A photo of Moa with the many
nickel factories in the background
Moa municipality (red) within
Holguín Province (yellow) and Cuba
|• Total||730 km2 (280 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Density||97.4/km2 (252/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
Moa is a municipality and an industrial city in the Holguín Province of Cuba. Its name is believed to mean "water here".
Moa, one of the youngest cities in Cuba, was founded in 1939. One of the most significant personalities linked to its foundation and growth was a Jamaican man, John Alexander Christie Duccas.
Located in the easternmost area of its province, at the borders with Guantánamo Province, Moa is bordered by the municipalities of Sagua de Tánamo, Frank País, Baracoa and Yateras.
The large municipal territory includes the Nipe-Sagua-Baracoa mountain range and the Alejandro de Humboldt National Park. The villages belonging to Moa municipality are Arroyo Blanco, Brinquín, Cañete, Cayo Grande, Centeno,Cocalito, Cupey, Farallones, Punta Gorda, Yaguaneque and Yamanigüey.
The city includes the quarters (repartos) of Centro, Atlántico, Caribe, José Martí, La Playa, Las Coloradas, Los Checos, Los Mangos, Miraflores and Rolo Monterrey.
In 2010, the municipality of Moa had a population of 75,015. 730 km2 (280 sq mi), it has a population density of 97.4/km2 (252/sq mi). This city has the youngest citizens in all of Cuba, and is the second largest city (and the fourth municipality) by population in the Holguín Province.With a total area of
Large nickel and cobalt deposits located in the Moa area are exploited in part by a joint venture with the Canadian company Sherritt International.
The extensive mining and nickel processing has large impact on the local environment. The coastal waters and nearby land is contaminated by the pollution from mines and processing plants.The soil has a reddish tint due to the iron ore in the ground.
The nickel production is concentrated on the factories "Pedro Soto Alba" and "Ernesto Che Guevara". While the Nickel Processor Plant "Pedro Soto Alba" is a limited liability company between Cuba and Sherritt International Canadian Company, the "Ernesto Che Guevara" belongs to the government enterprise Cubaníquel. As average per year, The "Soto Alba" and "Che Guevara" produce more than 30.000 tons of nickel each.This industry is what makes Moa a leading nickel producer, and what brings the town most of its GDP.
The city is served by the Orestes Acosta Airport (IATA: MOA, ICAO: MUMO), a regional airport with daily flights to Havana. It is crossed in the middle by the state highway "Circuito Norte" (CN), the second longest one after the "Carretera Central".
Holguín is one of the provinces of Cuba, the third most populous after Havana and Santiago de Cuba. It lies in the southeast of the country. Its major cities include Holguín, Banes, Antilla, Mayarí, and Moa.
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Bauta is a municipality and town located 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Havana City, in the Artemisa Province of Cuba since 2010 as a result of the divided of which was the Province of Havana.
Mayarí is a municipality and town in the Holguín Province of Cuba.
Segundo Frente is a municipality in the Santiago de Cuba Province of Cuba. Located in the northern part of the province, it is centered on the town, and municipal seat, of Mayarí Arriba.
Báguanos is a municipality and town in the Holguín Province of Cuba.
Sagua de Tánamo is a municipality and town in the Holguín Province of Cuba.
Sierra Cristal National Park is a national park in Cuba. It is located in the municipalities of Mayarí and Sagua de Tánamo in southern Holguín Province. It was the first National Park created in Cuba in 1930, and covers an area of 185.37 km2 (71.57 sq mi).
Cuchillas del Toa is a Biosphere Reserve in Cuba. It is located in the eastern part of the country, mostly in the Guantánamo Province and reaching to the north into the Holguín Province. Most of the reserve is established in the drainage area of the Toa River, which flows for 118 km (73 mi) to the Atlantic Ocean in Baracoa.
Nipe Bay is a bay on the northern coast of Cuba in Holguín Province, part of the former Oriente Province. It is part of the municipalities of Mayarí and Antilla.
San Antonio de las Vueltas, also known as Vueltas, is a village and consejo popular in central northern Cuba, belonging to the municipality of Camajuaní, Villa Clara Province. With a population of 13,805 it is the most populated village in the municipality after Camajuaní.
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Nicaro-Levisa, also Levisa-Nicaro, is a Cuban town and consejo popular of the municipality of Mayarí, in Holguín Province, formed by the settlements of Nicaro and Levisa. With a population of about 20,000, it is the most populated village in the municipality after Mayarí.
The road network of Cuba consists of 60,858 kilometres (37,815 mi) of roads, of which 29,820 kilometres (18,530 mi) are paved and 31,038 kilometres (19,286 mi) are unpaved. The Caribbean country counts also 654 kilometres (406 mi) of motorways (autopistas).
Guatemala, also known as Preston, is a Cuban village and consejo popular of the municipality of Mayarí, in Holguín Province.
Nipe-Sagua-Baracoa, also known as Macizo Nipe Sagua Baracoa, is a mountain range of eastern Cuba.
Yamanigüey is a Cuban village and consejo popular of the municipality of Moa, in Holguín Province. In 2009 it had a population of 2,394.
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|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Moa .|