Logo used since August 2012
|Mojang Specifications (2009–2010)|
|Industry||Video game industry|
Number of employees
|Parent||Xbox Game Studios (2014–present)|
Mojang AB (from Swedish mojängSwedish: [mʊˈjɛŋː] ; lit. "gadget") is a Swedish video game developer based in Stockholm. The company was founded as Mojang Specifications in 2009 by Markus Persson, and transformed into Mojang AB in 2010 with Jakob Porsér. Mojang is best known for creating Minecraft (released in 2011), one of the best-selling video games of all time. In November 2014, Mojang became part of Microsoft Studios (now Xbox Game Studios).
A video game developer is a software developer that specializes in video game development – the process and related disciplines of creating video games. A game developer can range from one person who undertakes all tasks to a large business with employee responsibilities split between individual disciplines, such as programming, design, art, testing, etc. Most game development companies have video game publisher financial and usually marketing support. Self-funded developers are known as independent or indie developers and usually make indie games.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries; 960,031 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area. The city stretches across fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea. Just outside the city and along the coast is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago. The area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, and was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is also the capital of Stockholm County.
Markus Alexej Persson, better known as Notch, is a Swedish video game programmer and designer. He is best known for creating the sandbox video game Minecraft and for founding the video game company Mojang in 2010, alongside Carl Manneh and Jakob Porser.
Swedish video game designers Rolf Jansson and Markus Persson, who is otherwise known as Notch, started development on Wurm Online , a massively multiplayer online role-playing game, in 2003.As the game started turning a profit in 2007, Jansson and Persson incorporated Mojang Specifications AB, however, Persson left the project that same year and wished to reuse the company's name, wherefore Jansson renamed the company Onetoofree AB, and later Code Club AB.
Wurm Online is a 3D massively multiplayer online role-playing game developed by Code Club AB in Motala, Sweden. Development started in 2003 by friends Rolf Jansson and Markus Persson, and it was released for personal computers via Java in 2006. Players can choose to play on servers that allow player versus player combat and realm versus realm combat or servers that are focused more on a virtual economy.
Massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) are a combination of role-playing video games and massively multiplayer online games in which a very large number of players interact with one another within a virtual world.
In 2009, Persson began working on a clone of Infiniminer , a game developed by Zachtronics and released earlier that year. 's website, wherefore Persson did not have to split income with third parties. In less than a month, Minecraft had generated enough revenue for Persson to take time off his day job to dedicate more of his schedule to developing Minecraft, and by May 2010, he was able to quit his day job entirely.Persson used assets and parts of the engine code he had created for an earlier project, RubyDung, and presented first prototypes of the game through videos uploaded to YouTube, starting in May that year. The first alpha version of the game, now titled Minecraft , was released commercially on 13 June 2009, with Persson reusing the "Mojang Specifications" name. All sales ran directly through Minecraft
A video game clone is either a video game similar to, or inspired, by a previous popular game or series. Usually the term is derogatory, implying a lack of originality and creativity; however, an intentional clone may be anything from a "ripoff" to an honorary homage to its exemplar. The accusation of a game being a clone carries the implication that its developers or publishers try to profit off of the exemplar's success. It may even take the form of an allegation of plagiarism or fraud, which could be taken to court.
Zachtronics LLC is an independent video game development studio, best known for their engineering puzzle games. Zachtronics was founded by Zach Barth, who serves as its lead designer.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. Three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim—created the service in February 2005. Google bought the site in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion; YouTube now operates as one of Google's subsidiaries.
In September 2010, Persson travelled to Bellevue, Washington, to the offices of video game company Valve, for "a cup of coffee".At the offices, Persson took part in a programming exercise and met with Gabe Newell, before being offered a job at the company. He turned down the offer, instead calling Jakob "JahKob" Porsér, whom Persson had known for five years, via Skype to ask whether he wanted to help him establish a business out of Mojang Specifications, to which Porsér replied that he would quit his job the following day. Subsequently, Persson and Prosér incorporated Mojang Specifications as Mojang AB. As both wished to focus on game development rather than business, Mojang hired Carl Manneh, the manager of jAlbum, Persson's previous employer, as chief executive officer. Other significant hires included Daniel "Kappische" Kaplan as business developer, Markus "Junkboy" Toivonen as art director and Jens "Jeb" Bergensten as lead programmer.
Bellevue is a city in the Eastside region of King County, Washington, United States, across Lake Washington from Seattle. As the third-largest city in the Seattle metropolitan area, Bellevue has variously been characterized as an edge city, a suburb, boomburb, or satellite city. Its population was 144,444 in a 2017 census estimate.
Valve Corporation is an American video game developer, publisher and digital distribution company headquartered in Bellevue, Washington. It is the developer of the software distribution platform Steam and the Half-Life, Counter-Strike, Portal, Day of Defeat, Team Fortress, Left 4 Dead, and Dota 2 games.
Gabe Logan Newell, commonly known by his nickname Gaben, is an American computer programmer and businessman best known as the co-founder of the video game development and digital distribution company Valve Corporation. Born in Colorado, he attended Harvard University in the early 1980s, but dropped out and soon went to work for the American technology company Microsoft, where he spent the next decade working as a producer for some of their early Windows operating systems.
On 12 January 2011, Minecraft reached one million registered accounts, a number which rose to ten million within the next six months. 's Java framework on mobile devices, the new version was programmed in C++ instead. Another version, initially developed for Xbox 360, was outsourced to Scotland-based developer 4J Studios and also created using C++. In March 2011, Mojang announced Scrolls , a digital collectible card game. Mojang's attempt to trademark the game's name resulted in a lawsuit with ZeniMax Media, who owned the trademark for The Elder Scrolls series, over the two titles' similarity. In August, Mojang hired artist Henrik Pettersson. Minecraft was finally released out of beta in November 2011, with the announcement taking place on-stage at MineCon, the game's dedicated convention event.The continued success led Mojang to start development of a new version of Minecraft for mobile devices. Due to the incompatibility with Minecraft
Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is intended to let application developers "write once, run anywhere" (WORA), meaning that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation. Java applications are typically compiled to bytecode that can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of computer architecture. As of 2016, Java is one of the most popular programming languages in use, particularly for client-server web applications, with a reported 9 million developers. Java was originally developed by James Gosling, a Canadian, at Sun Microsystems and released in 1995 as a core component of Sun Microsystems' Java platform. The language derives much of its original features from SmallTalk, with a syntax similar to C and C++, but it has fewer low-level facilities than either of them.
C++ is a general-purpose programming language that was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup as an extension of the C language, or "C with Classes". It has imperative, object-oriented and generic programming features, while also providing facilities for low-level memory manipulation. It is almost always implemented as a compiled language, and many vendors provide C++ compilers, including the Free Software Foundation, Microsoft, Intel, and IBM, so it is available on many platforms.
The Xbox 360 is a home video game console developed by Microsoft. As the successor to the original Xbox, it is the second console in the Xbox series. It competed with Sony's PlayStation 3 and Nintendo's Wii as part of the seventh generation of video game consoles. It was officially unveiled on MTV on May 12, 2005, with detailed launch and game information announced later that month at the 2005 Electronic Entertainment Expo.
In 2011, Sean Parker, the co-founder of Napster and former president of Facebook, offered to invest in Mojang, but was turned down. 's success. By March 2012, Minecraft had sold five million copies, amounting to US$80 million in revenue. In November, the company had 25 employees. In total, Mojang earned $237.7 million in revenue in 2012. In 2013, Mojang released an education-focused version of Minecraft for Raspberry Pi devices, and, after the exclusivity clause penned with Microsoft over the availability of the game's console edition on Microsoft's platforms expired, announced editions of the game for PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4 and PlayStation Vita. In October 2013, Jonas Mårtensson, formerly of gambling game company Betsson, and also Manneh's twin brother, was hired as Mojang's vice-president. For the year 2013, Mojang recorded a total revenue of $330 million, including $129 million profit.Mojang ruled out being sold or becoming a public company to maintain the independence, which was said to have heavily contributed to Minecraft
Sean Parker is an American entrepreneur and philanthropist, most notable for co-founding the file-sharing computer service Napster, and serving as the first president of the social networking website Facebook. He also co-founded Plaxo, Causes, Airtime.com, and Brigade, an online platform for civic engagement. He is the founder and chairman of the Parker Foundation, which focuses on life sciences, global public health, and civic engagement. On the Forbes 2016 list of the world's billionaires, he was ranked #722 with a net worth of US$2.4 billion.
Napster is the name given to three music-focused online services. It was founded as a pioneering peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing Internet service that emphasized sharing digital audio files, typically audio songs, encoded in MP3 format. The company ran into legal difficulties over copyright infringement. It ceased operations and was eventually acquired by Roxio. In its second incarnation, Napster became an online music store until it was acquired by Rhapsody from Best Buy on December 1, 2011.
Facebook, Inc. is an American online social media and social networking service company. It is based in Menlo Park, California. It was founded by Mark Zuckerberg, along with fellow Harvard College students and roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies along with Amazon, Apple, and Google.
By 2014, Persson wished to no longer have to bear the pressure of being the owner of Minecraft; in a tweet published in June, he asked whether anyone would be willing to buy his share in Mojang to "move on with my life". $2.5 billion on 15 September 2014. The deal closed on 15 November, with Mojang joining the Microsoft Studios label. Persson, Porsér and Manneh left Mojang alongside the acquisition, of which Manneh was succeeded by Mårtensson. Every employee who stayed at the company for six months following the sale was awarded a bonus worth roughly $300,000 after taxes.Several parties expressed interest in buying the company, including Activision Blizzard and Electronic Arts, but Mojang chose Microsoft as a result of the two companies' previous partnerships. Microsoft chief executive Satya Nadella also stated that HoloLens was a major reason for Microsoft to acquire Mojang. Microsoft announced that they were purchasing Mojang for
Scrolls was released out of beta on 11 December 2014. ' online services. In June 2018, the game was re-released as a free-to-play game under the name Caller's Bane, adding support for player-run servers. In September 2018, Mojang announced Minecraft: Dungeons , a spin-off of Minecraft to be released for Microsoft Windows in 2019.Development of additional Scrolls content ceased in 2015. On 22 April 2016, Mojang released Crown and Council , a game entirely developed by Pettersson, for free for Microsoft Windows. An update in January 2017 introduced Linux and macOS versions of the game. In February 2018, Mojang stopped support for Scrolls
|2011||Minecraft||Sandbox||Android, Fire OS, iOS, Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows, New Nintendo 3DS, Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita, Raspberry Pi, tvOS, Wii U, Windows Phone, Xbox 360, Xbox One|
|2014||Caller's Bane (originally Scrolls)||Digital collectible card game||Android, macOS, Microsoft Windows|
|2016||Crown and Council||Strategy||Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows|
|2019||Minecraft: Dungeons||Dungeon crawler||Microsoft Windows|
|2013||Nuclear Pizza War||Mojam 2|
|Endless Nuclear Kittens|
|2014||Docktor||Games Against Ebola|
|Snake Oil Stanley|
In 2012, Mojang partnered with Humble Bundle to launch Mojam, a game jam that would raise money for charity. $458,248.99. The following year, in Mojam 2, three mini-games were developed by Mojang simultaneously. Mojang also signed up for Humble Bundle's Games Against Ebola game jam in 2014, again developing three games.As part of Mojam, Mojang developed shoot 'em up game called Catacomb Snatch. 81,575 bundles were sold, raising
Until July 2012, Mojang was co-developing a first-person shooter video game codenamed Rex Kwon Do in collaboration with an undisclosed developer.Persson stated that the project was cancelled so that Mojang could focus on the games they own themselves. In March 2012, Persson revealed that he would be designing a sandbox space trading and combat simulator in the likes of Elite . The game's title was revealed to be 0x10c on 3 April, and the following day, Persson detailed that the game would be set in the year 281,474,976,712,644 AD of a parallel universe. In August 2013, Persson announced that the game was shelved due to him no longer being interested in the project.
|2016||Cobalt||Microsoft Windows, Xbox 360, Xbox One||Oxeye Game Studio|
|2017||Cobalt WASD||Microsoft Windows|
In August 2011, after Mojang had attempted to trademark "Scrolls" for their game, ZeniMax Media, the parent company of Bethesda Softworks, the company behind The Elder Scrolls , sent Mojang a cease and desist letter, claiming that Mojang's Scrolls infringed on ZeniMax' "The Elder Scrolls" trademark, because of which Mojang could not use the name for their game, and that ZeniMax would sue them over its usage. ' name, however, as Mojang ignored the cease and desist letter for the general Scrolls name, ZeniMax filed the lawsuit the following September. Bethesda's Pete Hines stated that Bethesda and its developers were not responsible for the lawsuit, but that the issue was exclusively centred around "lawyers who understand it". Mojang won an interim injunction in October, the ruling being that Scrolls and The Elder Scrolls were too easy to differentiate, though ZeniMax still had the possibility to appeal the ruling. In March 2012, Mojang and ZeniMax settled, with all "Scrolls" trademarks and trademark applications being transferred to ZeniMax, who would in turn licence the trademark to Mojang for use with Scrolls and add-on content, but not for sequels to the game or any other game by a similar name.Persson offered to give up Mojang's trademark and add a subtitle to Scrolls
On 20 July 2012, Uniloc, a company specialising in digital rights management, filed a lawsuit against Mojang, stating that the licence verification in Minecraft: Pocket Edition's Android version infringed on Uniloc's patents. The case was Uniloc USA, Inc. et al v. Mojang AB and was filed with the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas. In response to hate mail sent to Uniloc founder Ric Richardson, Richardson denied his own personal involvement, claiming to have only filed the patent and that the lawsuit against Mojang was not by his doing. The patent involved in the dispute was invalidated in March 2016.
Bethesda Softworks LLC is an American video game publisher based in Rockville, Maryland. The company was founded by Christopher Weaver in 1986 as a division of Media Technology Limited, and in 1999 became a subsidiary of ZeniMax Media. In its first fifteen years, it was a video game developer and self-published its titles. In 2001, Bethesda spun off its own in-house development team into Bethesda Game Studios, and Bethesda Softworks became a publisher. It also publishes games by ZeniMax Online Studios, id Software, Arkane Studios, MachineGames and Tango Gameworks.
Uniloc Corporation is a computer security and copy protection software company founded in Australia in 1992 that develops "try and buy" software distributed via magazines and preinstalled on new computers.
ZeniMax Media Inc. is an American video game holding company based in Rockville, Maryland. The company owns id Software, Arkane Studios, MachineGames, Tango Gameworks, publisher Bethesda Softworks with its Bethesda Game Studios and ZeniMax Online Studios.
Bethesda Game Studios (BGS) is an American video game developer and a division of Bethesda Softworks based in Rockville, Maryland. The company was established in 2001 as the spin-off of Bethesda Softworks' development unit, with Bethesda Softworks itself retaining only a publishing function. The studio is led by Todd Howard as executive producer and Ashley Cheng as studio director. BGS operates three satellite studios, one in Montreal and two in Texas, and employs 400 people as of July 2018.
4J Studios Limited is a British video game developer based in Dundee, Scotland. It has a second office located in East Linton. Founded in April 2005 by VIS Entertainment alumni Chris van der Kuyl, Paddy Burns and Frank Arnot, the company is best known for porting Minecraft to consoles and handheld platforms.
ZeniMax Online Studios LLC is an American video game developer and a subsidiary of ZeniMax Media, specializing in massively multiplayer online games. The company developed The Elder Scrolls Online and its downloadable content. ZeniMax Online Studios had around 250 employees in 2012. In addition to the main Hunt Valley, Maryland based office, ZeniMax Online also maintains a customer support center in Galway, Ireland as well as an additional office in Austin, Texas.
Minecraft is a sandbox video game created by Swedish game developer Markus Persson and released by Mojang in 2011. The game allows players to build with a variety of different blocks in a 3D procedurally generated world, requiring creativity from players. Other activities in the game include exploration, resource gathering, crafting, and combat.
Jens "Jeb" Bergensten is a Swedish video game designer. Since December 2010, he has worked for the video game developer Mojang as a programmer and game designer. He became the lead designer and lead developer of the indie sandbox game Minecraft, after Markus "Notch" Persson stepped down from his position in December 2011. He is known by his in-game name "jeb_".
Caller's Bane is a strategy digital collectible card game developed by Mojang, which aims to combine elements from trading card games and traditional board games. Scrolls was originally conceived and developed by Jakob Porsér, who along with Mojang founder Markus Persson, intended to create a type of game that was currently missing from the market. The game is developed using the Unity game engine, allowing it to run on multiple gaming platforms. Scrolls was announced on 2 March 2011, as Mojang's second game. While Mojang had claimed that they stopped development of the game in June 2015, the company revealed that they had still been working on the project, and in June 2018, released the game under its new title Caller's Bane for free.
0x10c was a sandbox science fiction video game previously under development by Mojang AB. It was announced on April 3, 2012, by Markus Persson, the game's lead designer. The game was eventually indefinitely postponed because Persson found several creative blocks, citing the main problem as "it not being very fun to play". Persson then stated he will instead, most likely continue to work on smaller projects for the rest of his life. The game has now been completely cancelled.
MachineGames Sweden AB is a Swedish video game developer based in Uppsala.
Tango Gameworks is a Japanese video game developer based in Tokyo. Founded in March 2010 by Japanese creative director Shinji Mikami, previously of Capcom, the company was acquired by ZeniMax Media in October that year. Tango Gameworks developed The Evil Within, a well-received survival horror game, which was released in 2014, and The Evil Within 2, released in 2017.
Minecraft: The Story of Mojang is a 2012 documentary about the history of the company Mojang and its creation, Minecraft. Minecraft is an open-world game where players can craft, build and mine. The film features interviews with company personnel such as Markus Persson and Jens Bergensten, and insights from people involved in the gaming industry and from players profoundly impacted by the game. The film was produced by 2 Player Productions and production was funded through a Kickstarter campaign and the production spanned nearly two years in locations across North America and Europe.
MineCon is an annual interactive live stream about the video game Minecraft, hosted by Mojang. The first gathering in 2010 was known as MinecraftCon. The MINECON 2011 convention was held in Las Vegas and celebrated the launch of the game with Minecraft-related discussion panels and gaming areas. The most recent convention, held in Anaheim, had 12,000 attendees. Since 2017, MINECON has taken the form of an interactive live stream, and as such MineCon 2016 was the last full MineCon convention.
Daniel Rosenfeld, also known as C418, is a German musician, producer and sound engineer best known as the composer and sound designer for the 2011 video game Minecraft. He has also written and produced the theme for Beyond Stranger Things.
Minecraft mods are independent, user-made additions and changes to the 2011 Mojang video game Minecraft. Thousands of these mods exist, and users can download them from the internet for free. Utilizing additional software, several mods are typically able to be used concurrently in order to enhance the gameplay and create an entirely different gaming experience when compared to standard issue Minecraft. Mods are credited as one of the foremost reasons why Minecraft became as successful as it did, with the Minecraft modding community mentioned as one of the most active modding communities in gaming.
Crown and Council is a turn-based strategy video game developed by Mojang employee Henrik Pettersson. The game was both announced and released as a surprise on Steam on April 22, 2016 and was made available for free.
Prey 2 is a cancelled first-person shooter video game to be published by Bethesda Softworks and planned as a sequel to the 2006 video game Prey.
Minecraft is a 2011 sandbox video game.
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