Miss Macao

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Miss Macao
PBY-5A VP-61 Aleutians Mar 1943.jpg
A Consolidated PBY Catalina similar to the accident aircraft
Hijacking
Date16 July 1948 [1]
SummaryHijacking resulting in crash, robbery
SiteJiuzhou Yang (Pearl River Delta) just northeast of Green Island, Xiangzhou, Zhuhai
Aircraft
Aircraft type Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina
Operator Macau Air Transport Company
(Cathay Pacific subsidiary)
Registration VR-HDT
Flight origin Macau
DestinationHong Kong
Passengers23 [2]
Crew3 [2] [3]
Fatalities25
Injuries1
Survivors1 (lead hijacker)

Miss Macao (traditional Chinese :澳門小姐; simplified Chinese :澳门小姐; Sidney Lau :O3 Moon4 Siu2 Je2; pinyin :Àomén xiǎojie; Wade–Giles :Ao-men Hsiao-chieh) was a Catalina seaplane owned by Cathay Pacific and operated by subsidiary Macau Air Transport Company. On 16 July 1948 it was involved in the first hijacking of a commercial aircraft. [2] Piracy for robbery and ransom was the motive. [4] [5]

Traditional Chinese characters Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, and in the Kangxi Dictionary. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.

Simplified Chinese characters standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore.

Sidney Lau romanisation is a system of romanisation for Cantonese that was developed in the 1970s by Sidney Lau for teaching Cantonese to Hong Kong Government expatriates. It is based on the Hong Kong Government's Standard Romanisation which was the result of the work of James D. Ball and Ernst J. Eitel about a century earlier.

The lone survivor, Wong Yu (黃裕; 黄裕; Wong4 Yue6; Huáng Yù), confessed to membership of the gang of four pirates who attempted the hijacking (then simply labelled "piracy"), met fierce resistance during which the pilot was shot, but survived by jumping out the emergency exit just before the plane hit the water. The object of the plot was to rob wealthy passengers and hold them for ransom. [6] He was brought to court by the Macau police, but the Macau court suggested that the prosecution should be brought in Hong Kong instead, since the plane was registered in Hong Kong and most of the passengers were from there. However, the British colonial government in Hong Kong stated that the incident happened over Chinese territory in which the British had no jurisdiction. Since no state claimed authority to try him, Wong was released without trial from Macao Central Prison on 11 June 1951, and was then deported to China (by then the People's Republic of China). [1]

Public Security Police Force of Macau One of the two components of the Serviços de Polícia Unitários, responsible for public safety in Macao.

The Public Security Police Force is the non-criminal police department of Macau and a branch of the Macau Security Force. Originally known at first as the Macau Police, the force went through several name changes before taking on its current name. The PSP celebrates its foundation on March 14, 1691.

Correctional Services Bureau building in Correctional Services Bureau, China

The Correctional Services Bureau is the agency responsible for maintaining inmates in Macau, China. The prison is staff are under the administration of the Secretariat for Security.

See also

1933 Imperial Airways Diksmuide crash

On 28 March 1933, an Armstrong Whitworth Argosy II passenger aircraft, named City of Liverpool and operated by British airline Imperial Airways, crashed near Diksmuide, Belgium, after suffering an onboard fire; all fifteen people aboard were killed, making it the deadliest accident in the history of British civil aviation to that time. It has been suggested that this was the first airliner ever lost to sabotage, and in the immediate aftermath, suspicion centred on one passenger, Dr. Albert Voss, who seemingly jumped from the aircraft before it crashed.

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References

  1. 1 2 Footer, Mark (20 July 2008). "Flight of no return: How a Cathay Pacific plane became the first hijacked commercial airliner". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 Eather, Charles (1983). Syd's Pirates – A Story of an Airline: Cathay Pacific Airways. Australia: Durnmount. ISBN   978-0-949756-05-3.
  3. "Catalina – Aviation's first act of armed piracy". 1 August 2002. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  4. "Flights of fancy Issue 10". 1 November 2008. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  5. "Pilots & Pirates". Time . 9 September 1948. Retrieved 15 May 2010. "Since piracy laws don't yet cover air piracy, he will probably be charged with simple murder."
  6. "On This Day: First Commercial Flight Hijacked". 16 July 2010. Archived from the original on 3 January 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2013.

Coordinates: 22°10′55″N113°44′38″E / 22.182°N 113.744°E / 22.182; 113.744

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.