Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani

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Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani portrait.jpg
Chairman of the Assembly of Experts
In office
8 March 2011 21 October 2014
Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
Preceded by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Succeeded by Mahmoud Shahroudi (Acting)
Prime Minister of Iran
Acting
In office
2 September 1981 29 October 1981
President Ali Khamenei
Preceded by Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
Succeeded by Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Minister of Interior
In office
20 August 1980 1 October 1981
Prime Minister Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
Preceded by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Succeeded by Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
Minister of Justice
In office
12 August 1980 20 August 1980
Prime Minister Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Preceded by Ahmad Sayyed Javadi
Succeeded by Assodollah Mobasheri
Secretary of the Guardian Council
Acting
In office
22 July 1980 17 December 1980
Appointed by Ruhollah Khomeini
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded by Lotfollah Safi Golpaygani
Personal details
Born(1931-08-06)6 August 1931
Kan District, Tehran, Iran
Died21 October 2014(2014-10-21) (aged 83)
Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party Combatant Clergy Association
Spouse(s)Nesa Khaton Sorkhei (1960–2014, his death)
Children3
Relatives Ali Bagheri (nephew)
Alma mater Qom Seminary
Signature Signature of Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani.svg
Website Official website
Military service
AllegianceFlag of Iran.svg  Iran
Branch/service Revolutionary Committees
Years of service1979–1982
CommandsChief Commander of Revolutionary Committees

Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani (Persian : محمدرضا مهدوی کنی, 6 August 1931 – 21 October 2014) was an Iranian cleric, writer and conservative politician who was Acting Prime Minister of Iran from 2 September until 29 October 1981. Before that, he was Minister of Interior and Minister of Justice in the cabinets of Mohammad-Ali Rajai and Mohammad-Javad Bahonar. He was the leader of Combatant Clergy Association and Chairman of the Assembly of Experts and also founder and president of Imam Sadiq University.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Iranian peoples diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group

The Iranian peoples, or the Iranic peoples, are a diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group that comprise the speakers of the Iranian languages.

Prime Minister of Iran former a political post in Iran

The Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.

Contents

On 4 June 2014, Mahdavi Kani was hospitalized in Bahman Hospital and went into a coma after suffering a heart attack. He died on 21 October 2014. [1]

Early life

Mahdavi Kani was born on 6 August 1931 [2] in the village of Kan, near Tehran. [3] His father was an Ayatollah and taught in the Mofid School. [4] After he finished basic education in Kan, he studied at Borhan High School in Tehran. He left for Qom in 1947 to study at a religious seminary. [3] His teachers included Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Nematollah Salehi Najafabadi,Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Reza Golpayegani, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Hossein Boroujerdi and Allameh Sayyed Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei. [3]

Kan District is a district (bakhsh) in Tehran County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 63,514, in 15,837 families. The District has no cities. The District has one rural district (dehestan): Sulqan Rural District.

Tehran City in Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 24th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

Qom City in Iran

Qom is the seventh metropolis and also the seventh largest city in Iran. Qom is the capital of Qom Province. It is located 140 km to the south of Tehran. At the 2016 census its population was 1,201,158. It is situated on the banks of the Qom River.

He comes back to Tehran in 1961 to teach religious sciences. In that Time, most of clerics participated in protests against Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi known in that Time as “taghoot”. Mahdavi kani also added to these clerics and formed alliance with Ayatollah khoemeini. [3] Also He imprisoned by Shah three times. [5]

Career

After the demise of Ayatollah Boroujerdi, Mahdavi Kani went back to Tehran and continued his struggle against the Pahlavi regime, something which he had started since he was 18, during the time of Ayatollah Boroujerdi. He was considerably active and effective in his participation in the Islamic movement of Iran led by Khomeini. Before the Islamic Revolution, he was appointed by Khomeini to the Revolutionary Council and later took up various political and religious positions. He was the leader of the Combatant Clergy Association, which he cofounded in 1977. [4] Mahdavi Kani refused to join Islamic Republican Party in 1979, because he believed clerics should remain non-partisan. [6]

Pahlavi dynasty Dynasty that ruled Iran from 1925 until 1979

The Pahlavi dynasty was the last ruling house of the Imperial State of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the Monarchy of Iran was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution. The dynasty was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, a former brigadier-general of the Persian Cossack Brigade, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdicate by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran. He was succeeded by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran. According to Reza Shah, He named Agha Ameri the successor to his dynasty if it fell.

Combatant Clergy Association

The Combatant Clergy Association is a politically active group in Iran, but not a political party in the traditional sense.

Islamic Republican Party political party

The Islamic Republican Party formed in mid-1979 to assist the Iranian Revolution and Ayatollah Khomeini establish theocracy in Iran. It was disbanded in May 1987 due to internal conflicts.

He was appointed chief of the Central Provisional Komiteh for the Islamic Revolution that was a body in charge of trials and executions of the civil and military officials of the Pahlavi era. [7]

He served as the minister of interior in the cabinet of Mohammad-Ali Rajai to succeeding Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. He was reappointed as minister of interior in the cabinet of Mohammad-Javad Bahonar. He became the interim prime minister on 2 September 1981 and was in office until 29 October 1981. [8] He was also chairman of provisional presidential council, after the assassination of president Mohammad Ali Rajai and prime minister Mohammad Javad Bahonar. He has also been a member of the Constitutional Amendment Council of Iran, appointed by Ayatollah Khomeini, the Supreme Leader of Iran, to review and amend the Constitution of Iran in 1989. He was also elected as member of the assembly in 2008 in a by-election from Tehran.

Mahdavi Kani is the founder and former head of Imam Sadiq University in Tehran, a university specializing in humanities. [3]

He was elected as chairman of the Assembly of Experts on 8 March 2011 after Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani resigned from office. [9] In March 2013, he was reelected to the post for further two years. [9] [10]

Illness and death

He was hospitalized for a stroke on Ruhollah Khomeini's death anniversary, which brought him to coma on 4 June 2014. [1] He was in coma for more than five months [11] and died on 21 October 2014 at the age of 83. [1] Mahdavi Kani was survived by his three children, eight grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Hours after Mahdavi Kani's death, his office announced that his state funeral will be held on 23 October and his body will be buried at Shah-Abdol-Azim shrine. [12] Iranian President Hassan Rouhani also announced two days of mourning in his memorial. [13]

Works

The following works of Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani are published: [14]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Jedinia, Mehdi. "Iranian officials mourn powerful cleric". al-monitor. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  2. http://www.parsine.com/fa/news/275856/عکستبلیغ-لیست-اصولگرایان-روی-سنگ-مزار-آیت-الله-مهدوی-کنی
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Lorentz, John H. (2010). The A to Z Guide Series. Scarecrow Press. ISBN   978-0810876385.
  4. 1 2 Shone, Alex. "Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Mahdavi-Kani: profile of the new chairman of Iran's Assembly of Experts". Defence Viewpoints. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
  5. Hiro, Dilip (2013). Iran Under the Ayatollahs (Routledge Revivals). Routledge. ISBN   978-0415669696.
  6. Staff, writer. "Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani in the 15 parts of Islamic republic's history (Persian)". IRNA. Archived from the original on 3 December 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  7. "Law And Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran" (PDF). Amnesty International. 13 March 1980. Archived from the original (Report) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  8. Hosseini, Mir M. "Interim Government Formed". Fourman. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  9. 1 2 "Iran's Assembly of Experts re-elects Mahdavi-Kani as chairman". Xinhua. 5 March 2013. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
  10. Karami, Arash (6 March 2013). "Iran Mourns Passing of Hugo Chavez". Al Monitor. Archived from the original on 16 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
  11. Staff writer. "Head of Assembly of Experts dies at 83". Mehr News Agency. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  12. WINSOR, MORGAN. "Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani Death: Iranian President Declares Two-Day Mourning After Leading Cleric Dies". International Business Times. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  13. Staff, Writer. "President announced two days of mourning on Mahdavi Kani memorial". Tabnak. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  14. Staff, Writer. "Ayatollah Mohamad Reza Mahdavi Kani, a Brief Biography". Imam sadiq university.
Political offices
Preceded by
Ahmad Sayyed Javadi
Minister of Justice
1980
Succeeded by
Assodollah Mobasheri
Preceded by
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Minister of Interior
1980–1981
Succeeded by
Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
Preceded by
Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
Acting Prime Minister of Iran
1981
Succeeded by
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Preceded by
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Chairman of the Assembly of Experts
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi
Acting
Party political offices
Preceded by
Fazlollah Mahallati
Secretary-General of Combatant Clergy Association
1981–2014
Succeeded by
Ali Movahedi-Kermani
Academic offices
Preceded by
Hussein-Ali Montazeri
President of Imam Sadiq University
1983–2014
Succeeded by
Mohammad-Saeed Mahdavi Kani