Montara State Marine Reserve & Pillar Point State Marine Conservation Area

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Montara State Marine Reserve (SMR) and Pillar Point State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) are two adjoining marine protected areas that extend offshore from Montara to Pillar Point in San Mateo County on California’s north central coast. The combined area of these marine protected areas is 18.42 square miles (47.7 km2), with 11.76 square miles (30.5 km2) in the SMR and 6.66 in the SMCA. Montara SMR prohibits the take of all living marine resources. Pillar Point SMCA prohibits the take of all living marine resources, except the recreational and commercial take of pelagic finfish by trolling or seine, the commercial or recreational take of Dungeness crab by trap and the commercial or recreational take or market squid by hand-held dip net or round haul net.

Contents

Montara Beach Point Montara Panorama.jpg
Montara Beach

History

Montara SMR and Pillar Point SMCA are two of 22 marine protected areas adopted by the California Department of Fish and Game in August 2009, during the second phase of the Marine Life Protection Act Initiative. The MLPAI is a collaborative public process to create a statewide network of protected areas along California’s coastline.

The north central coast’s new marine protected areas were designed by local divers, fishermen, conservationists and scientists who comprised the North Central Coast Regional Stakeholder Group. Their job was to design a network of protected areas that would preserve sensitive sea life and habitats while enhancing recreation, study and education opportunities.

The north central coast marine protected areas took effect on May 1, 2010.

Geography and natural features

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Montara State Marine Reserve (SMR) and Pillar Point State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) are two adjoining marine protected areas that extend offshore from Montara to Pillar Point in San Mateo County on California’s north central coast. Montara is approximately 20 miles (32 km) south of San Francisco, while Pillar Point is a peninsula that juts into the Pacific Ocean a few miles north of Half Moon Bay.

With a northern boundary bisecting Montara State Beach, Montara SMR includes the protected Fitzgerald Marine Reserve, which is well known for its tide pools.

Montara SMR is bounded by the mean high tide line and straight lines connecting the following points in the order listed except where noted:

  1. 37°32.7′N122°31′W / 37.5450°N 122.517°W / 37.5450; -122.517
  2. 37°32.7′N122°34.91′W / 37.5450°N 122.58183°W / 37.5450; -122.58183 thence southward along the three nautical mile offshore boundary to
  3. 37°30′N122°34.61′W / 37.500°N 122.57683°W / 37.500; -122.57683 and
  4. 37°30′N122°29.93′W / 37.500°N 122.49883°W / 37.500; -122.49883 .

Pillar Point SMCA is bounded by the mean high tide line and straight lines connecting the following points in the order listed except where noted:

  1. 37°30′N122°29.93′W / 37.500°N 122.49883°W / 37.500; -122.49883
  2. 37°30′N122°34.61′W / 37.500°N 122.57683°W / 37.500; -122.57683 thence southward along the three nautical mile offshore boundary to
  3. 37°28.33′N122°33.47′W / 37.47217°N 122.55783°W / 37.47217; -122.55783
  4. 37°28.33′N122°30.83′W / 37.47217°N 122.51383°W / 37.47217; -122.51383
  5. 37°29.18′N122°30.36′W / 37.48633°N 122.50600°W / 37.48633; -122.50600 and
  6. 37°29.74′N122°29.97′W / 37.49567°N 122.49950°W / 37.49567; -122.49950 .

Habitat and wildlife

Moss Beach, within Montara SMR, is a hotspot of intertidal biodiversity. The rich and varied tide pools contain a remarkable assortment of mussels, barnacles, nudibranchs, starfish, and crabs. Shallow nearshore shale and granite reefs, seagrass beds, giant kelp stands, and rock pinnacles and ridges provide homes for hundreds of species of marine life, such as prickleback eels, sharks and rays, as well as six native species found nowhere else in the world.

Recreation and nearby attractions

Big wave surfers and their fans travel from around the world to catch a glimpse of the giant waves that break at “Mavericks” off nearby Pillar Point. Montara State Beach is a popular destination for area visitors just north of the SMR, as are the tide pools at the Fitzgerald Marine Reserve, which will be further protected and enhanced with the creation of Montara SMR in the surrounding waters.

Point Montara Light Station features an historic lighthouse. And just north is Gray Whale Cove State Beach, gray whales are often spotted from the bluff above a sheltered cove.

Montara SMR prohibits the take of all living marine resources. Pillar Point SMCA prohibits the take of all living marine resources, except the recreational and commercial take of pelagic finfish by trolling or seine, the commercial or recreational take of Dungeness crab by trap and the commercial or recreational take or market squid by hand-held dip net or round haul net. However, California’s marine protected areas encourage recreational and educational uses of the ocean. [1] Activities such as kayaking, diving, snorkeling, and swimming are allowed unless otherwise restricted.

Scientific monitoring

As specified by the Marine Life Protection Act, select marine protected areas along California’s central coast are being monitored by scientists to track their effectiveness and learn more about ocean health. Similar studies in marine protected areas located off of the Santa Barbara Channel Islands have already detected gradual improvements in fish size and number. [2]

Related Research Articles

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Stewarts Point State Marine Reserve & Stewarts Point State Marine Conservation Area

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Point Arena State Marine Reserve & Point Arena State Marine Conservation Area

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Point Reyes State Marine Reserve & Point Reyes State Marine Conservation Area

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Edward F. Ricketts State Marine Conservation Area

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Greyhound Rock State Marine Conservation Area

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Point Dume State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) and Point Dume State Marine Reserve (SMR) are two adjoining marine protected areas that extend offshore in Los Angeles County on California’s south coast. Together, the areas cover 23.28 square miles, protecting natural habitats and marine life by protecting or limiting removal of wildlife from within their boundaries.

San Diego-Scripps Coastal Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) and Matlahuayl State Marine Reserve (SMR) are adjoining marine protected areas that extend offshore from La Jolla in San Diego County on California’s south coast. The two marine protected areas cover 2.51 square miles. San Diego-Scripps Coastal SMCA prohibits the take of all living marine resources except that coastal pelagic species, not including market squid, may be taken recreationally by hook and line. Matlahuayl SMR prohibits the take of all living marine resources.

South La Jolla State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) and South La Jolla State Marine Reserve (SMR) are two adjoining marine protected areas that extend offshore in San Diego County on California’s south coast. The two marine protected areas cover 7.51 square miles. The SMR protects marine life by prohibiting the removal of marine wildlife from within its borders, while the SMCA limits removal of marine wildlife.

Swami’s State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) is a marine protected area that extends offshore of Encinitas in San Diego County on California’s south coast. The SMCA covers 12.65 square miles. The SMCA protects marine life by limiting the removal of marine wildlife from within its borders.

Crystal Cove State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) is one of a cluster of four adjoining marine protected areas that extend offshore of Newport Beach in Orange County on California’s south coast. The SMCA covers 3.45 square miles of near shore waters. Crystal Cove protects marine life by limiting the removal of marine wildlife from within its borders, including tide pools. Take of all living marine resources is prohibited except: recreational take of finfish by hook-and-line or by spearfishing, and lobster and sea urchin is allowed. Commercial take of coastal pelagic species by round haul net, spiny lobster by trap, and sea urchin is allowed.

Dana Point State Marine Conservation Area

Dana Point State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) is one of four adjoining marine protected areas off the coast of Orange County, CA, on California’s South Coast. By itself, the SMCA measures 3.45 square miles. The SMCA protects marine life by limiting the removal of marine wildlife from within its borders, including tide pools. Dana Point SMCA prohibits take of living marine resources except: only the following species may be taken recreationally below the mean lower low tide line only: finfish by hook-and-line or by spearfishing, and lobster and sea urchin. The commercial take of coastal pelagic species by round haul net, and spiny lobster and sea urchin only is allowed.

Laguna Beach State Marine Reserve (SMR) and Laguna Beach State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) are two adjoining marine protected areas that extend offshore of Laguna Beach in Orange County on California’s south coast. The SMR covers 6.27 square miles, and the SMCA covers an additional 3.44 square miles. These two MPAs are part of a four-MPA complex on the coast of southern Orange County. Each protects marine life by prohibiting or limiting the removal of marine wildlife from within its borders.

Upper Newport Bay State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) is a marine protected area in Newport Bay in Orange County and the South Coast region of Southern California. It extends inland/northeast from the Pacific Coast Highway crossing of the bay, within the city of Newport Beach.

References

  1. Department of Fish and Game. "California Fish and Game Code section 2853 (b)(3) Archived 2013-03-26 at the Wayback Machine ". Marine Life Protection Act. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
  2. Castell, Jenn, et al. "How do patterns of abundance and size structure differ between fished and unfished waters in the Channel Islands? Results from SCUBA surveys". Partnership for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans (PISCO) at University of California, Santa Barbara and University of California, Santa Cruz; Channel Islands National Park. Retrieved December 18, 2008.

Coordinates: 37°30′32″N122°32′06″W / 37.509°N 122.535°W / 37.509; -122.535