|Elevation||2,544 m (8,346 ft)|
|Prominence||2,046 m (6,713 ft)|
|Listing|| Country high point |
|Location||Argeș County, Romania|
|Parent range||Făgăraș Mountains, Southern Carpathians|
Moldoveanu Peak (Romanian : Vârful Moldoveanu, pronounced [ˈvɨrful moldoˈve̯anu] ; "Moldavian Peak"), at 2,544 metres (8,346 ft), is the highest mountain peak in Romania. It is located in Argeș County, in the Făgăraș Mountains of the Southern Carpathians.
The most popular routes to reach Moldoveanu are over the Viștea Mare (2,527 metres (8,291 ft)), by paths coming from Podragu, Sâmbăta, or by the Viștea Valley.
The closest settlement on the north side is Victoria and on the south side, Câmpulung.
In December 2019, Moldoveanu was selected as the name for the star XO-1 located 536 light-years away in the constellation Corona Borealis, star that has been confirmed to host an exoplanet.
With an area of 238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi), Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe. Located in Southeastern Europe, bordering on the Black Sea, the country is halfway between the equator and the North Pole and equidistant from the westernmost part of Europe—the Atlantic Coast—and the most easterly—the Ural Mountains. Romania has 3,195 kilometres (1,985 mi) of border. Republic of Moldova and Ukraine lie to the east, Bulgaria lies to the south, and Serbia and Hungary to the west. In the southeast, 245 kilometres (152 mi) of sea coastline provide an important outlet to the Black Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
The Carpathian Mountains or Carpathians are a range of mountains forming an arc throughout Central and Eastern Europe. Roughly 1,500 km (932 mi) long, it is the third-longest European mountain range after the Urals at 2,500 km (1,553 mi) and the Scandinavian Mountains at 1,700 km (1,056 mi). The range stretches from the far eastern Czech Republic (3%) in the northwest through Slovakia (17%), Poland (10%), Hungary (4%), Ukraine (10%), Romania (50%) to Serbia (5%) in the south. The highest range within the Carpathians is known as the Tatra mountains in Slovakia and Poland, where the highest peaks exceed 2,600 m (8,530 ft). The second-highest range is the Southern Carpathians in Romania, where the highest peaks range between 2,500 m (8,202 ft) and 2,550 m (8,366 ft).
Brașov County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania. Its capital city is Brașov. The county incorporates within its boundaries most of the Medieval "lands" (țări) Burzenland and Făgăraș.
Sibiu County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Transylvania, with the capital city Sibiu.
Argeș County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Pitești.
The Olt is a river in Romania. It is 615 km (382 mi) long, and its basin area is 24,050 km2 (9,290 sq mi). It is the longest river flowing exclusively through Romania. Its source is in the Hășmaș Mountains of the eastern Carpathian Mountains, near Bălan, rising close to the headwaters of the river Mureș. It flows through the Romanian counties Harghita, Covasna, Brașov, Sibiu, Vâlcea and Olt. The river was known as Alutus or Aluta in Roman antiquity. Olt County and the historical province of Oltenia are named after the river.
The Southern Carpathians are a group of mountain ranges located in southern Romania. They cover the part of the Carpathian Mountains located between the Prahova River in the east and the Timiș and Cerna Rivers in the west. To the south they are bounded by the Balkan mountain range.
The Transfăgărășean or DN7C is a paved mountain road crossing the southern section of the Carpathian Mountains of Romania. It has national-road ranking and is the second-highest paved road in the country after the Transalpina. It starts near the village of Bascov, near Pitești, and stretches 90 kilometres (56 mi) to the crossroad between the DN1 and Sibiu, between the highest peaks in the country, Moldoveanu and Negoiu. The road, built in the early 1970s as a strategic military route, connects the historic regions of Transylvania and Wallachia.
Făgăraș Mountains are the highest mountains of the Southern Carpathians, in Romania.
Negoiu Peak is a mountain peak in the Făgăraș Mountains of the Southern Carpathians, being located in Sibiu County, Romania, with an elevation of 2,535 metres (8,317 ft). It is the second highest peak in Romania after Moldoveanu Peak (2544m).
Viștea Mare is a mountain peak in the Făgăraș Mountains of the Southern Carpathians of Brașov County in Romania, with an elevation of 2,527 metres (8,291 ft). It is the third highest peak in Romania after Moldoveanu Peak (2544m) and Negoiu Peak (2535m).
Peleaga is a mountain in Romania. It is the highest point in the Retezat Mountains with a summit elevation of 2,509 metres above sea level. Peleaga is located in the Romanian county of Hunedoara and lies within the region of Romania known as Transylvania.
The Parâng Mountains are one of the highest mountain ridges in Romania and Southern Carpathians, with the highest peak, Parângu Mare, reaching 2,519 m.
Parângu Mare is a mountain peak in Romania. At 2,519 metres above sea level, it is the highest peak of the Parâng Mountains, located in the Parâng Mountains group of the Southern Carpathians. It is situated on the border of the Romanian counties of Gorj and Hunedoara. It is the most prominent peak in Romania, its parent mountain being Gerlachovský štít in Slovakia.
Romania's landscape is almost evenly divided among mountains, hills, and plains. These varied relief forms spread rather symmetrically from the Carpathian Mountains, which reach elevations of more than 2,400 metres, to the Danube Delta, which is just a few metres above sea level.
Viștea is a commune in Brașov County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of five villages: Olteț (Besimbák), Rucăr, Viștea de Jos, Viștea de Sus (Felsővist) and Viștișoara (Kisvist). It also included Drăguș village until 2004, when it was split off to form a separate commune.
Vânătarea lui Buteanu, at 2,507 metres (8,225 ft), is the eighth-highest peak in Romania and the fifth-highest peak from Făgăraș Mountains, after Moldoveanu, Negoiu, Viștea Mare and Lespezi . It is one of the easiest mountains to climb in Romania that is more than 2500 metres tall. It can be reached in 2 hours from the Bâlea lake which is accessible by car in the summer and cable car in the winter.
Viștea may refer to several places in Romania:
The most isolated major summits of Europe are located in the European subcontinent and its tectonic and geographic boundaries. This includes major mountain peaks of fold and fault-block mountains, and also volcanoes, located not only in the European Mainland, but also those located on lands and islands on the limits of Europe, like the North Atlantic Ocean islands of the Azores and Iceland, the Arctic Ocean islands of Jan Mayen, Svalbard archipelago and Novaya Zemlya archipelago, the Mediterranean island of Sicily, the Ural Mountains, and Mount Elbrus. The last mentioned is HP of the transboundary Caucasus Mountains and Greater Caucasus region, but as a geologically separate stratovolcano, it is entirely laying in Europe, 20 km (12 mi) north of the main ridge of the Greater Caucasus, considered as the one that is forming the limits of Europe. The definition excludes island clearly lying on the African Plate and outside the geographic limits of Europe, like the Canaries and Madeira. The active volcano of Mount Etna is somehow on, or just outside the boundaries of the Eurasian Plate, resting on the subduction boundary where the African tectonic plate is being pushed under the Eurasian plate, but geographically is part of Europe, and is also included in the Top 10 lists.
The Iezer Mountains are a mountain range in the Southern Carpathians in Romania. It is part of the Făgăraș Mountains group. Its total area is 535 km2 (207 sq mi). Its highest elevation is 2,470 m (8,100 ft), at Roșu Peak.
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