Mohammed Zahur Khayyam

Last updated

Mohammed Zahur Khayyam
Mohammed Zahur Khayyam.jpg
Khayyam at his 85th birthday bash in 2012
Born(1927-02-18)18 February 1927
Died19 August 2019(2019-08-19) (aged 92)
Occupation Music director, film score composer
Known for Umrao Jaan
Kabhi Kabhie
Razia Sultan
Dil-e-Nadaan
Dard
Thodisi Bewafai
Spouse(s)
(m. 1954)
Children1
Honours Padma Bhushan

Mohammed Zahur Khayyam Hashmi (18 February 1927 – 19 August 2019), [1] better known mononymously as Khayyam, was an Indian music director and background score composer whose career spanned four decades. [2] [3]

Contents

He won three Filmfare Awards: for Best Music in 1977 for Kabhi Kabhie and 1982 for Umrao Jaan , and a lifetime achievement award in 2010. He was awarded the 2007 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in Creative Music, by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy of Music, Dance and Theatre. [4] He was awarded the third-highest civilian honour, Padma Bhushan, by the Government of India for 2011. [5]

Early life

Khayyam was born to a Punjabi Muslim family [6] on 18 February 1927 in Rahon in Punjab, British India. [7] [8] As a boy, Khayyam ran away to his uncle's house in New Delhi. There he was trained under classical vocalist and composer Pandit Amarnath. [9]

Career

Khayyam went to Lahore looking for roles in films. There he met Baba Chishti, a famous Punjabi music director. After listening to a composition by Chishti, he sung to him its first part. Impressed, Chishti gave him an offer of joining him as an assistant. Khayyam assisted Chishti for six months and came to Ludhiana in 1943. He was only 17 then. [7]

After a stint in the Army in the Second World War, Khayyam went to Bombay to fulfil his dream [9] and made his debut as Sharmaji of the Sharmaji-Varmaji composer duo with the film Heer Ranjha in 1948. [7] He went solo after his co-composer Rahman Varma went to the newly created Pakistan post partition. [7] One of his earliest breaks was in the film Biwi (1950) in which the song "Akele Mein Woh Ghabrate To Honge" sung by Mohammed Rafi was a hit. "Shaam-e-Gham Ki Kasam" sung by Talat Mehmood from the film Footpath (1953) struck a chord among the masses. [10] He gained greater recognition from the film Phir Subha Hogi (1958) starring Raj Kapoor and Mala Sinha, in which songs written by Sahir Ludhyanvi and sung by Mukesh and Asha Bhonsle were set to tune by Khayyam. [11] Notable amongst them are "Wo Subha Kabhi To Aayegi", "Aasman Pe hai Khuda Aur Zameen Pe Hum" and "Chin-o-Arab Humara". [11]

Songs from the film Shola Aur Shabnam (1961) written by Kaifi Azmi established Khayyam's reputation as a composer. [7] From the Chetan Anand directed Aakhri Khat (1966) "Baharon Mera Jeevan Bhi Sawaron" by Lata and "Aur Kuch Der Theher" by Rafi were huge hits. Other notable songs are from the film Shagoon (1964) which had Khayyam's wife Jagjit Kaur sing "Tum Apna Ranj-o-Gham" and "Tum Chali Jaogi". [12]

The 1970s saw Khayyam team up with Sahir Ludhyanvi once again to work in the Yash Chopra-directed Kabhi Kabhie (1976). [1] The songs showed Khayyam's versatility with hits such as "Kabhi Kabhi Mere Dil Mein Khayal Aata Hai" (Sung by Mukesh and Lata), "Tere Chehre Se Nazar Nahin" (by Kishore & Lata) and "Main Pal Do Pal Ka Shayar Hoon" (by Mukesh). [13]

Khayyam provided music to the films of the late-1970s and early-1980s. Songs from Trishul, Thodi Si Bewafaai, Bazaar, Dard, Noorie, Nakhuda, Sawaal, Bepannah, and Khandaan are some of his best works. [1]

Khayyam was still to deliver his best, and the opportunity came in Muzaffar Ali's Umrao Jaan in 1981. [14] He had Asha Bhonsle sing the songs "In Aankhon Ki Masti Ke", "Ye Kya Jagah Hai Doston", and "Dil Cheez Kya Hai", which are evergreen. [14]

Rajesh Khanna liked the songs of the film Kabhi Kabhie so much that he gifted Khayyam one of his cars. [15] Subsequently, Khayyam composed music for Thodisi Bewafai, Dard (both 1981) and Dil-E-Nadaan (1982), all of them starring Khanna in the lead. [16]

Khayyam created music for the Kamal Amrohi directed film Razia Sultan (1983) and his song "Aye Dil-e-Nadan" sung by Lata is considered as a milestone. [17]

Khayyam in 2012 Khayyam visits Rajesh Khanna's home Aashirwad 24.jpg
Khayyam in 2012

He also composed non-film songs. Some of them include "Paaon Padun Tore Shyam, Brij Mein Laut Chalo" and "Ghazab Kiya Tere Vaade Pe Aitbaar Kiya". [1] He also gave music for Meena Kumari's album, I Write, I Recite (1971) featuring the "nazms" written and sung by her. [18]

Khayyam always preferred to work with poets rather than film lyricists. [19] That is the reason one finds poetry playing an equal role in Khayyam's compositions as the music or the singer. [19] Khayyam prefers to give full freedom to the poets for expressing their views thereby making the expression of songs more poetic and meaningful. [19]

He worked with both his contemporaries in the field of poetry. [19] That's the reason one finds in his account the work profiled by Mirza Ghalib, Daagh, Wali Mohammed Wali, Ali Sardar Jafri, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Sahir Ludhianvi, and among the new ones Naqsh Lyallpuri, Nida Fazli, Jan Nisar Akhtar and Ahmed Wasi. [19]

Khayyam's music had the touch of ghazal but was rooted in Indian classical music. The compositions were soulful, melodious and emotional, the songs were rich in poetry and purpose and the style was noticeably different from the popular brand of music in those days, which used to be either semi-classical, ghazal or light and peppy. [20]

On his 89th birthday, Khayyam announced the formation of a charitable trust, Khayyam Jagjeet Kaur KPG Charitable Trust, and decided to donate his entire wealth to the trust to support budding artists and technicians in India. His wealth at the time of announcement was valued at around 10 crore (US$1.4 million). [21]

He decided not to celebrate his birthday after the terrorist attack on India's border post of Pulwama and donated 5 lakh (US$7,000) to the kin of the martyrs. [22]

Personal life and death

Khayyam married Jagjit Kaur in 1954 in one of the first inter-communal marriages in the Indian film industry. [23] They had a son, Pradeep, who died of a heart attack in 2012. Inspired by their son's helping nature, they started a trust, "Khayyam Jagjit Kaur Charitable Trust" to help artistes and technicians in need. [24]

In his last days, Khayyam was suffering from various age related ailments. On 28 July 2019, Khayyam was admitted to Sujay Hospital in Juhu, Mumbai due to lung infection. He died on 19 August 2019 following a cardiac arrest at the age of 92. [25] He was buried the following day with full state honours. [26]

Awards and nominations

Khayyam being awarded Padma Bhushan by President Pratibha Patil in 2011. The President, Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil presenting the Padma Bhushan award to Shri Khayyam, at an Investiture Ceremony, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on March 24, 2011.jpg
Khayyam being awarded Padma Bhushan by President Pratibha Patil in 2011.

Won

Nominated

Filmography

Music Director Khayyam presenting a book titled "Khayyam: The man, His Music" to the Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh Khayyam The man His Music.jpg
Music Director Khayyam presenting a book titled "Khayyam: The man, His Music" to the Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh
Singer
Music director

Further reading

Related Research Articles

Shakeel Badayuni

Shakeel Badayuni was an Indian Urdu poet, lyricist and songwriter in Hindi language films.

Asha Bhosle Indian singer

Asha Bhosle(néeMangeshkar; born 8 September 1933) is an Indian playback singer and entrepreneur. She is best known for her playback singing in Hindi cinema, although she has a wider repertoire. Bhosle's career started in 1943 and has spanned over seven decades. She has done playback singing for over a thousand movies. In addition, she has recorded several private albums and participated in numerous solo concerts in India and abroad. In 2006, Asha Bhosle stated that she had sung over 12,000 songs, a figure repeated by several other sources. In 2011, she was officially acknowledged by the Guinness Book of World Records as the most recorded artist in music history. The Government of India honoured her with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2000 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2008. Bhosle is the sister of playback singer Lata Mangeshkar and belongs to the prominent Mangeshkar family.

O. P. Nayyar Indian film music composer, singer-songwriter, music producer, and musician

Omkar Prasad Nayyar was an Indian film music composer, singer-songwriter, music producer, and musician. He is considered to be one of the most rhythmic and melodious music directors of the Hindi film industry. He won the 1958 Filmfare Award for Best Music Director for Naya Daur. Nayyar worked extensively with singers Geeta Dutt, Asha Bhosle and Mohammed Rafi, though not with leading Bollywood female singer Lata Mangeshkar.

Mala Sinha Indian actress

Alda Sinha, better known by her stage name Mala Sinha is a former Indian actress who has worked in Hindi, Bengali and Nepali films. Initially starting her career with regional cinema, she went on to become an actress in Hindi Cinema in the late 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s. In a career spanning four decades, Sinha rose to prominence with Guru Dutt's Pyaasa (1957) and Yash Chopra's Dhool Ka Phool (1959). Later, she starred in over hundred film productions including Phir Subah Hogi (1958), Hariyali Aur Rasta, Anpadh, Dil Tera Deewana (1962), Gumrah, Bahurani, Jahan Ara (1964), Himalay Ki God Mein (1965), Ankhen, Do Kaliyaan and Maryada (1971). She was known as the "daring diva" and "torch bearer of women's cinema" for essaying strong female centric and unconventional roles in a range of movies considered ahead of her times. Having received multiple awards and nominations, she was given the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 2018.

Mukesh (singer) Indian playback singer

Mukesh Chand Mathur, better known mononymously as Mukesh, was an Indian playback singer. Mukesh is considered to be one of the most popular and acclaimed playback singers of the Hindi film industry. Amongst the numerous nominations and awards he won, his song "Kai Baar Yuhi Dekha Hai" from the film Rajnigandha (1973) won him the National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer.

Neetu Singh Indian film actress

Neetu Singh Kapoor is an Indian film actress who appears in Hindi films. She started her career in the 1960s as a child actress in top-grossing films such as Suraj (1966), Do Kaliyaan (1968), and Waris (1969). She played her first lead role at the age of 15 in Rickshawala (1973) and went on to star in over 50 films from 1973 to 1983.

Runa Laila Bangladeshi singer

Runa Laila is a Bangladeshi playback singer and composer. She is one of the best-known singers in South Asia. She started her career in Pakistan film industry in the late 1960s. Her style of singing is inspired by Pakistani playback singer Ahmed Rushdi and she also made a pair with him after replacing another singer Mala. Her playback singing in films – The Rain (1976), Jadur Banshi (1977), Accident (1989), Ontore Ontore (1994), Devdas (2013) and Priya Tumi Shukhi Hou (2014) - earned her seven Bangladesh National Film Awards for Best Female Playback Singer. She won the Best Music Composer award for the film Ekti Cinemar Golpo (2018).

<i>Umrao Jaan</i> (1981 film) 1981 Indian musical film by Muzaffar Ali

Umrao Jaan is a 1981 Indian musical film directed by Muzaffar Ali and starring Rekha as the eponymous character. Based on the 1905 Urdu novel Umrao Jaan Ada, the film tells the story of a Lucknow courtesan and her rise to fame.

Laxmikant–Pyarelal Indian composer duo

Laxmikant–Pyarelal were an Indian composer duo, consisting of Laxmikant Shantaram Kudalkar (1937–1998) and Pyarelal Ramprasad Sharma. They are considered among the most successful composers in Hindi film history and composed music for about 750 Hindi movies from 1963 to 1998, working for almost all notable filmmakers, including Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand, B.R. Chopra, Shakti Samanta, Manmohan Desai, Yash Chopra, Boney Kapoor, J. Om Prakash, Raj Khosla, L V Prasad, Subhash Ghai, K Viswanath and Manoj Kumar.

Sahir Ludhianvi

Abdul Hayee, popularly known by his takhallus Sahir Ludhianvi, was an Indian poet and film song lyricist who wrote in the Hindi and Urdu languages.

Jatin–Lalit

Jatin–Lalit are an Indian film music director duo consisting of Jatin Pandit and his brother Lalit Pandit. They have written the widely popular scores for films such as Yaara Dildara, Khiladi, Jo Jeeta Wohi Sikandar, Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa, Raju Ban Gaya Gentleman, Khamoshi: The Musical, Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge, Fareb, Yes Boss, Jab Pyaar Kisise Hota Hai, Kuch Kuch Hota Hai, Sarfarosh, Ghulam, Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya, Pyaar To Hona Hi Tha, Khoobsurat, Mohabbatein, Kabhi Khushi Kabhi Gham, Hum Tum, Chalte Chalte and Fanaa.

Himani Shivpuri Indian actress

Himani Bhatt Shivpuri is an Indian actress known for her character roles in Bollywood films and Hindi soap operas. Her films include Hum Aapke Hain Koun..! (1994), Raja (1995), Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995), Khamoshi (1996), Hero No. 1 (1997), Deewana Mastana (1997), Bandhan (1998), Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998), Biwi No.1 (1999), Hum Saath-Saath Hain (1999), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) and Main Prem Ki Diwani Hoon (2003).

<i>Kabhi Kabhie</i> 1976 Indian Hindi film directed by Yash Chopra

Kabhi Kabhie is a 1976 Indian musical romantic drama film produced and directed by Yash Chopra and written by Pamela Chopra starring an ensemble cast of Amitabh Bachchan, Shashi Kapoor, Raakhee, Waheeda Rehman, Rishi Kapoor and Neetu Singh. This was Yash Chopra's second directorial film with Amitabh Bachchan and Shashi Kapoor in the lead roles after Deewaar (1975) and was particularly noted for its soundtrack compositions by Khayyam, who won Best Music, while Sahir Ludhianvi won Best Lyricist for "Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein" at the 24th Filmfare Awards. The song also earned Mukesh the Best Male Playback Singer. Kabhi Kabhie received overall positive reviews from critics upon release and earned an estimated 40 million at the box office.

<i>Dil Diya Dard Liya</i> 1966 Indian film directed by Abdur Rashid KardarDilip Kumar

Dil Diya Dard Liya is a 1966 Hindi romance film based upon Emily Brontë's celebrated 1847 novel Wuthering Heights. The film is directed by Abdur Rashid Kardar and Dilip Kumar. The film stars Dilip Kumar, Waheeda Rehman, Pran, Rehman and Johnny Walker. The music is by Naushad. The songs include "Koi Sagar Dil Ko Behlata Nahin", "Phir Teri Kahani Yaad Aayi", "Guzre Hain Aaj Ishq Mein", "Dilruba Maine Tere Pyar Mein". It inspired the 1983 Pakistani film Dehleez starring Nadeem, Shabnam, Afzal Ahmed and Agha Taalish and the 1985 Hindi movie Oonche Log. The film was a flop at the box office.

Sameer Anjaan Indian lyricist

Shitala Pandey better known as Sameer Anjaan, is an Indian lyricist, writing songs predominantly in Hindi language films. He is a Guinness World Record holder for writing the most songs. He was awarded this honor on 17 February 2016.

<i>Phir Subah Hogi</i> 1958 Indian film directed by Ramesh Saigal

Phir Subah Hogi is a 1958 Indian Hindi-language drama film produced and directed by Ramesh Saigal and starring Raj Kapoor and Mala Sinha. The film is an adaption of Fyodor Dostoevsky's novel Crime and Punishment.

"Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein" is a song from 1976 Bollywood movie Kabhi Kabhie directed by Yash Chopra. The title song of the film written by Sahir Ludhianvi was performed by Mukesh.

Arijit Singh Indian playback singer

Arijit Singh is an Indian singer and music composer. He sings predominantly in Hindi and Bengali but has also performed in various other Indian languages. He is the recipient of a National Award and a record six Filmfare Awards. He is also known as "King of playback singing".

Jagjit Kaur Indian singer

Jagjit Kaur is an Indian Hindi/Urdu singer and the widow of the music director, Mohammed Zahur Khayyam. She sang fewer songs for films than her contemporaries like Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle, yet all of her songs have been described as memorable masterpieces.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Music Composer Mohammed Zahur Khayyam Hashmi Dies at 92". NDTV. 19 August 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  2. "PM meets musician Khayyam". The Times of India . PTI. 7 July 2006. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  3. This studio gave a struggling musician a new dawn [ permanent dead link ] Mohammed Wajihuddin, Indian Express, 26 May 2002.
  4. Creative Music Archived 15 July 2018 at the Wayback Machine Sangeet Natak Akademi Official Award listings.
  5. "Padma Bhushan Award Winners". The Times of India . 25 January 2011. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  6. Naqvi, Jawed (21 August 2019). "Music legend Khayyam dies at 92". Dawn. Retrieved 2 June 2020. But easily the real reason for the grudging interest in claiming his own identity was his conservative Muslim Punjabi family for whom music was taboo.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Jagran Josh (20 August 2019). "Legendary Music Composer Khayyam Passes Away" . Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  8. "Music composer Khayyam dies at 92". Scroll.in. 19 August 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  9. 1 2 "Legendary Bollywood composer Khayyam celebrates his 92nd birthday - in pictures". The National. 19 February 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  10. YouTube (14 June 2017). "AN INTERVIEW WITH SHRI KHAYYAM BY SHRI S.Y.QURAISHI" . Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  11. 1 2 Anuradha Warrier (22 March 2014). "Phir Subah Hogi (1958)" . Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  12. Anuradha Warrier (5 February 2015). "The Masters: Khayyam" . Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  13. Quint (20 August 2019). "Poetry and Melody: A Musical Journey Through Khayyam's Life" . Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  14. 1 2 Hindu (22 August 2019). "Khayyam's songs had more soul than sound". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  15. Sabharwal, Bharat (2017). Captain of My Sea. Partridge Publishing. ISBN   9781482867268 . Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  16. "Rajesh Khanna Complete Filmography". Bollywood MDB.
  17. "Khayyam no more, leaves behind Umrao Jaan". Deccan Herald. 19 August 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  18. Chandel, Rajani (19 February 2016). "Khayyam has composed for actress Meena Kumari's poems". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Kusnur, Narendra (22 August 2019). "Ode to Khayyam". Hindu. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  20. Antara Nanda Mondal (18 February 2014). "Reference: Khayyam: Making Poetry Come Alive With Melody". Learning and Creativity. Archived from the original on 15 July 2018. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  21. "Legendary music director Khayyam donates his entire wealth to aid budding artists". DNA India. Zee News. 18 February 2016. Archived from the original on 15 July 2018. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  22. "Pulwama terrorist attack: Veteran music composer Khayyam donates Rs 500,000 for martyrs' families". India Today. 20 February 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  23. "1954: A love story, featuring Khayyam and Jagjit Kaur". Mumbai Mirror. 14 August 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  24. "We were inspired by the divine to do what we did: Khayyam - Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". DNA India . 22 May 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  25. "Music composer Khayyam passes away". Indian Express. 19 August 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  26. Hindustan Times (20 August 2019). "Khayyam funeral: Composer accorded full state honours, Sonu Nigam, Gulzar, Vishal Bhardwaj pay last respects" . Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  27. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "All Filmfare Awards Winners". Filmfare. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  28. 1 2 3 "Indian music composer Khayyam dies". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  29. "Khayyam named for Hridaynath Award for lifetime achievement". Business Standard India. 15 October 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  30. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 "Khayyam Filmography" . Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  31. "Biwi : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Biwi (1950)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  32. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Hungama, Bollywood. "Khayyam Movies List | Khayyam Upcoming Movies - Bollywood Hungama" . Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  33. "Gul Sanovar : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Gul Sanovar (1953)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  34. "Phir Subah Hogi : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Phir Subah Hogi (1958)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  35. Ganesh Anantharaman (January 2008). Bollywood Melodies: A History of the Hindi Film Song. Penguin Books India. p. 75. ISBN   978-0-14-306340-7.
  36. "Sankalp : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Sankalp (1974)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  37. "Shankar Husain : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Shankar Husain (1977)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  38. "Khandaan : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Khandaan (1979)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  39. "Dard : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Dard (1981)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  40. "Aahista Aahista : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Aahista Aahista (1981)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  41. "Mehndi : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Mehndi (1983)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  42. "Bepanah : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Bepanah (1985)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  43. "Remembering Khayyam, the Music Maestro of Classical Allure". News18. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  44. "Anjuman : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Anjuman (1986)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  45. "Khayyam: I'm happy that I made some tunes that people love and admire even today - Times of India". The Times of India. 21 August 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  46. "Parbat Ke Us Paar : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Parbat Ke Us Paar (1988)". HindiGeetMala. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  47. "Khayyam: I'm happy that I made some tunes that people love and admire even today - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  48. Nerurkar, Vishwas; Chatterjee, Bishwanath (2010). Khayyam : The Man-His Music. Gayatri Publication. p. 242.
  49. "Photo Gallery : Prime Minister of India - Dr. Manmohan Singh (May 22, 2004 - 26th May 2014)". archivepmo.nic.in. Retrieved 22 August 2019.