Mission Creek

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Mission Creek
MissionCreekMarsh.jpg
Mission Creek, looking east.
Location
Country United States
State California
Region San Francisco Bay Area
City San Francisco
District Mission Bay
Physical characteristics
SourceCamp and Albion Streets [1]
  location San Francisco
  coordinates 37°45′51″N122°25′22″W / 37.764039°N 122.422702°W / 37.764039; -122.422702
  elevation486 ft (148 m)[ citation needed ]
Mouth China Basin [1]

Mission Creek (from Spanish: misión) is a river in San Francisco, California. Once navigable from the Mission Bay inland to the vicinity of Mission Dolores, where several smaller creeks converged to form it, Mission Creek has long since been largely culverted. Its only remaining portion above-ground is the Mission Creek Channel which drains into China Basin. [2]

Contents

The two Ramaytush Indian villages of Chutchui and Sitlintac were located on Mission Creek.

Background

Declared by the state legislature in 1854 to be a navigable stream, it retains the designation today, even though most of it was vacated for use by boats in 1874 and later filled in. [3]

Soil liquefaction, such as that which killed numerous people in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, has been known to occur along buried portions of the creek. [4] [5]

The China Basin Building was erected on the creek's north bank in the 1920s and used for off-loading and processing bananas through the 1950s. In the 1970s it was known as the Del Monte Building and used as a food distribution site by the Hearst family in response to the demands of the SLA. [6]

Houseboats on Mission Creek with Interstate 280 freeway ramps above Mission Creek houseboats and ramps.jpg
Houseboats on Mission Creek with Interstate 280 freeway ramps above

A community of house boats has existed along the creek's south bank since 1960 when the state of California moved the houseboat community there from Islais Creek to make way for merchant ship trading. [7]

The mouth of Mission Creek has been known to Major League Baseball fans as McCovey Cove ever since the year 2000 when the San Francisco Giants relocated from their former home at Candlestick Park to Oracle Park on the creek's north bank. Balls hit over the right field wall splash-land in the water there.

Lake Dolores

The Laguna Dolores was fed by the creek. [8] It was the site of the original Mission Dolores, and probably stretched between Mission Street and Valencia, and 20th and 16th streets before being filled in with sand. [8] [9]

Related Research Articles

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Mission District, San Francisco Neighborhood in San Francisco, California, United States

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Ramaytush Linguistic subdivision of Ohlone people

The Ramaytush or Rammay-tuš people are a linguistic subdivision of the Ohlone people of Northern California. The term Ramaytush was first applied to them in the 1970s, but the modern Ohlone people of the peninsula have claimed it as their ethnonym. The ancestors of the Ramaytush Ohlone people have lived on the peninsula—specifically in the area known as San Francisco and San Mateo county—for hundreds of years. Prior to the California Genocide, the Ohlone people were not consciously united as a singular socio-political entity. In the early twentieth century anthropologists and linguists began to refer to the Ramaytush Ohlone as San FranciscoCostanoans—the people who spoke a common dialect or language within the Costanoan branch of the Utian family. Anthropologists and linguists similarly called the Tamyen people Santa Clara Costanoans, and the Awaswas people Santa Cruz Costanoans.

Mission Bay (San Francisco)

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Petaluma River

The Petaluma River is a river in the California counties of Sonoma and Marin that becomes a tidal slough for the majority of its length. The headwaters are in the area southwest of Cotati. The flow is generally southward through Petaluma's old town, where the waterway becomes navigable, and then flows another 10 mi (16 km) through tidal marshes before emptying into the northwest corner of San Pablo Bay.

Alameda Creek

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San Francisquito Creek

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San Mateo Creek (San Francisco Bay Area)

San Mateo Creek is a perennial stream whose watershed includes Crystal Springs Reservoir, for which it is the only natural outlet after passing Crystal Springs Dam.

Islais Creek

Islais Creek or Islais Creek Channel is a small creek in San Francisco, California. The name of the creek is derived from a Salinan Native American word "slay" or "islay", the name for the Prunus ilicifolia wild cherries. Around the time of the Gold Rush, the area became an industrial hub, and the condition of the creek worsened. After the devastating 1906 San Francisco earthquake, the city decided to reclaim the creek using earthquake debris, reducing the waterbody to its present size. Though much of Islais Creek has been converted to an underground culvert, remnants still exist today at both Glen Canyon Park and Third Street. Several community organizations are dedicated to preserve these remnants, as they are important wildlife habitats.

Rancho Rincón de las Salinas y Potrero Viejo was a 4,446-acre (17.99 km2) Mexican land grant, largely within present day southeastern San Francisco, California, and extending to San Mateo County, California.

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San Francisco riot of 1877

The San Francisco riot of 1877 was a two-day pogrom waged against Chinese immigrants in San Francisco, California by the city's majority white population from the evening of July 23 through the night of July 24, 1877. The ethnic violence which swept Chinatown resulted in four deaths and the destruction of more than $100,000 worth of property belonging to the city's Chinese immigrant population.

George Treat (1819–1907) was an early Gold Rush-era pioneer in the Mission District, of San Francisco, a businessman, abolitionist, a member of the first Committee of Vigilance of San Francisco, and horse racing enthusiast. He was influential to the early physical development of the Mission District and its eventual shift to urbanization. Treat was responsible for the construction and management of the Pioneer Race Course, a horse racing track built in San Francisco in 1851 and in helping with the creation of the San Francisco-San Jose Railway when he sold the land.

John Gunder North

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Domingo Marcucci, was a Venezuelan born 49er, shipbuilder and shipowner in San Francisco, California. He owned or captained some of the many steamships, steamboats, ferries, and sailing ships he built at San Francisco and elsewhere on the Pacific coast.

Steamboat Point a headland marking the northeastern limit of Mission Bay, on San Francisco Bay. It was named for the shipyards that built and repaired steamboats there during the 1850s to the mid 1860s.

Point San Quentin, later known as Potrero Point was the land projecting into San Francisco Bay, and marking the southern extremity of the now filled in Mission Bay in San Francisco, California.

Captain Sutter, sometimes mistakenly called the Sutter, or the John A. Sutter, was a stern-wheel steamboat, built in Philadelphia, brought around Cape Horn, to California, the first to run from San Francisco to Stockton, from late November 1849.

Precita Creek

Precita Creek is a small creek in the Bernal Heights and Mission District neighborhoods of San Francisco, California. Its course is mirrored by the current Precita Avenue, which ran along the creek when it was laid out sometime during the early 1850s. The creek gets its name from precita, the Spanish word meaning dam or weir. The stream was buried before the beginning of the 20th century.

References

  1. 1 2 "Mission Creek Watershed".
  2. Museum of California, Watershed map, access date December 31, 2008
  3. "Vanished Waters of Southeastern San Francisco". Archived from the original on 2008-03-12. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
  4. "Valencia Street Hotel". www.sfmuseum.org. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  5. "18th St Gulch, The Willows, Valencia St Hotel - FoundSF". foundsf.org. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  6. "The Legacy of the SLA - FoundSF". foundsf.org. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  7. "Still Afloat / Mission Creek's houseboat community lives on in the midst of urban development". sfgate.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  8. 1 2 "Lake Dolores". www.exploresanfrancisco.biz.
  9. Olmsted, Nancy (1986). Vanished Waters: A History of San Francisco's Mission Bay. San Francisco: Mission Creek Conservancy. ISBN   0961149213.

Bibliography