia

Morkoka is a rural locality under the administrative jurisdiction of the Settlement of Aykhal in Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 291 kilometers (181 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district, and 178 kilometers (111 mi) from Aykhal. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 76, down from 93 recorded during the 2002 Census.

Novy, Mirninsky District, Sakha Republic human settlement in Almazny, Sakha Republic, Mirninsky District, Sakha Republic, Russia

Novy is a rural locality under the administrative jurisdiction of the Settlement of Almazny in Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 25 kilometers (16 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district and 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) from Almazny. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 76; down from 242 recorded during the 2002 Census.

Arylakh, Mirninsky District, Sakha Republic human settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Arylakh is a rural locality and the administrative center of Chuoninsky Rural Okrug of Mirninsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 31 kilometers (19 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 1,570; down from 1,666 recorded during the 2002 Census.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 Constitution of the Sakha Republic, Article 45
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Law #172-Z #351-III
  7. 1 2 3 Law #173-Z #354-III
  8. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. Center of the Socioeconomic and Political Monitoring. Mirninsky District (in Russian)
  10. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.

Sources