Mohe City

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Mohe

漠河市
Bei Ji Cun De Tong Hua Shi Jie QQ696847 - panoramio.jpg
Location of Mohe within Heilongjiang (China).png
Location of Mohe City jurisdiction (pink) in Daxing'anling Prefecture (yellow) and Heilongjiang
China Heilongjiang location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Mohe
Location of the city center in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 52°58′19″N122°32′20″E / 52.972°N 122.539°E / 52.972; 122.539 Coordinates: 52°58′19″N122°32′20″E / 52.972°N 122.539°E / 52.972; 122.539
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Prefecture Daxing'anling
County seat Xilinji (西林吉镇)
Area
  Total18,233 km2 (7,040 sq mi)
Elevation
435 m (1,427 ft)
Population
  Total83,465
  Density4.6/km2 (12/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
165300
Website www.hlmohe.gov.cn
Mohe City
Chinese 漠河
Literal meaning"Indiferent River"

Mohe (Chinese :漠河; pinyin :Mòhé) is a county-level city in Daxing'anling Prefecture, Heilongjiang province. It is the northernmost Chinese city.

Contents

Geography

Dzhalinda (1951) Txu-oclc-6614368-nn51-8.jpg
Dzhalinda (1951)

Mohe is located in the far northwest of Heilongjiang at latitude 52° 10'−53° 33' N and 121° 07'−124° 20' E. It forms a border with Russia's Amur Oblast and Zabaykalsky Krai, where the Amur River flows for 245 kilometres (152 mi). A village, the northernmost Chinese settlement, at the latitude of 53° 29' N known as the Beiji Village (北极村, literally "Northernmost") lies in this city, on the Amur River. On extremely rare occasions, the aurora borealis can be seen. [1]

Mohe spans 150 kilometres (93 mi) from north to south and has a total area of 18,233 square kilometres (7,040 sq mi), occupying 21.6% of the prefecture's (Daxing'anling) area and 3.9% of the provincial (Heilongjiang) area. This creates a population density of only 4.64 persons/km2 (12.0 persons/sqmi).

Climate

Mohe, by virtue of its far northern location, is one of the few locations in China with a subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc), [2] ) with long, severe winters, and short, warm summers. [3] Winter begins in early to mid-October and lasts until late April, and temperatures then are normally the coldest nationwide. Average temperatures stay below freezing for a total of nearly seven months of the year, and the frost-free period is just short of 90 days; in addition, the diurnal temperature variation is large, averaging 17.2 °C (31.0 °F) annually. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −28.2 °C (−18.8 °F) in January to 18.3 °C (64.9 °F) in July, with an annual mean of −3.90 °C (25.0 °F), so that the city is only a little south of the line of continuous permafrost. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −52.3 °C (−62 °F) [4] to 39.3 °C (103 °F). [5]

Climate data for Mohe (1981−2010 normals, extremes 1971−2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)−4.6
(23.7)
5.5
(41.9)
16.2
(61.2)
28.4
(83.1)
35.1
(95.2)
39.3
(102.7)
38.0
(100.4)
35.5
(95.9)
31.7
(89.1)
25.1
(77.2)
10.2
(50.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F)−18.4
(−1.1)
−11.4
(11.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
8.5
(47.3)
17.7
(63.9)
24.7
(76.5)
26.0
(78.8)
23.9
(75.0)
16.8
(62.2)
5.4
(41.7)
−9.1
(15.6)
−19.0
(−2.2)
5.2
(41.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)−28.2
(−18.8)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−13.1
(8.4)
0.5
(32.9)
9.2
(48.6)
15.7
(60.3)
18.3
(64.9)
15.2
(59.4)
7.4
(45.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
−17.9
(−0.2)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−3.9
(25.0)
Average low °C (°F)−35.3
(−31.5)
−32.8
(−27.0)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−7.8
(18.0)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.9
(42.6)
10.6
(51.1)
7.6
(45.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
−9.8
(14.4)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−33.6
(−28.5)
−12.0
(10.5)
Record low °C (°F)−49.6
(−57.3)
−47.6
(−53.7)
−42.7
(−44.9)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−13.1
(8.4)
−5.3
(22.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
−12.2
(10.0)
−28.7
(−19.7)
−41.9
(−43.4)
−48.5
(−55.3)
−52.3
(−62.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)7.4
(0.29)
4.3
(0.17)
6.1
(0.24)
20.2
(0.80)
35.5
(1.40)
71.6
(2.82)
97.0
(3.82)
107.1
(4.22)
55.3
(2.18)
25.0
(0.98)
13.8
(0.54)
8.8
(0.35)
452.1
(17.81)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)7.65.74.67.79.314.916.216.211.65.68.79.3117.4
Average relative humidity (%)71676356567079817570737269
Source: China Meteorological Administration, [6] Weather China (precipitation days 1971−2000, all-time record low [5]

Transportation

Mohe Railway Station Mohe County Railway Station.jpg
Mohe Railway Station

Mohe railway station, opened in 1972, is the northernmost railway station in China. It has regular passenger service to Harbin, Qiqihar and Shenyang. [7]

Mohe Gulian Airport, opened 2008, is the nation's northernmost airport.

See also

Sources

  1. "A Visit to China's "Arctic Village"". ChinaCulture.org. January 7, 2013.
  2. "The 6 climate zones of China". ClimateList. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  3. Krishna, K. R. (2015-01-28). Agricultural Prairies: Natural Resources and Crop Productivity. CRC Press. ISBN   9781482258066.
  4. "Climate". en.chinaculture.org. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  5. 1 2 Extreme Temperatures Around the World - world highest lowest temperatures. Accessed 2010-11-02
  6. 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  7. Mohe train schedule (in Chinese)

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Subarctic climate

The subarctic climate is a climate characterised by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers. It is found on large landmasses, away from the moderating effects of an ocean, generally at latitudes from 50° to 70°N poleward of the humid continental climates. Subarctic or boreal climates are the source regions for the cold air that affects temperate latitudes to the south in winter. These climates represent Köppen climate classification Dfc, Dwc, Dsc, Dfd, Dwd and Dsd.

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