Mohammed Goni

Last updated
Mohammed Goni
Governor of Borno State
In office
October 1979 October 1983
Preceded by Tunde Idiagbon
Succeeded by Asheik Jarma
Personal details
Born 1942
Kareto, Mobbar LGA, Borno State, Nigeria

Alhaji Mohammed Goni is a retired civil servant who was Governor of Borno State, Nigeria (1979–1983) in the Nigerian Second Republic.

Borno State State in Nigeria

Borno, also known as Borno State, is a state in north-eastern Nigeria. Its capital is Maiduguri. The state was formed in 1976 from the split of the North-Eastern State. Until 1991 it contained what is now Yobe State. It is the homeland of the Kanuri people in Nigeria.

Nigeria Federal republic in West Africa

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular country.

Contents

Background

Mohammed Goni was born in 1942 in Kareto, Mobbar Local Government Area, Borno State. He attended Maiduguri Middle School (1953–55), Borno Provincial Secondary School (1956–61), Provincial Secondary School, Kano (1962–63) and the Institute of Administration, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria (1964–87), where he gained a BA (Administration), specializing in international affairs. [1]

Mobbar is a Local Government Area of Borno State, Nigeria. Its headquarters are in the town of Damasak.

Maiduguri Place in Borno, Nigeria

Maiduguri, also called Yerwa by locals, is the capital and the largest city of Borno State in north-eastern Nigeria. The city sits along the seasonal Ngadda River which disappears into the Firki swamps in the areas around Lake Chad. Maiduguri was founded in 1907 as a military outpost by the British and has since grown rapidly with a population exceeding a million by 2007.

Kano Capital city in Northern Nigeria

Kano is the state capital of Kano State in North West, Nigeria. It is situated in the Sahelian geographic region, south of the Sahara. Kano is the commercial nerve centre of Northern Nigeria and is the second largest city in Nigeria. The Kano metropolis initially covered 137 square kilometres, and comprised six local government areas (LGAs) — Kano Municipal, Fagge, Dala, Gwale, Tarauni and Nasarawa; However, it now covers two additional LGAs — Ungogo and Kumbotso. The total area of Metropolitan Kano is now 499 square kilometres, with a population of 2,828,861 as of the 2006 Nigerian census; the latest official estimate is 3,931,300.

In 1977, he transferred to the Nigerian National Supply Company. [1]

Governor of Borno State

In April 1979, Mohammed Goni resigned from the National Supply Company and entered politics. [1] He was elected as the first civilian governor of the former Borno State, on the platform of the Great Nigeria Peoples Party (GNPP), and was in office from October 1979 to September 1983. [2] He was also part of the Progressives Coalition led by Chief Obafemi Awolowo. [3] Goni founded the Borno Radio Television (BRTV) to counter the propaganda which was being pumped out of the Federal Government owned and sponsored Nigerian Television Authority (NTA). [4] In retrospect, his period of office was considered one of achievement when compared with his successors. [5]

Obafemi Awolowo Nigerian politician

Chief Obafemi Jeremiah Oyeniyi Awolowo, GCFR, was a Nigerian nationalist and statesman who played a key role in Nigeria's independence movement, the First and Second Republics and the Civil War. The son of a Yoruba farmer, he was one of the truly self-made men among his contemporaries in Nigeria. He was the first premier of the Western Region and later federal commissioner for finance, and vice chairman of the Federal Executive Council during the Civil War. He was thrice a major contender for his country's highest office. A native of Ikenne in Ogun State of south-western Nigeria, he started his career, like some of his well-known contemporaries, as a nationalist in the Nigerian Youth Movement in which he rose to become Western Provincial Secretary. Awolowo was responsible for much of the progressive social legislation that has made Nigeria a modern nation. He was the first Leader of Government Business and Minister of Local Government and Finance, and first Premier of the Western Region under Nigeria's parliamentary system, from 1952 to 1959. He was the official Leader of the Opposition in the federal parliament to the Balewa government from 1959 to 1963. In recognition of all these, Awolowo was the first individual in the modern era to be named Leader of the Yorubas.

Nigerian Television Authority

The Nigerian Television Authority – also known as NTA is a Nigerian government-owned and partly commercial broadcaster that was inaugurated in 1977. At inauguration it had a monopoly on television broadcasting in the country. The NTA runs the biggest television network in Nigeria with stations in several parts of Nigeria. Formerly known as Nigerian Television (NTV), the network began with a takeover of regional television stations in 1976 by the then Nigerian military authorities, and is widely viewed as the authentic voice of the Nigerian government. NTA's monopoly was broken in the 1990s.

Before the 1983 elections, Goni transferred to the Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN), running unsuccessfully for reelection against the Nigerian People's Party (NPP) candidate Sheikh Jarma. [6] In the case of Federal Electoral Commission v Alhadji Mohammed Goni (1983), the Supreme Court of Nigeria condemned cross-carpeting by political officeholders. [7]

The Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN) was a Nigerian political party that was dominant in western Nigeria during the second republic (1978-1983). The party revolved around the political leadership of Obafemi Awolowo, a sometimes polemical politician but effective administrator. However, the party's main difference with its competitors was not the leader but the ideals of a social democracy it was founded on. The UPN inherited its ideology from the old Action Group and saw itself as a party for everyone. It was the only party to promote free education and called itself a welfarist party.

The Nigerian Peoples Party (NPP) was one of the major political parties that contested elections in the Nigerian Second Republic. The party was made up of three major groups: the Lagos Progressives, Club 19, and the Nigerian Council of Understanding. The Lagos progressives included some Lagos based NCNC politicians such as Adeniran Ogunsanya, T.O.S. Benson and Kola Balogun. The National Council of understanding was led by Waziri while Club 19 had Matthew Mbu, Solomon Lar, Omo Omoruyi, Paul Unongo, Antonio Fernandez and others as members.

Later career

Mohammed Goni was a member of the committee that drafted the 1995 Constitution. [1] In the April 2003 general elections he ran on the United Nigeria People's Party (UNPP) platform as vice-presidential candidate with Jim Nwobodo as the presidential candidate. They were not elected. [3]

The United Nigeria People's Party was a political party in Nigeria formed and led by Chief Donald Etiebet during General Sani Abacha's military era.

James Ifeanyichukwu Nwobodo is a Nigerian businessman and politician who was governor of Anambra State (1979–1983) during the Nigerian Second Republic and was Senator for Enugu East in Enugu State (1999–2003). In 2003, he ran unsuccessfully in the Nigerian Presidential elections.

In January 2011 he was elected by PDP delegates in Borno state to be their gubernatorial flag-bearer in the April 2011 elections.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Bosoma Sheriff and Shettima Maina Mohammed. "Alhaji Mohammed Goni (The first civilian governor of Borno State)". Kanuri Studies Association. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
  2. TIMOTHY OLA (30 September 2009). "How we underdeveloped Borno North, by Mohammed Goni". OnlineNigeria Daily News. Archived from the original on 25 February 2012. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
  3. 1 2 Jide Babalola (11/10/2009). "Only two-party system can save Nigeria, Goni". The Nation. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2009-12-14.Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. Jerry K. Domatob (1988). "Africa Media Review Vol. 3 No. 1. 1988" (PDF). African Council on Communication Education. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
  5. Sadiq Abubakar. "Tussle for Sheriff's succession". National Daily. Retrieved 2009-12-14.[ dead link ]
  6. ABDULKAREEM HARUNA (7 November 2009). "Nigeria Should Revert To Parliamentary Govt – Darmai". Daily Independent. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
  7. John Moyibi Amoda (6 October 2009). "Coup against Bauchi State ANPP". Vanguard. Retrieved 2009-12-14.