Location of Mito in Ibaraki Prefecture
|• Total||217.32 km2 (83.91 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Prunus mume|
|- Flower||Bush clover (hagi)|
|- Bird||White wagtail|
|Address||1-4-1 Chūō, Mito-shi, Ibaraki-ken 310−8610|
Mito (水戸市, Mito-shi) is the capital city of Ibaraki Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan. As of 1 July 2020 [update] , the city had an estimated population of 269,330 in 123,282 households and a population density of 1239 persons per km². The percentage of the population aged over 65 was 27.1%. The total area of the city is 217.32 square kilometres (83.91 sq mi).
Mito is located in central Ibaraki Prefecture. Mito Station is about 10 km inland from the Pacific Ocean which Naka River, flowing from the north to the east of the city, pours into. Immediately south is Lake Senba, a recreational area. A main street extends from Mito Station to the west, and residential areas to the south and the west in particular.
Mito has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cold winters with light snowfall. The average annual temperature in Mito is 13.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1353.8 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.2 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.0 °C.
|Climate data for Mito (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1897−present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||23.8|
|Average high °C (°F)||9.2|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||3.3|
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.8|
|Record low °C (°F)||−12.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||54.5|
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||4|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm)||5.5||6.0||10.5||11.3||12.2||13.0||12.5||9.4||11.8||12.0||8.0||5.9||118.1|
|Average relative humidity (%)||63||63||66||70||74||81||82||81||81||79||75||68||74|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||195.4||174.3||182.7||183.5||186.1||137.8||150.8||179.4||138.7||140.6||153.7||178.0||2,000.8|
|Source: Japan Meteorological Agency|
Per Japanese census data,the population of Mito has steadily increased over the past century.
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The Yamato people settled in Mito around the 4th century CE. Around the end of the Heian period, Baba Sukemoto, a warlord of the Heike clan, moved to Mito and built a castle there. Mito Castle changed hands several times after that; coming under the control of the Satake clan won it in Sengoku period, but the Satake were forced to surrender it to Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1603 after the Battle of Sekigahara. Ieyasu's son Tokugawa Yorifusa was then given Mito Castle, becoming head of one of the three "gosanke" branches of the clan qualified to provide a new shōgun should the main family line fail. During this period, Mito was the seat of the so-called Mito School, a congregation of nativist scholars of Confucian persuasion led by Aizawa Seishisai, who during the 18th and 19th centuries advocated Western learning as a means not only to further Japanese technological development and international strength, but as means to prove Japanese uniqueness and superiority among nations. The Kōdōkan was the largest of the han schools. The capital of Edo was directly connected to Mito by the Mito Kaidō.The Tokugawa ruled Mito until the Meiji Restoration.
The city of Mito was formed on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. It was one of the first 31 cities to be established in Japan. With a population of 25,000, it was designated as the prefectural capital of Ibaraki Prefecture. By 1900, the Jōban Line connected Mito to Tokyo, and by 1910, telephones and electric lighting were available throughout the city. More than three-quarters of the city was burned to the ground during the Mito air raid of August 2, 1945, just before the end of World War II.
The borders of Mito expanded in 1955 through 1958 through the annexation of the neighboring villages of Kamiono, Watari, Yoshida, Sakedo, Kawawada, Yanagawa, Kunita and Iitomi and Akatsuka. The village of Tsunezumi was annexed in 1992. In 2001, Mito was designated a special city with increased local autonomy. The neighboring town of Uchihara was annexed in 2005. The city suffered from severe damage in the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami with 25,982 houses completely or partially destroyed; however, there were only two fatalities.
Mito was designated a core city, with further increases in local autonomy on April 4, 2020.
Mito has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 28 members. Mito contributes six members to the Ibaraki Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is divided between the Ibaraki 1st district and the Ibaraki 2nd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
Mito is primarily a regional commercial center and administrative city as most industry in Ibaraki is concentrated around the nearby cities of Tsukuba and Hitachi. Mito has a modest but thriving tourism industry, centered on the Kairaku-en gardens and local museums dedicated to the Tokugawa family.
JR East - Mito Line / Jōban Line
JR East – Suigun Line
Kashima Rinkai Railway Ōarai Kashima Line
Mito is the home city of the J-League professional soccer team, Mito HollyHock.
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Kairaku-en (偕楽園) is a Japanese garden located in Mito, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. Along with Kenroku-en and Koraku-en, it is considered one of the Three Great Gardens of Japan.
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Mito Station is a junction passenger railway station in the city of Mito, Ibaraki, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company and the third sector Kashima Rinkai Railway.
Kairakuen Station is a passenger railway station on the Jōban Line in Mito, Ibaraki, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company.
Akatsuka Station is a passenger railway station located in the city of Mito, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company.
Tsunezumi Station is a passenger railway station in the city of Mito, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan operated by the third sector Kashima Rinkai Railway.
Ōarai Station is a passenger railway station in the town of Ōarai, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan operated by the third sector Kashima Rinkai Railway.
The Kōdōkan (弘道館) was the largest han school in Bakumatsu period Japan. Located in Mito, Ibaraki Prefecture, three of its buildings have been designated Important Cultural Properties and the school is a Special Historic Site.
Tokiwa Jinja (常磐神社) is a Shinto shrine adjacent to the gardens of Kairakuen in Mito, Ibaraki, Japan. Founded in 1874, enshrined are Tokugawa Mitsukuni, second daimyō of the Mito Domain and compiler of Dai Nihonshi, and Tokugawa Nariaki, ninth lord and founder of the nearby Kōdōkan han school. In 1882 the shrine joined the ranks of the bekkaku kanpeisha (別格官幣社) or Imperial Shrines. The Tokiwa Jinja Reisai or annual festival is held on 12 May. A cannon and a drum have been designated as Cultural Properties by the city.
The Ibaraki Prefectural Museum of History is a local history museum in Mito, Ibaraki, Japan. It is one of Japan's many museums which are supported by a prefecture.
Lake Senba is a lake in Mito, Ibaraki, Japan.
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