Mohamed Deriche

Last updated
Mohamed Deriche
Arabic:  [محمد دريش]
Tifinagh: ⵎⵓⵀⴰⵎⴻⴷ ⴷⴻⵔⵉⵛⵀⴻ
Mderiche.jpg
Bachagha Mohamed Deriche
Bachagha  [ fr ] of Khachna  [ ar ]
In office
1938–1946
Qaid of Khachna  [ ar ]
In office
1919–1938
Personal details
Born1865
Souk El-Had, Algiers department, Kabylie, Algeria.
Died1948
Boudouaou, Algiers department, Kabylie, Algeria.

Mohamed Deriche (Arabic:  [محمد دريش] , Berber languages : ⵎⵓⵃⵎⵎⴰⴷ ⴷⴻⵔⵉⵛⴻ), (born 1865 in Souk El-Had, Boumerdès Province, Kabylie, Algeria; died 1948 in Boudouaou, Algeria) was an Algerian Berber politician after the French conquest of Algeria. [1]

Contents

Presentation

Mohamed Deriche was born in the Kabyle douar  [ fr ] of Aïth Hamadouche in 1865. [2]

The Aïth Hamadouche are a Berber tribe of Kabylia  [ fr ] whose village is located on the eastern part of the Khachna mountain range and overlooks Oued Isser  [ fr ]. [3]

His father is Ali Deriche, a farmer in Beni Amrane, and his grandfather is Mohamed Deriche, former Zouave. [4]

Mohamed is a native of the Khachna region, which is part of Lower Kabylia  [ fr ], which stretches from Oued Sebaou  [ fr ] to Oued Mazafran  [ fr ]. [5]

The surname Deriche was attributed to the Mohamed family by the fr during the establishment of the Indigenous civil state of Algeria  [ fr ] at the time of the governor Louis Tirman.

This name Deriche is either a modification of the Arabic name Dervish, or a meaning of French opulence "De Riche". [6]

Caïdat

Mohamed Deriche was appointed in the caïdat  [ fr ] from 1919 until his retirement in 1946. [7]

He was thus a Qaid of the Khachna who was a part of the Menerville district. [8]

Qaid Mohamed Deriche was a member of the Municipal Council of Ménerville and was assisted by an indigenous council of municipal councilors whose members were Rabah Maref, Dahmane Deriche, Rabah Timizar, Hocine Fazez, Mohamed Amraoui, Lounès Deriche and Ahmed Deriche. [9]

This Qaid attended the administrative, electoral and festive meetings which took place at the level of the town hall of Ménerville in 1931 and 1932. [10]

Mohamed Deriche had to collaborate with the mayors César Boniface and Jérôme Zévaco. [11]

Activities

Souk El-Had in Khachna Plan de Thenia des Beni Aicha dans le territoire des Khachna a l'est d'Alger.jpg
Souk El-Had in Khachna

The Qaid Mohamed Deriche watched peace and serenity in the douars of Khachna. [12]

Mohamed Deriche and Sheikh Mohamed Seghir Boushaki, under the guardianship of the Clerk of the Peace of the Ménerville court, were helped by French agents and were able to elucidate many harassments and misdemeanors. [13]

Properties

Mohamed Deriche has One of these properties located in Beni Amrane was specialized in cattle breeding (French: élevage bovin) where the crossing of bulls and heifers aimed at the improvement of animal breeds. This farm of Beni Amrane received the Medal of Honor of the work  [ fr ] several times. The vermeil medal was awarded in 1913 to the father of Mohamed Deriche who counted more than 30 years of agricultural services since 1880. [14]

Nationalist Movement

Mohamed Bachir El Ibrahimi [fr] Bachir Ibrahimi.jpg
Mohamed Bachir El Ibrahimi  [ fr ]

Due to his political position, Mohamed Deriche had a privileged relationship with the Algerian Muslim Ulemas Association  [ fr ] since its creation in 1931.

He received Mohamed Bachir El Ibrahimi  [ fr ] at his home in Ménerville and accompanied him to the Zawiya of Aïth Hamadouche in the heights of Souk El-Had in the pass of Aïth Aïcha to receive the reforming councils in religion and politics. The Imam khatib who preached this Zawiya was Mohamed Boushaki (1876-1950), whose uncle Mohamed Seghir Boushaki (1869-1959) was Sheikh El Ferka of the Aïth Aïcha and a municipal councilor of the town hall of Ménerville.

Algerian War

Lyès Deriche, who housed in his villa in the Algerian commune of Clos-Salembier the meeting of the Group of 22 baptized Revolutionary Committee of Unity and Action (RCUA). [15] is related to him .

On July 25, 1954, in the modest villa belonging to Elias Deriche, twenty-two Algerians spoke for the unlimited revolution until total independence. They were all elders of the Special Organization who were summoned in the second half of June 1954. [16]

Many of them were from families where there were qaids and bachaghas who had studied in the schools of the Association Of Algerian Muslim scholars  [ fr ]. [17] [18]

Elias Deriche, a friend of Zoubir Bouadjadj  [ fr ], was a former militant of the Movement for the Triumph of Democratic Liberties who exploited the notoriety of his family to weave a clandestine revolutionary network in Lower Kabylia  [ fr ]. He welcomed Mohamed Boudiaf who was the revolutionary leader of Algiers, and had prepared the meal for the participants in the historic meeting. [19]

About noon the owner of the house, Deriche, invited the presents to a couscous, and after a short pause they returned to work. [20]

Independent Algeria

The son of Mohamed Deriche, Dahmane Deriche, was appointed to represent the former commune of Souk El-Had in the special delegation responsible for the new commune of Ménerville after the proclamation of Algerian independence in 1962.

Dahman previously ran a farm in Souk El-Had and maintained an intimate relationship with the Algerian National Movement. [21]

It was by the decree of August 21, 1962, published in the Official Journal of the Algerian Democratic and Popular Republic  [ fr ] that the prefect of Algiers Nadir Kassab  [ fr ] appointed Dahmane Deriche to this administrative post.

Dahmane will be political commissar of the FLN for the post-colonial period in Lower Kabylia  [ fr ]. [22]

See also

Related Research Articles

Kabylie Place

Kabylie is a cultural region, natural region and historical region in northern Algeria. It is part of the Tell Atlas mountain range, and is located at the edge of the Mediterranean Sea.

Boumerdès Province Province in Algeria

Boumerdès is a province (wilaya) of northern Algeria in the Kabylie region, between Algiers and Tizi-Ouzou, with its capital at the coastal city of Boumerdès just east of Algiers.

Mohammed Benchicou Algerian journalist

Mohammed Boualem Benchicou was the director and publisher of the Algerian newspaper Le Matin , closed in August 2006.

Thénia District District in Boumerdès, Algeria

Thénia is a district in Boumerdès Province, Algeria. It was named after its capital, Thénia which, under French rule, was called Ménerville.

Thénia Place in Boumerdès, Algeria

Thénia (الثنية), sometimes written as Thenia, with around 40,000 inhabitants, is the chief town in the daïra of the same name, in the wilaya of Boumerdès, in northern Algeria. Historically, the name is a contraction of Theniet Beni Aicha "the mountain pass of the sons of Aisha", the Arabic translation of the Kabyle Berber toponym Tizi n At Ɛica. The steep-sided pass, which is only about 800 metres wide at its narrowest point, is sometimes taken to mark the transition between Mitidja and Grande Kabylie.

Alger (department) former French department in Algeria (1848-1962)

Alger is a former French department in Algeria. The département of Alger existed between 1848 and 1962.

The Algerian Basketball Championship, now called the ABC National 1, formally known as the ABC Super Division, is the pre-eminent men's basketball league in Algeria, National 1 is contested by 16 teams, with the two lowest-placed teams relegated to the Second Division and replaced by the two winner of the playoffs. From the 1963 onwards, GS Pétroliers and WA Boufarik both dominated Also there is Darak El-Watani won 11 titles but it no longer exists, though National 1 also saw other champions, including OC Alger, ASM Oran, USM Alger, RAM Alger, MC Oran, NB Staouéli, AS PTT Alger and CSM Constantine.

Philippe Marçais was a French Arabist and politician. A director of the Médersa de Tlemcen from 1938 to 1945, he was dean of the Faculté des Lettres d'Alger and député of French Algeria from 1958 to 1962. The Arabist William Marçais was his father.

Djelloul Khatib Algerian military officer and diplomat

Djelloul Khatib alias commandant Djelloul was a combatant for the Algerian independence and a public servant. During the war of independence he led the efforts towards the professionalization of the National Liberation Army (NLA). He contributed thereafter to building the civil service of newly independent Algeria.

The 1998 Championnat National 1 Final was the third final of the Algerian Championnat. The match took place on June 29, 1998, at Stade 5 Juillet 1962 in Algiers with kick-off at 14:00. USM El Harrach beat USM Alger 3-0 to win their first Algerian Championnat.

Events in the year 2017 in Algeria.

Mohamed Seghir Boushaki, was an Algerian Berber politician after the French conquest of Algeria.

Lyès Deriche Algerian politician

Lyès Deriche, was an Algerian Berber politician after the French conquest of Algeria.

The Oued Isser is a river of Algeria. It begins in Médéa Province, is the main river, with Oued Sébaou of the Medea, which runs through the Lower Kabylie of Djurdjura Wilaya of Bouira, then flows into the Mediterranean near the coastal town of Djinet in Lower Kabylia, attached to the province of Boumerdes.

In the 1996–97 season, USM Alger competed in the National for the 21st time They competed in Ligue 1, the Algerian Cup, and the CAF Champions League.

In the 1997–98 season, USM Alger competed in the National for the 22nd time They competed in Ligue 1, the Algerian Cup, the Algerian League Cup, the African Cup Winners' Cup, and the CAF Champions League.

Mohamed Mechkarini (1896–1935) is a Kabyle rebel who attacked colonial administrators in the early twentieth century. Finally captured, he was arrested on January 6, 1929.

Auguste Warnier French politician

Auguste Hubert Warnier was a French medical doctor, journalist and politician who spent most of his career in Algeria. At first he was a Saint-Simonian and was sympathetic to the local population. He thought the Berbers had Germanic blood and a civilization derived from Roman and Christian origins, so could readily adapt to French civilization. He had no respect for the Arab "intruders". Later he took the view that the indigenous people had destroyed the once-fertile environment of Algeria, became a proponent of French colonization and opposed the "Arab Kingdom" policy of Napoleon III. In his last years he was a Representative in the National Assembly for the Province of Algiers. He was responsible for a law that allowed expropriation of land or forced sale to colonists.

Nahla El Fatiha Naili Algerian sculptor (b. 1986)

Nahla El Fatiha Naili, is an Algerian sculptor.

References

  1. "Fête 150eme anniversaire de la révolution". menerville.free.fr.
  2. "Carte de l'Algérie divisée par tribus / par MM. E. Carette et Auguste Warnier ; Membres de la Commission Scientifique de l'Algérie". [s.n.][s.n.] 25 June 2017 via gallica.bnf.fr.
  3. "Carte de l'Algérie d'après Mrs Carette et Renou / par L. B. ; gravé par L. Bouffard ; lith. de Lemercier". [s.n.][s.n.] 25 June 2017 via gallica.bnf.fr.
  4. "Liste des 1985 personnalites du livre d'or de l'algerie 1937". www.algerie-dz.com.
  5. Carette, Ernest (1808-1890); Warnier, Auguste (1810-1875) (25 June 2017). "Description et division de l'Algérie / par MM. Carette et Warnier". Hachette via gallica.bnf.fr.
  6. "La Presse". [s.n.] 9 July 1837 via gallica.bnf.fr.
  7. "Livre d'or de l'Algerie". jeunepiednoir.pagesperso-orange.fr.
  8. "L'Echo d'Alger : journal républicain du matin". [s.n.] 9 June 1917 via gallica.bnf.fr.
  9. "L'Echo d'Alger : journal républicain du matin". [s.n.] 6 July 1931 via gallica.bnf.fr.
  10. "L'Echo d'Alger : journal républicain du matin". [s.n.] 8 July 1932 via gallica.bnf.fr.
  11. "L'Echo d'Alger : journal républicain du matin". [s.n.] 7 August 1931 via gallica.bnf.fr.
  12. "L'Echo d'Alger : journal républicain du matin". [s.n.] 12 August 1927 via gallica.bnf.fr.
  13. "Revue du Midi : religion, littérature, histoire". Imprimerie générale. 1 January 1900 via gallica.bnf.fr.
  14. "L'Echo d'Alger : journal républicain du matin". [s.n.] 1 June 1913 via gallica.bnf.fr.
  15. "24 juin 1954 : Tenue de la réunion du Groupe des « 22 » historiques".
  16. "Juillet 1954: La réunion du Clos-Salembier".
  17. "Hommage à Lyes Derriche".
  18. "Nos 22 héros - 22 héros, 22 bourses". excellence.fondation-faac.org.
  19. Stora, Benjamin (25 June 1985). "Dictionnaire biographique de militants nationalistes algériens: E.N.A, P.P.A., M.T.L.D., 1926-1954". L'Harmattan via Google Books.
  20. "La réunion des 22 : quand le sort de l'Algérie bascule !".
  21. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-02. Retrieved 2017-03-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. http://www.joradp.dz/FTP/Jo-Francais/1962/F1962009.pdf