Mo Chutu of Lismore

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Saint

Mo Chutu of Lismore
Mochutu, Carthach (the Younger), Carthagus, Carthage, Mochuda
Lismore Carthages Cathedral Altar Tomb E 2007 08 03.jpg
Mo Chutu along with St. Catherine and St. Patrick on an altar tomb of 1543 in St Carthage's cathedral in Lismore
Personal details
Died(639-05-14)14 May 639
Sainthood
Feast day14 May (Eastern Orthodox Church)
15 May (Catholic Church)
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Patronage Lismore, Ireland

Saint Mo Chutu mac Fínaill (died 14 May 639), [1] also known as Carthach or Carthach the Younger (a name Latinized as Carthagus and Anglicized as Carthage), [2] [3] was abbot of Rahan, County Offaly and subsequently, founder and first abbot of Lismore (Irish Les Mór Mo Chutu), County Waterford. [4] The saint's Life has come down in several Irish and Latin recensions, which appear to derive from a Latin original written in the 11th or 12th century. [4]

Rahan, County Offaly Parish/Village in Leinster, Republic of Ireland

Rahan is a parish and village associated with Mochuda.

The Abbot of Lismore was the head of Lismore Abbey, which is in modern-day County Waterford, Ireland.

Contents

Through his father, Fínall Fíngein, Mo Chutu belonged to the Ciarraige Luachra, while his mother, Finmed, was of the Corco Duibne. [4] Notes added to the Félire Óengusso (the Martyrology of Óengus) claim that his fosterfather was Carthach mac Fianáin, that is Carthach the Elder, whose period of activity can be assigned to the late 6th century. [4] [5]

Saint Carthage the Elder was an Irish bishop and abbot in the sixth century. His feast day is March 5.

Mo Chutu first became abbot of Rahan, a monastery which lay in the territory of the southern Uí Néill. He composed a rule for his monks, an Irish metrical poem of 580 lines, divided into nine separate sections, a notable literary relic of the early Irish Church. [2]

The Uí Néill are Irish and Scottish dynasties who claim descent from Niall Noígíallach, a historical King of Tara who died c. 405.

According to the Annals of Ulster , he was expelled from the monastery during the Easter season of 637. The incident has been connected with the Easter controversy, in which Irish churches were involved during the 7th century. Through his training in Munster, Mo Chutu may have been a supporter of the Roman system of calculation, which would have brought him into conflict with adherents of the 'Celtic' reckoning in Leinster. [4]

<i>Annals of Ulster</i> chronicle of Irish history

The Annals of Ulster are annals of medieval Ireland. The entries span the years from A.D. 431 to A.D. 1540. The entries up to A.D. 1489 were compiled in the late 15th century by the scribe Ruaidhrí Ó Luinín, under his patron Cathal Óg Mac Maghnusa on the island of Belle Isle on Lough Erne in the kingdom of Fermanagh. Later entries were added by others.

The controversy over the correct date for Easter began in Early Christianity as early as the 2nd century AD. Discussion and disagreement over the best method of computing the date of Easter Sunday has been ongoing and unresolved for centuries. Different Christian denominations continue to celebrate Easter on different dates, with Eastern and Western Christian churches being a notable example.

Leinster province in Ireland

Leinster is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the east of Ireland. It comprises the ancient Kingdoms of Mide, Osraige and Leinster. Following the 12th-century Norman invasion of Ireland, the historic fifths of Leinster and Mide gradually merged, mainly due to the impact of the Pale, which straddled both, thereby forming the present-day province of Leinster. The ancient kingdoms were shired into a number of counties for administrative and judicial purposes. In later centuries, local government legislation has seen further sub-division of the historic counties.

Saint Carthage Cathedral, Lismore Lismore St Carthages Cathedral 2007 08 03.jpg
Saint Carthage Cathedral, Lismore

Following his expulsion, Mo Chutu journeyed to the Déisi, where he founded the great monastery of Lismore (in modern County Waterford). The Latin and Irish Lives make very little of Mo Chutu's earlier misfortune and focus instead on the saint's resistance to the oppressive Uí Néill rulers and his joyous reception among the Déisi. [4] He has been portrayed in a heroic light in Indarba Mo Chutu a r-Raithin (The expulsion of Mo Chutu from Rahan). [4]

The Déisi were a class of peoples in ancient and medieval Ireland. The term is Old Irish, and derives from the word déis, meaning "vassal" or "subject"; in its original sense, it designated groups who were vassals or rent-payers to a landowner. Later, it became a proper name for certain septs and their own subjects throughout Ireland. The various peoples listed under the heading déis shared the same status in Gaelic Ireland, and had little or no actual kinship, though they were often thought of as genetically related. Déisi groups included the Déisi Muman, Déisi Temro, Déisi Becc and the Déisi Tuisceart. During the Early Middle Ages some Déisi groups and subgroups exerted great political influence in various parts of Ireland, and certain written sources suggest a connection to Britain as well. During early medieval Munster, the Déisi were under the hegemony of the Eoganachta confederacy.

Lismore Abbey is a former monastery in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland, reportedly in its day the most celebrated in the South of Ireland. Its site is now occupied by Lismore Castle.

County Waterford County in the Republic of Ireland

County Waterford is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Munster and is part of the South-East Region. It is named after the city of Waterford. Waterford City and County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county at large, including the city, was 116,176 according to the 2016 census. The county is based on the historic Gaelic territory of the Déise. There is an Irish-speaking area, Gaeltacht na nDéise, in the south-west of the county.

His foundation at Lismore flourished after his lifetime, eclipsing the reputation of the saint's earlier church. It was able to withstand the Viking depredations which plagued the area and benefited from the generosity of Munster kings, notably the Mac Carthaig of Desmond. In the 12th century, St Déclán's foundation of Ardmore aspired to the status of episcopal see in the new diocese, but the privilege went instead to Lismore. [4]

Mac Carthaig Surname list

Mac Carthaig, is a Gaelic Irish clan originating from Munster, an area they ruled during the Middle Ages. It was divided into several great branches. The MacCarthy Reagh, MacCarthy of Muskerry, and Mac Carthaig of Duhallow dynasties were the three most important of these, after the central or MacCarthy Mór line.

Declán of Ardmore Irish bishop

Declán of Ardmore, also called Déclán, was an early Irish saint of the Déisi Muman, who was remembered for having converted the Déisi in the late 5th century and for having founded the monastery of Ardmore in what is now Co. Waterford. The principal source for his life and cult is a Latin Life of the 12th century. Like Ailbe of Emly, Ciarán of Saigir and Abbán of Moyarney, Declán is presented as a Munster saint who preceded Saint Patrick in bringing Christianity to Ireland. He was regarded as a patron saint of the Déisi of East Munster.

His feast day in the Irish martyrologies is 14 May, [4] as well as in the Great Synaxaristes of the Eastern Orthodox Church. [6] In the present calendar of the Catholic Church in Ireland, in which 14 May is the feast of Saint Matthias, the memorial of Saint Carthage is celebrated on 15 May. [3]

Notes

  1. Annals of Inisfallen, entry AI639.3. There exist conflicting dates in other annals. This date has been confirmed by Daniel P. McCarthy in his Chronology of the Irish Annals, see Mc Carthy, Daniel P. (1998). "The Chronology of the Irish Annals". Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy . Royal Irish Academy. 98C: 203–255.
  2. 1 2 "William Grattan-Flood on "St. Carthage"". Newadvent.org. 11 January 1908. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  3. 1 2 The Roman Missal (Veritas 2011; ISBN   978-1-84730-297-7), p. 760
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Johnston, "Munster, saints of (act. c.450–c.700)."
  5. Félire Óengusso, ed. Stokes, pp. 86–7.
  6. (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Καρτέγιος Ἐπίσκοπος Λίσμορ. 14 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.

Sources

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "St. Carthage"  . Catholic Encyclopedia . New York: Robert Appleton.

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