Molybdenum(VI) chloride

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Molybdenum(VI) chloride
MoCl6new.png
MoCl6.png
Names
Other names
molybdenum hexachloride
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
PubChem CID
UNII
  • InChI=1S/6ClH.Mo/h6*1H;/q;;;;;;+6/p-6
    Key: DBGPLCIFYUHWKA-UHFFFAOYSA-H
  • Cl[Mo](Cl)(Cl)(Cl)(Cl)Cl
Properties
MoCl6
Appearanceblack solid
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Molybdenum(VI) chloride is the inorganic compound with the formula MoCl6. It is a black diamagnetic solid. The molecules adopt an octahedral structure as seen in β-tungsten(VI) chloride. [1]

Preparation and reactions

Molybdenum(VI) chloride is prepared from the molybdenum hexafluoride with excess boron trichloride:

MoF6 + 3 BCl3 → MoCl6 + 3 BF2Cl

It is unstable at room temperature with respect to molybdenum(V) chloride and decomposition completes within several days:

2 MoCl6 → [MoCl5]2 + Cl2

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Molybdenum</span> Chemical element, symbol Mo and atomic number 42

Molybdenum is a chemical element with the symbol Mo and atomic number 42 which is located in period 5 and group 6. The name is from Neo-Latin molybdaenum, which is based on Ancient Greek Μόλυβδος molybdos, meaning lead, since its ores were confused with lead ores. Molybdenum minerals have been known throughout history, but the element was discovered in 1778 by Carl Wilhelm Scheele. The metal was first isolated in 1781 by Peter Jacob Hjelm.

Molybdenum trioxide describes a family of inorganic compounds with the formula MoO3(H2O)n where n = 0, 1, 2. These compounds are produced on the largest scale of any molybdenum compound. The anhydrous oxide is a precursor to molybdenum metal, an important alloying agent. It is also an important industrial catalyst. It is a yellow solid, although impure samples can appear blue or green.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Molybdenum hexacarbonyl</span> Chemical compound

Molybdenum hexacarbonyl (also called molybdenum carbonyl) is the chemical compound with the formula Mo(CO)6. This colorless solid, like its chromium and tungsten analogues, is noteworthy as a volatile, air-stable derivative of a metal in its zero oxidation state.

Octahedral clusters are inorganic or organometallic cluster compounds composed of six metals in an octahedral array. Many types of compounds are known, but all are synthetic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Molybdenum(V) chloride</span> Chemical compound

Molybdenum(V) chloride is the inorganic compound with the empirical formula MoCl5. This dark volatile solid is used in research to prepare other molybdenum compounds. It is moisture-sensitive and soluble in chlorinated solvents.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tungsten hexachloride</span> Chemical compound

Tungsten hexachloride is the chemical compound of tungsten and chlorine with the formula WCl6. This dark violet blue species exists as a volatile solid under standard conditions. It is an important starting reagent in the preparation of tungsten compounds. Other examples of charge-neutral hexachlorides are rhenium(VI) chloride and molybdenum(VI) chloride. The highly volatile tungsten hexafluoride is also known.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tungsten(V) chloride</span> Chemical compound

Tungsten(V) chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula W2Cl10. This compound is analogous in many ways to the more familiar molybdenum pentachloride.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Molybdenum(II) chloride</span> Chemical compound

Molybdenum dichloride describes chemical compounds with the empirical formula MoCl2. At least two forms are known, and both have attracted much attention from academic researchers because of the unexpected structures seen for these compounds and the fact that they give rise to hundreds of derivatives. The form discussed here is Mo6Cl12. The other molybdenum(II) chloride is potassium octachlorodimolybdate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Molybdenum tetrachloride</span> Chemical compound

Molybdenum tetrachloride is the inorganic compound with the empirical formula MoCl4. The material exists as two polymorphs, both being dark-colored paramagnetic solids. These compounds are mainly of interest as precursors to other molybdenum complexes.

Molybdenum chloride can refer to:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Organomolybdenum chemistry</span>

Organomolybdenum chemistry is the chemistry of chemical compounds with Mo-C bonds. The heavier group 6 elements molybdenum and tungsten form organometallic compounds similar to those in organochromium chemistry but higher oxidation states tend to be more common.

Molybdocene dichloride is the organomolybdenum compound with the formula (η5-C5H5)2MoCl2 and IUPAC name dichlorobis(η5-cyclopentadienyl)molybdenum(IV), and is commonly abbreviated as Cp2MoCl2. It is a brownish-green air- and moisture-sensitive powder. In the research laboratory, it is used to prepare many derivatives.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Molybdenum(III) chloride</span> Chemical compound

Molybdenum(III) chloride is the inorganic compound with the formula MoCl3. It forms purple crystals.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Molybdenum(III) iodide</span> Chemical compound

Molybdenum(III) iodide is the inorganic compound with the formula MoI3.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bis(dinitrogen)bis(1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane)molybdenum(0)</span> Chemical compound

trans-Bis(dinitrogen)bis[1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane]molybdenum(0) is a coordination complex with the formula Mo(N2)2(dppe)2. It is a relatively air stable yellow-orange solid. It is notable as being the first discovered dinitrogen containing complex of molybdenum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rhenium(VI) chloride</span> Chemical compound

Rhenium(VI) chloride is the inorganic compound with the formula ReCl6. It is a black paramagnetic solid. The molecules adopt an octahedral structure as seen in tungsten(VI) chloride.

Molybdenum dichloride dioxide is the inorganic compound with the formula MoO2Cl2. It is a yellow solid that is used as a precursor to other molybdenum compounds. It is a nonmolecular solid but is often encountered as its adducts MoO2Cl2(ether)2, which are soluble in organic solvents. It is one of several oxychlorides of molybdenum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Molybdenum oxytetrachloride</span> Chemical compound

Molybdenum oxytetrachloride is the inorganic compound with the formula MoOCl4. This thermally unstable, dark green solid is used to prepare other complexes of molybdenum. It adopts a square pyramidal structure of C4v symmetry. As for other Mo(VI) compounds, it is diamagnetic. It decomposes thermally to MoOCl3.

Molybdenum(IV) bromide, also known as molybdenum tetrabromide, is the inorganic compound with the formula MoBr4. It is a black solid. MoBr4 has been prepared by treatment of molybdenum(V) chloride with hydrogen bromide:

References

  1. Tamadon, Farhad; Seppelt, K. (2012). "The Elusive Halides VCl5, MoCl6, and ReCl6". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 52 (2): 767–769. doi:10.1002/anie.201207552. PMID   23172658.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)