Mohammad Moin

Last updated
Mohamad Moin
Born(1914-06-12)June 12, 1914
Rasht, Iran
DiedJuly 4, 1971(1971-07-04) (aged 57)
Tehran
Nationality Iranian
Notable works Mo'in Dictionary

Mohammad Moin (Persian : Mohamad Moin, also his surname could be transliterated as Mo'in) (July 12, 1914, Rasht, Iran – July 4, 1971, Tehran, Iran) [1] was a prominent Iranian scholar of Persian literature and Iranian Studies.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Rasht City in Gilan, Iran

Rasht is the capital city of Gilan Province, Iran. Also known as the "City of Rain", it had a population of 639,951 as of the 24 October 2011 census.

Iran Country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.

Contents

Mohamad Moin studied at the Higher Institute of Science in Tehran and obtained his BA in literature and philosophy in 1934. He subsequently went to Belgium and graduated in applied psychology, anthropology and cognitive science under Elmer Knowles. On returning to Iran he carried out his doctoral research under Ebrahim Pourdavoud at the University of Tehran, culminating in a thesis with the title "Mazdayasna and its Influence on Persian Literature" for which he received a PhD with honours in Persian literature and linguistics. He is the first doctoral graduate in Persian literature from the University of Tehran.

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word baccalaureus should not be confused with baccalaureatus, which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate Bachelor of Arts with Honors degree in some countries.

Literature written work of art

Literature, most generically, is any body of written works. More restrictively, literature refers to writing considered to be an art form or any single writing deemed to have artistic or intellectual value, often due to deploying language in ways that differ from ordinary usage.

Philosophy intellectual and/or logical study of general and fundamental problems

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras. Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation. Classic philosophical questions include: Is it possible to know anything and to prove it? What is most real? Philosophers also pose more practical and concrete questions such as: Is there a best way to live? Is it better to be just or unjust? Do humans have free will?

He was later appointed full professor at University of Tehran, from which position he was subsequently promoted as Distinguished Professor to the Chair of Literary Criticism and Research in Literary Texts at the same university. He is best known for his famous Mo'in Dictionary as well as his contributions to The Dehkhoda Dictionary , a work he did in collaboration with Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda himself.

Dehkhoda Dictionary dictionary

The Dehkhoda Dictionary is the largest comprehensive Persian dictionary ever published, comprising 16 volumes. It is published by the Tehran University Press (UTP) under the supervision of the Dehkhoda Dictionary Institute. It traces the historical development of the Persian language, providing a comprehensive resource to scholars and academic researchers, as well as describing usage in its many variations throughout the world.

Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda Lexicographer, Linguist and Satirist

Allameh Ali Akbar Dehkhodā was a prominent Iranian linguist. He was also the author of Dehkhoda dictionary, the most extensive dictionary of the Persian language published to date.

Mo'in was President of the literature commission of the International Congress of Iranian Studies and Director of the Dehkhoda Dictionary Institute.

Mohammad Mo'in died in 1971 in Tehran. He is buried in Astaneh Ashrafiyeh, Gilan, Iran. His burial chamber was vandalized in 1981 by vigilantes, thought to be due to Mo'in's ties to the political elite of the Pahlavi Era.

Awards and honours

Notes

  1. Date of birth July 12, 1914, is according to Professor Mo'in's own notes. However, some sources indicate April 29, 1918, as the date of birth. The latter date seems somewhat unlikely, since it would imply that he should have obtained his BA at the age of approximately sixteen, requiring his entrance to university at approximately twelve or perhaps fourteen, depending on the duration of the BA course. Increasing these values by four leads to reasonable ages, leading one to consider July 12, 1914, as the correct date of birth.

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