Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization

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Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization
سازمان مجاهدین انقلاب اسلامی
Paramilitary wing commander Mohammad Boroujerdi [2]
Supreme Leader representative Hossein Rasti-Kashani [3]
Founded April 1979
Dissolved October 1986
Succeeded by Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution of Iran Organization (left faction)
Society of Devotees of the Islamic Revolution (right faction)
Headquarters Tehran, Iran
Membership (1979) <1,000 [4]
Ideology Islamism
Khomeinism [1]
Anti-communism [1]
Statism [5]
Political position Left/Right factions [4]
Religion Islam
National affiliation Grand Coalition

Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (Persian : سازمان مجاهدین انقلاب اسلامی, translit.  Sāzmān-e Mojāhedin-e Enqelāb-e Eslāmi, lit.  'Holy Warriors of the Islamic Revolution ') was an umbrella political organization in Iran, founded in 1979 by unification of seven underground Islamist revolutionary paramilitary and civil [4] organizations which previously fought against the Pahlavi monarchy. [6]

Contents

The organization was firmly allied with the ruling Islamic Republican Party and was given a share of power [7] and three of its members were appointed as government ministers under PM Mir-Hossein Mousavi: Behzad Nabavi (minister without portfolio for executive affairs), Mohammad Salamati (agricalture) and Mohammad-Shahab Gonabadi (housing and urban development). [8]

History

Most members were among those formerly associated with the People's Mujahedin of Iran but left the organization after it declared ideology switch to Marxism. [6] The groups were: [6]

Dissolution

The organization dissolved in 1986 as a result of tensions between the leftist and rightist members. [4]

Legacy

Left-wing members of the organization decided to resume activities in 1991 and established leftist Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution of Iran Organization (adding the words “of Iran” to the name) which later emerged as a reformist party. [4] Some right-wing members founded Society of Devotees of the Islamic Revolution in late-1990s. [9]

Notable members

NameOriginal groupFactionLater careerRef
Behzad Nabavi Ommat-e-VahedehLeftPolitics [6] [10]
Mohammad Salamati Ommat-e-VahedehLeftPolitics [6] [10]
Sadegh NorouziOmmat-e-VahedehLeftPolitics [6]
Mohsen Makhmalbaf Ommat-e-VahedehLeftCinema [6]
Abdulali Ali-Asgari RightMedia [10]
Ahmad Tavakoli RightPolitics [11]
Alireza Afshar RightMilitary → Politics [12]
Abbas Duzduzani LeftMilitary → Politics
Hashem Aghajari LeftAcademia [12]
Feyzollah Arabsorkhi Ommat-e-VahedehLeftPolitics [6]
Abdollah NasseriLeftMedia [12]
Hossein Fadaei Towhidiye-BadrRightMilitary → Politics [6] [10]
Safar Naeimi Towhidiye-BadrRightMilitary → Politics [6]
Mohammad Boroujerdi Towhidiye-SaffMilitary [6]
Mojtaba Shakeri Towhidiye-SaffRightMilitary → Politics [6]
Mohsen Armin Towhidiye-SaffLeftPolitics [6] [10]
Morteza Alviri FallahLeftPolitics [6]
Mostafa Tajzadeh FalaqLeftPolitics [6] [12]
Mohsen Rezaei MansourounRightMilitary → Politics [6] [12]
Ali Shamkhani MansourounLeftMilitary [6]
Hossein Nejat MansourounRightMilitary [6]
Esmaeil DaghayeghiMansourounMilitary [6]
Mohammad Bagher Zolghadr MansourounRightMilitary → Politics [6] [10]
Gholam Ali Rashid MansourounRightMilitary [6]
Hosein Alamolhoda MovahedinMilitary [6]

References

  1. 1 2 3 Afshon Ostovar (2016). Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards. Oxford University Press. p. 50–54. ISBN   0190491701.
  2. Forozan, Hesam (2015), The Military in Post-Revolutionary Iran: The Evolution and Roles of the Revolutionary Guards, Durham Modern Middle East and Islamic World Series, 38, Routledge, p. 107
  3. Moslem, Mehdi (2002). Factional politics in post-Khomeini Iran. Syracuse University Press. p. 68. ISBN   978-0-8156-2978-8.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 "Organization of the Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution of Iran" (PDF). Iran Data Portal. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  5. Pesaran, Evaleila (2011), Iran's Struggle for Economic Independence: Reform and Counter-Reform in the Post-Revolutionary Era, Taylor & Francis, p. 94, ISBN   1136735577
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Alfoneh, Ali (2013), Iran Unveiled: How the Revolutionary Guards Is Transforming Iran from Theocracy into Military Dictatorship, AEI Press, pp. 8–10
  7. Hiro, Dilip (2013). Iran Under the Ayatollahs (Routledge Revivals). Routledge. p. 241. ISBN   1135043817.
  8. Baktiari, Bahman (1996). Parliamentary Politics in Revolutionary Iran: The Institutionalization of Factional Politics. University Press of Florida. p. 112. ISBN   978-0-8130-1461-6.
  9. "Association of the Devotees of the Islamic Revolution" (PDF). Iran Data Portal. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Mohammadighalehtaki, Ariabarzan (2012). "MIRO, a Historical Background". Organisational Change in Political Parties in Iran after the Islamic Revolution of 1979. With Special Reference to the Islamic Republic Party (IRP) and the Islamic Iran Participation Front Party (Mosharekat) (Ph.D. thesis). Durham University. p. 168.
  11. "Nepotism & the Larijani Dynasty". Tehran Bureau. PBS. 20 August 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 Muhammad Sahimi (12 May 2009). "The Political Groups". Tehran Bureau. PBS. Retrieved 21 August 2015.