Mogilno

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Mogilno
Mogilno klasztor od wsch 02.jpg
Monastery
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Flag
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Coat of arms
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Mogilno
Coordinates: 52°39′N17°57′E / 52.650°N 17.950°E / 52.650; 17.950 Coordinates: 52°39′N17°57′E / 52.650°N 17.950°E / 52.650; 17.950
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
County Mogilno County
Gmina Gmina Mogilno
Government
  MayorLeszek Duszyński
Area
  Total8.32 km2 (3.21 sq mi)
Population
 (31-12-2014 [1] )
  Total12,240
  Density1,471/km2 (3,810/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
88-300
Car plates CMG
Climate Dfb
Website Official website

Mogilno (English: /mɔːˈɡɪln/ ; Polish:  [mɔˈɡʲilnɔ] ) is a town in central Poland, situated in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Bydgoszcz Voivodeship (1975–1998).

Contents

History

Mogilno is one of the oldest settlements along the border of the Greater Poland and Kuyavia historical regions. Since the turn of the 8th and 9th century until the 10th century an early-mediaeval settlement existed there, at the long narrow headland surrounded by waters of Mogilno Lake from the west and south and marshes from the east.

In 1065, a Benedictine abbey was founded there by Bolesław the Generous. North of the abbey a town later developed, which in 1398 was granted a city charter, and which was the abbey's property until 1773.

After the first Partition of Poland in 1772 the city became a part of the Kingdom of Prussia, and in 1920 it returned to Poland.

Since 1898 until his death in 1910 a parish priest in Mogilno's other church St. Jacob (Św. Jakuba) was Piotr Wawrzyniak.

Massacre during Second World War

On 18 September 1939, during the Invasion of Poland, German forces incited by members of Mogilno German minority killed 40 Poles, one of whom was of Jewish descent. The victims were picked out by local Volksdeutsche with Polish citizenship for execution. The oldest victim was 75, the youngest 17. [2] [3] [4]

Sights

Mogilno Lake in winter in Mogilno Jezioro Mogilenskie.jpg
Mogilno Lake in winter in Mogilno

Culture, sport and tourism

The town is home to the Mogilno Film Academy as well as a cinema. The film Voodoo Dad was set and shot entirely in the town.

There is a local museum dedicated to the local area, a local cultural institute, and several organisations dedicated to cultural activities and local venues.

It is also a focal point of many tourist trails and nature walks, most notably the Piast Trail. The scenic location also attracts a number of tourists looking to relax in the nearby forests and lakes.

The local football team is Pogoń Mogilno.

Twin Towns

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References

  1. Population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of December 31, 2014. Warsaw: GUS - Central Statistical Office of Poland. 8 June 2015. p. 57 of downloadable pdf document.
  2. Datner, Szymon (1967). 55 dni Wehrmachtu w Polsce (1.IX-25.X.1939) (in Polish). Warsaw: MON (Ministerstwa Obrony Narodowej). p. 346.
  3. Łuczak, Czesław (1996). Pod niemieckim jarzmem (Kraj Warty 1939-1945) (in Polish). Poznan: PSO. p. 43.
  4. Friedrich, Klaus-Peter (2007). "Did the Nazi War of Extermination in Eastern Europe Start in September 1939?". In Silberklang, David (ed.). Yad Vashem Studies. Vol. 35.1. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem. p. 202. ISBN   965-308-273-6. ISSN   0084-3296.