Mirza Sahiban (Punjabi : ਮਿਰਜ਼ਾ ਸਾਹਿਬਾਂ, مرزا صاحباں, mirzā sāhibāṁ) is one of the four popular tragic romances of Punjab. The other three are Heer Ranjha , Sohni Mahiwal and Sassi Punnun . There are five other popular folklore stories in Punjab: Momal Rano , Umar Marvi , LiLa Chanesar , Noori Jam Tamachi and Sorath Rai Diyach . These nine tragic romances are popular in Punjab.
The popular story was written by Pilu. Mirza and Sahiban (caste hiraj) were lovers who lived in Khewa (Kheiwa), a town in Sial Territory in the Jhang District, which was Sahiban's ancestral village. They loved each other and ran away together to live with each other and marry against Sahiban's parents wishes. While eloping Mirza stopped under a jand tree and rested and fell asleep. Sahiban did not want to begin her new life with her brothers' bloodshed . She decided to break all the arrows of Mirza thinking she will beg her brothers for their acceptance so that nobody would get hurt. When Sahiban's brothers reached them, Mirza woke up but discovered his arrows were broken and then he was killed by Sahiban's brothers. Sahiban couldn't bear this loss and chose to end her own life by stabbing herself with an arrow.
Along with Sohni Mahiwal and Sassi Punnuh are commonly known as 'Seven Queens' of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai.They are culturally included in both Punjabi and Sindhi traditions.
There have been various film interpretations of the folk tale:
Hashim Shah was a Punjabi writer and Sufi poet, best known for his story Sassi Punnun. His family migrated from Hold Madina to Punjab, India, where they began living at Jagdev Kalan, the biggest village in Ajnala tehsil, Amritsar district. Hashim Shah was born in Madina in 1735 and lived in that village his entire life. He wrote three stories "Kissa Kaw" named Sassi Punnu, Sohni Mahiwal, and Shirin Farhad.
Heer Ranjha is one of several popular tragic romances of Punjab, other important ones being "Sohni Mahiwal", "Mirza Sahiban" and "Sassi Punnhun". There are several poetic narrations of the story, the most famous being Heer by Waris Shah written in 1766. It tells the story of the love of Heer Sial and her lover Dheedo Ranjha.
Pakistani folklore encompasses the mythology, poetry, songs, dances and puppetry from Pakistan's various ethnic groups.
Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra is an Indian filmmaker, occasional actor and screenwriter. He is best known for writing and directing Rang De Basanti (2006) and Bhaag Milkha Bhaag (2013). He is the writer and director of the films Aks (2001) and Delhi-6 (2009).
Shah Jo Risalo is a poetic compendium of famous Sindhi Sufi poet Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai. In fact, it is many compendia, for Shah Abdul Latif's poetry in various forms of bayt and wai was compiled by many of his devotees during his lifetime and after his death. The devotees compiled his poetry and designated it as Shah Jo Risalo or Poetry of Shah.
Sassi Punnuh or Sassui Punhun is a love story from Sindhi and Balochi folklore. The story is about a faithful wife who will endure any difficulty while seeking her beloved husband who was separated from her by rivals.
Sohni Mahiwal or Suhni Mehar is one of the four popular tragic romances of Punjab. The others are Sassi Punnun, Mirza Sahiba, and Heer Ranjha. Sohni Mahiwal is a tragic love story which inverts the classical motif of Hero and Leander. The heroine Sohni, unhappily married to a man she despises, swims every night across the river using an earthenware pot to keep afloat in the water, to where her beloved Mehar herds buffaloes. One night her sister-in-law replaces the earthenware pot with a vessel of unbaked clay, which dissolves in water and she dies in the whirling waves of the river.
A Punjabi Qissa is a tradition of Punjabi language oral story-telling that came to South Asia with the fusion of local people and migrants from the Arabian peninsula and contemporary Iran.
Alam Lohar was a prominent Pakistani Punjabi folk music singer. He is credited with creating and popularising the musical term Jugni.
Punjabi folklore, more particularly its folksongs, is said to be the autobiography of its people.
Punjabi literature, specifically literary works written in the Punjabi language, is characteristic of the historical Punjab of India and Pakistan and the Punjabi diaspora. The Punjabi language is written in several scripts, of which the Shahmukhi and Gurmukhī scripts are the most commonly used in Pakistan and India, respectively.
Sohni Mahiwal is a 1958 Indian Hindi-language historical romance film directed by Raja Nawathe and produced by J. N. Choudhary. The film stars Bharat Bhushan, Nimmi and Om Prakash in lead roles. The film's music is composed by Naushad. It is based on the tragic romance of Sohni Mahiwal.
Mirza Sahiban is a 1947 Indian Hindi-language romantic drama film directed by K. Amarnath, starring Noor Jehan and Trilok Kapoor in the lead roles. It is based on the folktale of Mirza Sahiban and was the fourth highest grossing Indian film of 1947.
Shah Zaman Khan Afridi better known as Sudhir or Lala Sudhir was a Pakistani film actor, director and producer. Sudhir was a highly respected film personality.
Babu Singh Maan, also known as Maan Maraarhan Wala, is an Indian songwriter/lyricist of Punjabi-language folk songs. He penned the first song of singer Kuldeep Manak's career.
Punjabi folk music is the traditional music on the traditional musical instruments of the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent. There is a great repertoire of music from the time of birth through the different stages of joy and sorrow till death. The folk music invokes the traditions as well as the hardworking nature, bravery and many more things that the people of Punjab get from its gateway-to-India geographical location. Due to the large area with many sub-regions, the folk music has minor lingual differences but invokes the same feelings. The sub-regions, Malwa, Doaba, Majha, Pothohar, and hills areas, have numerous folk songs. Punjabi dance OP Bhangra music which is a genre of Punjabi modern music invented in Britain by the Punjabi diaspora.
Sohni Mahiwal is a 1984 Indo-Russian historical romance drama film based on the story of Sohni Mahiwal, directed by Umesh Mehra and Latif Faiziyev (Russia), produced by F. C. Mehra. It stars Sunny Deol, Poonam Dhillon and Zeenat Aman in pivotal roles. The writers were Shanti Prakash Bakshi and Javed Siddiqui. The music was scored by Anu Malik. Choreographer P. L. Raj.
Saiyami Kher is an Indian actress who works in Hindi and Telugu films.
Mirzya is a 2016 Indian Hindi-language epic romantic fantasy film directed by Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra. Produced by Cinestaan Film Company and Mehra under his ROM Pictures, it stars Harshvardhan Kapoor and Saiyami Kher in lead roles along with Anuj Choudhry, Om Puri, Art Malik, K. K. Raina, and Anjali Patil in supporting roles. The basic premise of the film is inspired by the Punjabi folklore of Mirza Sahiban. Mirzya was released in India on 7 October 2016. The film received mixed critical reception and was a box office bomb, grossing ₹100 million against a budget of ₹450 million.
Jaat Ki Jugni - Ek Visphotak Prem Kahaani- A Man's Woman- An explosive love story) of a rustic Jat guy from Haryana with a shy Jat girl, is an Indian television show, which premiered on 3 April 2017 on Sony Entertainment Television (India). It stars Vishal Vashishtha, Madirakshi Mundle, Rinku Karmarkar, Yash Tonk, Richa Soni and Rakesh Pandey.