Montbrison, Loire

Last updated
Montbrison
Subprefecture
Montbrison collegiale.JPG
Blason ville fr Montbrison (Loire).svg
Location of Montbrison
Montbrison, Loire
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Montbrison
Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Montbrison
Coordinates: 45°36′30″N4°03′57″E / 45.6083°N 4.0658°E / 45.6083; 4.0658 Coordinates: 45°36′30″N4°03′57″E / 45.6083°N 4.0658°E / 45.6083; 4.0658
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Loire
Arrondissement Montbrison
Canton Montbrison
Intercommunality CA Loire Forez
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Christophe Bazile [1]
Area
1
16.33 km2 (6.31 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
15,915
  Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
42147 /42600
Elevation370–552 m (1,214–1,811 ft)
(avg. 399 m or 1,309 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Montbrison (French pronunciation:  [mɔ̃bʁizɔ̃] ; Arpitan : Montbréson) is a commune and a subprefecture of the Loire department in central France. [3]

Contents

Montbrison was the historical capital of the counts of Forez, and today it is the principal city in the Forez.

The commune gives its name to the popular blue cheese Fourme de Montbrison, which has been made in the region for centuries. It received Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée status in 1972.

History

The town of Montbrison was founded in the area around the lords' castles in the Forez region, of which Montbrison would later become the capital. The earliest recorded reference to the town dates to 870CE.

The town was fortified following the attacks by the English army at the start of the Hundred Years War. During the Religious Wars, Montbrison was captured and pillaged by the Protestant forces of François de Beaumont in 1562, with the town's garrison thrown from the ramparts onto spikes placed by the attackers. [4]

The Convent of the Visitation was founded in 1643 during a period of severe famine. The town suffered a series of poor harvests as well as an outbreak of the plague between the years 1648–1653. The Augustinian Convent was founded in 1654, followed by the Hospital to house the poor in 1659. The Ursuline Convent closed in 1851.

Key dates

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
196210,697    
196811,213+4.8%
197512,451+11.0%
198213,280+6.7%
199014,064+5.9%
199914,589+3.7%
201115,324+5.0%
201615,569+1.6%

Twin towns

Montbrison is twinned with:

Personalities

Related Research Articles

An appellation is a legally defined and protected geographical indication primarily used to identify where the grapes for a wine were grown, although other types of food often have appellations as well. Restrictions other than geographical boundaries, such as what grapes may be grown, maximum grape yields, alcohol level, and other quality factors may also apply before an appellation name may legally appear on a wine bottle label. The rules that govern appellations are dependent on the country in which the wine was produced.

Laguiole Commune in Occitanie, France

Laguiole is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.

<i>Appellation dorigine contrôlée</i> French protected geographic appellation

In France, the appellation d'origine contrôlée is a certification of authenticity granted to certain geographical indications for wines, cheeses, butters, and other agricultural products, under the auspices of the Institut national de l'origine et de la qualité (INAO), based upon the terroir and a form of geographic protectionism. Most products with an AOC designation also have a protected designation of origin (PDO) under EU law and UK law. For those products, only the PDO or AOP designation can be used. However, wines with a PDO/AOP status can still use the French AOC designation.

Roquemaure, Gard Commune in Occitania, France

Roquemaure is a small town and commune in the Gard department of southern France. The town lies 12 kilometres north of Avignon on the right bank of the Rhône. In the 2012 census the commune had a population of 5,421.

Pont-lÉvêque cheese French cheese from Normandy

Pont-l'Évêque is a French cheese, originally manufactured in the area around the commune of Pont-l'Évêque, between Deauville and Lisieux in the Calvados département of Normandy. It is probably the oldest Norman cheese still in production.

Saint-Chamond is a commune in the Loire department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in central France. Situated 13 km northeast of the city of Saint-Étienne and 50 km southwest of Lyon, the town dates back to the Roman period.

Salers Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Salers is a commune in the Cantal department in south-central France.

Abondance cheese

Abondance is a semi-hard, fragrant, raw-milk cheese made in the Haute-Savoie department of France. Its name comes from a small commune also called Abondance. A round of Abondance weighs approximately 10 kg (22 lb), and its aroma is comparable to Beaufort, another French cheese variety. Abondance is made exclusively from milk produced by the Abondance, montbéliarde, and tarine breeds of cattle. By 2022, the herd producing the milk for Abondance cheese will need to be a minimum of 55 percent of the herd. In 1998, 873 tonnes were produced, 34 percent from local farms.

Ossau-Iraty French cheese made from sheep milk

Ossau-Iraty is an Occitan-Basque cheese made from sheep milk.

Marsannay-la-Côte Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Marsannay-la-Côte is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France.

<i>Bleu des Causses</i>

Bleu des Causses is a French blue cheese made from whole cow's milk. Some consider it as a mild variant of Roquefort. The cheese has a fat content of 45% and is aged for 3–6 months in Gorges du Tarn's natural limestone caves. The ripening process involving naturally temperature-controlled cellars is the major element that gives it its special aroma. Today, it is a relatively rare cheese that is only made by a handful of small producers.

Fourme dAmbert

Fourme d'Ambert is a semi-hard French blue cheese. One of France's oldest cheeses, it dates from as far back as Roman times. It is made from raw cow's milk from the Auvergne region of France, with a distinct, narrow cylindrical shape.

Premeaux-Prissey Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Premeaux-Prissey is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department, in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region, in eastern France.

Couchey Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Couchey is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department and region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.

Fourme de Montbrison

Fourme de Montbrison is a cow's-milk cheese made in the regions of Rhône-Alpes and Auvergne in southern France. It derives its name from the town of Montbrison in the Loire department.

Bellocq Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Bellocq is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France.

Saint-Faust Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Faust is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.

<i>Appellation dorigine protégée</i> (Switzerland) Swiss protected geographic appellation

In Switzerland, the appellation d'origine protégée is a geographical indication protecting the origin and the quality of traditional food products other than wines.

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. INSEE commune file
  4. Pierre Miquel (1980). Les Guerres de religion. Club France Loisirs. p. 232. ISBN   2-7242-0785-8.